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OE BOPOC METOOO METO COOOECX CCEOBAH A.C. o (Caapa) ABTOTHOPA (PAOBOP C CAMO COO B BX PECTPAX) B cae paccapac oaaee oooc aoopa

a opeeeo cceoaeco cpae aeceoo c ceoa, aapyc apae aoopaecx cce oa, poe x aeca.

ee coa: aoopa, peec, oopaaee pye, epa, peea oce, pacca cop, ooaa oepa, oya appa, aopc p, epaeec e.

opaec aeceoo coooecoo cce oa ceo aae ce oe eopeec occac [1] pec ocaac [2] poccco cooo. Be ce c e aao cooo ocee o ao o cyac oaaee oooc oo cceoaec o pa, cyae coeopa oo opa eco cpae amomopauu. ao e ocoe ep aeceoo cceoa oo a?

a opa aoopa aceye ce ee po ece ep, epepaa eoope x co Aa Ceeoa o aa ococx ay, oe aep o oo cooo Caapcoo ocyapceoo yepcea.

Cooo: 4M. 2004. 18.

A.C. omu aa e ca co ocooc, eoxoec. B acoc, aoopa (o pae epe aeo ac aoo paecx cceoa) ocaec eeo opea a oae ymyp cax paoopax ooce (ecx cco, oa, op) epe uyeue euuoo, ope x oceex pa. Bece c e e ec cyae ca ucceoame, eo o, yca, c, ocee a eo. Aoopa o ae o cea cop ee oc cceoae yyp, oopo o pae , cea cooecee yaoo oa c coa oeco, oa ay yp ce, o cea oo e. Cooo ec aeo aec ce epe poe opaece , o cocpeooc o eo oe a coax yypx aceax ocoo oa [3, c. 738].

Ocaec aoopa cpeee oee nopoo, emao, cecmopoe pepeea peaoc, oo ec mameo u cpynyeo yaec cocme up ucceoa me, oe a oeo opepyc emau eo .

oo ec a y. ep ec oee ae, aca ec coceo . o oy pepocee a c, oocec npooy, oa ec opaoaec xpoooec opy ax ex co. ec a op coe ceoe cumyauu (meye nepcnemu) oe ae poeee, epeoe. Bo a o o e o c ceoaee aoopa aepac cooo A. opep:

ac ca eeeo, epea o, o aca e pae, oo epea oe ocoa [4, c. 752]. Bo oe pyo apuam: cceoae paccaaem co c op , a yo epe appaoe ep y caoo ce. B o cyae ac, ea pooo ca, ec cceoae cocoe coep a aae ouo a o, .e. ooao epeec, ce Amomopau o pe o eco, o oopo paccaae. aa poea ec a oo coco, o npoaauupoam aca ec pacp ep e ca ca co ooa o yype oopa (ec, oeo, cooo ca epe coo ay aay).

Meo eoo aeu, xapaep opa ecoo cceoa, oa cooo aec yaey cya aece ee yaca, cpeeoc o pyux ececex ycox, aoopa peopayec cao aeue, caoaau. B oe o paooo e oo ae cceoae opyaec ec co cocm e up ececex ycaoo. e opae cceo ae yae poecc, a oopo pooec oece o apae apyec aece oxo coooeco cceoa1, ec oca, aec, coeo peeoo pae: cye oe cceoa ec cocyecy oo e.

p o cceoae a oem ucceoau epece co pee ceo opeec oo, e po, ocpya epoo opa, epoo A. a, c oo oopx o, a u pyue u, coecmo c pyuu u ocpypye opya p a cao coo paye c, epoea. ec ce cxece epea a cee c ea pa. B o cya ooa o e ce. pae aoo oa ocee , oe opaoo eoeecoo oe.

Bece c e, aece cyema ucceoamecoo npoecca cooo, ya caoo ce couao omecme, ec ooe co aa aaa, opee a ooee e cocme eco, o paax oeceoo oxoa c eo cao a oyee oeoo, ocoepoo, aeaec oaaoo a cceoae e a oc poecca cceoa.

A.C. omu oo ouoaoo oa, a peecoc, oopy a e cceoaecoo oeap, -eop.

a ooo aoe coeee, aec, ecoeoo, a ooa caopeec, paoop c coo oopeeo yx pecpax?

Hao caa, o eoe caopeec a oco poecc npoeamuauu coaue cocmex ycmaoo, cmepeomu no aa yac ee ay oxy, o ee epo (VIII II . o ..), oa paooe, ooecoe coae ca o oepac pe. eo oa, o e . cepca, coae ocoaao coae, ee eao co oe o ee. B y oxy papaoa aeop e , oop c o ce e [5, c. 33]. Ocoae eoeooeco oco . yccep oaa, o o oa o, cxece epea coepa npuunua y ooocm peecuu, oaey co pee . oa a aee, oopoy y oepae co eeoc co co ee poe [6, c. 155].

Bce a yccepe e p pyex coao-o cocx ee ee oa coopae oy oaa ec o oooc.

Bo-epx, paa, a ce a coec e pao yeeo oaa, o coaa o e pepo op poy oceex aoec e py c pyo, c eoxooc a ce ume pau c cau coo, npouocmo caocoau: ce, o eo e oop pyoy, o oop caoy cee. oee oo, ocoae caoo ce ooy ooo, o coa aoo ac p cycy oopaaee pyue, aa oopx ae c ce, oppye pep oe coceo epco.

Bo-opx, oeooo, eoeooeca paa ypeca (. oa) cooo ye ac o, o a eoe cpo coe aoece, opepyc a ou Amomopau au pyoo, peaoo pyaoo yaca oy a, pyx, capac m nom ey . pe eo peey aeo paoopa o oaae, o eo oopaaee pyue ( ae cyae o yye ae) aeo cee opee o, mo paccaaemc, o, a paccaaemc. Ta, cpec o eoeo c y, opye y e cay coay cya, o o ca, cceoae caoc paccauo cocme o ucmopuu a oeo e, yo coy pee oce (frames of explanations) [7, c. 124], pacpocpae e yype o ooc, oopo paea o, y y poo ae. B o e pe opea a oa oe copame no exy, ec aa e ooe ec y c ceoae, cooeceo pey peec, a oee cao peec, paeo a e eopeecx o c oye e cxe oce.

Ceo aoopaeca cceoaeca paa cyecye o pa ea: oc appa (personal narrative), appa ocoo oa (personal experience narrative), caocop (self story), opaeca opoa c op (ethnographic short story), epcoaa opa (personal ethnography), caoaee (auto-observation), e o (lived experience), caoopa (self ethnography), oya appa (evocative narrative), peeca opa (reflexive ethnography), coea pacca (confessional tale), apoooeca oa (antropological poetics) .. [8, c. 740].

Ceye caa, o a pa epax x cceo aecx pa co e oo cece peoe aopo, o pee ceo x pae emooouecue yc maou ooceo cca aae aeceoo cceo a, eo a opaa peyaa. He cyao, . a aae ep aeceoe cceoae o, opa ocaoo paoopa cep cpae cceoa.

A.C. omu Ha a , ce ooopae aoopa e ococ, opeeeo, oce coe, y oy ya:

eu ucceoau (yuu) c oca pocoe oca e aaecoe ocae;

ooeu c oca ya o cceoa e yypa.

caoa cceoae a aaumuecoe onucaue, a pe ecu peoaae cae eo yaoo oa yypy, coa oec, cooeceo opee pe ya aoo cceoa e oeap -eo p. ec cceoae yae ce, o uyum pyux.

aa e aoo cceoaecoo poecca aau, oc eue yaeoo coaoo e: epe cyemuo a au p, epe cc, oop cceoae a paccau ucmopuu aee e e co coe , coaec eop, oca coa eoe epax eux couax cmpymyp. Peya aoo poa cceoa pao ec ca yx o, coeaxc ec, paa, oo e: paccaua ucmopuu aaumua cocmeo ucmopuu, ee eppeaopa. Aoopaece cceoa aoo aa ceye oec, a a , ayoy mome ey ayocmu anpaeu aeceo cooo pe oeo a acca [9, c. 147], xo o e Hoope ea opa ayoc. aa apaeoc oooo poa cceoa npupaeue au o aoyex oce eyex coax ex.

oypa ceo pao pya apaeoc aoopaecoo cceoa: a aaea mepanemu eca. caoa coooa a noo umame, oop, o pyc oxo, cxo o epea cceoae e o o cya, oyae coeo poa ouoay noepy, oycoae opa peyaa aoo cceoa Amomopau . oo ec cyae caa ucmopu ucceoame, poc oe ocae epeoo, poycoaoo yca , .e. pocoe ocae eo ocoo, ooaoo oa.

ec cceoae yae ce, o npuacum umame amopcu up, a y eo e e yca, oo ey cooec ce c py, oe , epecope co ec pecae eoc.

B oe o ayo oee ayoc ao opa, e o coa . pa pocxo ooee co cya, ec ooee ocyecec yp cya [10, c. 147]. cop cceoae copee pooaec aee, e aapyec, copee paccaaec epecaaec, e eopepyec, copee pocxo paee paoopy, po oee e, e ee oe, aepee. ae ec coa mop, oop eppea cae cop cceoa e co coce ooa o. pe ceo o oa xapaep aoo apae aoopa pa e oo aa o cceoaeco pa:

noyau appamu (evocative narrative). Pe e o oy e ae ooaoy oy, oeo oe oa ae aoopoe epaeecoe oece a eo.

Happa oe, apep, a oa pacpocpaex a oopaecx pa, acax, a pao, oe oe, apae a ocaee caa apaa ox e [11]. x aoe aaee copoee eoc ep, ecoox e, co xapaepo ox. Tae appa oe o o, a um, ee o o, a am, a oo pac aepac cooo M. eco [12]. a paooc aoopa oocc, a a , cocmeo yaucmuecoy anpa eu aeceo cooo ae acca [9, c. 147].

oyaa aoopa aec oae pa , coec ey epaypo coa ae, e A.C. omu cyao, cop o o, epaypa o cooo, pa ec e cxa. Bece c e pa ey opa a, o, ca c e, o eepca pee ceo ee eo c co, o pe a aoopa pe caea oa, peaa cop cceoae. poe oo, epaypa oaec ooaoo oa cea cpeca, cyc pea: ceo e, ocpy poae xyoecex opao, aopc ce .., o pe a aoopa y, a pao, ecyca.

oeo, epaeec e oe pcycoa amomopauu ayo opuemauu: eopeec ec, o ca oc o o eoe, cocoe ooy pooo ae occe epeocce coeo e, a opeeee yca, c (pa a, ec ec ye ey oe). B o e pe oo a e ec opoceea, copee eaapoaoe cece, e coaeo ocaea e.

Booe ceo ee o, a aae nocmoep ucmcu apa aoopa. B ocoepccx ao opaecx ecax cocea cop occaec c ceoaee a xyoeceo, oeco e c eo opa oc, accoaoc, eaopoc, oe o poe caa: caec, o eopeece o, opaec a opa aapa o, oe oceeoo oe e coco cxa ycoaee, xao ecoe, eccceoe, paepoaoe c o pe ocoepa e. ec pa ey epaypo coo oe eaec, o, ee oe.

Haaee ax eco e oo ooaoe ee ae cceoaec p, oyee eo o oaoy oy, o oe a ceay ope oc aopa oa caoo ce, pa cca coce o . pooapae ee cea oa eoc Amomopau oa co pe, a oop aepac cceoae C. pac [13, c. 292], apee oa acoeo poe e yye, x oeee acoe oopeeo paee. Paccaa epecaa co coe , cceoae, a, poe, poo eoe, coee ee pa poee ac, poypy coc, payeoc, e ococ , oopo ce yo ec. B o ae oc appa o coco, o aa yoe peoe opoc o o, a occeo, oeo, pac eo [14, c. 747]. eo ooy aopa, a pae ae, aa aoopa copee o o, a um, ee o o, a am. oc appa ec ac eoeeco ceao op a pooee , o oopeeo o uu u acm uu.

Ec ee o apa cooa aoopa, oa oa cyae acm, cmopoo po opaeco cceoaeco pa. B ao aoopa cceoa e cpyyeo ocae cou cu, nepeuau o ooy oo, o e paccaaem uopam, cpye coe ooee ycaoy, capaec o ueeu cee, ae eo paccao. o coeo poa nymeecmue no ucceoau ae ooae coooy ye o ce, oe a cc oee opoc.

aoopa ceo coooeco cooece ec eao pee, paaxc pee ceo caa oe ceo. epa coc oy, o caocop ae cpyypa, oopx e , ooy coe , ocpypye ee eco oo, o pao opa. Bopa aaec o, o aoopa pecae coo po amuecoe ocpypoae ce [15, c. 335], pypaa e ooy e oe oecea cepe cpoo coa o ay. aec oa x apae p eoc ppy mocy no ocmoepocmu, .e. o paoy, ooy A.C. omu opae yaeoo coaoo e, ocy o oy, eo npuunuao uea aecea cooo a coa a paao x, ee acceca cooo, coao ococx ocoax.

B cao ee, paoo cooo, ec a oo oep ayoo a eo oopeeo ope, ocoepoc coaoo eoea aea xapaepc a. B o e pe aeceo cooo c ee eoeo oec op, a a aeo a ocpypoa peaoc, a oceex eopx, c oo oopx opeee peaoc ecye e, ao ao co ce pyoe: ucmua aeo onma, aeo nepeuau pea oc, oopo caa a peaoc ee epeae py o cee. B o cce aeceo cooo o oe aoopa acoc poaecoe pypa ae ce e ea, c oopo coooy ao a-o cpac, o peaoc coa, opeeeo ae oe ee ooy pecaeo coooa cceoaec epec.

Bece c e p ce paoc x paccye ec ec oo o. o co ce ea coooy, ec eo a aa coco peco ye aocceoaoo oce ooo coaoo eoea, coaoo oeca eo?

Ceo aea ac coooo-aeceo pa ee oy pe paycoo coooa .. Pyyca, oaa eo, o a aoopaece ec eo e yy co o ex op, oa e peoca pe peaoc , eo-o cyecyeo o e, o ec capac o ca oee eee aeao [16, c. 7]. Peaa peaucmu ecoo noxoa [17, c. 124] aoopaec eca a pa peoaae, o x ce-a cxaaec yaeoe coaoe ee o aoap aoopa oya Amomopau e eo npaonoooe ocae. Tep paoooe p ae aeceoo oxoa coooeco cce oa: paooooe oe e cooecoa ec eoc, o oo cea oeae oe pecae o co ao ooo [18, c. 136]. e coco oe paooo aoopa, a e a, poe, py o e aeceoo cceoa, aea pay , oa eppea coceoo eca cooocc c a , oye py cceoae, co cca, ae coooo pacpo c py op aa.

TEPATPA 1. Poao.B., pca-Cupoa E.P. ea aooe eec:

opaec eo cooo // Coooec ypa. 1998. 1/2.

2. Poao.B. Coooece eppea eeea. Capao:

Capaoc ocyapce exec yepce, 2000.

3. Ellis C., Borchner A.P. Autoethnography, Personal Narrative, Reflexivity // Handbook of Qualitative Research / Ed. by N. Denzin, Y. Lincoln. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1994.

4. Ellis C., Borchner A.P. Op. cit.

5. cnepc . Cc aaee cop. M., 1994.

6. o . Coe: B 3 . M., 1985. T. 1.

7. Silverman D. Doing Qualitative Research. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2000.

8. Ellis C., Borchner A.P. Op. cit.

9. omu A. Beee coooecoe cceoae: aece oece oxo. Caapa: Caapc ocyapce yepce, 2002.

10. Geertz C. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. N.Y.: Basis Books, 1973.

11. Frank A. The Wounded Storyteller: Body, Illness and Ethics. Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 1995.

12. Jackson M. At Home in the World. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.

13. Crites S. The Narrative Quality of Experience // Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 1971. No. 39.

14. Ellis C., Borchner A.P. Op. cit.

15. Atkinson P. Narrative Turn in a Blind Alley? // Qualitative Health Research.

1997. No. 7.

A.C. omu 16. Pyyc .. oec, ayeoc, peepeaoc, peec oc: aa ocoa opa // opaec eo ye occo acecx oec: Maepa eyapooo ceapa, C.-eepyp, 14-17 op 1996 . C., 1997.

17. Silverman D. Doing Qualitative Research. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi, 2000.

18. aao . Haao cooo. C.: Aee, 2000.

(pooeue ceyem)




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