WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

A.B. epeoa (Moca) MATEMATECA MOE CTPTP BACT A HCTPMEHT COOOECOO AHAA AHOBX ATEPHACTCX OTHOEH Ca ocea aay oooc pee aoo aea

eco oe cce Bac-Oeco [1;

2;

3] oca yo poa cpyyp ac eoypo. Moa aoo oe, ocae yopoae oeco cce oeca, ocy ecec oo, o oyey oe oo o coo a a cpye coooecoo aaa aox aepac cx ooe cpyype ac. aoe aepacce oo e payc a a aoo cce.

ee coa: cpyypa ac, aoo cce, aooc, cce a coax opaa, eoypoe, aepa, aeaeca oe, oepoae.

B paoax [1;

2, c. 2629;

3, c. 180201] peoea yea aoa aeaeca oe cce Bac-Oeco.

B aece cyeo aoec oe cya epapx paacoe oeco [3, c. 180]. aoa oe, ocoaa a peooex o acoo eoc pa oaoc cyeo aoec, ocae eaoe yopoae oeco cce oeca. Cey ao pa oe ec aa oooc ee p Aa Bapoa epeoa acpaa coooecoo ayea M.

Cooo: 4M. 2005. 20.

A.B. epeoa ee oca yopoa cpyyp ac eo (cpeeo) ypo1.

Opee cmpymypy acmu a coay opaa , ey paeoe epapxecoe cpoee, opepo ay a paoy pee ec cooec c pe oa oea oeca.

epexo o ye acx apopoecco a ypoe coax opaa ec ep ao pe e oe yopoa peax acx cpyyp, a a, apep, cepca eoca, opa peo aoo ecoo caoypae p. o a peca ec a, o o opae epce pee ae e epoco aa o epa oe.

ec cey poecco, cax c epeae epe paoo acx pacope, xapaepx cpyyp ac, oaae cocpypoa a ocoe aoo oe cpye coooecoo aaa aoee poo pacpoc paex coax ooe cpyypax ac.

Heopae coae ooe ey ooc a cpyype ac aaa cyece oea o a ee yopoae. o eopa coa ooe opaa paoo oa coae ooe, e ocoae a opax ooex, ape ex ooco cpy, o coec o e pa pyx aopo. Hae ccee eopax oo e eeo po ooe cce o eaoo coco, o cce eopae coae ooe pa po aoo cce.

Opee namoou cucme a oo oeca ee o ox coco, oopoe ccea pae ycox ec ocoo ax ao cyae eopax aopo.

eo (cpeey) ypo opaa oeca cooo paoo ooc ce coay opaa.

Mameamueca oe cmpymyp acmu...

aoo yopoa acx cpyyp oa o o pe eoe ooc a pe cax y (ep aoo), o -a e oe y oeco (opo aoo). aoo oox o po ee yopoa ce cc e, o peao a oo, a aco ee paaac poo, oo aco ypao cyea aoec eoxox y.

Hao oece peoac poccco oece acoee pe a poe oppy, aooc aepaa. aaa a pa aoo, ae ao aepacc coa ooe, a aoo epoo opoo o, xapaepe acx cpyyp copeeoo pocccoo oeca yee o pao ee cee, e ee oppy [4;

5;

6]. Aa pa ayx pao oaa, o aoe aepacce coae ooe xapaep cpyyp ac eo ypo copeeo oece [7, p. 192;

8;

9;

10].

Ec eaa oe cce Bac-Oeco oaa e eeoc oo acoo eo paoao, o paccapaey oe cpyyp ac ece oe apaep: acmoue ocnpuuuocm ucmau.

Bacoe ao ca xapaepyec y oo ea eo ac p0, oopy o eae pea h oa, epo yc, oope o oo paae kh.

em cae eu oecma oaae cee yea cae peoa oeca, oe opae epe eee apaepa Ihs ocnpuuuocmu ucmauu.

B aoo oe aece cyeo aoec ccee Bac-Oeco cya paacoe oeco A.B. epeoa epapx. Hao, a aoo oe ee ocoo oaae o epapx pea oeca.

epapxu oece ooe opaa acoc pecae coo ccey epao pacooex cepxy o, p oopo e ca opopyc oc epx.

Peau oecma oe paacoo oeca a ec oo oo cya ac.

B oe cpyyp ac o peaue oecma ye oa oepy oopee poec ocyee o eca a ec cpyyp ac.

Beee ox apaepo ooe opee pea epapx pea cce.

Peau uepapxuu cpeee ee epapx o c o ypoe ac, peaye a oe pee. Pea epapx opaae cee ac o ca, .e. pecae oa o o, a o oe oaa aec ypoe acoo aa oe pee aoa oa e coc eo ec, apaex a ocee oo ypo.

Peau cucme cyapa pea epapx oeca a eyee pacpeeee ac epapxeco cpyype.

aoa e oaec pea cce c yeo eex apaepo?

ac epy oepe pecae epec ace pac cope po oeca, oa oo cyae aece e opaecoo oecaopoo exaa, paoo a epepacpeeee ac ocyapca.

B o cyae pea oeca a ec o ca epapx cea apaea a yepae ac oee x e aoo paax. pee pocey aeaecy ac y pea oeca Fs:

Mameamueca oe cmpymyp acmu...

Fs = ks * (p0 p), e p0 eae ypoe ac s s oeca, p ey ypoe ac, ks ecoc pea oeca xapaepye ayy pea.

B cao poco cyae pea epapx Fh ee cxoee cpoee apaea a pee peayeoo e ypo ac eaeoy ypo:

Fh = kh*(p0 p), e p0 eae ypoe ac h h epapx, p ey ypoe ac, kh ecoc pea epapx xapaepye ayy pea.

Pea cce F caaec pea oeca c yeo Ihs ocpoc pea oeca cpyypo a c pea epapx Fh:

F = Fs * Ihs + Fh.

p Ihs = 1 epapx ooc ocpa peoa oeca, p Ihs = 0 ooc eocpa.

ae, o caocoex apaepo epeex, eppepyex a aooc aepa, oe e oc. aoo cce payc a a ocoe (a ooece) coco cce, oop oea opeee e aao ae apaepo. B aece pep oe po ao aoo oeoc a paa epa oo e cce o eaoo coco. opaa aoo oo yaa eooaee aao, a peoe pep oe yep o ao aoo.

aoe omoeu Oo o ao oa ce (po, oy), e oopo oee cpeee yepa ac [7, c. 192].

M paye oe aa ecoo pe. o aoo cmpymypo (ao) ye oa ae oopoo A.B. epeoa epapxeco cpyype oo ecox acx py poo, oee, ce, ex paey epa y cpyypy, coex o epeca ooe aooep, oopx xapaepo yepae ac yp ce. C ae e oaeo opaoa o poc eoy pay.

B cpyype ac oy cyecoa o cpay e coo ao. aa a yp acoo epea a opee eo eo oaoe oeeece xapae pc, oe o xapaepc eaoo cpyyp.

Oe oeo ocoeoc cex ao ec cpae eo aa, apaea a peceoae e ayypoa ac yp aa.

Boo ceye cpae ao:

1. Cpae aoe: o a oae (aaae) ac a ce ocao eaoo cpyyp.

2. Cpae coepeca: pocxo ocooe coep eco ey y oee aa a aaa ac a ce py pya eaoo cpyyp.

3. Cpae opocca: a oee ao ooop c o ac, peayeo, p o paoece coxpaec.

ocoy opoae c oe oe e ya c, ooo oaaec opaa epo cpae.

Cpae aa apaea a yeee peayeo ao ac, .e. o pecaee aoo epapx o peayeo e ypoe ac aeo o cpae c oeae oeca, o aaec poc ecoc epapx ee cpee oc co ac, o paoa cpay oa aopa. B aeaeco ope o oaae poc ooo apaepo p0h kh oox apaepo cpay o cpae c eao cceo.

aoa cpyypa peceye co epec, ooe oo p, o oe pocxo yep yopoa epapx, .e. Ihs oe ee e. B aoo cpyype exa Mameamueca oe cmpymyp acmu...

epea acx pacope o ooc poe, .e.

aoa cpyypa co epaoaa. Bpoeoc e xaa epea acx ooo oycoea, o-ep x, oacoc oac epeaaeo opa, a o-opx, cooc aae eopax aao c.

a oeco eaoa cpyypa oy peapoa a ec aa?

e oeca paoo ccee poa oep o ec aa. eae oeca po a yep o eeoc aa oe paeo eo cpae pooec, apaeo a ocaee aa. Ta e oe ooa cya eec co copo oeca.

Cpae pooec oeca aaec, ap ep, oe eaeoo ypo ac yee ecoc pea, apaeo a ocaee epapx. Mae aec o opaaec yee apaepa p0 ye s e pyoo apaepa ks o cpae c eao cceo.

Caa poca cpae eaoo cpyyp cpae eeaeca, o cooecye ee yopoa o e e aoa, o ocyc ao.

Omoeu namepaua Ocoo paooc coax ooe, xapaepx cax paoopax cpyyp ac, acoc, cope eo Pocc, c apoa ee.

eeo eap ooe aa ec paooc epapxecx ooe, ocoaa a p e opoeca apoa oe a ycyoc, pe aoc oopoc ea [9, c. 4243].

apo-ece ooe o e, ace, eopae, ocoae a epaece oaa pecypca ac, a ae a pae coax cayco. B o e pe o ocoa a oaecax aepecoaoc [10, c. 151].

A.B. epeoa C a apo-e oe paccapac a o oee, oeceaee eo cyeo eoxo eae pecypca, a ae yoeopee x opeoc oep, eocao oopoo aaec copeeo o ece. Ba epa oox ooe cya o epx, eca xapaepa oa epaeca aco acep c o ao coapoc, paeo o ea, o coyc oaecax;

o opx, oa oooo pye cyaa c opoo ooe oaoc;

-pex, o a oepyo oooc aoooe apoa ea c eoopo eoaoc, oyeaoc ax ooe [11, c. 49].

Paooc apoecx ooe ec o oee aepaa. oe aepa, aepacc, aco coyeoe copeeo oco cooo, o payeae ocoeoc ooe ey ac oc.

aepa coaoe ooee, poee ce a pax ypox coao opaa.

Ta, aepa opeeec a:

1) opoeceoe ooee ocyapca co paaa, poeec o, o ocyapco, pae co oa aoc o paaax, oecea yoeo pee x opeoce a ocyapce ce, pa a ce ce ao o aoec paa;

2) opoeceoe ooee cpyyp eoypo co paoa;

3) opoeceoe ooee oo cpa pyo.

Bo cex pex cyax coepaue omoeu namepa ua aaemc ooaeuu coomoeu npa u o aocme.

Ha eoypoe aepa oe po ce yx pax opax: a coaoe ooee ey epapxe Mameamueca oe cmpymyp acmu...

oeco (e opa) a epaoe coaoe ooee yp epapx ey aao oe (ype opa). ocoy yee ypee op a epaa a ocoe oe cpyyp ac e peca ec a oo, opac aay aepaa eo ee ope.

e aepaa ycaoee eacoo ooopa o pacpeee pa oaoce ey epapxe oeco ( o eo ac, a oopy apaea eeoc cpy yp ac).

Hae ooopa ey epapxe oeco ye cao o cee oaae ocaee, poeoc eopaecoo oecaopoo exaa aoec ey , a o o eeo aoo oe, e o paaec pae o ecoc pea oeca. A ocoy ac coe oeceoc oeco p ao cpae oaae a epapx, o eeo po pocy eaoo oe ca ypo ac, o peao oee ypo aco ca. B aeaeco ope o cooecye a oy ae apaepa ks, pocy apaepo ps ph o cpae c eao cceo.

B aee oo cea o, o c yeo peo eoo apaa opaa aox aepaccx o oe aee ooo aaecoe cceoae oe, a ae ocyecee ocao aox oepx cepeo a ocoe oyeo oe cpyyp ac.

Aa peyao cex cepeo oo opee aoee ey cpae oeca o o ae ao, a ae oeceo oe yep pa o cce o ao pax ye aoo.

A.B. epeoa TEPATPA 1. Muxao A.. Moepoae poccco ac // Coooece cceoa. 2001. 5. C. 1220.

2. Muxao A.. Moepoae o pacpeee ac ocyapcex epapxx // Bec oa Poccc oeceo oec ep. 1996. 2.

3. Caapcu A.A., Muxao A.. Maeaecoe oepoae (e, eo, pep). M., 1997.

4. Rose-Ackerman S. Corruption: A Study in Political Economy. N.Y.: Academic Press, 1978.

5. eu M., Camapo. ee oppy Pocc // Heaca aea.

1997. 2 o. 185 (1510).

6. Muxao A.. Moe oppypoax acx epapx // Maeaecoe oepoae. 1999. T. 2. 1.

7. Mulder M. Power and Satisfaction in Task Oriented Groups // Acta Psychol.

1959. Vol. 16.

8. Aaace M.H. ee poccca ocyapceoc:

cceoae eax ooe, x po o yae pox op poccco ocyapceoc, x a copeee oece cy eeoc acx py copeeo Pocc. 2-e . M., 2002.

9. Lemarchand R, Legg K. Political Clientelism and Development // Comparative Politics. 1972. Vol. 4. No. 2.

10. Eisenstadt S.N., Roniger L. Patrons, Clients and Friends: Interpersonal Relations and the Structure of Trust and Society. Cambridge, 1984.

11. Ocunoa E.B. Bac: ooee ee cce // Bac: oep copeeo oeco oco aaa. M., 1989.




2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .