WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

̲Ͳ ² Ͳ Ҳ, ̲

̲ 2002 621.3 ʳ .., .. . 1. , . : , 2002. 32 .

, . .

, .

. 33, . 3, . . 10 .

.., - . , , , , . .

1. , .

2. : , , , .

3. , , . , .

4. ˳ :

R, .

, .

Z, .

G, .

, .

Y, .

, .

L, .

() , .

U, .

I, .

, .

Q, .

S, .

f, .

, /.

1. ˲ͲͲ Ͳ Ҳ . ' . . .

1.1. (.1.1) . U = 16 .

R1 = 3,5 , R2 = 3,0 , R1 c R3 e a R3 =1,8 , R4 = 2,0 , R5 = 3,0 .

+ I2 I4 I U R2 R4 R :

I1 d I3 f 1. , b . .1. ' .

2. ( a,b,c,d,e, f ) ( II, I2, I3, I4, I5 ) , , .

3. . R4 R5 ' . 2 R4 R Ref = = 1,2 .

Ref =, 2 + R4 + R .1.1 R3 e a I1 R1 c , .1.2.

+ R3 Ref ' .

I U R2 Ref, R3ef = R3 + Ref b d I f R3ef = 1,8 +1,2 = 3 .

.1. cd R2 R3ef ' . R2 R3ef Rcd =, Rcd = = 1,5 .

R2 + R3ef 3 + .1.2 , .1.3. R1 Rcd ' , Rab = R1 + Rcd, Rab = 3,5 +1,5 = 5 .

a I1 R1 c 4. + . U Rcd Ucd U I1 =, I1 = = 3,2 .

b Rab 5 d .1.3 - .1. Rcd.

Ucd:

Ucd = Rcd I1, Ucd = 1,53,2 = 4,8 .

Ucd Ucd I2 = ;

I3 = ;

R2 R 4,8 4, I2 = = 1,6 ;

I3 = = 1,6 .

3 Ref Uef = Ref I3, Uef = 1,2 1,6 = 1,92 .

Uef Uef 1,92 1, I4 = ;

I5 = ;

I4 = = 0,96 ;

I5 = = 0,64 .

R4 R5 2 2. ˲ͲͲ Ͳ Ҳ ʲ 2.1.

2.1. (.2.1) E1 =120 , E2 = 80 , U = 20 , R1 = R2 = 2 , R3 = 40 , R4 = 50 ʳ, , , R4 . .

ʳ :

1. , p. R1 I1 .

I ʳ I3 I , U .

R3 R2 R 2. E ʳ , q, E1 (q -1).

3. .2. ʳ, n = p - q = 1.

.2.1 p = 4. , .

q = 2, ʳ:

- I1 - I2 + I3 + I4 = 0.

, , :

R1I1 + U + R3I3 = E1;

R2I2 + R3I3 = E2;

R2 I2 + R4I4 = E2.

:

- I1 - I2 + I3 + I4 = 0;

2I1 + 20 + 40I3 =120;

2I2 + 40I3 = 80;

2I2 + 50I4 = 80.

:

I1 = 6,94 ;

I2 = -3,06 ;

I3 = 2,15 ;

I4 =1,72 .

"" , .

, . ʳ. .

:

1. . , .

2. ʳ, .

n = p - q + 1.

"" .

. "", "".

"", , "" .

3. . . .

, .2.2, n = 4 - 2 +1 = 3.

R1 I I3 I I I, I, I.

I II III U R3 R2 R ʳ:

II III E (R1 + R3)II + R3III = E1;

IIII R3II + (R2 + R3)III + R2IIII = E2;

E R2III + (R2 + R4 )IIII = E2.

.2. :

(2 + 40)II + 40III + 20 =120;

40II + (2 + 40)III + 20IIII = 80;

2III + (2 + 50)IIII = 80.

:

I1 = 6,04 ;

I2 = -4,79 ;

I3 =1,72 .

I1 = II, I2 = III + IIII, I3 = II + III, I4 = IIII.

I1 = 6,94A;

I2 = -4,79 + 1,72 = -3,07A;

I3 = 6,94 - 4,79 = 2,15A;

I4 =1,72A.

(3,07) "" , I2 III.

ij I1, I2, I3 I4 .2.2.

, .

(. .2.1) U R = 0 E. , .2.3.

:

1. m R1 I1 A EkGk k= UAB = m I3 I2 I G k k= R3 R2 R4 UAB E E ( n , E m ). , B .2. .

', EkGk "", , "" .

2. ʳ. , .

, .2.3, .

E1 - E E 120 - 20 + R1 R 2 UAB =, U = = 86,124 .

AB 1 1 1 1 1 1 + + + + + + R1 R2 R3 R 2 2 40 ʳ . :

E1 - E = R1I1 + U, E2 = -R2I2 + UAB.

AB E1 - E - UAB - E2 + UAB I1 =, I2 =.

R1 R 120 - 20 - 86,124 -80+86, I1 = = 6,94 ;

I2 = = 3,06 .

2 UAB, :

UAB UAB I3 = ;

I4 = ;

R3 R 86,124 86, I3 = = 2,15 ;

I4 = =1,72 .

40 , .

:

1. : , ( ), , ( ).

E R.

' ( R), E R.

2. . E U .

3. R, .

4. E I =.

R + R , .2.3, R1 .

(.2.4,) E = Uxx :

E R Uxx =, Uxx = = 73,39 .

1 1 1 1 1 + + + + R2 R3 R4 2 40 R .2.4,.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 = + + ;

= + + ;

R =1,835 .

Rr R2 R3 R4 Rr 2 40 (.2.4,) R1 :

A A R1 I I3 I2 I R E R3 R2 R R R2 R E = U UAB E E B B .2. E1 - E - E 120 - 20 - 73, I1 =, I1 =.

R1 + R 2 +1, , , , 㳿, , , . .

n m Pk = Pk, k=1 k= Pk ;

Pk ;

n ;

m .

2.1. ij I1,I2,I3 I4 .2.2. , 㳿 E1, E2.

P = E1I1, P = 120 6,94 = 832,8 .

2 2 P = E2I2 + R1I1 + R3I3 + R4I4 +UI1;

P = 80 3,06 + 2 6,942 + 2 3,062 + 40 2,152 + 50 1,722 + 2 6,94 = = 831,47 .

P P, 832,8 831,47 .

2.2. U .2.5 ?

:

R1 U R= R1 + R2, U R U U I = =.

R R1 + R 2.5.

ϳ :

R = R1, R < R, :

U U I = =, I > I.

R R R1 :

U = R1I, U > U.

³. , U .

2.3. R , . ?

R.

I , E R U = E - R0I, R U = RI, .2. E = const.

U I =.

R+ R R, R0 = const, R0I , , U.

R0 = 0, R, E = U.

³. , .

3. Ͳ ί , 㳿 , .

, , , (, ), R, XL = 2fL XC =, L ;

C 2fC ;

f .

f = 50 . , .

.

. :

' R, L C Z = R2 + (XL - XC )2 , U I = , Z X - X R L C = arctg, = arccos ;

R Z ' R, L R2, C Y = (G1 + G2 )2 + (BC - BL)2 , R1 R G1 = ;

G2 = - ;

2 2 2 R1 + XL R2 + XC XL XC BL = ;

BC = .

2 2 2 R1 + XL R2 + XC 3.1. (.3.1) . R I U = 120 . UR R = 30 , XL =100 , XC = 60 .

UC U XC XL Z = R2 + (XL - XC )2, UL Z = 302 + (100 - 60)2 = 50 .

.3. U I = ;

I = = 2,4 .

Z :

UR = RI;

UR = 30 2,4 = 72 , UL = XLI ;

UL = 100 2,4 = 240 , UC = XCI ;

UC = 60 2,4 = 144 .

+J UR UC UL R = arccos ;

U Z U I + = arccos = 53,1.

UR UC .3.2.

J .3. 3.2. (.3.3) , cos .

R1 = 6 , XL = 8 , R2 =12 , XC =16 . U = 60 .

:

R1 A G1 = ;

G1 = = 0,06 ;

R12 + XL 62 + A1 A XL B1 = ;

B1 = = 0,08 ;

2 R1 + XL 62 + R1 R U R2 G2 = ;

G2 = = 0,03 ;

2 R2 + XC 122 + XL XC 16 XC B2 = ;

B2 = = 0,04 .

2 R2 + XC 122 + .3. 2 Y = (G1 + G2 ) + +(B2 - B1), 2 Y = (0,06 + 0,03) + (0,04 - 0,08) = 0,0984 .

G1 + G2 0,06 + 0, R =, R = = 9,28 ;

Y2 0, B2 - B1 0,04 - 0, X =, X = = -4,12 .

Y2 0, "" , . .3.4.

R I Z = R2 + X, U X Z = 9,282 + 4,122 = 10,15 .

.3. U I = ;

I = = 591 .

, Z 10, :

U U I1 = =, I1 = = 6 .

2 Z1 R1 + XL 62 + U U I = =, I2 = = 3 .

2 Z2 R2 + XC 122 + 3.3. .3.5 . U = 12 . : R = 100 , L= 3 , C =1,75 , f = 3 .

:

L I I1 I XL = 2fL= 2 3,14 3 103 3 10-3 = 56,52 ;

U 1 R XC = = = 30,33 .

2fC 2 3,14 3 103 1,75 10- .3. :

1 G = = = 0,01 ;

R 1 BC = = = 0,033 ;

XC 30, Y = G2 + BC = 0,012 + 0,0332 = 0,0345 .

:

1 Z = = = 29 ;

Y 0, R = Z cos = 28,57 0,29 = 8,41 ;

X = Z sin = 29 sin73,15o = 27,75 .

G 0, cos = = = 0,29 ;

= 73,15o.

Y 0, .3.6.

R X Z = R + (XL - X)2 ;

U XL Z = 8,412 + (56,52 - 27,75)2 = 29,97 .

I .3. U I = = = 0,4 .

Z 29, R C:

U = ZI = 29 0,4 =11,6 .

:

U 11,6 U 11, I1 = = = 0,116 ;

I2 = = = 0,382 .

R 100 XC 30. : I = I12 + I2 = 0,1162 + 0,3822 = 0,4 .

3.2 .

:

1. .

2. Zk .

& U & 3. Ik = .

Zk 4. ʳ &.

I & & 5. U, I , Q, S ~ && S = UI.

& U = 60 .

:

j Z1 = R1 + jXL = Z1e ;

Z2 = R2 - jXC = Z2e- j2, R 2 Z1 = R1 + XL ;

1 = arccos ;

Z R 2 Z2 = R2 + XC ;

2 = arccos.

Z :

& U & & I1 =, I1 = = 6e- j53,1o ;

j53,1o Z 10e & U j53,1o & & I2 =, I2 = = 3e , Z 20e- j53,1o j53,1o Z1 = 6 + j8 =10e , Z2 =12 - j16 = 20e- j53,1o .

:

& I1 = 6e- j53,1o = 6cos(- 53,1o)+ j6sin(- 53,1o)= (3,6 - j4,7) .

j53,1o & I2 = 3e = 3cos53,1o + j3sin53,1o = (1,8 + j2,4) .

( ) & & & & I = I1 + I2, I1 = 3,6 - j4,8 + 1,8 + j2,4 = (5,4 - j2,4) .

:

& I = 5,4 - j2,4 = 5,91e- j24o , 5, & I = 5,42 + 2,42 = 5,91 , cos = = 0,914, = 24o.

5, I +J 2 U .3.7. + 1 I ~ j24o S = 60(5,4 + j2,4)= 324 + j144 = 355e B A, J I I = 324 ;

.3. Q =144 .

3.4. u =141sin(t + 30o). R = 5 , XL = 4 , XC = 1 . .3.8 .

XC i j30o j30o & U = e =100e .

R Z = R + jXL - jXC, u u j31o XL Z = 5 + j4 - j1 = 5 + j3 = 5,83e .

j30o & U 100e & & I =, I = =17,2e- j1o .

.3. j31o Z 5,83e j38,7o Z = R+ jXL, Z = 5 + j4 = 6,4e .

j38,7o j37,7o & & & U = ZI, U = 6,4e 17,2e- j1o = 110e .

u = 110 2 sin(t + 37,7o) .

3.5. : u =141sin(314t + 85o ) i =14,1sin(314t + 25o ). .

ij :

Um 141 Im 14, U = = =100 ;

I = = =10 .

2 2 2 = u - i = 85o - 25o = 60o, u = 85o ;

i = 25o.

P = UIcos ;

P =100 10cos60o =100 10 0,5 = 500 .

:

ju j85o ji j25o & & U = Ue =100e ;

I = Ie =10e.

~ j(85o-25o ) j60o & & S = UI = UIej(u -i ) =100 10e =1000e .

~ S =1000cos60o + j1000sin60o = (500 + j866) , P = 500 , Q = 866 .

3.6. , .3.9, i = 22 2 sin(t - 30o ), u = 220 2 sint.

I R & & I = 22e- j30o , U = 220 .

U L & U .3. j30o Z = ;

Z = =10e ;

& I 22e- j30o Z =10cos30o + j10sin30o = (8,66 + j5) , R = 8,66 .

4. Ͳ , ' , .

:

U ( ) U ( ), ' U = U 3.

j120o & & & U = U, UB = Ue- j120o, UC = Ue.

A + :

UAB j30o j150o & & & UA U = Ue, UBC = Ue- j90o, UCA = Ue AB +j j UB UCA UC .4.1.

1 UBC ' .4. ʳ & & & IA + IB + IC = 0.

4.1. U = 380 , ' A U U B U (.4.2). C N I I I R = 4 , X = 3 . R R R , , .

X X X , .4. .

U U =, U = = 220 .

3 2 Z = R + X, Z = 42 + 32 = 5 .

U I = ;

I = = 44 .

Z IN = 0, .

, :

S = 3UI, S = 3 220 44 = 29040 =29,04 .

R P = S cos, cos =, cos = = 0,8;

Z P = 29,04 0,8 = 23,23 .

X Q = Ssin, sin =, sin = = 0,6 ;

Z Q = 29,04 0,6 =17,42 .

4.2. (.4.3) U = 380 A . UAB UCA B :

UBC C RA = 10 , RB = 4 , XB = 3 , N RC = 12 , XC = 9 . IC IB IA RC . RB RC .

XC XB U U = ;

U = = 220 .

3 .4. & U = 220 (.4.4), + j120o & & U = Ue- j120o, U = 220e , B UAB j120o j120o & & UC = Ue, UC = 220e .

UA IN :

IB ZA = RA, ZA =10 ;

+j IC UB j ZB = RB - jXB, ZB = 4 - j3 = 5e- j37o ;

UCA UC j37o ZC = RC + jXC, ZC =12 + j9 =15e .

UBC .4. :

& UA & & IA = ;

IA = = 22 ;

ZC & UB & 220e- j120o & IB = ;

IA = = 44e- j83o = (5,36 - j43,6) ;

ZB 5e- j37o j120o & UC & 220e j83o & IC = ;

IC = =14,7e = (1,8 + j14,6) .

j37o ZC 15e ³ ʳ & & & & IN = IA + IB + IC ;

& IN = 22 + 5,36 - j43,6 + 1,8 + j14,6 = 29,16 - j29 = 41,4e- j45o .

2 2 P = RAIA + RBIB + RCIC;

P =10 222 + 4 442 +12 14,72 =15177 .

mU, mI. . , (. .4.4).

4.3. (.4.5) U = 220 . RAB = 44 , RBC = 30 , XBC = 40 , XCA = 44 .

.

j120o & & (.4.6), UAB = 220e , UBC = 220 , & UCA = 220e- j120o .

C A B UCA UAB UBC & UAB +j IC IA IB & IAB & - ICA & IBC IAB ICA AB BC & + & RAB & UBC ICA IA XCA - CA RBC XBC IBC & UCA j .4.5. .4. :

j120o & UAB & 220e j120o & IAB = ;

IAB = = 5e = (- 2,5 + j4,33) ;

RAB & UBC 220 j53o & & IBC = ;

IBC = = = 44e = (2,65 + j3,51)A ;

RBC - jXBC 30 - j 50e- j UCA & 220e- j120o & ICA = ;

ICA = = 5e- j210o = (- 4,33 + j2,5) .

j9o jXCA 44e ³ ʳ & & & & & & & & & IA = IAB - ICA, IB = IBC - IAB, IC = ICA - IBC ;

& IA = -2,5 + j4,33 + 4,33 - j2,5 =1,83 - j1,83 = 2,59e- j15o , j9o & IB = 2,65 + j3,51+ 2,5 - j4,33 = 5,15 - j0,82 = 5,21e ;

j172o & IC = -4,33 + j2,5 - 2,65 - j3,51 = -6,98 - j1,01 = 7,05e ;

& & & IA + IB + IC = 0 ;

1,83 + j1,83 + 5,15 - j0,82 - 6,98 - j1,01 = 0.

4.4. , , 璺 , i = 24sin(t - 30o) , 10 .

璺 I = I.

Im = 24 , ij Im I =, I = = 17 .

2 U = RI, U = 10 17 = 170 .

˳ U = 3U, U = 3170 = 294 .

4.5. 30 ' . , uAB = 282sin(314t + 30o ) .

璺 U =U.

ij Um U = ;

U = = 200.

2 U I = = = 6,67 .

Z ˳ I = 3 I = 3 6,67 = 11,54 .

5. Ͳ 5.1. (.5.1) R U = 10 R = 2 , R = 2 , R = 4 , 1 2 R = 8 , R = 3 , R = 5 . 4 5 R2 R R .

U ³: I = 1,92 ;

I = 1,24 ;

I = 0,68 ;

1 2 R5 R I = 0,03 ;

I = 0,7 .

4 5.2. (.5.2) R = 40 , . 5. R = 30 , R =15 , R = 25 . 2 3 U = 120 , R1 R = 50 . .

U R E1 R .

³: I = 1,23 , I = 0,7 , 1 .5. I = 0,53 .

5.3. (.5.3) = 120 , = 220 , 1 = 100 , R = 5 , R = 4 , R = 2 . 3 1 2 . .

³: I = 41,05 ;

I = 33,67 ;

I = 7,37 .

1 2 5.4. (.5.4) , .

³: I ;

I = I = 0;

U .

1 A A1 A R1 R2 R E1 E2 E U V R1 R R .5. .5.4.

5.5. (.5.5) L R f = 50 U = 150 .

L C U , .5. : R = 4 , L = 0,032 , L = 0,016 , C = 400 .

1 1 , , . .

³: I = 17,2 ;

P = 1183 ;

Q = 2290 ;

S = 2580 .

5.6. (.5.6) XL u = 141sin t, R = 16 , XL = 20 , XC. R u u .

XC ³: u = 80 2 sin(t - 37o).

.5. 5.7. (.5.7) i i = 141sin(t + 30o) . u = 141sin(t - 40o).

R u X R .

³: R = 7,66 , = 6,43 .

.5. 5.8. (.5.8) I I1 I R = 3 , XL XC L X = 4 , R = 2 = 5 . I = 3 .

2 , , U .

R1 R ³: U = 15 ;

I = 2,86 ;

I = 2,83 ;

= 4,7o.

.5. 5.9. .5.9, +J & I & I (.5.9,).

& & + I1 I2 1 & U ³: Z U , Z - Z Z & I .

J & 5.10. .5. (.5.10) U = 380 , ' (.5.10): RA = 3 , = 4 , R = 12 , = 9 , R = 18 , = 24 . , .

³: I = 44 ;

I = 14,7 ;

I = 7,3 ;

IN = 42,1 .

5.11. U = 220 , ' "" (.5.11).

: R = 40 , = 20 , R = 25 , = 25 , = 22 . .

³: I = 4,92 ;

I = 6,29 ;

I = 10 ;

I = 13,3 .

I = 10,5 ;

I = 4,2 .

A B C N A U B U C UAB UBC UCA U RAB R R R XAB XCA L C C IA IB IB IN RBC XBC .5. .5. 5.12. A B A U = 220 , U U ' (.5.12). U ZAB = 40 + j30, ZBC = 25 - j30. ZCA = 12 + j16.

.

ZCA ZAB .

³:

ZBC IAB = 44 ;

IBC = 5,64 ;

ICA =11;

IA = 47,9 A;

IB = 39,4 A;

IC = 15,6 .

.5. .5.15.3.

5.1. 5.1, 5.2, 5. U E E E R R R R R R 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 1 100 110 90 116 5 6 2 2 8 2 105 115 100 108 7 4 4 3 6 3 110 100 95 100 5 3 7 6 5 4 100 110 95 116 7 6 2 2 8 5 107 111 105 110 5 2 8 4 6 6 105 115 100 108 7 4 4 3 6 7 110 100 115 115 6 7 7 2 5 8 111 115 100 105 5 9 5 3 2 9 100 105 99 100 6 9 6 4 3 10 115 100 100 115 5 7 5 6 5 11 100 115 100 108 7 4 4 3 6 12 100 110 90 116 5 6 2 2 8 13 107 111 105 110 5 3 6 8 2 14 115 100 98 100 4 8 6 4 5 15 113 117 100 111 6 2 5 8 9 16 117 113 111 100 2 6 8 5 7 17 101 117 99 109 5 3 7 5 7 18 101 100 93 107 4 7 5 4 8 19 100 110 90 116 5 6 2 2 8 20 103 108 100 111 4 9 9 1 3 21 105 106 117 100 3 3 7 2 7 22 116 100 115 119 5 7 4 3 3 23 100 111 99 108 2 2 7 4 7 24 115 100 92 103 8 6 9 3 3 25 105 115 100 116 7 8 4 4 2 26 115 100 116 110 5 9 5 3 6 27 107 105 107 108 3 7 5 4 3 28 110 100 95 105 5 3 4 6 9 5.2. 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5. U Um Im, R R L L C, XL XC 1 2 1 1 30 141 2,82 3 2 0,032 0,016 400 6 2 33 282 1,41 10 12 0,096 0,0127 320 8 3 35 156 15,6 8 6 0,019 0,032 500 10 4 37 85 8,5 10 20 0,0127 0,096 680 4 5 39 70,1 7,1 4 5 0,096 0,019 630 8 6 40 141 2,82 3 2 0,032 0,016 400 5 7 41 282 1,41 10 12 0,096 0,0127 320 8 8 43 156 15,6 8 6 0,019 0,032 500 10 9 45 282 15,6 5 5 0,096 0,016 680 5 10 47 85 8,5 10 12 0,019 0,0127 400 4 11 49 141 2,82 4 6 0,032 0,096 320 8 12 50 282 1,41 10 2 0,096 0,019 680 10 13 51 156 15,6 8 5 0,019 0,032 400 5 14 53 85 8,5 3 4 0,032 0,016 500 8 15 55 141 2,82 8 4 0,19 0,0127 680 10 16 56 70,1 7,1 5 6 0,096 0,032 400 5 17 57 282 1,41 5 3 0,032 0,016 500 4 18 59 156 15,6 8 6 0,019 0,032 320 8 19 60 141 2,82 3 4 0,0127 0,032 680 5 20 61 282 2,82 10 8 0,032 0,019 320 5 21 63 85 8,5 5 8 0,019 0,096 400 6 22 64 70,1 7,1 6 3 0,032 0,016 500 10 23 65 141 1641 4 2 0,096 0,016 320 8 24 66 282 2,82 6 4 0,0127 0,032 500 6 25 57 165 15,6 6 3 0,096 0,019 400 6 26 58 282 2,82 5 2 0,019 0,032 320 10 27 59 156 15,6 4 0,032 0,019 680 8 28 63 141 2,82 6 3 0,0127 0,016 320 10 _ . f = 50 .

5.3. 5.10, 5.11, 5. UA RA, RAB XA, XAB RB, RBC XB, XBC RC, RCA XC, XCA 1 127 3 4 0 3 12 2 220 6 8 4 3 380 8 15 6 8 12 4 127 3 4 6 8 24 5 380 6 8 3 4 8 6 127 8 15 4 3 6 7 220 5 6 4 3 12 8 380 12 9 3 4 9 9 127 18 24 6 8 18 10 220 6 8 4 3 18 11 127 3 4 0 3 12 12 380 8 15 6 8 12 13 127 3 4 6 8 24 14 220 8 15 3 4 8 15 380 12 9 3 4 9 16 127 5 6 4 3 12 17 220 6 8 4 3 18 18 380 3 4 0 3 12 19 220 18 24 6 8 9 20 127 12 9 3 4 8 21 220 5 6 4 3 12 22 380 18 24 6 8 18 23 220 3 4 0 3 12 24 127 18 24 6 8 9 25 380 12 9 3 4 8 26 220 5 6 4 3 12 27 127 18 24 6 8 18 28 220 3 4 0 3 12 ί ˲ 1. .., .., .. . .:

, 1985. 552 c.

2. .., .., .. : . : , 1990. 46 .

3. .. . .: , 1984. 304 .

4. .., .. . .: , 1984. 320 .

5. .. : . . .:

, 1984. 360 .

6. .. . .: , 1986. 248 .

7. .. . .: , 1984. 560 .

8. : .

. . / . ... .:

, 1967. 288 .

9. / . ... .: , 1985. 312 .

10. : . . . / .

... .: , 1985. 480 .

̲ . 1. ˳ .. 2. ˳ .. 3. . 4. .. 5. ... .... ʲ ’ Ͳ I Ͳ Ҳ, ̲ ̲ ..ͳ, .. ..ʳ ' .. .. ϳ 27.02.2002. 60841/16. .

. . . 1,86. .-. . 2,0. 270 . . 91. ֳ . 54002, . , . ,




2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .