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Hoae Aecap pooe 500 CXEM PAOTEE ac epa.

Paoepea . A 1997 1 32.849.8 H82 Hoae A.., Maa M.B.

H82 500 cxe paoee. a.: SASHKIN SOFT, 1998, 70 c., c ,- op. o aa.

B e pecae ocoe exece ae cxe paoecx epeao a pae aao, ocae oypo epaype oex e.

a peoea ooe.

Pacaa a po py paoee.

32.849.8 aeco SASHKIN SOFT, 1997.

2 PECOBE Paoeco a ec eca acco o execoo opeca. Mo paoee oca co ocy ocpypoa pao paoepoo aapayp. B coe paeco eeoc paoe pxoc aco opaac ceao paoeco epaype, x epecy cxe ocoe apaep ocpy, yyxc a cpaax ypao. coae, o epayp ycaec oa ee eocaoo, e y aoo paoe ec oooc popec y y y - a oo yx opaxc cxe.

peaaea Baey a a, oa eoo pa eaecx a o cep, copee oa copa oeo aoee epece opae (a aopa) cxe pax ycpoc, a oooc paoe pa o, o ey eoxoo, eoo oeca ocpy, ocax oypo epaype.

B e pecae oo e cxee pee, oope e oop py pya, pe aa cxe coep ee opaoc. Cxe ocpoe a ocyx eopox eax, o o x yaaa aea pacopo oo.

Bce cxe, ocae e poepe a pae, oco cxe ocaoc pax ax ypaax paoee, eocppoaoc a caax, o oeeo pa oa.

peaaea a paccaa a paoee cpee aa, pox oca ax oe ocaoo caocoeoo ooe ocpy.

poe oo, oe ao a poc cco epayp, e ce ocpy oca oee opoo.

Bc a a, ec, pcy ooe, apcoa, apa, opeapoa oeaa aopo coceopyo, a a cocee cpeca aopa, o e e eee o e peeye a ay ac o eeyao coceoc, ca, o ce o pae ce e, o o - acoey yee paoeco, ooy aop cpee o y pecye ce eoepecoo papoa ocpoee o oceye .

Aop paae opoy aoapoc ce, o oaa ocy oo a o , oo coeo ope aoee epecx cxe, aepao o pe a o .

Ceye oaoap P, epcoa oep IBM 386 DX 40, a oopo a ooc acaa cepcaa a a, a eo xo apy, o epy paoy. Ocoa aoapoc oe cee, a oae oepy o eeo paoe, a e opoe ac coooo pee, ooo y ee pao a o.

Aop cpee aeec, o a pye o cep oay paecy oo paoe x epeco opece.

ece paoepea aaoo 1,8 3,5 M Maoaap paoepea copo paoeea epea peaae cooa aece pepooo c p copeoax o copo paoeea. Paoae o aaoe 80 (3,5 M).

Mooc ye - 0,1 .

xo aco eee aca - e oee 1000 .

aa eepaop copa a pacope VT2 o cxee eoco pexo, aec o co caaopa ape a eeax VT3, VD1, R9. Bxoo aca a pacope VT4 paoae e aaoo cee a ae, o oeceae oee co paoepeaa.

oppoae oa c copa a pocxee DD1 oeceae epeay o oo o epex oe acoc o oa c. O coco yx aocax ypaopo. co oe eoc ay ac o coooe aco ypaopo. Moypyec paoepea o aoo e aaeo eepaopa.

aya L1 aoaa a oe apooo eea, (a ocoy eo aopoo C23-17), opaep 10,5x7x8,5, coep 50 o pooa B 0,25, aya L2 oea a o e oe coep 8 o pooa O 0,19 . aya L3 aaaec a ocpooo apace c ocpoe cepeo yp (aepo 2,8 o 12), coep 45 o pooa O 0,19, c ooo o 7 a, ca o ca a. B aece ae cooa opeo pooa o 1 .

p aaa paoepeaa oac caooye aaeo eepaopa oopo pecopa R5, acoy ycaaa oecaopo C9. To xooo acaa ycaaa a ypoe 10 A. Hyoe co oe opa pecopo R1. opoo paoepea oca [ 1 ].

epea a 3,5 M Ha pcye pecaea paa cxea epeaa a 3,5 M. aa eepaop oe a pacope VI, yce ooc - a V2. coacoa yce ooc c aeo pee - oyp (C5, L4, C6). aya L4 aoaa a apace o peyopa paepa cpo PPC - eeopo capx apo. Oa coep 65 o pooa 0,35, aoax o y. Haao oo y py peyopa. a eppo cepe eaeo ae a ao e c ee ao poaeoc, apep, c M400 o ae paopea Cea.

aya L1 coep 50 o pooa 0,3, paeex a epexceoo ypoao apace c ocpoe eppo cepeo aepo 2,8 (o eepox oypo pea Cea). oepx ee aoa 5 o pooa 0,55 ay L2. Tooe co ee o opa o acyy caa aee. poc ce L3 aoa aa a acaccoo poe o 36 - ooe, coep 100 o pooa 0,3.

oecaop C4 - CO-1, C6 - -M, C7 - MM, ocae - epaece. Tpacop VI - T315 T603, V2 - 605, 607, 609.

Cea ape peeax aaoa e peye ooeo ocpo oypa L1C4.

epea a 3,5 M epea ee cpoay acoy 3,5 M, ooc ooo 1. To opee 75...80 A.

eepaop coo aco copa a pacope T3, cxea ypae - a pacopax T1 T2, cocax ypaop. Paoy epeaa opopy p oo ao 1, oaeo oo 1 aye c eepaopa B. Tpacop T3 ycaaaec a paaope. ape peoaop pee a acoy . aya L1 aoaa a epaeco apace aepo 16 coep 32 a pooa B 0,41. Haoa oocoa, o y. Oo cea o 8 a, ca cepxy o cxee. aya L2 aoaa oepx L1 coep o oo e pooa. aoa a apee 6,3 B o 0,28 A. B aece ae pee poo o 10...20 .

p acpoe paoepeaa pecopo R ycaaa oeop o pacopa T3 pa 80A.

pooeoc yco paoepeaa peypyec oopo pecopa R1, a aya ey yca - pecopo R3.

Oy acoy oa cao opa c oo oecaopa C1. opoo paoepea oca [2].

aa oa poc a e.

poco paoepea oxo a c epea pacca a peee p pepoax copeoax aaoe 3,5 M (80 ).

Mooc, ooa aee, ooo 3 .

aa eepaop paoepeaa copa a pacope T1 o cxee c oceoae peoaco apa e opao c. B aece ayopa (a) coyec oa 1. yep aca (T2) paoae pee acca C o cxee c oe ao. Pecopo R4 peypyec ypoe oye xooo acaa. Bxoo aca oe a pacope T3 o cxee c aee oeopo, o ooe cooa aece paaopa pacopa opyc ycpoca. oecee acao aoc ec paoepeaa, e peea paopa pea aea epex caex py pya pyax eeo aepo 8...10 o o 1 co eoo a oe.. eoa pecae coo epe ooc e o pye o 25 c, ppeee epe ae epeypo epxe pye. B acoc o ae eec aoc ec paoepeaa. p cooa xopoeo aee pooeca aoc aeo yeaec. ay epeaa L1, L2, L3, L4 aoa a ocpoox apacax o po capx aox paopeo c pee a x epax eppo oa M100. L1 coep 30+15 o, L2- a, L3 - 45 o, L4 -3 a. Bce ay aoa pooo B 0,15 . oyp L5 aaaec a peyope paepa cpo o capoo epo-eoo eeopa. O coep 55+3 a pooa B 0,5 . Cepe peyopa aeec a opeo eppooo cep 400HH aoo e paepa. p oae paoepeaa ay L L3 ceye acao paec py o pya. Ha aeco pao xooo acaa co e ooee ooa y ay L5. opoo paoepea oca [3], e oo a ocae oyopa pao paoepeaa eeoo pee. Moa ooee oca a e.

epea aaoa 80 o epea oe cooa a paoca ao ooc, a pepoo paocopceo aece c. aa eepaop oe a pacope VT1 a T606A, c apeo caae aco. B xoo acae pee pacop VT4 a T904A. p ape a 9 B oe opee 0,3 A xoa ooc paoepeaa cocae 2 .

epea aaoa 3,5 M oxo a c aa eepaop epeaa a pacope V capoa ape peoaopo B1. V2 - xoo aca B. cpoco, copaoe a pacope V3, peaaeo a acpo ae.

oea coo aco epe pacopaop oa L1, L ocya a ay ooo pacopa V2. B e eo oeopa e oyp L4 c ooeo opao c.

aop acpo pecae coo yce coo aco. C oeope apy R6 B apee ocyae a aepep PA1. Be apaeo ey o V4 pe o apee. B cxee epeaa cooa oe pacop po poooc.

Oao oo pe pacop n-p-n a, e opoc e a a opay. B aae eepaope pe pacop 601- 609, T315. T603, T608, xoo acae - 601- 609 T910, T803, T903.

ay L1 L2 paee poeo apoo cep ee C-a [e aep 23 ), oop, co oepe, ycaoe epocaec pa. L1 coep 55 o pooa B 0,35 (yoc 44 ), L pacooea oepx L1 coep 1 o pooa B 0,51.

pocce L3 aoa a apace c ype aepo 8 , coo 20 , coepae apo cepe, ee ooo 300 o pooa B 0,35 (yoc 500 ).

aya L4 aoaa a apace o peyopa paepa cpo (PPC) eeopo capx yco. a aya coep eppoa cepe, ceac c oo py o apaca. Ha e aoao 68 o pooa B 0,35...0,41 c ooo o -o.a. oyp C2, L1 aaeo eepaopa acpaa peoac. pe oepa y poo c oe xo acao p oeo ape a. a ocyece S ep. oce oo a eepaop acpoe, oa xoo aca , ocoee aey - poo o 2...3 , peypy oyp L4 (p oeo ape a).

Cepe xooo oypa p acax oaax aopa acpo (2 - 3 A] oe axoc cpee ooe.

Ec poecce peypo cpea aopa ooec eocaoo, a S - ep p pe aaae, yo ye eoc oecaopa C8. To ooo ooe cpe S - epa - 100 A. Xopoo acpoe pao coacoa c aeo epea opee o 300 - 350 A. a ea ac o c aaeo eepaopa c xo acao (oeco o L2), a ae o coacoa c aeo.

pocce epeae cooa caape, a M-0,1, aya L1 aoaa a ocpooo apace aepo 14 o 35 pooo B 0,43 . coep 58 o a - p co, o y. opoo ocpy ocaa [4], a e poc a oa oo ycpoca.

epea a 3,5 M Paoepea paoae aaoe 80,eo xoa ooc ooo 3 .

aa eepaop oe a VT1 a T606A, a pacopax VT1 VT2 copa yce ooc. B e opao c aaeo eepaopa e ape peoaop a acoy 3,50...3,65 M. Ha xoe yce ycaoe - oyp oae eeaex apo. ey X1 oaec aea, aece oopo coyec poo o 8-10 . ay epeaa L1, L2, L3 aoa a oeo aopooe ap M50B opaep 16X6X6.B ay L paoepo pacpeee o cey oy, ocae ay aaac oepx ee. L1 ee 26 o pooa B 0, , L2 L3 - o a pooa MT. aya L aaaec pooo B 0,5 a apace ocpoa coep 50 o.

pocce L aoa a pecope MT-0, copoee e eee 100 O, coep 30 o pooa B-2 0,15 . opooe ocae epeaa oyopa poc [5].

ec B epea pee aeop a 3,5 7 M.

Paoepea peaae pao eepao aaoax 80 40 .

aa eepaop oe a ae 1 a 64. aoe epepe aaoa 3,5 M pooc oecaopo epeeo eoc C5. B cxee paoepeaa peycopea oooc pao a pee aoo aaoa, a pee apeo caa aco.

ape peoaop c acoo o 3,5 o 3,6 M caec ea 1 2. epexo a pe apeo caa pooc epeaee B1. May (eae) paoepeaa pooc o papye cee a 1, a oopy p oao e oaec opaeoe apee, apaee ay. p aa a aa opaec ooe apee c pecopa R9, aa eepaop aae paoa. Hapee B eec a poccee p4 epe oecaop C11 oaec a cey a 2, oopa paoae aece yce a 80-epoo aaoe yoe aco a aaoe . p paoe a aaoe 80 e aoa a oyp L2C12 C13, acpoe a cpe acoy aaoa 3,55 M. p epexoe a aao 40 ac ay L oaec oyp oaaec acpoe a acoy 7,050 M, .e. a opy apoy aaeo eepaopa.

aa 3 paoae acae yce ooc, apyo ee cy -oyp L3, C19, C20, oop a e, a pey, acpoe a cpe acoy aaoo 80 40. epexo c ooo aaoa a pyo ocyecec p oo epeae B2. pocce pa p pee o capoo epo-eoo eeopa, pocce p aoa a pecope copoee e eee 100 O coep 50 o pooa B 0,1 . pocce p2-p5, p7 aaa a ocpoox apacax o 50 aepo 12 a e ec ce o 100 o pooa O 0,14 . aya L1 aaaec a epaeco apace aepo 18 coep 22 a pooa B 0,53 . aya L2 ee 36 o c ooo o 18 a pooa B 0,53 a apace aepo 26 .

aya - oypa L3 aoaa a apace aepo 45 pooo B 1,25 , coep 51 o c ooo o a, ca o o . apac L2, L3 aac eaca. p aaa oecaopa C6, C poo ycaoy aco aaeo eepaopa pee aaoa, p paoe pee apeo caa ceye oee oopa co o pocce p1 o acaoy ypo eo oye. Hapee a ypae cee 1 p o oo 8...12 B. p paoe aaoe 40 acpaa oyp L2, C13, C12 o acyy xooo caa.

Hacpoy xooo - oypa poo oecaopa C19, C20 ye oopa o ay L3. opoo oa acpoa paoepeaa poc [6].

Tpacop paoepea a 160 o paoepea peaae eco paoc eeoo eepao c ayo oye aaoe 160 epo (1850 ). Bxoa ooc - 5 B.

aa eepaop oe a pacope V1, oecaopo C2 acoy eo oo e o 925 o 975 .

epe oecaop C3 apee B ocyae a ep oope a pacope V3, xoy oopoo oe yoe aco a pacopaope T1 oax V4, V5.

Ca, yce pacopo V6, eec oypo C13, L2. Tpacop V6 opaec oo p aa e epa a accy cee epeae S1.2 p acpoe epeaa, o o p paoe eepao, o epeo eepe pooa p paoe eeoo. Ha pacope V7 copa peape yce ooc, coacoa c xo ycee pee T opa p L5, C15, L6. Ooe aca yce ooc copa a pacope V8 coacoa c apyo epe pacopaop T2. oae oex apo a xoe paoepeaa ycaoe p x aco C18, L8, C19, L9, C20. To oeopa xooo pacopa opopy aopo PA1. Moyop paoepeaa oe a pacopax V9 - V11. ya oy ocae 80%. Tpacop V7, V8, V11 ycaoe a paaop, y R18 ooe pooa 0,2 , copoee eo oopao a, o cpea aopa ooac a c ay p oe 2 A.

aya L1 oea a apace aepo 12 o 36 , coep 140 o pooa 0,12, aoax o y. ay L2 - L7 aoa a apacax aepo 7 o 30 , c ocpoe cepea eppa 100B aepo 2,8 o 12 . Haoa o y. L2 coep 44 a pooa B 0,19 , L3 L4 o 50 o pooo B 0,17 , L5 - 40 o, L6 - 20 o pooo B 0,19 , L7 - 30 o pooo 0,35 . ay L8 L9 oe a opee cep aepo 8 o 20 eppa 400HH 600 HH, aa aya coep 16 o pooa B 0, , aoa o y. Tpacopaop T1 oec a apace aepo 7 o 20 c ocpoe cepeo eppa 600HH aepo 2,8 o 12 . Haoy ey y coe ece pooa O 0,12 , 60 o. Tpacopaop T2 aaaec a ao e opee cep, o ay L8, L9. Haoa eec y c ece pooa B 0,47 , o. p acpoe paoepeaa e ceye a eo e ae, o e ec cpo xoo pacop. opooc oaa acpo paoepeaa poc [7] epea aaeo copcea epea paoae aaoe 160 pee eeoa eepaa, xoa ooc 5 B.

aa eepaop copa a ae 61 o cxee eoco pexo. oe caoc aco, apee a papye cee capoao p oo capoa C2. B aoy e a V5, paoae oopeeo yoee aco, e oyp L2 C12 C19 - C21, acpaae oecaopo C12. a oocy aco peeax 1850...1950 . C oo oypa B apee oaec a cey a 615 yce ooc. pocce L4 oecaop C22 opay p epxx aco, oa ca c acoa, e paoe (1850 ). B eepao pee ae a ay V6 oaec po c pe (+280B), a eeoo pee - c aoa a V3 xooo acaa oyopa, epe eoy R14, C19, cyay yee y oy. B ca c a V6 oaec a xo -oypa, cocaeoo eeo L6, C34, C35. Heoopa ac ape B c ee R22, R23 pec oo V oaec a aop PA1, cya yaaee acpo paoepeaa. Moyop pecae coo pexaca yce yoo aco. B epo acae yce paoae poa ac a 61, o opo - ee eoa ac, pee - eo 614.

B oypy yce eea ccea aoaecoo peypoa ypo caa, peopaaa epeoy. ep aca oyopa pacca a oee oooo epoaecoo pooa a M-64, M-200. e R19, C28 R18, C29, C peaae ocyece epeao (paeo ) ay a aaeo eepaopa yce ooc eepao pee. Bae Ô ooe a oo aa eepaop oo acpo a ca oppecoea e ye ecye p. B o cyae epe eoc oaa ca oaae a xo Baeo pea ce a ypoe oppecoea.

Tpacopaop T1 oo pe o oo aooo paopea, o TB-70, TB-110, TB-110M ooe. ay L1, L2 aaac a ecpax ocpoox apacax aepo 16 o y. L ee 37 o pooa B 0,6 , L2 coep 110 o pooa B 0,23 , oo cea o 10 a. aya L aoaa a apace aepo 30 coep 40 o pooa B 0,68 . pocce L3, L4 - caape, M-0,1 yoc 100 . pocce L5 aoa a pecope BC-2, c oopoo yae poo co, o coep 500 o pooa O 0,15 ecoo ce o 100 o. opooc oaa acpo paoepeaa oca [8].

Paoepea aaoa 27 - 28 M Paoepea c AM aaoe aco 27 - 28M epea paoae aaoe 27-28 M c ayo oye. Coco o eepaopa, copaoo a pacope VT2 a T315, ooacaoo yce yoo aco a pacope VT1 a T315. Ha xo oceeo epe oecaop C1 ocyae yoo ca c pooa. Hapyy yce cocae pecop R3 eepaop coo aco, e ey co coa a oeopo VT1. yo cao oypyec aya caa ecye aco eepaopa epeaa. aya L1 aoaa a apace ocpoa aepo 7 . Oa ee ocpoe cepe eppa 600HH aepo 2.8 o 12 . aya coep 8 o pooa B 0,15 . Haoa o y.

pocce p1 aoa a pecope MT-0,5 copoee oee 100 O, ooa coep 80 o pooa B 0, . B aece ae coyec cao ypy p o 20 c. p acpoe acoy ycaaa ocpoo yoc ay L1. opooe ocae ycpoca peeo [1].

epea a 27 M cce paoypae eepaop paoepeaa copa o pocee cxee c apeo caae aco. oyp L1 C3 acpoe a acoy 27,12 M.

B paoepeae e po ax ceax ep o coacoa c aeo, ocoy ooc eo eea, cooeceo payc ec ee - (5...10).

Moy paoepeaa ocyecec c xoa pocxe 561 cep apee a ypoe 5-7 B.

(oeca1). opoo epea ocaec [2].

Paoepea Ca - 1 Paoepea peaae pao cocae cce paoypae oe pya Ca - 1. O yae yco - oypoae paoacoe ca. aa eepaop copa a pacope VT2, oeop oyp oopoo L4,C4, C6 acpoe a acoy 27,14 M. ce ooc oe a pacope VT1.

B aece oyopa coyec ypaop a pacopax VT3, VT4. oyp L1, C1, C2 pee oaoo coacoa c aeo, aece oopo coyec pooo p o 30 c. aya L aaaec a apace aepo 7 c eppo ocpoeo aepo 2,8 o 12 pooo O 0,18 coep 8,5 o. aya L1 - a ao e apace e cepea, e 10 o oo e pooa.

pocce L2, L3 caape, a M-0,1. opooe ocae cce paoypae poc [3] [4].

Paoepea c AM aaoe 27-30 M Ocooe ococo oo epeaa o, o o aec o ce 220B aece ae coye pooa o e ce. pe pae ca o epe aey, o epe cea ceeo aaep.

aa eepaop epeaa copa a pacope VT2.

a pooa pee apaepec caaop ape a pecope R1 ceooe VD1.

Tpacop VT1 - H, ca c oopoo oypye o aye aa eepaop. B ca c ay c L epe oecaop C9 ocyae epoce.

co a copa o ecpacopaopo cxee, c apaepec caaopo a pecope R5 capoe VD2, oecaop C6 caae yca ape. Tpacop a T315, pocce p1 - M 0, yoc 60-90 . oecaop C6 C9 a apee e eee 300 B. ay aoa a eppoo cepe o ocpoea aye aepo 2,8 , L1 ee 14 o, L2 - 3 a oepx ee pooo B 0,23 .

o VD3, VD4 a 105 pye a apee e eee 300 B. Capo VD2 - C191 o pyo a apee 8...11 B.

pea cao oo epeaa peec cea aaep, cxea oopoo pecaea a ceye cxee. ay L2, L3, L4 oecaop C2, C3, C4 opay yxoyp CC. ay L1, L2, L3, L aoa a apacax o B aye epeocx peo, coepa 2, 14,14, 5 o cooeceo pooo B 0,23 . oecaop C1 a apee 300 B, C2 C4 - ocpoee. opooe ocae ycpoca peeo [1].

BHMAHE ! pu paome c muu ycmpocmau coame paua u ep eoacocmu, m.. eem ycmpocm axomc o apeue 220 B !

Paoepea oeo ooc e ooeoo yce ooc Paoepea paoae aaoe 27...28 M c ayo oye. acoa ecye capoaa ape. Hapee a 3...5 B. ce yoo aco oe a pacope VT1 a T315. a pooa aa peo pacopo o ocooy oy cooa apaepec caaop ape a eeax R2, VD1, C1. Pe pao pacopa VT ycaaaec pecopo R1. ce ca c pecopa R3 epe oecaop C3 ocyae a aa eepaop, e ca ocyec oy epeaa. aa eepaop copa a pacopax VT2 VT3 a T315 pecae coo yxa aoeepaop c apeo caae e opao c. oyp L1 C5 acpoe a acoy apeoo peoaopa, oyp L2 C7 peaae coacoa epeaa c aeo. Tpacop VT2 VT3 oo ae a T3102, T368. Xopo peya ae peee pocop P159HT1, pecae coo apy oaox pacopo.

oype ay aoa a apace aepo 5 c cepeo apooo eea aepo 3,5 .

Haoa aye eec c ao 1 . aya L1 ee 4+ 4 a, aya L2 - 4 a pooa B 0,5 . pocce p1 ee yoc 20...50 . B aece ae coyec poo o 1 .

Hacpoy aa c ycao peo pacopo VT2 VT3 o ocooy oy. oo oa aepep pap e a oe "A" oopo R4 ycaaa o 40 A. Hacpoy oypo L1, L2, C5, C poo o acyy B ye. ocpoe aye L1, L2 e oe axoc pax ooex, .. oe poo cp eepa -a acep e pacopo VT2 VT3. opooe ocae ycpoca peeo [1].

epexa paoepea oeo ooc a 27 M Ocae paoepea oe cooa a cocae aoaapo paoca, a aece epeaa cce paoypae. Bapa cooa eo o pyo e poc [9] [5]. Ta e poc ae o oay, acpoe, eae a ycpoca.

epea copa a epex pacopax VT1 - VT4, pacop e oapo - apaeo, a ce eo oyea xoa ooc ooo 300 B. ay L1 L cya yeo coacoa c aeo.

Bce ay paoepeaa aaac a ocpoox apacax aepo 7,5 o 25 c cepea apooo eea aepo 5,5 .

poo o cex ayax B 0,51 . aya L1 coep o, L2- 4 a, L3 - 4 + 4 a, L5 - 14 o. pocce L aoa a pecope MT-0,5 copoee e eee O, coep 200 o pooa B 0,1 . Aea paoepeaa pea, eecoeca, o 0,8 - 1,2. p acpoe, pecopa oee a cxee * oac, o o opee paoepeaa a ypoe 100 - 110 A.

epea a 28,0 M epea a 28 M oe o acceco cxee.

aya L1 coep 14 o pooa 0,35, L2 - 2 a 0,5. co o ocee eaeo oopa.

apac y aye ao e, a y aaooo epeaa a 3,5 M, ocaoo paee (cp 7).

aya L4 ecapaca, coco 10 o pooa -1,0, aoax a opae aepo 10 . a ao 30 . Bxoo - oyp acpaa oecaopo C6 a B-50.

pocce L3 aoa a opyce pecopa BC-1 copo ee e eee 1 MO. Haoa pooo 0,35 - coa poa.

Maoaap ap pacca a acoy 28 M. B a ece pacopa V2 eaeo pe T904 T c yye xapaepca o coo acoe.

epea cpee ooc a 27,14 M.

aa eepaop paoepeaa oe o oo cxee a pacope VT1. epe oecaop C4 B ca ocyae a xo yce ooc - pacop VT2.

B oeopo e pacopa VT2 eo coacyeee ycpoco e ooo - opaoo pa C8, L4, C11, C12, L5, C14, peaaeoe oecee oao c paoepeaa c aeo, a ae pa apo B caa. aya L6 cy oeca eoco cocae ae, ee ye, ..

a p ae ao cyae (1) oo ee o (2,5). Moy epeaa ocyecec p oo pacopa VT3 cao ooeo opoc.

ay paoepeaa L1 - L3 aaac a pecopax MT- 0,5 copoee oee 100 O, L1 coep 33 a pooa 0,18 , L2 L3 - o 28 o oo e pooa.

ay L4 - L6 e ceye apaep: L4- 15 o pooa 0,8 , aoa ecapaca, a ay aep 7 ;

L5 - 20 o pooa 0,8 , aoa ecapaca, a ay 12 , aep 7 ;

L6 - o pooa 0,1 , aoa poa a acaccoo apace aepo 5 , c eppo ocpoeo aepo 4 . Tpacop epeaa T907A oo ae a T904A, T606A. opooe ocae epeaa oo a [6].

Paopoo a 27 M c apeo caae aco Xapaepc oo epeaa ceye:

- aao aco 27...28 M - xoa ooc 0,5 B - aao yox aco 300....3000 - pa ooc ye 11 - ea aco p acao oy 2,5 - apee a 9 B - o opee 100 A Ca c pooa ocyae a po xo oepaooo yce DA1. Ha xo oe ee ape a pecopax R2, R3, oop coae a e ooy ape a, oo O paoa c ooop ae. Mey epy xoo xoo ea e R7, C5, C6, oopa aae y oe yce acoy. xapaepcy O. Bxooe apee yce eepyec oa VD1, VD2 a 522A opaeoe apee, poeoe aopy pacopa VT1. Tpacop ypye epy xo oecaopo C6 ee oe opao c, o po ee yce O. epe pecop R11, R12 apee c xoa O ocyae a apay apy, oopa oypye acoy apeoo peoaopa. aa eepaop oe a pacope VT2, oyp L2 C13 eo oeopo e acpoe a cepey paoo aaoa. Ha e eec apee coo aco, oopoe epe ayy c L ocyae a xoo aca a pacope VT3. Paoy oy o ocooy oy coae eoa R17, R18, oopa ea e a VT3. ceoe apee epe H a L4, C16, C17 ocyae a yey ayy L5, a ae epe C19 aey. Bce ay, poe L1, aoa a apacax aepo 7 , c cepea 100B aepo 2,8 . L2 ee 6 o, L3 - 3 a, L4 - 8 o, L5 - o pooa B 0,2 . B aece ay L1 cooa pocce M-0,06 yoc 16 . opooe ocae ycpoca peeo [1].

epea cce paoypae oeo ooc aa eepaop paoepeaa oe a pacope VT1 a T342A, acoa capoaa ape peoaopo. B peooeo ycee cooa pacop VT2 a T603. Moy paoepeaa ocyecec p oo pacopa VT4 yca ooeo opoc c ypaopa c aoo- o pyoo coa cao. Bxoo aca yce ooc oe a pacope VT3 a T920A. Ha xoe yce ooc e - opa p L4, C12, C13, ya aya L5 cy yeo coacoa epeaa c aeo, aece oopo cooa pooo p o 1.

ay epeaa L1, L4 aaac a apace aepo 6 , aoa poa, L2- 5+5 o, L5 - 15 o a ao e apace, poo cex aye - B 0,5 . pocce L3 caap, yoc 20... . Beco pacopo T342A oo pe T306, T920A oo ae a T920B, T925. Moa acpoa paoepeaa oca [6].

ec paoepea aaoa 27...29 M aa eepaop paoepeaa paoae a acoe 7,2 M (oo cooa peoaop aaoe aco o 7,2 o 7,3 M). O copa a pacope T1 a T308B.

epe oecaop c B apee ocyae a yepo - yce aca a pacope T2 a T311E, a ae a pacop T3 a T603, paoa pee yoe aco a eepo apoe. Bxoo aca copa a pacope T4 a T904A o cxee c o epo, c c aeo ya, epe ayy L4. B aece ae pee poo o 2,5 .

apaep aye paoepeaa pee ae:

o- poo aoa apac ay o (cepe) o p1 30 B 0,15 poa 7X4X2 200HH p2 15 B 0,31 ------------- 12X6X4,5 50B L1 12 0,8 poa epaec, ocepep. aepo 10 L2 2 B 0,31 oepx L1 --------------- L3 15 1,5 a 2 ecapaca, ocepep. aepo 13 L4 3 B 0,1 oepx L3 ----------------- Moa acpoa paoepeaa opoo ocac [7].

Paoepea aaoa 27...29 M, 10 B.

aa eepaop paoepeaa copa a pacope T1 oyaec a acoax 14,0 - 14,85 M. oyp eepaopa opaoa ayo L1 oecaopa C1 - C6.

B ca eepaopa ycaec yep acao a pacope T2. ceoe apee c ooa ay L oaec a pacop T3, paoa pee yoe aco. Ca, ee oype L3, C13 ycaec aee acaa a pacopax T4 - T6, e o cxee c o epo. C ey acaa ya. oeop pacopo T4 - T6 aee, o ooe opoa x a opyce paoepeaa e pee ooex paaopo. Ha xoe paoepeaa pee - oyp, pacca a oee ae c copoee 75 O. Bce ay paoepeaa aoa a apacax aepo 8 c ay ocpoea.

Haooe ae aye pee ae.

ay a co o poo ao, L1 12 17 0,7 10 c ooo L2 8 0,7 o cepe L3, L5, L7, 8 7 1,0 L L4, L6, L8 4 4 MB 0,35 Moa acpoa paoepeaa opoo ocac [8].

eca paoca a aao 10 Hecoo e aa Bac Boo (UA3DGU) ooco papaoa paoca a aao 10 epo:

caa paoca ooceo poca e coep ex eae, a opoa eecoeca aea ee ocaoo ea poee ce a e oe oe pacco. Ee ocoeoc - ypoee peoa ape peoaopa, oop oopx oo ae pyoc p oope oox ocpy. epeaa paoca ye peoaop c acoo, pe apoa oopo oaae eeo yaco ecoo aaoa 10 epo. pea ooe o peoaop, acoa oopoo oco o paoe aco epeaa a poooe aee peeax o 300 o 1 M. Taa cooa opa ocec e, o pa ee coca paa pea opeec LC - oypa, , ceoaeo, aee poeyoo aco oo ecx peeax ycao pooo.

epea paoca - yxaca. Peoaop ZQ aaeo eepaopa (pacop VT1) oyaec a pee apoe. Aya oy ocyecec xoo acae. Moypyee apee yoo aco epe pacopaop T1 oaec e epa pacopa VT3.

Moyop coco acaa peapeoo yce a pacope VT2 ocooo yce a pocxee DA1.

pe paoca copa a yx pocxeax caapo e. Heoa ocoeoc - a o eeopa VD1 c a epeeoo pecopa R7 oo oa eoopoe apaee apee, o ooe poce cpeca peaoa y oae yo (oee. ycpaee papaaeo ya pea p yepeo c). p acoax apex peoaopo pea epeaa, peex a cxeax, aee a co pea ye 860 .

oya "pe - epeaa" ocyecec epeaee SA1, oop oaa SA1.1 epeae aey o xoy epeaa, o xoy pea, a oaa SA1.2 - ae o epeay, o pey. Teecoeca aea o pepo 1 acpaaec a paoy acoy ye ayo L5.

Paoca aopco apae a oea eoo aecoo oaa (eaa aa e papaaaac).

aya L1 pea ee 9 o, L2 - 4 a. O aoa pooo B-0,31 a apace aepo 5 c ocpoeo apooo eea o aopooa C-12a. L3 - caap cooaco pocce cep M (yoc 160 ). aye L3 L4 pee ae e apac. O e cooeceo 5 (poo B 0,51) 15 o (poo B-0,31). Moypy pacopaop T1 xoo o pea "Cea - 404". O oe a - opao aopooe ceee 5x6 .

epa ooa ee 60 o pooo B-0,51, a opa 450 o pooo B-0,31.

ay L1- L3 pea aoa pooo B-0,31 a apace aepo 5 c ocpoeo apooo eea o aopooa C-12a. O e cooeceo 10, 3 10 o. ay L4 L6 cooa o oypo aoaapoo pea. p oope ocpy o a oecaopo C12, C19 C4 ao a, o oecea c aya peoac a pao acoe . oe yceoc pea , ceoaeo, oe aoc c eo oo ec xoo aca a oeo pacope. aya L1 - aa e, a ocoo apae pea.

p aaa epeaa ocpoeo ay L oac ycooo oye apeoo peoaopa aaeo eepaopa a pee apoe. ae oceoaeo ocpoo aye L4 L5 oac acao yaeo ooc (opopy o eey aopy o). oce oo poep oy. Ec p o a aec epeoy, yea ycee acaa a pacope VT (ycaaa pecop R9 c o oao). , aoopo, ec oy "eoaa", o ycaaa o pecop c e oao.

Haaae pea coc aao poeypa.

Caaa oac ocpoo ay L3 ycoo pao eepoa, a ae ocpoo aye L1 L4 - L6 - acao yceoc pea.

Paoepea aaoa 144 M Paoepea c apeo caae aco aaoa 140...150 M Paoepea paoae aaoe aco 140 - 150 M c yoooco acoo oye. ea aco 3 .

ae a poo ocyae c RC- pa, cocoeo oecaopa C1 pecopa R1. yooe apee c pooa M1 ocyae epe oecaop C2 a xo H.

ce oe a pacopax VT1 VT2 a T315.

Pe pacopo o ocooy oy ycaaac oopo pecopa R3. ce ca yoo aco epe RC-p a eeax R6, R8, C4 ocyae a apa VD1 a B109, ceee a apae opeeec oeopo e pacopa VT2. aa eepaop epeaa oe a pacope VT3 a T368, T3101.

Pe eo o ocooy oy ycaaaec pecopo R9. ape peoaop a acoy 47- 49 M. oyp oeopo e VT3 acpoe a pe apoy coyeoo apeoo peoaopa.

B aece ae cooa opeo pooa o 40...50 c. aya L1 aaaec pooo B-0,6 a opyce ocpoeoo oecaopa C7 coep 3...4 a. Bo ay paac eocpeceo oa oecaopa.

ce H acpaaec pecopo R3 a, o apee a oeope VT2 o pao ooe ape a. ooe ocae paoepeaa poc [1].

poco paoepea a 144 M poco yxpacop paoepea [2] peaae pao aaoe 144 M a oye oee ooo epeaa a paoa. B aae eepaope peec ape peoaop a 48 M, oyp L1C2 acpoe a y e acoy. Ha pacope T oe ypoe aco. aya L1 aoaa a apace aepo 12,7 , oa coep 8 o pooa B 0, , oo oe o cepe. aya L2 coep o pooa 1,3 a apace aepo 8 , aya L3 coco pex o pooa 1,3 .

Tpacop T1 a T315, pacop T2 a T603.

Paoepea c cpoao acoo 145,68 M.

Hoaa ooc oo ycpoca ooo 0,7 B, ea aco 6 . B cxee cooa epe poo co cpoe ycee. oe paopoc pe peec acoa aya oppe yooo caa, ocyaeo a oepao yce DA1 a P14072. opao pao O eoxoo yopoe ae, ooy pecopa R1, R2, R3 coaec cyccea cpe oa cxe. B e opao c O ea e opao c o ocooy oy. p cao p opao ape o pooa apee a xoe O eeo, o VD1 VD2 ap. p oe xooo caa e opeeeoo ypo o opac epe x e opao c oaec pecop R5. p o oe epea O yeaec. Ta opao paoae opeccop, oppepy xoo ca o aye. poe oo, e OOC e ee R6 - R8, C5-C7, oope pepaa yce a p e oocy aco o 450 o 2500 , opoa eeaee oex. C xoa O epe eoy C8, R9, R10 ca ocyae a apa VD3 VD4 a B109A.

Bapa e oceoaeo eoco ee e apeoo eepaopa e eo acoy cooec c eee yooo caa. aa eepaop oe a pacope VT1. B ao cxee coyec ape peoaop ZQ1 a acoy 24,28 M.

B oeopo oype pacopa eec ypoeoe aee aco - 72,84 M. oyp L1, C acpaaec a pe apoy apa. C ayo oo oypa yo ca xo apaaoo aacoo yoe aco, paoaeo a ex apoax.

oe oe a pacopax VT2 VT3, a oopx oe aya L2.1 L2.2. oocoo p a eeax L4, C17, L3, C19 a xoe yoe ee apee acoo 145,68 M, oopoe c ac o ay L3 ocyae a xo yce ooc a pacope VT4. O paoae pee AB c eo apee cee, oyae o apaepecoo caaopa ape a oe VD7. ceoe apee epe C25 ocyae aey. Aeo cy eepoo paop c ae copoee 75 O. B oypax epeaa ceye cooa oecaop c a TE. Beco oepaooo yce P14072 oo cooa 140708, 14012 c cooecy e oppe.

Tpacop VT1-VT3 a T3117A, capo VD5 - C191, o VD1, VD2, VD7 a 522A. Tpacop xooo acaa T610 (VT4) oo ae a T913, T925. aye L1, L2 cooa acaccoe apac aepo 5 c ocpoeo eppa ap 20B.

aya L1 ee 10 o, L2 - 6+6 o pooa B- 0,31. Ocae ay epeaa ecapace, aepo 5 , L3 coep 1,5 + 3,5 a, L4 - 5 o. Bce o aoa pooo B-2 1,0 . Hacpoy epeaa aa c acpo oypo p oo peoacoo ooepa. Baae oac acao ay ape c acoo 72-73 M oype L1, C15. ae oceoaeo acpaa oyp L4, C17 L3, C19 o acyy ape 144...145 M. ooeo p acpoe ao oopa oa pecopa R12 a, o ee oe ye xooe apee epeaa.

poe aacpy pecopo R15 o acaoy oae ape 72...73 M a eo xoe. B eox peeax acoy ecye epeaa oo e ocpoo oecaopa C9. Ocae paoepeaa peeo [1] B M paoepea a 144 M Bxoa ooc ocaeoo paoepeaa ooo 1, B a apye copoee 60 O.

aa eepaop c apeo caae aco oe a pacope T1. oceoaeo c ape e apa, c oo oopoo pooc acoa oy paoepeaa, aaoe ceee a apa oaec c ee R8, R9. ape peoaop cooa a acoy 72...73 M (pe exaeca apoa). Ha pacope T2 copa yoe aco. Bxoo aca oe a pacope T3, eo o cxee c o epo. aya L5 ece c oecaopo c C12 eoc oeopoo epexoa opay xoo - oyp.

B epeae pee pacop T313 (T1), T603 (T2), T606 (T3). ae aye pee ae. Bce pocce paoepeaa oe a eppox ocpoex cepeax e yoc 1...2 .

opooc ooe acpo paoepeaa oca [ 3].

ae aye paoepeaa pee ae ay co apac aep pooa o L1 7 8X17 0, L2 5 8X12 0, L3 4 5X7 1, L4 14 4X14 0, L5 4 7X16 2, ao epea a 144 M aa eepaop paoepeaa copa a poo ac a 1 o cxee eoco pexo. acoa oea eepaopa capoaa ape. oyp L1C C2 acpoe a acoy 36 M, o cooecye o apoe apa. B aoo e eepaopa eec ca c acoo 72 M - opo apo aaeo eepaopa. Bxoo aca oe a ae 2, paoae pee yoe aco, oyp L3C9 acpoe a paoy acoy, c epeaa c aeo aopacopaopa. opo po a 1 coyec aece oyopa. Hapee yoo aco epe peyop oaec a cey poa ycaec. Moy pooc e ce xooo acaa. o coco oy e oaec coo eoc, o pa coopae poco cxe. Heoxooe apee a xoe yce cocae 10 - 200 B. aya L1 aoaa a apace aepo 8 coep 10 o pooa 0,7 , aya L2 ee 6 o pooa 0,7 a ao e apace. pocce p1 ee 40 o pooa O 0,15 , aoa o a pecope BC - 0,25 c yae poo coe. aya L3 ecapaca, coco yx o ocepepeoo pooa aepo 1 , ype aep ao 12 , a 10 . Oo cea o 0, a. ooee acpoa epeaa opoo oca [ 4].

B M epea a 144 M (B M paoca) Mpoo yce epeaa paoca oe a pocxee DA1, apyeo o opaee VD1,VD2, oo ea epeoy yooo caa. aea ac apo opaeoo yooo caa ocaec - opa po x aco L1C5C6, c acoo cpea ooo 3 . Opoa yoo ca oaec a apa VD3, e oceoaeo c ape peoaopo aae eepaope epeaa. ocooe apee cee a apae peypy epee pecopo R4. p o eox peeax (10...20 ) epecpaaec xoa acoa epeaa. Heoxo ec oy ycaaa pecopo R2, p o ea aco ye a ypoe 5 - 7 . aa eepaop epeaa copa o pexoeo cxee c eoco opao c a pacope VT1, oop oyaec a ocoo acoe apeoo peoaopa 9,0...9,1 M. Moo a e cooa peoaop a aco 12,0 - 12,17 M 18,0...18,25 M. oyp L2C14 acpoe a acoy 36 M.

Ca acoo 36 M epe paeee oecaop C12,C13, ocyae a yoe aco, copa a pacope VT2. ocpoe oecaopo C12 oo peypoa ypoe caa, oaaeoo a ocae y epeaa. p o pacop paoa pee acca C, oecea coy eoc yoe aco co pee yce. oyp L3C17C18C acpoe a acoy 72 M.

Ee o yoe aco copa a pacope VT3. Eo oeopa e ee ca acoo 144 M. ye pa ec peea yxoypa e. C ooa ay epoo oypa L4C20 ca poxo a opo oyp L5C22C23, cya coacoa yce ooc, oop oe a a pacope VT4. Bxoa ooc epeaa ooo 2,5 B p oe opee 300 A. Bxoo oyp epeaa opaoa aya L6, L7 ocpoe oecaopa C26C27, oop eo acpaa peoac coacoa c aeo. Bxooe copoe epeaa peeax 50...75 O. Haaae epeaa opoo ocao [ 5 ].

pocee aeo epeaa oe cy p o 0,25 c eepoo "caao", peopaa aeae oa a oey ae, oo y ae o 0,5..aep p "caaa" e p, aopa cooac opeo paeoo cep aepo 6 opeo py o ecoca. peee opye ae oe , eaeca aa oa xo yp caaa e c oa oo ooo o oe oe ae, oce oe poxo yp py a.

Paoepea a eaee B aao Paoepea aaoa 67 - 73 M Paoepea c M B aaoe aco 61 - 73 M Bxoa ooc epeaa p ape a 9-12B pepo 20 B. O oeceae aoc epea o 150 p cooa pea yceoc B. Pe pacopo o ocooy oy aac pecopa R3 R4. Hapee 1,2 B a x a poo oaec c apaepecoo caaopa a R4, C1, VD1.

Moypy yce oe a pacope VT1 a T315. Hapee yoo aco ocyae c epeoo pooa, ae c oeopa pacopa VT1 yceoe apee epe p R5, C5, R7 oaec a apa VD a B109A. Bapa e oceoaeo c ocpoe oecaopo C8 epy e pacopa VT2. acoa oea aaeo eepaopa a pacope VT2 opeeec eea oypa L1, C6, C eoc C8 VD1.

Beco oa VD1 a A307 oo cooa o pyo, p oceoaeo ex oa 522.

aya L1 ecapaca, aepo 8 , ee 6 o pooa B 0,8 .

p aaa epea acpaa a coo yaco aaoa cae pacee o ay oecaopo C8. B aece ae cooa opeo pooa o 60 c.

Ocae paoepeaa poc [1].

Paoepea c pooooco M aaoe aco 65...108 M o epea paoae aaoe 65...108 M c pooooco acoo oye, o ooe pa ca a o M pe. aoc ec ocae 150...200 . Hoaco ca c xoa pooa epe oecaop C1 ocyae a yce (VT1 T315). C oeopa VT1 yce ca epe pocce p1 oecye a apa VD1 (B109A), oop pooc acoa oy paocaa.

eepaop B copa a pacope VT2 (T315).acoa oo eepaopa ac o apaepo oypa C3, C4, C5, C6, L1, VD1. Ca B, cae c oeopa VT2, ycaec ycee ooc a pacope VT3 (T368). ceoe cooacooe apee eec a poccee p2 ocyae a - opa oyp, oe a eeax C10, C11, L2. oyp acpoe a poycae ocooo caa oaee oeca apo, oax a oeope pacopa VT3. B aece ae coyec opeo pooa o 25 c. Bapa VD1 oo ae a apa c py ye eco a B 102A.

Tpacop VT1, VT2 oo pe T3117, T3102, pacop VT3 aeec a T326, T363. pocce P1 P2 aoa a pecopax MT-0,25 copoee e eee 100 O coepa o 60 o pooa B-0.1 .

ay L1 L2 ecapace, aepo 5 , aya L coep 3 a, L2 - 13 o pooa B-0,3 . acoy aaeo eepaopa acpaa oecaopo C5, acao ooc oac pacee cae o ay L2. Ocae paoepeaa poc [1].

Paoepea cpee ooc c oao paoo aeo cpoco paoae aaoe 63...73 M c acoo oye. aoc ec p cooa paoo ae cocae ooo 150 .

Ca c pooa M1 ycaec yxaca ycee o aco c eocpece c a pacopax VT1 VT2 a T315. Pe pao yce ycaaaec pecopo R2. aa eepaop epeaa copa a pacope VT3 (T315), acooaa oyp oaec ae VT3 epe oecaop C6. oecaop C8, C9 opay e opao c. oyp eepaopa opaoa yoc L1, eoc oecaopa C5 eoc yx oo a 102, ex cpeo py pyy. o ece oypyeo ape eoc oo ec, ocyec acoy oy epeaa. ce ooc B oe a pacope VT4 a T3117A. O paoae pee acca C c co . ce ca ocyae paoy aey, oey e cpa. Cpa oe e y opy, ao oo, o oa a pooa cocaa 85-100 c, aep pooa 1. pocce p1 p2 oo a, c yoc 30 , ay L1, L2, L3, L4, L5 - ecapace, aepo 10 . aya L1 ee 7 o, L L4 - o 4 a, L3 L5 - o 9 o. Bce ay aoa pooo B 0,8 . Ocae ycpoca poc [1].

B M paoepea c aoc ec o 300 aa eepaop oo epeaa oe a oeo pacope VT2 a 303. acoa eepa opeeec eea L1, C5, C3, VD2. acoa oy pooc apao VD2 a B109. Paoa oa apaa aaec apee co caaopa a pacope VT1 a 103, capoe VD1 a C147A oecaope C2.

ce ooc oe a pacope VT3 a T368. Paoa oa yce opeeec pecopo R4.

B aece ae cooa opeo pooa o 15...50 c. pocce p1 p2 - e, yoc 100 . ay L1 L2 aaac a ocpoox apacax aepo 5 c ocpoe cepea 100B 50B. oeco o - 3,5 c ooo o cepe, a ao 1 , poo B 0,5 .

Beco pacopa 303 oo cooa 302, 307.

Hacpoa epeaa aaec ycaoe aco oecaopo C5, oye acao ooc oopo pecopa R4, ocpoe peoaco aco oypa oecaopo C10. Ocae paoepeaa poc [1].

Paoepea c coo caoc aco p cooa apeoo peoaopa c coo acoo oec oooc coa epea c coo caoc ecye aco. Paopoo, oca e, paoae c acoo oye aaoe aco 61...74 M.

Ca c pooa ycaec yxaca ycee a pacopax VT1 VT2 a T315. aa eepaop oe a pacope VT3 a T368. acoa oy oeceaec apao VD2. Pecop R6 R aoo e pacopa VT3 opee eo pe o ocooy oy. oecaop C9 ycaaae eoxo pe eepa, oecea ooey opay c.

Caoc aco eepaopa co ac o ape a, ooy ao cxee peea caa ape paoe o pacopa VT2, o oopoo ac apee aaoo cee a apae VD2, a ceoaeo, eo aaa eoc.

Hapee ocyae a VT2 epe pecop R4 c apaepecoo caaopa a pecope R2 ceooe VD1 oecaope C1. pocce p1 P2 e yoc 20...30 , x oo aoa a pecopax MT-0,25 copoee e eee 100 O pooo B 0, . Bo oo 50...60. aya L1 aoaa pooo B 0,8 a apace aepo 8 coep 6 o.

aya L2 aoaa e e pooo coep 3 a, paeex a pacco 1 o ay L1 a o e apace. Aea oea cey opao: opeo 50 ooo ae o 10...12 c aaec o o eo yaec epaa a. o ce e opea ae aaaec o y poo B 0,6 apeec ao a oax. oopo R4 ycaaa a oeope pacopa VT2 apee, paoe ooe aeo. oecaop C9 opa o acyy oa, opeeoo eepaopo, a ae pecopo R6 o o ycaaa pa 10 A.

Paoepea oo ooc aaoa 67...73 M epea ee ooc ooo 1 B, oe o caapo cxee e ee ax - o ocoeoce.

p ea ooc eo oo ye, pe xoo acae pacop T904A. p acpoe paoepeaa pecopo R11 ycaaa o opee xooo acaa a ypoe 170...200 A.

ay L1, L2 aoa a eppox oax opaepa 6X4X2 400 HH, e o 30 o pooa 0,1 .

Ocae ay paoepeaa ecapace, L3 ee 7 o pooa B 0,5 a opae aepo 7 .

aya L4 coep 6 o pooa B 0,5 , c ooo o cepe, L5 L6 - o 6 o pooa B 0,35 c ao ao 1 a opae aepo 4 . L7 coep 2 a pooa 1,0 c ao ao 2,5 , a opae aepo 5 . oecaop e a pacopa VT ee eoc 15 . Moa, acpoa eaa aa ycpoca pee [ 2 ].

Paoepea aaoa 88....108 M (FM) Paoepea c M B aaoe aco 88...100 M Bxoa ooc epeaa p ape a 9...12B pepo 20 B. O oeceae aoc epea o 150 p cooa pea yceoc B. Pe pacopo o ocooy oy aac pecopa R3 R4. Hapee 1,2 B a x a poo oaec c apaepecoo caaopa a R4, C1, VD1.

Moypy yce oe a pacope VT1 a T315. Hapee yoo aco ocyae c epeoo pooa, ae c oeopa pacopa VT1 yceoe apee epe p R5, C5, R7 oaec a apa VD a B109A. Bapa e oceoaeo c ocpoe oecaopo C8 epy e pacopa VT2. acoa oea aaeo eepaopa a pacope VT2 opeeec eea oypa L1, C6, C eoc C8, VD1. Beco oa VD1 a A307 oo cooa o pyo, p oceoaeo ex oa 522. aya L1 ecapaca, aepo 8 , ee 6 o pooa B 0,8 . p aaa epea acpaa a coo yaco aaoa cae pacee o ay oecaopo C8.

epea oo acpo a aao 88...100 M, oo ao ye co o o 5 eoc oecaopo C6 C7 o 10 . B aece ae cooa opeo pooa 60 c.

Paoepea c M aaoe aco 100...108 M 1.8.

o paopoo paoae aaoe aco 100...108 M c acoo oye. aoc pea caa cocae ooo 50 . ae ycpoca ocyecec o coa a o 1,5 o 9 B. epea coco ooacaoo yce yoo aco ooacaoo eepaopa coo aco. aa eepaop copa o caapo cxee. acoa ecye opeeec eea C4, C5, L1 eepo eoc pacopa VT2. Moypy yce oe a pacope VT1 a T315. ce ca epe oecaop C2 ocyae a ep pacopa VT a T315. eee eoc aa-ep VT ocyece acoy oy aaeo eepaopa. C oecaopa C6 B ca ocyae aey, aece oopo coyec opeo pooa o 10...40 c.

aya L1 ecapaca, aoaa a opae aepo 3 coep 4 a pooa B-0,6 , a ao 2 .

Hacpoa paopooa aaec ca pace o ay L1 pea caa cooo o eaex ca yace B aaoa eaeoo pea.Ocae ycpoca poc [1].

Mo paoepea aaoa 65 - 108 M.

aoc ec oo epeaa p cooa oao ae ooo 100 , p peo aee aoc opacae o 500 .

Ca c pooa ocyae a yxaca yce c eocpece c a pacopax VT1 VT2 a T315. Paoa oa yce opeeec e opao c o ocooy oy epe C3, R5, R6. C oeopa VT yce ca epe p o aco a eeax C4, R9, R10 ocyae a apa VD1 a B 109, e epy e pacopa VT3 a T904. Hapee cee a apa VD1 aaec oeop apee pacopa VT2. Hapee cee a ae VT3 ycaaaec pecopo R11, oeopo e pacopa axoc oyp C8, C9, L1.

acoa acpo eepaopa ac o yoc L1 eoce C8, C5, VD1. oecaop C9 ycaaae yy opao c, a oecaop C10 coacye oyp C8, C9, L1c aeo. pocce p1 ee yoc 60 , aoa a pecope MT-0,25, coep 100 o pooa B 0,1. aya L1 - ecapaca, c ype aepo , coep 7 o pooa B 0.8 . oaa aea oea e e pooo, a pooa 50 c, aep ay 3 c. Ec coyec p, o eo a 0,7 - 1 .

p acpoe oecaopo C8 ycaaa acoy epeaa, ae oecaopa C9 C10 acpaa acay aoc c. opooe ocae paoepea poc [1].

Bcooca paoepea cpee ooc cpoco paoae aaoe B M 63...108 M c acoo oye, aoc ec o 300 .

aa eepaop oe a pacope VT1 a T368.

ape peoaop oe a acoy o 22 o M, p o acoa epeaa ye p paa e.

oyp L1 C1 acpoe a pe apoy peoaopa.

ape peoaop oe ae pacopa VT1 apay VD1 paoae o ocopo cxee, coca c eoc C5 oypo eocy pexoy, o oeceae coy caoc aco. Moypy yce oe a oepaoo ycee DA1 a P14072. Ha eo xo ocyae ca c pooa M1.

Pe pao O aaec pecopa R1, R4, R3. O oeceae a xoe ecae ca c ayo o 3 B, p cooa apaa a B104A oo ocaoo oce ea aco ooo 40...50 ,.

Mpocxey oo ae a 1401208, 140608 - ocee cyae pecop R3 oo c.

pooypoa o acoe ca c oypa L1 C1 epe ayy c L2 ocyae a xo yce ooc, oeoo a pacope VT2 a T610A. ce paoae pee accaC. O ycae ca o 150 B.

B aece ae peea aya L3, aepo 3 c coepae 7 o pooa B 0,8 . a ao ay L3 - 5 c. Moo pe oy aey e p pooa o 1.

pocce p1 aoa a pecope MT-0,25 coep o pooa B 0,1 . ay L1 L2 aoa a ocpooo apace aepo 5 c ay cepeo coepa cooeceo 10 5 o pooa B 0,31 . Paoepea opoo oca [1].

Cco epayp, cooao p cocae copa aa 1. epea aaoa 3,5 M 1,8 M.

1. Pao, 1988 . 2, c. 2. Pao, 1973 . 5, c. 3. Pao, 1969 . 1, c. 4. ye ocpy 29 ca OCAAԔ, M. 5. Pao, 1981 . 5-6, c. 6. C.. Ma,Paocxe, M. 1974 .

7. Pao,1983 . 10, c. 8. Pao,1980 . 3, c. 9. Pao, 1969 . 4 c. 10. Moec - ocpyop, 1981 . 7 cp. aa 2. epea aaoa 27...28 M 1.oce y ycpoca a oeo, C.,1996 .

2.Paoeeo, M.,1989 , 3.Pao, 1982 . 8, c. 4.Pao, 1984 . 6, c. 5.Paoe, 1992 . 2 c.. 6.M.E. Baceo Paoeca eeexaa, M.,1986 .

7.Pao, 1976 . 9 c. 8.Pao, 1975 . 2 c. aa 3. epea aaoa 144 M 1. oce y ycpoca a oeo, C.,1996 .

2. Pao, 1975 . 4 c. 3. Pao, 1974 . 10 c. 4. Pao, 1972 . 12 c. 5. Pao, 1989 . 10 c. aa 4. epea eaex aaoo 1. oce y ycpoca a oeo, C.,1996 .

2. Paoe, 1992 . 5 c. Cop cocae 04 1997 oa.




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