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POEP COPA AHHX A.M. Aaaea (Caapa) ATEOP AECTBO HȻ B HAHOM OECTBEHHOM CPCE: OT OHTEHT AHAA BE-CTPAH HTEPHETA B cae ocac peya oe-aaa

oeco yopee a eop aeco , oeoo a ocoe pecypco epea. pe aaec eoa oopa e-cpa oppoa oyeao a cceoa.

ee coa: epe, ocoe cce, ca, e-cpa, oe aa, aeco , oaoe oepoae, cyeoe aooye.

epe ca eoeeo ac copeeo . o e poco cpoe yooe cpeco oya, a cpea, oopa poae paec ce cep eeoc eo ea. coooeco ay oaa ce epe pe cae ya eoe, ocoy oe cy e oo oae coo opa, o cpyeo cce oa. Ha aae, apep, o-aoe opoc o-ao e oyc-py ye oee 10 e pec aece ooex eoo copa opa. Poccce cooo o o aa ocaa exoo. Hacoa ca eoc ppye oooc cooa e-pecypco omem-aa ua oeco yopee aeop aeco .

Aa Mxaoa Aaaea acpaa aep cooo ooo Caapcoo ocyapceoo yepcea. E-mail: almakaeva@rambler.ru.

Cooo: 4M. 2006. 22.

A.M. Aaaea cxo yo cceoa, o oopo oe pe, ocya ooo eooaa cya, coac o py oea aeco . O o a aae 6070 .

pooo coe p ocye poope ycpa oo oeca, oa apy c cp poco aooo ao aoo poya, pooca, oxoo opee oocp c ae eae e, a apee opyae cpe, epaoaoe cooae pecypco, exaa ep , eppop, epaoa apyee pa eoea. Cao co, o oa o oe pea o poe oea pye, oao oe co eoeeco eyo eopeoc e epeca cyecoa, ec cpa x a pya oapo [1, c. 151], o eo yyee aeca, a e ypo oo ca e opoo, oopoy eo xoo cpec.

ocee ooo e opeoao yoo ayo popao. Moe cceoae oo pee peaa co e aeca . ep o eo eocpeceo eoo caapa, oop opeec ae o e cy apa oe cy poy eee o pa a oee oeco acee [2, c. 9495]. payc cooo P. Apo ca, o aeco poec opaca yaoo oxoa poopoao eo pacxooa a pee opee, poco ( e poco) , oe oo, ae a ae eaepae e, a oe ycy, yypa, poeee coooo pee [2, c. 96]. o e ecoo eopea . ocepa, aeco oo ace o ypo cpeccox cya (ooe ex pyoce), ooc acee, aeca a ypo ape opyae cpe [3, c. 130].

Bce aop oo aao oeoy oxoy oaoy oepoa, e aeco epec epe aop oex oaaee coax aopo, ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

apep, ax, a co ee a ooo paa, poe cao yc, eco cepoc, oeco cyeo cx ye x aee, co eeopo, eeoo a yy acee .. Tae cce pec Opaae ooecoo copyeca pa, Opaae Oeex Ha Epoec ooec cooeco [4]. oypo a e cooae ex ooax eco: eca pa eoeecoo oeaa (P), eca ecoo a eca . Moppca, eca . oco .. [4;

5].

Copo cyeoo oyaeoo aeca (subjective well-being) e pa oepa pe oa oe oepoae. Cpaeo oea, o ooa apa ocaa cya, oa ca eoe eamuo oeuaem xopoue no oemu noaame ycou uu u aoopom, o peaa ya aeco epe py coau cyema [6, c. 84]. Ta, C. Mao ca o e oe c yoeopee opeoce cace. A. Me, T. ooe, P. aop paccapa eo a oee ocoa oe yoeopee opeoce eoea eee aoo-o poeya pee [7, c. 15]. H. a, . Pyp C. oype opee aeco a oyee aococo oc, ee yoeopee eyoeopee ee cace ecace [8, c. 155].

poo oee pa e. Ceo ecop a ce cop paoac a oeoe, a cyeoe aeco cac oopa oo py pya oxoa.

oceeo poeaa aeca caoc oy po Pocc. o ep ce ae ae oo yc a yc oo, ypaco oecex eee.

Oca oa e opee cep oox cco yopee aeop aeco epy x o eceo pecaeoc.

A.M. Aaaea peaa ocaex ee cooac oe-aa cpa epea. oeo, e ceye oppoa cpa eo eooe co epe-ooaee Pocc (ceo 16,9 . eoe [9, c. 3]) ooo cop opoc o coooe coao peaoc peaoc pyao cpe. Oao peee pecypco epea oaae po oex o coc. Bo-nepx, ce paee apx ox ae, ay x paeaex ypao, a opy, epoe ep c cae, popa oecx ap oee, ae oecex eee, ca opaox aec, ayo-cceoaecx cyo, oepe, opecco, ce apo, ca, ocee oapa ycya .. ooy poce cyecye ee a aepae cepo ay peao. Bo-mopx, epe copae pae yco eceoc oeo opaae pae cep e eeoc eoea. B-mpemux, ocoe cce coco axo oye o aa e paa c opoo copoc. o, co oepe, ooe c opaee, ao eoe cceoaee a ae oopa oyeo aaa, aeo copa peee apa.

Cyecye oeco ocox cce, oopx ce aa popaa, ycoo aaea ay (spider) o y (crawler), oxo c ce a ecoo e, cocae ce y ooo opoy oc ocyx pecypco. Ca ec cac ec, Paep, Aop, AltaVista, Google Yahoo. Haoee aeao e ocaeoo acoe paoe cceoa oaaac ocoa ccea Paepa. Oa oopeeo yoeopa eco yco:

1. aa paaece ocoeoc pyccoo a.

2. Coppoaa o opeee apaepa e oo ca , o cmpau1.

o ycoe ec a, ocoy o ca oe a ce paoe oeco e-cpa.

ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

3. Oopaaa oee co cpa, aex o apa aeo ee.

4. Hyepoaa peya oca.

Ec oop o ocoo apoce, o eo ao o cop ypoa a opao, o, c oo copo, aca o oxa c eyc opa, a c pyo oce c e oocyc ey opa. Oeo, o cce oa eoxo oo e-cpa, coepae cooco eae aeco , aeca , aecy , aeco , aece , a ae pae a eco oe , aeco oe , aeco ae , aeco ae , aeco x , aeco eo , aeco ee , aeco pyoo .. Coo e, e ey coa aeco ee c oo oe coo. oca coa aao ope pec a, paccoe oo e ocpy e (co, apoc). ooy apoc e cey opa o: (3, aecmo uu). B o cyae paa opo x oepax co ee 3, .e. paa 2 [10].

Peya oca oo yopoa o ae o pee aoc (cee cooec ocooy apocy) [11]. Bpe ec a aopo, a a eoope co, apep, op peea eyao ocyapceo y, oy cpoopoa oee acoe yopeee epa aeco opeeeo oece, ooy pe ac coppoa o peeaoc.

Bceo o apocy a aea 200 931 e-cpaa1. oooo cca opac a pexco epo a pec, a opao, coppoaac aa 670 apeco2. ae Cop ax ocyecc ope 2004 .

B c c e, o oeco cpa, coepax ep aeco , eec eeeo, coa ay ay eoxoo eee ecox aco.

A.M. Aaaea cea aao coxpac ca e-cpa. o eo ca poc c 180 cpa, oopx 63 (9,4%) coca oop, 73 (10,9%) paeao caa ocpa x ocyapc (paa, eopycc, aaxca ..), 44 (6,6%) e coepa epa aeco . B oe aaa ocaoc 490 oyeo.

Aa pooc a aa: a epo ae e e oec yopee epa aeco , a o po opeeac acoa yopee oo oo oe ca. Peya epoo aa opae a pc. 1.

Beee oeco peca coo aeo p, ooae cxoe o ccy ee. Ta opao, poeypy ocpypoa oeca oo opa cxee ec e-cpa ee oeca oec py oeco. Coepaea pacpoa oeco pecaea a. 1 2.

Bop ao ca eocpeceo oe-aa. E e cea ao cyae cya e aepe o ccy pae eca. o o :

Ca yex ypaco, aoa ca.

a oopa yex oco.

Haa oypx ayx ypao.

Haa cae, eox ypco, e eox ypcax.

Haa cao, opyo ceapo, oo opa a.

popa pax oepe, opyo ceapo.

Aoa a, oopa, aa x cep.

Aoc ooce.

Peae oe, oy ca.

ae oecx eee.

popa coao-ooecoo pa.

popa oecx ap.

Cooe opyax aax.

ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

1.1. e epa 1.2. Me co cce oa ec 2.1. o ec 2.1.1. Oe o ec 2.2. Me c 2.3. Pea o- e c 2.1.2. o o-o o ec 2.4. Pea o- o pe ec 2.1.3. o ec o ec 2.5. o o ec 2.6. Hay o- e oo ec 2.1.4. o o-co a 2.7. o- epp op a 2.1.5. o o- epp op a 2.8. oo ec 2.9. Co a 2.1.6. O opo e o-oo ec 2.10. o ec 2.1.7. oa o o- e oo ec 2.11. Tpy oo 2.12. pae ec 2.1.8. o o-y pae ec 2.13. A o c ep c c 2.14. Opaoa e 2.15. pyoe Puc. 1. Bu omecmo ynompeeu mepua aecmo uu oec 1.

Aaeec 2.

ycec oec Taua COEPAHE OHTECTOB OTPEEH TEPMHA AECTBO HȻ B o ec a e e o ec a 1. Aaeece oec 1.1. e epa 1.1.1. O pe ee e y o e e co ep a o aec o .

1.1.2. epe ce e a opo, eco, o poc o, e o cce oa e epa oo aec a (aec a eo )2.

1.1.3. O ca e y o a e o cce oa e epa oo aec a .

1.1.4. c ooa e ep a aec o aa ye oco, ccep a, e o ypco, ay yp ao, ay o cce oa ec aopa op, aa opy o, oce e epa o y aec y .

1.2. Me co- 1.2.1. epe ce e a opo, o ca e y o a o cce oa ec cce oa aec a c pa aoea .

1.2.2. Papao a c py e ap o e aec a pacc a p ae c a o a ee e c ce apo, opy o, o epe, e y o..

Hyepa poc cooec c pc. 1.

oec aa eepa, ocoy paccapaec aeco eoea ooe, e c c a o oe cepa. B aoo epaype, o oepy ooa xapaep oo oea, oa coy pae overall quality of life general quality of life.

A.M. Aaaea pooeue ma. B o ec a e e o ec a 2. ycece oec 2.1. o ec 2.1.1. o pee e ep a aec o popa a oy e a e epa pe o a opa o ac, popa a oy e a o ec ap.

2.1.2. o pee e ep a aec o ae pa o ec e ee.

2.2. Me c 2.2.1. o pee e ep a aec o aec o o oo p o ca pa aoea.

2.2.2. o pee e ep a aec o aec o o oo p o ca eapc e pe apa o e o ee .

2.2.3. o pee e ep a aec o p o ca opo o opo e epo p a aec o eoea.

2.2.4. c ooa e ep a aec o aa nonypx yp ao ( aa pyp o yp yp ao), (a o a a ) cep, oce opo, aa c ao e coo oopy oa e c ycy, aa o o opa a, e e oc o op ca a co opoe.

2.2.5. c ooa e ep a aec o aa e c c a e ( cyae, ec e o o oc poc o pe co ep a e c a ).

2.3. Pea o- e c 2.3.1. aec o cae c c o pee e po y ycy ecx (o opo e ) opa a p.

2.4. Pea o- 2.4.1. aec o cae c c o pee e po y ycy o pe ec pax opa a p (poe ecx, oopoex oecx).

ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

pooeue ma. B o ec a e e o ec a 2.4. Pea o- 2.4.2. Tep aec o y o pee c aa c ao, o pe ec opy o ce apo, oce pa oapa ycya (po e e c ).

2.4.3. aec o cae c c o pee e pa oapo ycy.

2.5. o o ec 2.5.1. aec o cae c c o o ec poc o, apao o a o, a ep a aococ o e, po o e oc py a.

2.6. Hay o- e oo ec 2.6.1. aec o cae c c c ooa e o e oo, c e e oc ye , co a oe e oo.

2.7. o- 2.7.1. aec o cae c c aoyc po c o epepa epp op a epp op o a , yco , pao o o o y a o c .

2.8. oo ec 2.8.1. aec o cae c c oo eco oc a oo, ap e e opy ae cpe .

2.8.2. o ep ae c a c oc aec a o coc o p po pecypco.

2.9. Co a 2.9.1. Ocy a c e e aec e y pa a eop acee ( a o, a apo oc e, oo o e o..).

2.10. o ec 2.10.1. aec o cae c c eco coc a.

2.11. Tpy oo 2.11.1. aec o opa ae c pa a opa a, o y o pee c ep aec o py oo .

2.12. pae ec 2.12.1. e e aec e ca c c y pae eco e e oc ac c py yp pa oo ypo .

A.M. Aaaea Ooaue ma. B o ec a e e o ec a 2.13. A o c ep c c 2.13.1. aec o po o oc ae c e a, o pee a ep a a.

2.14. Opaoa e 2.14.1. aec o cae c c opaoa e pocee e.

2.15. pyoe 2.15.1. Tep aec o y o pee c e o pe a e cae c c a - o cepa , o y o pee c aa pyp ae o yp yp ao (poe ae ypao, ocex opo).

Taua COEPAHE OTECOO OHTECTA B o ec a Co ep a e o ec a 2.1.1. Oe o ec 2.1.1.1. o e e aec a pacc a p ae c a e e e oc.

2.1.1.2. Tep aec o y o pee c e o pe a e cae c c a - o cepa .

2.1.2. o o- 2.1.2.1. aec o cae c c peo oe e e oc, o o ec o o ec poc o, apao o a o, a ep a aococ o e, po o e oc py a, pa e po e oc, o pee e pa oapo ycy.

2.1.3. o ec 2.1.3.1. ae c pac poa o aec o , epe c c o ec a op, c o o o op epe c aec o .

2.1.3.2. aec o cae c c eco coc a.

Hyepa poc cooec c pc. 1.

ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

Ooaue ma. B o ec a Co ep a e o ec a 2.1.3. o ec 2.1.3.3. o a c o ec e o ec e popa o o ec yy e e epa oo aec a acee .

2.1.4. o o- 2.1.4.1. Ocy a c poe e e aec a pa co a a eop acee ( a o, o , , c pa a pa aoea , , yac oa ypey poa oopy e o o, e e..).

2.1.5. o o- 2.1.5.1. aec o cae c c aoyc po c o epp op epp op a o a .

2.1.6. O opo e o- 2.1.6.1. aec o cae c co opoe.

oo ec 2.1.6.2. aec o cae c c oo eco oc a oo.

2.1.7. oa o o- 2.1.7.1. aec o cae c c c ooa e o e oo, e oo ec c e e oc ye , co a oe e oo.

2.1.8. o o- 2.1.8.1. e e aec e ca c c y pae eco y pae ec e e oc ac c py yp pa oo ypo , o c e e e opa a o o c py yp a apa a y pae .

A.M. Aaaea ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

B oce cyae (97,8% cex copax cpa) oa ea cea paac 1 e-cpae. cee co ca pecypc, pecae coo: cc oao a y oepe, oop ooce, cc epayp o aao eae, cc x epe-aaax, cooe opyax aax. B eo aae cooac 504 e cea. B ex cyax, oa e-cpaa coepaa ccy a pyy ca, aapoac oye, oe e ce o o cco. Peya oe-aaa pecae a. 3 4.

Ta. 3 eocppye peoaae ecoo o ecoo oeca. Oao pee e ea o, e oxoo yec, o oyee peya e c p cece ooo yeoo eca ecx oecx cao epee. B eoopo cee ooa ey poey oo pe ae pea Ramblers Top100, e yac ce pecypc, oopx a ccea apecppoaa xo oo oceee a ee [12].

epe epe eca aa ca aeop ec, Paee, oep epe, o ce.

Ha x pxoc 59% cex pecypco, apecppoax cc ee Ramblers Top100, a a aeop opoe, Haya opaoae, Oecea , Hooc CMȻ ceo 17%. Ta opao, caaoe e oacee eocoae o, e poo cyae poeoe coooee cao ya ax aeop opaaoc c ooc o aoopo.

Opac eep eocpeceo peyaa aaa. Ha pyy ycecx oeco pxoc 89,67%, e ep oe eco o cee pacpocpaeoc aae ec oec. oceee e yeo, ec yec, o opoe coaco opeee Bcepo opaa paooxpae pac capaec e oo a ocyce oe, a a cocoe ooo ecoo, yxooo coaoo aooy [13].

A.M. Aaaea ooy opea eo a aeco , a e oo a a coo aoea ec ecx paoo pope apaee ee.

Taua OHTECT OTPEEH TEPMHA AECTBO HȻ, % o oeo ca e (N = 504) o oo o ec o ec o Aaeec e epa 5, Me co- 10, 4, cce oa ec ycec Me c 25, o ec 21, pyoe 13, Pea o 5, o pe ec Hay o- e ec 4, o o ec 3, Pea o- e c 3, oo ec 2,58 89, o ec 2, Co a 2, o 1, epp op a A o c ep c c 1, pae ec 1, Tpy oo 0, Opaoa e 0, Bceo 100, ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

Taua OTEC OHTECT TEPMHA AECTBO HȻ B HTEPHETE, % o oeo ca e N = o oe B o ecoo o ec a cooy oc o o-o o ec 5, o ec o ec 4, Oe o ec 4, o o-co a 2, O opo e o-oo ec 1, o o-y pae ec 0, o o- epp op a 0, oa o o- e oo ec 0, Bceo 21, Puc. 2. Coepaue poccucoo mepema (ae a 29.11.0405.12.04) oe yye/yxye aeca ooo p ec ceae caappoae opoc, cpe o opx e a ocox a: oe ceece.

A.M. Aaaea epe, apep SF-36, coyc p pyox cpae x, ya oe oe opo aooy, o pe opeeeo py oee ooo aoea . B acoee pe peec oee 400 ox ce ax opoco [14].

Ceye oe opeeey ooecy apa eoc cycc opy aeca . B eo 8,33% p xoc a peao-opeec ooec, a 5,75% a oo-ooec oec. Tae peya o aooep, e ycox, oa ooo 21 oa pocc e oxo e poooo ya, yyee ye o oo ace o yee oxo a. Xo ao cyae o oe aeco a ec opayeaec ypoe .

Ha aao ae cceoa peoaaoc, o ep aeco coyec ocoo a eoe o oe paee, e apyeoe coepae. e coe, a a ee ao: 13,89% pxoc a pyy pyoe, 4,76% a oeoec oec. Ho ee e ca o pye, ocoy oee ocaoo po ope aop aceo, accopyex c aeco .

B poooooc ycec aaeece o ec apa ceo 10,32%. pe eepaoy oecy, o ceoy cceoa aeca eo, pae o o 5,95%. peee ae ceecy, o poe yy e aeca poo ocyac oecx pyax oeceo cypce, o e ayo cooece.

Taa cya oac oe occ copec pa. B oeeceo cooo coecoo epoa o e aeco apy c oea ypoe , c , ya caap ac ya eao aeop opa , oopa opeeac a cooyoc cyecex ep, xapaepyx eeoc ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

apoo, acco, coax py, oce, x ec e c yco eeeoc [15, c. 298]. o aeop coce aeceo-oece xapaep. C oo copo, eooo o opa e, e a, o ao oece o poo ope, ooy oe ypoe opaao oecey copoy opaa [16, c. 12]. C pyo copo, ao oeceo-oo eco opa pcy ceec opa co acec aacec. ooae ae cmeo onpeeeocmu opaa uu (aecma opaa uu) umepamype u ucnooac mepu aecmo uu. B occoec epo cceoa opaa ce copee c e opoe peyece o -a eooeco ooe.

Ceo poccce cooo aoo opa cce oa aeca : oc ya o o ee, opaoa cea ypa Texoo aeca [17], p Bcepoccco ayo-cceoaeco cye ex eco ce Mpoay Pocc paaec apae e, cceyee aeco a pep coao-oo ecoo pa Poccco eepa.

Te e eee, eopeeca popaoa aeop ae co o cx op ocaec a ooo o ypoe. Ta a cya yae eoope oace. o ce ae o op o aece , 21,43% oecoo oeca ao o oaa. eceo, oeo oe e o pe op yyee e eo. ooy ceac co oo oop eo o aece . Oao e aoea coepae a aeop, c oo copo, pcye pepa c o ey e oa ep, a pyo ooo po cep cco, oope aa pac capaeoe oe coae aop, oe cpoopo a oee a aaex ceaecx o, oa, A.M. Aaaea coy o o e ep, coece aec oo p o pax eax.

ooy, a a , eoxoo poeapoa aeop aeco eo a ay oe, .e. a ey e aoy eoey coa cpyea p eo oe. B poo cyae ce paccye o yye aeca pocc e y a pa oypx e ooecx e, e ao ey oo, a yo oeco ye eooe.

TEPATPA 1. eeu A. eoeece aeca. M.: popecc, 1985.

2. Toopo A.Cm. aeco : pec aa ypyax o e / o pe. C.. ooa. M.: popecc, 1980.

3. Mapou .. oae poe aeco // Cooo ece cceoa. 1998. 4.

4. eomucmo .B. Meooo oe ypo aeca acee // Hao. ec. aa. 2002. 3-4 // http://nic.pirit.info/200211/021.htm.

5. aoa E.B., ao A.A. epee aeca . M., 1993.

6. Peeaa .B. aeco oeceoe ao // Opa ycox epecpo (aa, ee, poope) / O. pe.

A.A. Boe. M.: C PAH, 1992.

7. ono C.. poea aeca copeeo eooeco ope. M.: oa, 1977.

8. Mapou .. Coaa oo. M.: -o PH, 1997.

9. Opoc epe Pocc. 2004. eo. B. 8 // http://bd.fom.ru/report/ map/projects/internet/internet08/o040801.

10. oo o ocy Paepa // http://www.rambler.ru/doc/help.shtml.

11. a axo opa epee // http://www.globalsystem.ru/ findinf.php.

12. Teaec coca Pyea // http://rumetrica.rambler.ru/data/runet/2/.

13. Pyccoe ecoe oopee // http://ruscience.newmail.ru/medicine/ qol.htm.

14. oe aeca ooo oooecoo po // http:// www.pharmsynthez.com/ru/info_page.php3?info=29.

15. Pymeu M.H. aea cooo. M.: Mc, 1980.

ameopu aecmo uu ayo u oecmeo ucypce...

16. Pymeu M.H. Coacec opa : aecea oe cea opeeeoc // Coooece cceoa. 1983. 4.

17. Texoo aeca // http://qol.ur.ru/editors.html.




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