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HA EPEBO . Aecaep1 OA TEOP B COCTOH OCTOTBMA: CTEMOOECA EMMA OC PCTCTBEO PAMA B oceoe epo oa coooeca eop acco poaac c oco

ooeecoo a. copo, p e e ooae py oo ay o oece. C ocaee occx yee oc epec ocy ox eop coao aye;

ca o po e oaac o o opoco. oaaec, o ec a ye ae eeo oaa o e cye x cpyyp, o o oo ae o a ce e ee apypa. a oo pee eype yepca cayc eop oepc oooy coe, oe co coepeo o, o coaa aya oa e poco pa cyecoae ocoo o oea, o eo yp ce. Bce ae ca paa ac opaee coao aye p oaac o ooepoo oca oo c;

aece aepa peaac coaa aya a paa, opaoe c ceoae [Haan et al., 1983;

Wardell, Turner, 1986], o a ep eea opeoo [Gibbons, 1987;

Rabinow, Sullivan, 1979].

e o coo ae eeyae ocoa, a ae cy p copecoo oecoo xapaepa, e [Alexander J.C. General Theory in the Postpositivist Mode: The Epistemological Dilemma and the Search for Present Reason // Alexander J.C. Fin de Sicle Social Theory: Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason. Ch. 3. L., N.Y.: Verso, 1995. P. 90127. (epeo .. eo, M.C. opoo). pu. pe.] Cooo: 4M. 2004. 18.

. Aecaep pec cypc coax ayax ca oee pecc , e oa o o. O ce ocp o pe c ooyeee, pye cpc c , e ep oooc oocoa aepay oy. e ao pao oaa, o o ynpoe op ey ayo eope aeopeec peo opaye xoo e oo oy, o oacy.

yy aa xoo, opayey aepa a, ceooeco eo, o oa pecae cyy oe eop aece ace ceo o c eooecoo opa. B oo cyae ae o pe e a c o coao o eeyax apoco oa eo cyea, oa oa eop yepcaoe ae cy ecy;

pyo ae oaae oece a eo o oee oaey cyey, peyae ooo oo peccoe apypccoe ae. o oa ea, ocoy op ocyecec ey y ao ca aepaa. yepa, o e ceye pa oy x. Aepaa occo eop o e cpe pe;

aepaa pey o e occa eop. Teopeecoe ae e oe e , poe a peyao coao yopeex yc copecx aeo. Oao oo coa xapa ep e cae oooc pao ooex aeo p ce oee cpoax, ex px cocoo oea [cp.: Will, 1985].

o ca a copoy pea, eoaeo cxo oo, o ae oaae o ocoe ocpa oe oece aopo. Aop oy ca o cpeco oeca ca o cee caapa, oope yo pee oee pyx, oee oex coax c yax pyax c eoopo cce x opaee.

O ae oy ca pa, e oe Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua o paoa, e xapaep. Ceoaeo, eoxo o poec opeeee papae paax aeop pecc. pep oea, yy cooece c oeco, oy oee yepca eee y epca. oc c oe ceac c oco py x o a c oco paco paceo co e o oe oee o x ocyecc cocoa oee e ceapoa. coa, oo ocaa oc yepcao c oooc o ce oex pe, ea p o occ oo eoep.

B ao paoe ac peo ecoo cocoo papee ceooeco e. B ceye paee yy a apye oy yepe, o yepcacc e caap oea ee oeyae oc py cy poy ceeeo pa eoeeco a. ocoy oa capoac o eooe x coceoy oeo oe oaeo o o aaeoo aaac e c oa ayo peo XVII coe, e a oey oa a yepca, poc o opa ococ o a aoo. B xoe paccy e oy cey c yepcaae ey coeo poa opay, oop o o oe cyae oe o p a poe o ce ao pao. ya, o opeoc oo o yepcaa ac eoee o ac cop yyp , a oaao oceye paee, o y aey oo poce copeeo cop coao c.

oce x aea oeo xapaepa cya oyc co x paccye paccapa opoc oee eao. oa a, a aa ceooeca ea a ocpo eea c oycoa ocec oceoeo c ycc ey ceo eopeo, c oo copo, . Aecaep eopoaec oecyao c pyo. oce aaa pacyeo cea o ooe eop ce, co ceoo py eeyax apae yx ocex ece, peca eay py pepoa x Papo Pop apyeo ay ayaeac coo pea1. oce oo pecoo epe eecoo aaa, aeo ac ao pao, a ooceo cceaece apye oy oooc oeo eopepoa paax oco cco cxe.

Teop coax ayax ec o ax po e oca yepcaa, oca ecx oocoax caapo oea, oop cyae aece oo ocox aa pa a. Ceoaeo, copee cop ey copoa oe eop ee pa o o paccapa a oy op oa ey yepca ope, oop coce cao cop yyp.

Ocaa eoxooc oe eop oaae oep a eoxooc yepcaoo e. epca ocoaec a cocooc aopo e ca ce ep ceeo, oa, o p pyc e opy x, o o e c eo coae, o o oy cceoa o o oceo ecpcpac opao. Bo a e T. Hae [ceooec yaea o, peoaaa ae ax o oex ocoa a. B aoo ococo epaype ae ooaaec a yaoa (foundationalism), o o o peo oo yaeaa. peca o ooe ceooecoy y aeay o Pop opeeec ec, cooeceo, a aya eacc pe (antifoundationalist relativism). pu. nepe.] Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua coe ao paoe o apaocao oce oeoo a: aaa oooo oa oe, e poco yca oee pa ey oc peaoc ye e cyecoa oce oee poyay apy peaoc. Oao a ooea peaoc, ooo eco peaoc, e ee epa. Hecop a o, o cye e coca aeo paya axoc epe aeo pa, o oac occ x a ee oo po ee eaoc pe, oopa e peocaea cea o paccope c eoeeco o pe1 [Nagel, 1986, p. 18;

ypcu T.H.].

Te e eee, a o apaocao, o eeppo a p o e pe ec o a p, poo pee, a eoeec a eo o opee eoea.

oa o o aoc eoea aa, yepca pe paaec oea (objectification), oopa e oo ae e epaoo ooe, o opae x oce.

Oeoc aae paccapac e a cpeco oa e po, o a cpeco oye. Peyao cao c opaee opeoy.

poecc eepa aopo ooceo x pa2 o poecc, ea ocoe cex pa a. e a oee pae ca pa axoc eoeecoe oeco, ay pa o eepa c.: [Piaget, 1972]. o opocy co peco cxe coeao eepaa eepcoaa, a ae x c c eoeeco cooo c.: ooy eop apcoca [Parsons, 1966, 1973] ea [Bellah, 1970], oopa cpoc a ocox eax Beepa p ea;

oee Xaepac aac ee aee papaoo opaa e [c., ap.: Habermas, 1984].

[eepa cyea epaoe oe eeeco ceoo c xooa oa . ae. B eo paoax poceaec c ey ocee o ocaeo xoe opaoo yceoo pa peea cocooc eepa, p ee o ooe o pe, pae cx ox cocooce. pu. nepe.] . Aecaep e cee eo e oya eppoaoc coeo o eca. Mp e, o a p, o ocpaec coe cyeo eocpeceoc. Aop y eax, ayo pee appaa, e, pax, ocaax, paccaax1. Oeca a o oaa caaa Beep, a a oe pye caoc ce oee py co, o ce oee paeap. Peaoc ocypyec copee a eo, cyecyee oo aopa, eo oae oe o eocpeceoo oa opeoc. o epe oo, a oa caoc oee yepcao, pe caoc oc paoep;

aece opaoax opepo co aoo ec cya, apy c a, peec coaeo cocpypoae pee, ap, oe2.

O pecaex M. Beepa o a yae c. acceco Bee T. apcoca acoy a Cooo pe Beepa [Parsons, 1963]. O a a oopye, ce oee acpao aceeco ocpye c.: [Elias, 1975 (1939)]. O paoe coa aop eo a paoo, aopoaeo c e ea, c.: [Bellah, 1970]. O aopooe pax ypoe po e c.: [Levi-Strauss, 1967].

oepa opaoaoe coaoe ece, o cyeoe, e oeooecoe epee ocaec epa ocpypoa e c ycaoe opa copeex oecax, a e a oee pax pocx oecax, aop o oepa y ce ooe yco oeoc pa opy x. Be eocpa o oaeo aoc ey oeoc cyeoc ec cco eoeooeco eop. oaa o o ae oo aa Be ea, oopeeo aoee eoo eopea pea copee o c ooo aoee pocx po o paoo a [Wittgenstein, 1968, para. 272]. H yccep, Beea e cye cye ococo oooc ye e p a, a o e ceoc ec. o pa y oooc, coaa eop oco o coppoa yopeeoe cop pecaee o pa eoeeco cocooc ocp, oopoe oepao eo y ypy coay opaa.

Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua B ex ooececx pex, acoc, ya e xpcace, o ae ye, ye oy ace, a peaoc paaec a ca ca, oopa e oo axoc e cyeo epeaeoo pee eca, o yao coae x. a peaoc, paaea oe, acoo yepcaa, o yae oa e oe epcopoaa ae e, oa acoo acpaa, o e e ooc ao opeo ope1. Taoo e poa poecc eepa oea e eco pee pe [Jaeger, 1965;

Voegelin, 1957], e ppoa aeac ca yco eo c, poocoe coy epcopoa x oec. ceco, peoo oece yep cae c, acae y e o, o e o ep poa, oopeeo c coa x cocooc ooac payo. Ec yepcaoe coa y e, o oe oo o o co co eo o.

peo c ey eo ppoo cooa e oooce paya a ocaoo ca. C pee eo oco, oay, coee. o caoc poe, oa o ae, o o o eo peoo c ocp ac epy a op poe paya. oece pay pecae epe epy e oo epe y opo ppooo coaoo po, o epe oe cee ao. B aece paao eeppoax cyec, y e o cex c ac cpo acpay oe e oeceoo c e, o o eo ycpoco oc eo aoa. pex e pee oc o yepcao epcoaa oaao opec cacee. Cacee oe aao peoo co, o oo ocoao a oa, a e a eocpece o cao oo ocox e cpaeo cooo pe Beepa.

. Aecaep o oe. oee eo ppoe peo oee cec , oeo, oee paoa y ce.

o aoece ey ce pe pacpocpaec peoo acpae cec yepcao pooae c copeeo pe. eepcoaa ee ya , a e poco ococy1. eo ee poe pe a cao oe aoopa2. oceca ac pa opoae eaec ya;

o ya ec o oa oa oocoeoo . Ta o pao, xo p ce oee ocpaec a oe e, a paoa paoapoa, aop oy ca co ecy caoc c oe ca, o oopx o oec. oa o oyee coxpa ec, cyecye o, o yy aa pcycy pa yo (present reason).

Tpyo oepa cee oyee pcycyeo paya. B xoe coeo pa a pay ocoo o paec oy opeoo. a oo yepaec cye coae yepcaoo, oo cpay e oepaec. o op ae pocxo ooy, o eepcoaa ocpaec a aop, a ocyce paya. Aop ca cpax yoe ca, oope o ca e co a, cpax epe oococ peoae , epe eo opaoa oeco, epe ceoy oo, epe paoao peopaoa ca ppo.

o e ayee, copee o a opa c. ae a pcycyeo ocycyeo paya cocae oc oy ey eoeoo ee. ocoy, ocoy oaa pay aece axoeoc oe x cax, o coa yco oye paya o eo eoeecoo opoee o o c.: [Alexander, 1989a].

a oea paccapaec paoe [Misch, 1973 (1907)], e poc oepae ee yee copece oye.

Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua pocxoe. Pe caoc opooce, oopo e pye ypaa c co coe coceo yxoo . oco pepaaec oy aycecy, c ay c oy, apy opocy acpay. oa e pa aoy epy pay oepyec ooc cao cepooco opy, yoae e, oye e paya pae e poco eaecy opy1. opa cao cyecoae paya, ocoy o ocycye coax oeax. B oe a o oyee paya ca ec yp, a e oe cyea, opeo, a e acpao. O paya oaac oy oa, o pa oaoc oy ppaoaoc. aacece e yae, oc xpcace, aoa ypace, coca, ce ea oco ce o cy poe o pooooo ee.

B apce c a aea oeyapoaac a ooee oaeo oaaeoy. Haya peo e poa pae copeeoc ocoeo po oaaa eoey, .e. oaey cyey, o o e ec ep pa. a e oceoaa coaa c: aop o oca o pay cx ocoo ac op ao coao , oope cooocc c ooc aoa e eecx e. apae c, opae cyeco ae epa pe, ocpac oopeeo a oco oee, a opa oye. Poa opo po ooooe eee, oopoe oe ae ayepcacc e acpoe. xe, ee pa Mapc e ece C. ay Mey popecco Aoacco: coaa eop co paya aao ee : Alexander J.C. Fin de Sicle Social Theory: Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason. Ch. 3. L., N.Y.: Verso, 1995. P. 6589.

. Aecaep ce, oaa, o paeee a y aoe p ceo eoxo a a y c ey epea eca1. poec po pea acoo ya eop epaype acoo poa a, a oaae, apep, M. Apac coe pe o Bopcopa, opa ea [Abrams, 1971].

Te e eee, eo pace ce copypoa p oeco oo yapa coa o aye, eo e coa epeey ooe e eyaoe eee pooooo apaeoc, e p o oec oaeo cyea oec oaae oo oceee pe caoc ce oee a. xo aee yy oop o o, o e e peoaa, o c o cyae, aepeo, oaac o ayoo ooe, eo popae ay o yxe, Geisteswissenschaft, eycce o oepaec peocxoco y oa a payo acpae. eeoc, ypaea e aoa ( o ce aea ac oeco, ooec o eooeco ), oc e a pa ep peaoo coaoo e.

He caa, o He e pa, oa e ac pa pay a opeee ooea peo;

oao cox cpacx ycx ay a pay, o ae eo yceoy opeoy, o eo yepac a o o oy opocy c.: eoeoo yxa ee Pae ococe pyoc Mapca. oee ea aa poaecoo eaa a op e c. paoe . Teopa [Taylor, 1975].

[. Aecaep coye ec, a pyx paeax ca, ep objectification, oopoy pycco ococo epoo e ceo cooe cye peuuau, .e. oeecee cao cyeoc cyex ce ey . Oao cy oex pyccooo ae apccc x ooa oceeo epa, coye eo oepeeo c py, a e e e ooa, epo oemuau. pu. nepe.] Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua apypa, o pe poa pae ecpyo ope. Eo eee cece op xapaepyc pa ec ao e aceooeco apaeoc. O epa paceeay eoeoo yccep oy ceaa, Xaeep oop o eoooc eepcoa a. e yccep oo o, a eoc ocpypyec a paoao ypoe, a e aca oaa c o ee. Xaeep xoe, o oco a oee oc o eocpeceo oooe ec- (Dasein).

Bce a Xaeepo eee Capp pa paa o peepa eoeecoo cyecoa oca o opoc cay peaoc eepcoapoaoo pa. B coe pae paoe o ocae axoeec e a a o;

oee o aa o opeo-ep1. B oox cy ax pe e o oex pa, oopx acpa e cca, e eooo peaoe ooeoe epeae pa, eacoe o caoc. o Bee pep aec o e o ooe oo pecoo o ea. Coa oocc e ea, ea e coa, a py coa. oa oop, o p pac, oo p e o pacoe a aoo, e o pe e-o a;

copee, opayeae cecoe oe, peepe oopoo pae cy oe, coooce aoe coo c py o, e cxoe oe-peepe. aye cyeo, xo e pao pe ax ox p, e ee aoo ocya caoy eoy py.

B ao paoe e peoaa ocapa eeya y aoc e ae opay aoc oo poa ecoo eacecoo ee copeeo c yy pe. B yepcae cpa aoo, oepaea a [Pe e pee ceo o paoax e o (1943) pa ae ecoo paya (19601985). pu. nepe.] . Aecaep e;

oa coco a pa o, o pay ca o cee aco oya ec a ocycy. o e y aoo, eoxo o ocoo aoa paoa aopa, o o o coa poopee, oopoe ooe oc ppoy, ce o eco c yepcaccx, ecpcpacx o. Poa cox pax opax y oy aoe ooee, oaaeec ocaoo ya, o ca a cee eo e.

Oao cpee oaa, o eoopx ax ooex p oo oc e yaoo . coa ope eeoe poopee, ooee oca p, oao o e coa p a aoo. O e opea oeco, peyp oc oopoo o coco oc aoap oy, o o e o ea ce eo ep, peypoc, oope, oe, e c aoa eco cce, o e e eee oaa ooe coacoaoe oppyee oece. op ee c, apaeoe po eo ecpcpaco pa oaoc, e ae a a, o o cop a oeco p, a e p cop a ce epe ac. o ocee coa o c poaa eo copeeo oe. , co oepe, oe oec ce e epa oo ocoo po ecca oeoo oa. oa ocyae eo a, coco o oc, eo coco poecc ocpypoa paoaoo ocp. Oao oooe oae o opao e e a yepca xapaep ocp. Hapo, oo oe ca pyo, e eee yepcao, caocoeo eope eope a ocp.

poe coopae peao a aaa poe oe eop o ee po. Ooceo oo, o e ooc o aoe eop, oo ocop: o e o, aop aocax peooe, oe Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua ex oaec poepe oe, opeeea c cea oopa, cooyoc acca, oeyaa cxea? Oao e e coacc, o a ee ope e, eop opayeae acpapoae o opeoo. e oee o xapaep oc eop, e oe ee eppea e ocee oooc e oee ea ce e acpa. Teop ec cce poecca eepa , eoc oeo ocoeoc copeeoo pa.

epca oe eop eooo oocoa, ec o oaec epeaec a a eepa, pey oye paya. Oa eop o e poco eoe opae e oeo peaoc, cyecye e-o oe. o p, ca eop e oee e aaec opaee ppooo pa, co ee eo aoy yoy oa. oee c x o oocoa eop ocoeo y copee epo, o oceee pe ce oee co caa ocoaac po ao eeoc cyea poecce ocp oeoo pa. B ao o ece oocoae oe eop ooo oo paax oc oa, a oaaeco oy pcyc paya.

o p ocoa co pa a y epcaoe eopepoae a o po, ay o, a ae c, pa ececex ayax. oop a aec, pa , ocoy pae ececex ay cooae pa ya aaypoao ocoeo yceo. B coe ececeo ayo ope paa oe eop pepaac, o pae epe, paax opao ay, poecc, oopo ocy cye pay. ee oya ce epao, oopaa ppoy1. O a, a o ca pe paoaoc, py Pop [Rorty, 1979] c oe po, xoy oepy, o o paye yee, a e oco ay, ooy o ye oa oeoc a eccyey, opaay o.

. Aecaep coco, oo cao o paoaoc oecea epe ocy py, oop oo oepoa a eaec ay eoa. B eee ox ec e cocoe ocyc paya xapaepoao oco ececex ay. ayeae, opae ce, oeoc, popaoc oa ep coy c oca c yex c po ppo, e ya ec o a, o ca o cya aea, ocpypy o p. oaa opoepy eop a po ooca ee p, copypoae eoeo, ce pecx ao, cyecyx e eoea.

oo a pay ececex ay, copy poa ococo e oec oo, e ce oce opo poo o eceo cococo a pacey oo coao ay. ee a y poay ayy o, aao copypoaa O. Hepao paeac paec ce ea co ao-ayoo cooeca, cxoo oo, o ey ece ce coa aya e cyecex pa.

Bopacaa eoc cacecx eoo aaa ocoa ep copoe ocee coaoo aea ppo a oa ec. peoaaoc, o eo oo oecoea cpaa ae oeo xapaepa, e opac ceo a co ye ooa, o eea coopaeoc;

a o poco ocoa, o o cey ee pa ayoo cepea, ooe yy poac cax ax.

oooe uee ocycyeo paya oo oapy ae paoax ax opex eopeo, a Too apcoc. Xo apcoc coo oea yc Beepa o oc poe Geisteswissenschaften (yepcaccoo apaa ay o oece) o cye cyco, yeeo pa o, peoeo epo pyo paoe [Parsons, 1937, Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua p. 579639], o aya coceoe eopepoae, ce y oe exa Hoa. Eo e ecooa paaa c ca oooc oo, o oa eop aecye ocpy oaeo cyea eocpeceo ocp oaaeoo. oee oo, apcoc c yepeoc peca co eop ec a yeeoe opaee pea oo, ae ec o opaee oocpeyec apop, aa ec opao1. o yoec paoa o e poyo yoaa apcoca. Ha pyo oe ce pa y Accep [Althusser, 1969], op aae 60-x .

XX . ( ca pace paycoo oya), yepeo o e co epc apccco eop coax ay o po co ypyao eoo. B oceoeo ceoe yep ac e o o, o ca oe ocya e ocpe ca cyex cpyyp. B coe paoe M ceo Po a ap oaa, a aee coao cpyyp pepaae poce eoae aao pacoe , y e ayac o o, a eo coceo c yaoc e a ao e yac [Barthes, 1959]2.

O o c. ocoeo: [Parsons, 1954;

Parsons, Shils, 1951]. B coe oee pae paoe apcoc papaaa oe aaecoo peaa: oo peoa ao ocoae eeocoo aa cceoae, oao yepaoc ( yxe aa), o oopaee pa e e eee ooo [Parsons, 1937]. Oa o aoe oe e coo cae y xoo, coo oo ee oxo.

ec peyec eo, copee yxe ee, ee aa.

B oe oo, ec aee opeeeo copeco cya acae accoy ayop ppe ooe ooaaeoe c coao ooa e oy, o epoaao oc ceo eoa peepeo, o oey cpea, oopo ca ap, aao opao e oaaa e a eo caoo? Mo o coepeo oopoc o cop, oe opa o oopye poe ceoece oe? He oyaec a, o o poco ceye coey aypyaoy acpo? Oe a o opoc a e y apa ey cpo: o ay cceoae a [Barthes, 1959, p. 156159]. eo o eopeecpoa, cp ce pae ce o opo ocec co ype occpyypacce cycc.

. Aecaep Heyeo, o 60-e . XX . aece pea a ooe pecae o ocycye paye oa pa ce cee eopoaecoo oa. O o ooy oeo popeccoo pa oceoeoo pa aa oceeo yce;

cxye c oo co pa coe, ece accoe o, a ae poee o ypoxc popax paoce cea eoy pepeoc yepca coa eeya cpyypa oee poeao. poecy po eccceo acpa cox eao pacp xc yepceo, cye oee oya ocyce paya cao cepee eeyao ;

o e yepcee e poy eoeecoo opeca oopa e, a oepoay ay. O o ayy o, o a aepaye opy o.

poopee peoa pec accec oeope paoao coao eop. O pe oey apcoco eco peocpy eepocx e ooee paoao oepaoc, A. Ma a , o cy ocoy eepoco ea paoaoc coca xapa, aoc poc [Mitzman, 1970]. B y pey opacy, ocaoy . Po [Rieff, 1961], pey-yeoy, pecaeoy . oyco [Jones, 1963], Hopa O. pay a pcoa pea, cpeoc ecee paoc [Brown, 1966], a Pacce o o aepacx peoco oppo a pecx poecx oeo eo eop [Jakoby, 1975], o oopx paee oop. Mapye [Marcuse, 1954]. ap e caa eyoeopeoc ceooeco o e yccep: o eo e, ec ocoa oacac oo, o oa co eo oepae cyecoae ex op;

Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua oxoe e Xaeepa Beea, o apa oeooo oee paaoe aopaoe pyco, e ep ( e aec a) paoe opae opae o e, ao o pecae eopepoa apco coco op [c.: Alexander, 1987, p. 257280].

oy 60-x . aay eeyay aa poa aeopeece acpoe1. yy aa o pooe eee oecyao. B pyce oo caeo pe ao e pacxoe c yoacco eop e op p poco aaoa pecaee o aoc oo c cceoa eoo , cop c ap coco, peaae eppea pecc oxo, oopo oepaec eca c ey oec ece popec coae cca [Geertz, 1973a (1964)]. B ooo e ocpycco oecyacc o e Toac y occa po pecae o ocy cye paye ececex ayax [Kuhn, 1970 (1962)]. He opa oooc a ecece aya, o ope e eeppoaoo yeoo a eoeo oa o opa o ay, o pe a opeca, peooa aya, o eo e, peye cyeoo, peeppoaoo oxoa.

Cepeoe ae caa opaa a ce paoa epa a, oop, oca o coee cay oooc cye coa coax ay, oe aeo ae pa ya [Winch, 1958]. Bce a Beeo yepa, o oecoe aa ey cec-oeya x po, o e ooe poo ae ooceo eacoe ae o ooy ec aepe ex, o p ae o yype, ee x cocea.

paa, oa, cy o-peey aeoo peco eo p, acoo yepae peaoc (ec e eaoc) eeo pa, o ee e a ae.

. Aecaep Bo cex x pax oecyaccx ex (a ce e e a) e opaec oooc cyecoa yepcaa eoc oe eop. coa, a opa x e yaoc ea yxoo ya ceoo eco e. x oceoae o eee peyce.

B 70-e 80-e . XX . pocxoo ycee eopoaec x acpoe. Opo copypoa ceoo ece peoc oecyaa oeoa ce ;

o ox ayx pyax eop ycya eco cce oa opeoo. Ocoac a poco ae cyeco a oeca, oecoe oco p oy o eoooc yepcaccx cocoo apyea. B pe yae, paoe eco copeex eaax aa oceo eea o cy coe oa xoo ey oo peo. Boooc oo, o oec, oopo ecye, ca ec oo pae oeoo paya, a ooc pooppoaa.

a epexo o pa po oeca pey aee oay o eop aoee o pocapaec eeyao occee . pa. B cox cce o eoo pe, acax 60-e ., p oepa pope eppeaoo paya a ay, ocoy, o eo e, o ooe ea coooecoo peyoa, a pac pocpaeoo coax ayax oo pee. eoo pe oo paccapa a yype cce oo p yco, o x c c coa aopa oeaec o pep oy, ee aya ca. py coa, eooecx peox aopo e ceye ya c ay aopa. Oao oy oey, oa ce cce copa eca e ocec cop ep Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua pea yyp, p aa ca o o, o ayoe eope poae e oo caoc e cax eopeo. e cceoa eoeeca oa ca e yepcac ca eop, a aceoe ocae opeoo oee [Geertz, 1973b].

B paoax pa, oxc oce a aoo cop a, coepac eoae eppea yypo , oao o cy oa x e ceye eopeec a oeya ooe, caa eo oee pax paoax. Bo opo cope cox cae, aao oaoe ae (o e cyc ec e oce epoo), p a, o o oope cce o oe o oec oo oa ooe, poyae ee epo e: Be apooo xo a, o o, o caa A, oe epe eo caa , a o [oce a epo ] opa eao pee, ac cea o [Geertz, 1983, p. 36].

Oeppy oo ceooeco e, p ooe c eopeecoe ooee paax coax ay c p a ececex ay. Ccac a oyaee ce oee pacpocpaee ee o o, o [a] yco c oxo e pe ycexa pecaaex oo oce, opo [peco] poepeoc, oope co oo oeac, o e ooe o ocpoe coao aoo p a cece ex ooecoo oxoa aya [o eoee]. cceoae oe pa o o, o apypcc pe p e e poco pecy coay a yy, o cy oy eopepoa o ooy oeca a aooo. oc oe eop ceo, o oe o eceo cepe coaoo, ce oee eccce , yepa o. Oa eop oa ee e aaoc co aeo, co pyo oopao eeao, a ceac.

. Aecaep Oepy occy eopeecy coay ayy, p e ecey aepay opaee opeoy. Coa aa oe oaac o o oc coae e ye ee x aca e po-cecee cpyyp, oec x eco o o oae cxe coa. opa, eooaa co aa aya, ec o co, oopa oee ceo oeae o apypcco aae. opaa, po paeoc co cpyyp aex e, op a ce a eeo oa, eoe o cox cpyeo o. o a oo ayea ooae popo pp ope eopeec ocpoe, o e aca eo cey. B aepee p peoce peae cox aee: xo peaae oxo e c epeeec, ec e a oo a yeeo e op eooo eppea蔻. Heyeo yee e pa, o pe a ocaoo ox po. O e ea e epeey pepaeo apaayy. Bec o eopepoa, eo cce, copae oao a, peaa oe eppea eo-o. Pea y a ay pea, p coooc co e c ope ax ocoo, a Xaeep, Bee, aaep Pep;

ax po, a ep, pa ;

ax cpoepaee ceo c, a yo, Xaepac, ap y. eo y p (a cee Xaepaca) aa e aece ex eooo oecyacco pea po yepca ccoo e [cp.: Friedman, 1987].

B o ooe eca oaaeo, o ox pao ax Toaca ya ceooeca ea pecae cee, yeo aoae apy, apcoay pe. He cop a oe cpee yepe o, o o o e ca coe e ocpo ppaoaccy eop, epe cop yo coceo oe apa [Kuhn, 1970] cea Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua eoo ee ooecee c eopeec peoc a yepcaccoo oa [c. Alexander, 1982b]. Heo yac cooa co aye a, e ac o eeyae cxe, a opy aop pee ope x poe, oope y aa opaa. Haye pe ya caaa opopyc e yepcacc eop e eoa, a capo ape, o opy y ocopoo opee e a e aop e, a a coay ce eoeecx ooe, opaex paa opeeex yco. B coe oee oe oopa y, oxoe, oce oca o ec eopeecy coc [Kuhn, 1978]. Boepac ae o pa a o, o peca aece aoo opaa co eop ayx peo, o opac eaoy copecoy oca opeoo ayoo cya.

He eee p ceeco ce oee paax c oo oecyaa ec occpyypaccoe ee e, xoee a pee ceo cpyypaa. C ex op, a Coccp aoop o ceoeco oco coe oe eop c, peeo ocox copo caa pooa c aa peepea: e aoo paoaoo ocoa, c cooec o ee pe, oope oc , oey oca coeo pa aop pa eo a. a co oe, oop o ape, papa oa ceoeco o a pax aax eaa o p co copo copoo oeo peepe cpe e cax ceoo. , ooo, e ceye yc oy, o ocoae aepaco paaeco pa ceo ap pc yepe, o paec o oeo o e ppaae aye co oeo ce. eo, oao, o, o ooa e epa yepca a cocea payco oe ceo. Coccp e ca a ax coe o ooy coe cocooc oc pe . Aecaep acoo oa cecx cce. e-Cpoc op o peca co cpyypacce eppea a p ep ay o e.

Copeee oceoae o ceoeco cpyypa cco pa paoapoa cyo oo, o 60-e .

aaoc co payo. B ooee coey oy epea ocycyeo paya o oe oocoao aa oacac ceooeco aoc cox eope ecx peeceo. Cey oe ceooeco e, occpyypac oac pacpocpa po o pe ceoecoo o a cax eopeo oac ceo. paa poooc xapaepa c [oaaeo] c peaoc, o oo eeeo oaac o caoo o oeo epepoaoo pa, oaaeo eacoe e a oaeo cyea. Ha cey payy pxo o, pe pe epo ecyaa aea oc yepcao c. ac a eep oec eooa, ococo cocoe, o opoe e peooe c oeco o pe.

Beeoe opapo o cypa e coo o eee occpyypacco o o acypa, eeoe cece aco e oo a pooo xapaepe pee pe, o a apype coecx oo [Baudrillard, 1983]. Pa ap paccapa a caee peac o peepe o e oeo coao c, o pap e ao pe ooaaeo ooaaeoo a y py, acea ap o peaoc coax ope oce. Cxo opao oo oca opac ey o e-Cpoca ype. Caoae paoa e-Cpoca y eo pepa coecoe ee aoo o xoa a cey copeeoo pa. Ha cey bricoleur (acepy a ce py) pe ye. B opece ype o , c a paoapoae oceoae Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua cpyypaa ocpae pe epy oeoc.

ype, opaeo cay oooc cc a p ec yepca, cpyyp ocp ypya poea p pao epe cy apypcce peec, p e o, o oopx e ae [Bourdieu, 1984].

eppa yo po poyae oocoa oo o occpyypacco apyea. B o pe a yp e, aec, caco ocooae ce o cocex pe pyx cpyyp, eppa acaae a o, o oa cye pao bricoleur [Derrida, 1981]. Pea oc, co oepe, ec, coeca ocpy, oopa caa poo opao caa c py eca , a e c cope coao cpyypo. eceo, ca ec e p aece pepeea ae po o opao ooaaex oeo. Cocaee e oo pcyc, o ocyc, ec e cyecy aece aepex eococe.

oy opoe ceooeco e ee cao ceco ope yo pcoee cop co oo. O ae a poa pecx apyeo po oooc yepcaa copeeo ope. Bo-ep x, a opo copeco aepae o eocppye ocyce paya. Paoaa copeeoo oeca, a oee po poac e ecx oyx ayy oooy poeccoao, o oa [Foucault, 1977;

1978]. poeccoa a cao ee a aypoae payo;

x oo o op aopa, o cpec ex ecoy opo. epca pocee coc apypy ac;

o ee oae cyeoc, a e pee pcycyeo paya.

Bo-opx, yo peaae aaecy py. B co e oee oe paoe o acaae a paec oo eoc a, cypca, c ac. Te ca o . Aecaep opae cay oooc eeppoaoo oa. yo e ycao oope, o cye ceeo coppoa cypco.

C x o cypc caoc ocoo ac, poco ee poee o ope. ocoy ca cyecye o o oe cypcy, a yepca caapa, o ope oo y po pco ac, eccceo:

ca e e ac, e ea ac. Bcoe oeco ee coce pe c, cocey oy o y c, .e. cypca, oope oo pae c ae c [Foucault, 1980, p. 131]. pac paoao oea oecoe eco, eopeece peoc ocey eoc oo oo cypca oeo y e yco pao pee.

poca oaca xoo poo yepac. E ceo aepao oo epe ocycy pay, aepao oy ec aco peca co oo a, apxeoo copecx yco cypca1.

He ocpo co eeao opa a pepe a a ep cy aceec ea. Beco x o oe a peco yc a ece opa oa o y copoy c , o y copoy opa a, a pa c Xaepac coe ece cceoa epo oopoo copo peco eop. Pap Pop, xo o ocae ce aece xopoeo ocoepccoo yp yaoo epaa [Rorty, 1985a], yopo pae y e eey py oecoo ceooecoo e yo, e ocee payc a apxe ayaa, c.: [Taylor, 1986].

Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua eacy cxey. O eae o ooy, o, ooo He, oc pae cop aaoo e e a paao e coepeoe paee pcyc paya, o a oyee cyeoc o cao ce. oa Pop ocae ayy peo, o e o aoo ocycyeo paya: o peaoc, ocpaea a e opao pecaea epe pepeea, oope paea e poco a, o cao peaoc, a ec oa copea a ce, a ec oa ocaa caa ce a opao, ec coa. a aa op op, a-o opao ocoaaeoo eo aece aooo, Coceoo a ppo, caa aamc oee opeo, oa ae Ho cop ypoa ceoey cooyoc yepcax oo e, oox ea ycee pecaa pae x yeco xoox, eceoex, aeaecx epax [Rorty, 1982a, p. 194. ypcu . A.].

o oyee ocycyeo paya ee Pop p xoo ey ceo peo. Hepeoo oe eae paccaa cop o popecce, copea ce e oe peooeo, e Pop, ec oa ce pe ayaec a ee oo, o oae p cax ce oo no eu onucaue [Rorty, 1986, p. 48. ypcu . A.].

Pop oaaec aa e yx oe ceooeco e. Ec pae po oeca, oaae o, eo oo oe coocaey eoc pax oe pe yepca opao. Ec oa co poyco a o cc yepe, o a ee cypc e pa e a oo, y ocee cyoc, poopco paya, o ceo u ya cee e ocoec, yype, oopo ocycoaa e oo eop a, e oo oyee popecca, o o co oo, o He aa eaec oop o씻 [Rorty, 1986, p. 48. ypcu . A.].

. Aecaep B eceoc, o ooc p ao pe eoxoo ea e oo popeccx eop, o eopepoa a aooo. Heae e oe ca ao ae eop, oce Pop [ibid.]. Teopepo a a oyca, xo oac, oooc oo poey apypa oeca. o eooo, ocoy eae paccapae cay e eop a cope y pecaee o o, o cyecye eo, oeaee coepa, oeaee oo pepeea e.

Boooc oo pepeea o o, eo Pop xoe ea. o aeae opao peyceae o.

Pop paccapae cop oco a aeey a ooee ey yepca (ceo) ac [Rorty, 1979, p. 149]. ocoy c oco epao ppo pe cae coo apye po oooc cyecoa opeoo, oa c eoxooc ec ae apyeo po cop oco. poea oa a-ao, y peo. oc aoo Apcoee yepcax aeo p ecpcpacoo a e aeoa coo aao oco oe eoeeca o caeoo apooopo poocp;

o oc, copee, poco opo pyy pao oc co e aecoo caaeo a. Meaopa oce ox c epe ycoee yepca, oaae Pop, caoc eeya aeee pecc oo pecae o apce ee [Rorty, 1979, p. 42].

Oa ocoeoce Pop aaec o, o o eoe peooee o o, o yepcae coca e cyecy, copee epec aece ocoa pao opax aex oo, ee a yepee, oo poe oo oaao cao o cee a aooe. Pop eocppye, o oce yx c ooo c e oco e oc coac ooceo oo, o aoe yepca a oo oaa x cyecoae. O ae ocyae Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua eae op ococco oco cop ay, yaa a ceece o ax oecyacc x ocoo, a Bee, Xaeep , o oee copo, . Haoe, o oaae, o paceee y ea e ooo. O aae y py o ocee ae Aoo, ecx oaee poooooo oa a a, oope acoo oae yoa a oac poepoo, o co poeocppoa o y apy oo, a epece yc ece a o opoa ee. eep, cpaae Pop co x ocax ex pye, pae e caoc oe, o paoop o eax cocox poco cooac ooae oo eca, oopoe peaoc aa epo ? [Rorty, 1979, p. 81]. ocoy oaae ea, e y o coa eopx, a e ocoax. peo o, o coae o o, a, peoo, o ce pepye eope co aooe oo, a aa ceee a cepepye epy e, acaae Pop [Rorty, 1979, p. 4344]. coyea Pop pa aaa, o, oeo cee, yae co apaoacc ocec.

Bepoo, ecocooc Pop oocoa coe peoo ee, yo yepca e cyecy, oeae oeeoe eeyaoe coopyee a eca aoe ocoae.

a y, Pop peaae acao ceec oe a o yaeaoe opaee. ocoy yepca e cyecy, oa cocpypoa eeyae ocoa opeea c caoo aaa. a a o, eo cec, oe Pop oo peooe po cy ecoa yepca, ea eo paoy epeco.

Pa yepca e cyecye, oe c co coec paccya oo o o, o ocyo a oe, a e o ac pax opax;

oe oca paoy ccy oepo pae o ooy eae oo, o caec . Aecaep oocoae [Rorty, 1979, p. 151]. Peaa poea, c o pe Pop, aaec e o, o opec o yep ca, a o, o oc, oey o pac ce cepe [Rorty, 1979, p. 6869]. O copyaec o yxoe pa ooo pa: poea ppo paya e caa ao o, ec po co opa coe ae ope ooe e peypee o cacx opax x, oea yax cepe poe.

ecac, e ocox p eoope oco, o e oco opax e, cee oo, o ae yepca ec cooe ocoy aay. C o ee peepeeco oco aaoc coee o a oo ococ. Cpe ocoo, o ee epe, oo p eo aoy ooe e, oa peoo, o yep ca e cyecye a oepy oacoc ay y aoc [Rorty, 1979, p. 43].

Bo, oop eae Pop ocyc yepca, aaec o, o apye oy ceooecoo yaeaa oeeopeece copypoae e coax ay, eoo. Beca coao, o, ecop a o paeoe ocyee ceoo a aoo, a ayaeacca apyea ocpoea eo ceooecx epax. oco, oep ae yepca, oocoa x aoc, oca x a oee cyoc. Hapo, Pop o o a caae, o eooo oaa o-o ocoae [Rorty, 1979, p. 181]. Cy eo (ceooeco) o o, o e cyecye ao paceeao o pe ooceo ae eye cooyoc pepeea, c o opo o paccapa ooee ey pe peea x oeo [Rorty, 1979, p. 293]. O aae, o ceooec oc cocoa opoepy ce apapoa a pa oop o acoe, a Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua e o x, eaee. ceooece pa e ae, ocoy o ocoa a pe, opaa ocyc e paya. Pop yaae a pyee ocec, poceae oaeo ypa. Tae oco, e o, ep, o a o o, o poo ca paoao oy, o ye coepe eo-o oe o [o poo] [Rorty, 1979, p. 157]. Coaco oy y, oe, o oopo oop poo, ycmaauaem c oc poo. (ypcu P. P.) Pop yepae, o oco, ye oeoc, paccapa ce aece epa, opaaee pea oc;

oca o aepeac ycao ocoa a.

yaeacce oaaeca o yepca, oope ycaaa ocoa c cocoo, ocpae aece oeo paoaoo;

o ocoa c, o coepo copee cy cox p, ee cy pox ee oy oaaec [Rorty, 1979, p. 159]. ocoy o xo a pee oaaeca, poy pye co copo oaaeoo oea, yaeacce oa aeca eceoe;

o yepa, o o, e ae peye opao axaeo oeo, oaec ecno coe ycoc ye aepay. (ypcu . A.) yaea, acaae Pop, oe poy cxo oo ea ae paoop poocoe a eep ao ax yee [Rorty, 1979, p. 163].

Pop pa, pey pcyc paya, o ae pa, o aa, o oo oe ocyo oo pe epe eeco, a e exaceco ycao. Ec cceoa e ayoo oca c o eco ceeo paccap aec epeeec, oo paccapaec a aoc yxa copee cocooc cepe, e poee coco oce opae, oope oapyuam o, o ye cep a ppoa [Rorty, 1979, p. 344. ypcu P. P.].

. Aecaep Pop, oao, oaec, ya, o o oe oeo oo eo oaa o oca yepca a aooo.

poea aaec eo yee, yo a apye po cea a yepca pecae coo c eooec oc, ocoa a eop opae pe cae o ocyc paya. oco, ye eoo x ocoa, oy ocpa ce a epao opaa x eceoc, o epec ca x apyeo e a c o coc x pa. x ocoo copee ceye ocpa a paoax aeo, coax pa eppea pa, oeoc ecpcpac oc o pa a epy. B o epe, ao o oaac yce, o acpy ceooec co Pop, .e. eo yepee, o poo e cyecye e pax ocoa, a oope oo oepec oec ce ye e oo, o e cyecye ao e, a o-o oe ocoae [Rorty, 1979, p. 181].

Pop oop, o, a co apye, yaea c pa oy py oco-a-ceoo.

Ho ecoeo o ca pae y e py o pyy copoy ce. Pop xapaepye yaea a cpeee eoopo paceeao oe pe, axoec e peeo ae ao cooyoc pepeea ae a oooc pocepoa ooe ey pepeea x oea [Rorty, 1979, p. 293]. O ep, o opae popaoc peaoc paoao opa aoc oeoc yepcaccx a. ocoy o aa c ceooeco e, o e cocoe po ec oxoe pae ey ypo cooc pcycyeo paya. pae cyeoc pepee a e oaae oaa o oooc poec paee ey a pepeea oea o ee pe.

Boooc aoo coocae oeoo cye Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua oo ec poyo pa cao eoeeco y yp pa, oopoe oe paccapac a popecc, ocoy oo eae oo ce oee eeppoaoe cooae ppo coao . Pay oe co oac aco opao.

ocoy Pop e yaec oeyapoa y o y aepay occoy eoep, o oe peoeoa a epyc opeoy. O peoeye e coo oea ae, coo ya eo coae op.

Beco oo, o poa oeco cee yepcacc x op, a ceye poa yepcacce op cee x coao a. ocoy oocoae o opoc coao pa [Rorty, 1979, p. 186], o oc paoaoc ceec aope ocpeco o pae oy, o oeco ooe a caa, copee e aoopo [Rorty, 1979, p. 147]. Peoea Pop oca oco oy eeyao yypo cop paeee pya ey copo ocoo ypao cc [ibid., p. 272] oecoe cece yxe B eea. ocoy coco, a oop, oe co aa oe, oo a, o oa xo y a, a oae ae oe, a ceye opac e ceacy o ceoo, a ceacy o eey ao cop [Rorty, 1986, p. 42]. cop oe cea epe xo o capo cxe oo ee, oo a ye, oey ao epexo eee ac, y eeyaa oo epoa. He cyecye eo, o o co oe oa oy, o ye cea cop, o o aa, o o paye paooo xo co paoa xoo [Rorty, 1979, p. 272].

Pop aec ea eo oo opa , oop yec eo coce axoee yp c eooeco cpeo pya, oopo o cpec . Aecaep ocooc. a oa caoc ocoeo co, oa o aaye o yoo, poe copecoo oxoa aye. Ec ecopece, oecce oc ay oe a eoo, oa ceye oca o oe c oc oo oea. M co epe o ceye e: o opaaec eop peepe, o apa poa ycex copeeo ay, o o poco peee o oceo oo, a ca cop ay (a e peocaee ococx ocoa ao copopa) [Rorty, 1979, p. 287288]. a oo o (ooo copa ay), oa a pac oepac pae yee, acaae Pop [ibid., p. 178], e ocaec opocy eo, a aeoo ooee a peaoc, o ee ya oc oa.

a oo poea ooe e peaoc o poea [c.: Rorty, 1982b, p. 15], ocoa paoo cce, eopea ooe, ea o ooy cey e eo. Oaac o paoo oe cooe c , ocaae Pop, oco o ca oppo a eaa, opaaa, oeoy pac pocpa oae, caa [yy] e, o c caoo aaa opeeo ocaac epc epeoa ey cypca, oocea coc oopx oa e o e coocaea [Rorty, 1979, p. 317]. Ta opao, oco oe ca acaeco poecce, ae oeco [ibid., p. 360], o ceye yee o, o aa yypa oa ca ao, oopo oe e oya ec cpoc a opae pooopco [ibid., p. 315]. o pocc ooe cy oo, o a o e cac ae pae o oco-aca o p cay e oaa oo pe, ea, oao, p o pe ooceo eaeoc eeae oc oaa eo oo pe [ibid., p. 371]. a oo Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua eopy paoaoc e, ooe ye, paccpa a, e, ooe oey e, ye opo e, peyao cae opaee oc, o oy cooecy. O cocoo ye oco-a caeco a o ypoc o ye e o y peopa poee ece paccpaae, oe a. oco-aca oa e coy aep oco, o o oy oo e ea xoa a ae y ay1.

o cepoa aeopeec , oop ep cocey ecocooc o paccaae c op o cooe c, peocae aao-ococ oe oocoae occpyypacco eop, oopy oca e [c.: Rorty, 1985b]. Baoc ey oco eo oeo cae a oepxoc ocoepe aa-pacya oapa. oap yepae, o e ex ea appao oa;

epoa ae acpa, a aya, opaoae, eopa ecya ocooee peo cy , oope o oe e ep. ocoy oep opeeec a oc ax acpax oax ea , ocoep oaeoaec opaee ope oy. Ha ece acpapoa pacee eep eepo eoc oa eep [Lyotard, 1984, p. xxiv]. Co pee e eaappa, oope epe acpa poa Bepoo, e oe cpaeo co copo opea ca [West, 1985, p. 267] aa oco Pop opo oepecoo ocyaa. He oe cpaeo o ooe, o e Pop ec coae oco yepcao ooc . Oao oa Pop o yepcaa pe opeoo e ocae ey ao oooc opa po aeoo co oe o, o Pop ceepoaepa ce oepc, coapyec c ae (, o pae epe, c cooyoc eex pa) ooo, yacae axoec yae, y oopo e ao ococo a [ibid.].

. Aecaep ec ea paoao caopeec, coxpac oae appa, oopx a ype cpa-c ypco pe caoc eoo.

oap ae oaaec cax ceooeco e. Haa paccopee c pea paoaoo ayoo e, ocyeceo eee eoeoo yxa, o aec o pocoo cyecoa oeca e oooc a a aoo. Ceyo-yope aapa oepae oceoe ooee a. O oaae, o ae ocoo oo e oo o epe, oopo oo yaae ce (ooc cao ce, hebt sich auf, caec) ye poa cocex yepe cypce opoo ypo, oop yopye, o e poa x. o paoeo oy, o caa, o e oa cypc, e ooee opeeeoy pee pey (oy opay, xecoy cocy, ecoy e ..), eceoc e ae oo, o o yae, o ae. oa aya e ec opo a [ibid., p. 38].

oap poo peoe pae ey ayo, opeee o coe occo ope a ae, oopoe e ceoc e ae oo, o oo yae, o ae, appa o-oecoae, eppoa ae. e oc ooe appa, ocoy, caoaeo opee x ocoepoc, o aae, o o oa e oepac apyepoaoy oocoa oaaecy [ibid., p. 27].

C oo eaappao o cpoc a acpay ea ceae. ocoy oecoaeoe ae e paccap ae opoc coceo ea aece popeoo, [oo] yocoepe ce paae coe coceo epea e oo, o pey oo apyea oaaec a. o e ocaec ea ocoepccoy eopey?

Bce, o oe cea, aae oap, o y eo ac ooopae cypcx opao [ibid., Oa meopu cocmouu nocmnoumuua p. 26]. p ao ooe e ceoa Xcea ooce o cca oee e eoc peeo epo eoxo oc蔻 ayc eca yec [Huyssen, 1986, p. 288].

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