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T.. epaa (Hoocuupc) HOCTH OTEHA POCCH: OEHA CTPTPHX OCOEHHOCTE B cae a pepe opoo aaa ax oopa PM ec xapaepc pocc, cax, o y

x ec aeca, oope ec copeeo ooeco cya. ocpeco cooa aapaa oceco pepecc oeaec ac oc coo caooe ocoo oeaa o pa caycx oaox xapaepc. Ha ocoe cpae ax a 1998- 2002 . oo cea o o oe po opaoa ce aoc pepaecoo oa a cocax eoeec oo oeaa pocc.

ee coa: aaa, oc oea, eoeec a a, caooea, oceca pepecc.

B poecce aaa eec cpee e p ca: ca coaoo oa, ca oa aax peepo (pecypco) ca oea a o cpe [1, c. 122]. a cpaeo aeeo, aceee Pocc epaoepo poxo ce p ca: eoope py pac epe, pye ocaa oe oe oee eeee, pe acp a ca epea oa [2, c. 45]. Moa peo aae pe o pecypco, oope oy a ecoa xoe aaa. ya cya aaec Taa pea epaa aa coooecx ay, cap ay copy cya oo opaa poeoo pooca CO PAH, oe Hoocpcoo ocyapceoo yepcea. E-mail:

tanya_ch@online.nsk.su.

Cooo: 4M. 2006. 23.

T.. epaua o, o opeee peoa cpe oopeeo oeae, cooecye peoa eo aa oea, oop a cooyoc pecypco oee, .e. opeeeo cce eac o cyea aaa. B o e pe cye cocoe caooa cocex aa x coc opae. B o cyae yceo aa a eoxoa aeaa peaca oea ax pecypco [1, c. 133].

peeo aeo cceoa ec cyea oea aec, ex copeeo ooeco cya.

opaoa aa aaa Poccc oop oo ecoo ooe opo acee. B paoe coy c ae o pecoeax pyococooo opaca 18 e cap e, copae c yxo epaa: 1996-, 1998-, 2000- 2002 . B ao paye oceoa ay o opy oaao ooo 5000 eoe. B x opocax peaaoc oe a opoc: A menep caaue oo npo Bac uu e npo Bac: Me aemc, mo y e ao maux aecm, omope emc ceoe ooueco cumyauu?.

Bpa o opoc a epa coe aae, cxo oo, o a oee xapaepc aaoo oeaa, pecoe oe yec ce ocoeoc coe eo cya oe cooece cox eoeecx pecypco peoa ee cpe, ao cyae ooec. Oe a o opoc pey a pecae o o, ae aeca cococy oo ecoy ycexy ceo, pe cocex coc. pe oaaec, o xapaepc pecoeo, ecoacx c p ee caae, .e. e cax, o y x ao aec, ex copeeo ooeco cya, oy a pecaee o o, ae cocae eoeecoo aaa aoee a aaa copeex ycox.

Taua PACPEEEHE OPOEHHX B ABCMOCT OT X CAMOOEHO C e e coac c y epe e M e o ae c, o y e ao a x aec , o ope e c ceo e 1996 1998 2000 o o eco c ya o o o po Bac 14,5 24,3 22,4 17, oay, o po Bac 30,7 29,7 27,7 29, Copee o e po Bac 30,5 24,0 27,1 30, o o o e po Bac 11,7 10,2 11,1 13, a py c o e 12,6 11,8 11,7 9, uocm nomeua poccu T.. epaua a ceecy ae PM (a. 1), 1996 . o ee 45% pocx ca, o y x ao aec, ex copeeo ooeco cya, 42% pecoeo p epac pooooo o pe. B 1998 . ce oc o c o oeo coceoo eoeecoo aaa poca a 9 poex yo. Pacpeeee o poex 2002 . aoe e, o 1998 . ec e cye coa poo ooe aec e opac a caooee aec, ex copeex ycox: o oy e pecoeo, o x e e a ppoca po x ao.

B oy oo yepe ceecye eyco oc caoocp cox aec: cpee pe pec oeo eee yx e ey opoca coxpae pe caooey (a. 2). Haea o ocee yco oo e cpe ex, o aeopec e coace c ca ae e ao ax aec, oope ec ceoe ooeco cya. Oao cmene epee oc caooe e ea: oe oca pecoe o epeeac a cocee, epx cye a. Mee coe ee a poooooe eca ac ex, o oea pae o co oea copee x ooecx aec, pepo a oco ex, o aa coy oey.

Coaac e c pee e caae, aa epay oey coeo ocoo o eaa. Ho ae opee aeca, o e pecoe o, aoee e copeeo ooeco cya? o oe a o opoc, cpa cayce oce xapaepc o, o-paoy oex a yaa opoc. p oppoa aopa xapaepc opac a eop eoeecoo aaa [3, c. 78] opaoe oooc a ax.

Taua MEHEHE CAMOOEHO B 2002 . O CPABHEH C 2000 .

Coac e c y epe e M e ae c, o y e ao a x aec , o ope e c ceo e o o eco c ya 2002 .

Coac e c o oay, Copee o y epe e 2000 . a py c o o o po o e po o o e Bceo o e po Bac Bac Bac po Bac o o o po Bac 35,1 31,2 18,3 9,3 6,1 100, oay, o po Bac 17,9 37,2 27,7 8,4 8,8 100, Copee o e po Bac 12,0 28,7 37,3 13,2 8,8 100, o o o e po Bac 13,9 22,8 33,5 22,0 7,8 100, a py c o e 10,0 25,7 31,7 11,2 21,5 100, uocm nomeua poccu T.. epaua Copeee oecoe oa o eoeec aao aac a, cocooce, ao, oa, o oex eoee. a ooec, eoeec a a peye ec eo cocoe aee po ecce cooa (pya) poc oxo. B epy oepe o acaec ox ceax a, oyex poec ce opaoa oye [4]. Oa eop ec eo eec aa papaoaa paax eoacceco oo eco eop (. eep, . Mep, T. y), oopo o eoeec aao oaec cooyoc coco oce a, oyex epe oee opaoae, oyee a paoe ece, oc opa, eopaecy o oc [4]. Xo ep oe poeccoax a a o, a pao, coo cy x aeceo paopooc [5], x epe oo peo ocee oaa e pe, apaeoe a oyee, pe yex ae e, pap aeop acepca ..

Ba c pye cocae eoeecoo a aa. a oaae o cceoa ec-co 1990-e ., oce ycexa ce ac o oo, a coeac pa e aaa: opaoae, oc oy a. Opaoae aa ec peoca popa, a exao, oya oy popy ec oc oea [6, c. 37]. B o c cxo poo pao eoeecoo anumaa, a eo e oo opaoae (oe ceae a), o a a opo, pepaece cocooc, oa o oeco eeoc.

B e ocoe pa eoeecoo aaa peco eo, cax, o y x oo ao aec, ex copeeo ooeco cya? oe pa x py pecoeo pee aapa oceco pepecc.

Oeaac epooc ycmouo coo oe cooec uocm nomeua poccu ocx aec peoa copeeo ooeco cya ( 2000- 2002 . 1996- 1998 . pa apa copee o e po Bac o oo e po Bac oe a yepee Me aec, o y e ao ax a ec, oope ec ceoe ooeco cya).

B aece eacx epeex 1998- 2002 . c poac opaoae, oyee a poeccoax ypcax eee oceeo pee, o pepaeco ee oc, cyea oea opo, ycaoa a paoy ac o ceope copyeco oax ex, opac o.

a o a. 3 epeee cao ac ey coo.

paee oceco pepecc ee :

P(y) = 1/(1 + eZ), e P(y) epooc coo caooe;

e ocoae aypaoo oapa, paoe 2,71;

Z = B0 + B1*X1 + B2*X2 + + BnXn, e B0 Bi oe ypae, a Xi ae eacx epeex.

Peya oepoa pecae ao op e (a. 4). Ca peopo opeeec o a oc B-oeo, ceo a ocoe cac Ba a. pe ae cyae, oa peop c aeo pa epee, ao o, o a caca oea e aoc a ce epeeo, a oex ecx epeex, oope peopaoaa cxoa aeopaa.

Cy o ce aeopax epeex oo o exp (B) coea oeo eB. Oo ae pe opa oec peepe (opac), exp (B) o aae, o coo pa eec epooc coo oe ocx aec cyae, oa eaca epeea p ae opeeeoe aee o cpae c cyae, oa oa pae peepeoe aee. Ec a oea B ooe, peop yeae epooc paccap aeoo co, a ec opae yeae.

Taua BAMOCB HEABCMX EPEMEHHX (2002 ., tau-b eaa) O c a oa a c a oa a pe p a- a oc O e a ea a co py ec epee e Bopac o eco ac o opo ypcax o oa x e e oc ce ope e x 0,060 0,045 0,053 0,128 0,014 0,136 0, Opaoa e (0,009) (0,039) (0,019) (0,000) (0,517) (0,000) (0,004) O pe p a- 0,076 0,071 0,005 0,032 0,116 0, * eco (0,002) (0,004) (0,845) (0,122) (0,000) (0,008) e e oc c a oa a a oc 0,072 0,033 0,110 0,093 0, ** ac o (0,002) (0,156) (0,000) (0,000) (0,000) ce ope O e a 0,059 0,286 0,096 0, ** * opo (0,017) (0,000) (0,000) (0,000) ea a 0,085 0,011 0, ** * * ypcax (0,000) (0,667) (0,055) 0,054 0, Bopac ** * * * (0,020) (0,000) 0, o ** * * * * (0,549) pueaue: B coax yaaa aoc oeo c.

T.. epaua Taua APAMETP OCTECO PEPECCOHHO MOE cmoua caooea aecm, eux copeeo ooueco cumyauu 1998 . 2002 .

a - a B- B Wald- oc Wald- oc epee e o- exp o- exp c a c- Wald- c a c- Wald - (B) - (B) a c a c- a c a c e e Opaoae:

19,330 0,001 35,985 0, 0-6 acco 1,681 2,367 0,124 0,186 1,152 0,814 0,367 0, e o oe cpe ee 0,717 8,017 0,005 0,488 1,105 19,303 0,000 0, cpe ee 0,621 12,921 0,000 0,538 0,767 25,574 0,000 0, cpe ee c e a oe 0,158 0,733 0,392 0,854 0,294 3,373 0,066 0, c ee O pepaeco 35,172 0,000 28,156 0, eeoc:

uoa e n ac a c, o eo oo e 0,881 16,185 0,000 2,413 0,480 5,475 0,019 1, o a c, o yaoc 2,126 20,889 0,000 8,382 1,213 24,408 0,000 3, ye paoa a acoo xoa, e a ocyapco: 11,735 0,019 5,963 0, opa oe, apao e:

nooc coac coac 0,224 1,379 0,240 0,799 0,061 0,081 0,776 1, e coac 0,372 3,731 0,053 0,689 0,177 0,738 0,390 1, coce e coac 0,300 1,366 0,243 0,741 0,100 0,167 0,683 0, a py c caa 0,791 11,012 0,001 0,453 0,258 1,024 0,312 0, uocm nomeua poccu pooeue ma. 1998 . 2002 .

a - a B- B Wald- oc Wald- oc o- exp o- exp epeee c a c- Wald- c a c- Wald - (B) - (B) a c a c- a c a c e e Booo aooae 6,660 0,155 13,335 0, copyeco ey oa e :

yepe , o oo o 0,103 0,102 0,749 1,109 0,426 2,224 0,136 1, oay, oo o 0,073 0,118 0,731 1,076 0,739 12,646 0,000 2, e- o oo o, e- o e 0,346 4,103 0,043 1,413 0,480 7,846 0,005 1, oay, eoo o 0,061 0,119 0,730 0,941 0,418 5,042 0,025 1, yepe, o eo o o Oea opo:

19,510 0,001 24,335 0, oe xopo ee xopoee 1,793 9,342 0,002 0,166 0,700 2,468 0,116 0, cpe ee, e xopoee e oxoe 2,178 13,928 0,000 0,113 1,175 7,056 0,008 0, oxoe 2,127 11,397 0,001 0,119 1,572 10,367 0,001 0, coce oxoe 1,627 3,003 0,083 0,196 0,865 0,459 0,498 0, ea a ypcax eee 1,336 0,248 0,710 0, oceeo oa:

a e 0,243 1,336 0,248 0,784 0,196 0,710 0,399 0, T.. epaua Ooaue ma. 1998 . 2002 .

a - a B- B Wald- oc Wald- oc o- exp o- exp epeee c a c- Wald- c a c- Wald - (B) - (B) a c a c- a c a c e e Bopac:

5,519 0,238 36,454 0, 18-25 e 26-35 e 0,109 0,230 0,631 1,115 0,728 14,137 0,000 0, 36-45 e 0,032 0,021 0,884 0,968 0,760 16,933 0,000 0, 46-55 e 0,326 1,813 0,178 0,722 1,096 31,750 0,000 0, 56-60 e 0,183 0,243 0,622 0,833 1,786 13,769 0,000 0, o:

23,378 0,000 25,356 0, y co e c 0,658 23,378 0,000 0,518 0,599 25,356 0,000 0, ocaa 2,468 14,137 0,000 11,797 1,744 9,872 0,002 5, pueaue: ypco ee ae epeex, oee opac (peepe).

uocm nomeua poccu T.. epaua C oo ypae, cpyeo cya 1998 ., epooc cox oeo ocx aec epo peca aa 64,6% cyae, 2002 . 66,6%. O eoo o e poocecx oooce ypae cee cye yeee o cepc, oceo oceco pepecce, c 17,2% (1998 .) o 18,8% (2002 .) B 2002 . yca ee, o e aeca cooec y peoa copeeo ooeco cya, ao ee epoo o pecoeo cao ooo opaco pye (o 25 e). Cpe ex, oy o 26 o 45 e, epooc oo e ye a paa. Oao 1998 . epepya po opaca paec e paea. Cape pecoe e poa ce a ee poe aeca c epo oc a 20% ee, e ooe.

C poco opaoa pc e cooecoa po peoa caec caoc a y , e x cee opaoae. B 2002 . pa ypox aoo pca a pax cyex opaoaeo ec ca o ee c, o ce ey oaae oo o cpe e ceao ce opaoa.

a o pepaeco eeoc a a cocaa aec, ex copeeo ooec o cya. B 1998 . a epeea paa oee cyece y po, e 2002 . a oaae oee ea aa, aoe eee ocec e e, o ee o pe paeca ca e oea co oc oe a, a e, o cpe e ex ec-oa cao oe ocee copeex ooecx aec. ocpeo a ceoe ooeco cya e oeceo e cepy acoo eca. o oepae c e, o a epe oa coc e a epooc coo caooe ycao a aoc aco ceope.

Ec 1998 . ecoace paoa a xoa pepo a 2530% uocm nomeua poccu cao ay epooc, o 2002 . yec pa ey oce pax e o aoc aco ceo pe. p o ea ce c e, o oaae cope e ooec aeca, oaae oa o aeo poo yepe, o copyeco oax ex e ooo.

B 2002 ., a 1998 ., y ocpa co o c oea a oee cooecy peoa co peeo oo. Tae pa caoocp oy oycoe po p. He ca aa oe paoep oc eceoc aoo ceyx oce, x oo ooa. e oe epe, e y , aaa coepecy e a a, oope ocpeoa oae, a e poo ooe. Moe oa ooeco aoc, aa oa oce ycexa oa ea eya, ye pao ae y, ocoy oe, ocae oa e, e ce aop oa ea ycexa [7]. ae PM ceecy ae o o, o e ycy ce oee ecoo epe poe a, oa .

, aoe, ae, o ooea poeccoaa oooa, oyea eee oceeo oa, e e a epea caooeo.

pae oo oe epooc coo caooe ocoo oeaa p oa opeeex ae peopo. Ec 2002 . ea o 26 o 35 e c c opaoae xopo opoe, ea eya o pepaeco eeoc e oyaac oc eee pe a poeccoax ypcax, a ooc co aca c e, o ye paoa a xoa, caa, o co pyeco ey oa e, oay, ooo, o epooc oo, o oa eee yx e coo oeaa T.. epaua co oc oea c o pe cooec peo ax copeeo ooeco cya, paa 0,677(1/(1 + + 2,71(1,7440,5990,728+00,700+0,4800,196+0+0,739))). Ec ocee ya ax caycx eocx xapaepc ya o 18 o 25 e, o epooc coo caooe a paa 0,887.

Haop peopo pecaex ypaex e oxa ae ce cooyoc aec, oope oy ec copeeo ooeco cya. Te e eee, ypae, ae x, oc o 20% cepc aco e peeo. Peya paceo ceecy, o poccc o oece a oceee pe opaoae a aop oo ecoo ycexa oc co aoc, oa a ae eco aco ceope c. Tae ac a ycex ca cac c oo opaco, o eo ooe oop o pcaa eaoo a yceoo eoea a oooo poeccoaa.

Bop peopo o oo opeec opao oooc a ax eoxooc cpae yx o, ooy epeee, yae oo x, ce ca eacx epeex. pep a x yax epeex o coao-cxooecx xapaepc, acpoax 2002 . Pecoea pea aoc pa coace (o 4-ao ae o coce e coace o ooc coace) c ceaa caa . C oo poeyp aopoo aaa o cpy poa epe aopa (a. 5). p ooex ae x epoo aopa opo a e ocoec a pecoe oyae ecoooc pee e x poe, ocyce a co coe , uocm nomeua poccu eoooc o ayaoe. ooee ae opoo aopa Oea ce a oe pyx ceec y o o, o pecoe oeae ce e xye opya x. Tpe aop oee epeee, opaae yo eopeoc a coo, a eep caooey oe ceoo pa. ooee ae oceeo a opa oop o o, o pecoe e coe oce, oop o opc, e cae ce oe oecy.

Hae c aopo c eoop epeex, ex ypae oceco pepecc aece ea cx, e ooe ocpo oy oe. Oao poeypa cpae cpex ae oooc oe e coao cxooecx xapaepc a caooey ocoo o eaa (a. 6).

Bo-epx, ae aop, a oeceoe pae, ocpe ce a oe pyx (aop 2 4) cao epe poa pyax c pao caooeo. Bo-opx, eyco a peoca oo, o pecoe ye ca ce oa a copee ooec aeca, oye e opo a e ocoeca, oeceoc a co, pocxoe eo (aop 1), , ee epe, yoeopeoc coo (aop 3). o yaae a pe yeceo ype, a e coay eeppoa oc caooeo aec, ex copeeo ooec o cya, a ae a o, o pae ce e xye pyx, oe opya, oaa oce, oop oo opc, apyec e a yceo aaa cope eo ooueco cya, a x ocx xapaepc ax.

Taua ATOPHE BECA COAHO-CXOOECX XAPATEPCT a op Tec o poca 1 2 3 1. e oy c pa c co co poea 0, 2. oa yc y, o o oa 0,574 0, 3. ao oy a o, o co o po cxo 0, 4. cea oy o aya oe 0,398 0,255 0,332 0, 5. ac o yc y ce ec oo epe 0, poea, o a oe 6. To, o co o po o e yye, o oo 0,443 0,360 0,210 0, a c o e 7. To, o oy cea , ao o e oe 0, 8. ya, o e e xye py x 0, 9. c a, o y e ec oo xopo x aec 0, 10. B oe, e ae c, o eya ( eya a) 0,477 0,220 0, 11. oy ce ea e xye py x 0, 12. ya, o e ocoe o ee op c 0,328 0,247 0, 13. xopoo o oyc caoy (cao ) cee 0,269 0, 14. B eo, yoe ope (yoe ope a) coo 0, 15. oa yc y ce ec oe (ec oe o ) 0,414 0, 16. xo e (xo ea) o oc c cee c o yae e 0,347 0, 17. oa e ae c, o exopo eoe 0, o oc e o c epc 18,367 11,552 9,719 9, Cyap a o oc e o c epc 48, T.. epaua Taua CPEHE HAEH ATOPOB B PAX C PAHO CAMOOEHO Coac e c y epe e M e ae c, o y a op e ao a x aec , o ope e c ceo e o o eco c ya o o o po Bac 0,439 0,097 0,202 0, oay, o po Bac 0,097 0,018 0,054 0, Copee o e po Bac 0,227 0,019 0,063 0, o o o e po Bac 0,306 0,064 0,205 0, Bc cooy oc 0,007 0,008 0,005 0, 107,489 3,477 23,036 4, F-c a c a (3;

0,000) (3;

0,015) (3;

0,000) (3;

0,003) pueaue: B coax yaao co ceee coo ypoe aoc oyex F cac.

uocm nomeua poccu T.. epaua Aeaoc caoocp ocoo oeaa o o poep epe coocaee oxoo pecoeo c pa o caooeo, o oaae aapoaoc e o oec xapaep. B ao opoce acpoaa pa c ey caooeo aec oxoo o pya, a a a ocoo ooeo ecax pao cya apaoo (a. 7). Ha pepe ax 2002 . o, o p a aec, ex copeeo ooe, cpee oxo pepo oopa paa e, e p ocyc ax aec, o ca pa a oca oo pyo. Bo cex pyax (c pao caooeo) pe pec oeo e ea oxoo o pya eee eca, pee cyeo opocy. Cpe oaaee copeex ooec x aec eca ac ea pyoo oxo e poooo ya. B o e pe pyax c co o xoo pecae e, o cae, o y eo ax aec e.

Oa oe aeo cceoa cocoa o, o cpe pecoeo, oaax, o x e, e ceo aeca, ye oe ex, o ye yye co py oo oxo coxpa co ooec cayc, oco y c o pe ocx pecypco aaa o axoc oee po ooe. B xoe pa cacecx c epeo ocaoc a cooa aece oaa ee a x pyox oxoo eee ( coxpae e) paa a o ae oxoo. paccope pa oo e , oope axoc pyococoo o pace e pyoo oxo 2000- 2002 .

o poa e eppopax pa ypoe pocc, oxo epec e pyx, a oece poox yo (M). poo uocm nomeua poccu y cooca oea a ycy, eoxox oepa opo ee yepeo ao pyoo . aa ea opeeec aoo cyea Poc cco eepa.

oaae a x oxoo eee yxee o epaa paec e paac cpe pecoeo c pao oeo cox aec (a. 8). Moo oe, o p o caooee epooc coxpae cooo o oecoo cayca e, e p coo caooee, , a oopo, e epooc coxpa cayc . Te ca caooea x aec e pae cyeceo po oc e ooecoo cayca. o coacyec c peyaa cceoa ooc pocc o oxoa: opy ee e a poe oxoo epapx oaa apoooece aop [8].

a, pecae cae aa ooe cea p oo. Opaoae a cocaa eoeecoo aaa caoc oee a copeex ooecx yco x, oa a o pepaeco eeoc cae co aoc. pepae a py a yaoo ooeco ae pocca 1990-x ycyae eco oo oy poeccoay aaa 2000-x. Ho eo ypoe cao oe ocoo oeaa y pocc ocaec eco. O o ceecy a peya oepoa acoc oeo ocoo oeaa o pa aopo, a caa ycooc caooeo. aco o ocec e, o ca ooe e oya oepe epe peya oo eco aoc. B o cyae aoee paeo e oee ec eee oeo ocoo oeaa, .e.

oo apaepa, oop oee oopoe a. pe cae o cee, a oaae oeao aaa copeex ooecx ycox, oce xapaepc a e ee, e cayce.

Taua PACPEEEHE OXOA B PAX C PAHO CAMOOEHO (2002 .) Coac e c oxo o pya y epe e M e He o ae c, o y e oxoa o ao a x aec , pya o ope e c ee e o 0,5 0,51 1 1,5 1,52 23 Ce B ceo e oce x M M M M M 3 M cpe e o o eco 30 e c ya o o o po Bac 39,4 11,4 14,3 10,4 8,7 8,5 7,3 1, oay, o po Bac 32,3 10,4 13,4 12,3 11,2 9,9 10,4 1, Copee o e po Bac 33,6 6,4 11,4 11,7 10,2 12,0 14,6 2, o o o e po Bac 34,9 6,1 9,7 10,6 8,5 11,0 19,2 2, a py c o e 46,2 10,8 12,7 8,2 5,6 7,3 9,2 1, Bc cooy oc 35,5 8,8 12,4 11,2 9,6 10,2 12,2 2, T.. epaua Taua MOHOCT O TPOBM OXOAM B PAX C PAHO CAMOOEHO AECTB, % (N = 1387) Caoo e a oc oo o e aa Xapa ep o oc e o o oc o 2000 .

pyo oxoa 20002002 .

H a Bcoa cpe x e e 11,0 (1,5) 8,5 (1,5) H cxoa ceo cpe e 3,6 (2,9) 7,1 (2,9) o oc ceo e 1,0 (0,9) 1,6 (0,9) e 30,8 (2,9) 23,7 (2,9) o oc cpe e 25,0 (0,3) 25,6 (0,3) c 5,4 (4,7) 12,5 (4,7) x e cpe e 15,1 (2,4) 10,7 (2,4) Bocxoa cpe x e c 7,0 (0,3) 7,4 (0,3) o oc x e epx 1,1 (2,5) 2,9 (2,5) Bceo 100,0 100, pueaue: B coax yaao caapoaoe ooee aaeo aco o oaeo (cya eacoc epeex).

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