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paa popa 2-e ae pooo, aop cxoe ec a e C pc aep pecoe cop epayp o popa ooo oa. Cepeoc, oeo ...

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pyo pooo, peoe o ayo [322], ooe poce pae, oop ae c oea. Oao, op pec poo oopo, c eaeo ooae. o o xo e pe a pae opo c o co paee.

Ee o, oee co pooo, pea eoope x poe oo a [770, 771]. Cy ecye ae pooo, coy p co o a [219]. pyo pooo, oop, a yepaec, oxo pyoacax opo, pee [585]. A [347] ooe pae e oocoa.

pooo oocoa paoa, o ae oea poay oyy ooco. oa oyae oe yepe, o poae pooocye, a oea, cy y ooca caoc ee cee. P poo oo cpoepoa e oepe, e oo pae oaa oy-o ee, o o p o oocoa opeee opao [117, 1170, 1372].

6.2 eoace ce c eco yaca eoace ce c eco yaca peca coo pooo, c oo oop o o pya e oe opeee opao c y ox epeex. a pye oeceae oy ecoo epeex. Peya ce caoc ec aoy pye, o oy e ec ae, peocaee py ea py, ec o e ec oe peyaa ce. He peeo ecoo pepo:

pomoo l a oe pya e c co cpe apay e oo, o apaa ooo caa eca pyoy?

(1) Aca oae cepeoe cyaoe co cye coe apa, pye peya op o oa ocae eo oy.

(2) o pacpoae peya co ap o. O oae cyy coe apa oye oy o Ac ae, pye peya op o po ocae eo po.

(3) po pacpoae peya co ap o. Oa oae cyy coe apa o y eoy o oa ae, pye peya op o a ocae eo y.

(4) pacpoae peya co ap o. O oae cyy coe apa o y eoy o po ae, pye peya op o Ac ocae eo Ace.

(5) Aca pacpoae peya co ap o. Oa ae cyaoe co, paeoe a ae (1), oya cyy cex apa.

(6) Aca e peya a co e ( ao cyae a epe) oe peya.

o pooo opayeae, o a yac ece - o xo oy ocoa, o cey poooy. Ec o yaco coe o coe apae, cpe apaa ye paccaa epao.

oee cepea poea coco o, o Aca oe caa oo peya. Oa oe ec a ae (5) oe co, oopoe ee ycpaae, o o o e yae. oea Ace cea o oo, opeoa o ee py ee cyaoe co c oo oo cxe pye a paea 4.9, o oa oa opoe coe cyaoe co oe poooa o coe ya ee apay.

pomoo Aca o ece pecopae cop o o, o cape. Ho, oao, e xoe coo pyoy co opac. a x o poea co opac a yo oepeo epao copoe (apep, oay), o o cpa ca ye o peya Ace, oy.

peeoo poooa ec e poe. Bo epx, cee cocooc cpeeo oa e oo ey opaoa cya oee co e opeeee oeo yx ce. o opx, ec Aca o eceo aoc o coxpae coe opa ae, poc y o oaa ae c epao oo, o o eo e paoa yey.

popa c op a peaae cyeceo eee ecoe peee. Cyecye po o o, cooec c oop Aca, a aee a, o, a b, oy coeco opee epo , o a

oeo, o pooo e a o ax oeo. Ho e coe oea Ace ( oy, aa paa) coa o coe opace. Ec o oepo popao, oopa ceo ceoaa poooy, Aca oa ya eo opac (ec opaco oepo popa opeo pee c oea ee aca c oea ee ayca?), oopo o pooo. Aca oa y a a, o ee opac - 60 e. a, o oa cape, oa oa o pooo coa, yaa, o ee o pac - 30 e. a, o o cape, oa oa coa o pooo, yaa, o ee opac - 45 e, a aee, oa Aca e yae opac oa c o yo e cee ooc.

p yco, o yac e oaa ceao, o pooo eo pacp ecox yaco. oe oeco e oe opee opo x opaco c oo oceoaex ecx pee poooa, ao yac e coe ya opac pyoo.

pomoo Aca pac aac c e ee. B poecx aax oa aoe eco a a paope co. Oa eca cecc cox pe, o c yooce a oo-y, o pae c x... ... opa .

B Cye eoacx ce c eco yaca cpoepoa pooo oox e. M ayepoa ea cco x pcpac o "apacx ypaeo" o "ox poo". Paeee oeo e c, Aca o oy yacoa eoaco poooe c e co yaca. O ece oy opee, ec y x oe p. Ec ec, o o ycpec oooy cac. Ec e, o o o eoaco paccac, coxpa yepeoc, o x p ocac ae. Ho, ae Cya eoacx ce c eco yaca, o a e yae o x pcpacx.

Bo a o paoae:

(1) C oo ooapaeo y Aca xpye co py a ceay cpoy.

(2) coy y ceay cpoy a eeo oep, Aca o o oy oepy ocae c o oee oy. Ec o e oeae, oep e ocyaec. Aca pee ooapaey y eeooy oepy o ex op, oa e aec o-y, o oxa pooo.

(3) Aca cooae oy, coo pa e poc pe ooapaey y coe p e.

(4) o xpye co py coo e pa. O ae coye ceay cpoy a eeo oep cpaae eoea a pyo oe pooa, e eo cooe.

Opae ae, o y oa ec oooc cp c cooae paoo opoo eca.

O oe xpoa pacpocpaee p oo o oyeyc eeoy, paca coo e eo. o pooo peao paoae oo aoe cpe epao -a ocaooo ca oox opx eco cooe.

Tae cyecye aeaec pooo, oxo a pooo 2. Aca ae a, o ae b, o ece ac opee, epo , o a = b, pe a, o o eo e ya o a, a Aca - o b.

opooc oo a paee 23.14.

pomoo Bo pya poea eoacx ce co o yaca [1373]: coe ce peypo cpeaec, o ao pooocoa o eoop opoca. (Bce ope, o ypa po - e oope oy, o a pooopc.) Bce e coea oy oocoa "a" "e". poe oo, e copo oaa "cyep-ee": 5-a 5-e. O e oa cooa "cyep-ee" , ec xo, oy ocooac o ee. Ec o e coye "cyep-ee", o opoc peaec poc oco ooco. B cyae pee ooo yx aex "cyep eee" ce oe ooca oppyc. B cyae yx poopeax opoc peaec oco ox ooco. Ha ye pooo, oop aeo ocyece ay opy oocoa.

Ceye a pepa cppy poecc oocoa. yc yacy ox paee, o N1 o N5, a cyeppae: S1 S2. Bo oocoae o opocy 1:

S1 S2 N1 N2 N3 N4 N Cyep-a e e e e a a B o pepe ecye oo o "cyep-ee" S1, peya oocoa - "a". A o ooc o ae o opocy 2:

S1 S2 N1 N2 N3 N4 N Cyep-a Cyep-e e e e a a B o pepe a "cyep-ee" epay py pya, opoc peaec oco o x "e".

Ec e peyec cp opa o o, o cyepee pea, o o pocoe peee eoacoo poooa oocoa. Cope o opa opeye oee cooo e o acoo poooa ce c eco yaca.

o oocoa oe poo peao . o oe ac opaaoo cpy y p opopa, e eoope oaa oe ac e pye, ac poeyp OOH, e o ocyapca e oee aee, e pye.

eycoe eonace npomoo c ecouu yacmuau o oo ac cya oe eope: a y c n xoa oe cea n poa cocoo, oop oo ce ya aee y, o oe oeco poo, eee, e n/2, e coe oy ao ooeo opa, e ceye x cocex xoo peyaa ce. opooc oo a [136, 334, 1288, 621].

eonaca oea cxe Bxo Ac - a, a oa - b. O ece xo c eoopy y f(a,b) a, o Aca e coa eo ya o xoe oa, a o - o xoe Ac. aa poea eoacx ce c e co yaca ae aaec eoaco oeo cxe. Aca o oy coa poo y oecy cxey. a cxea oyae a xo ae Ac oa ae peya. eoaca oea cxe ec poooo, oop peaye ceye p peoa :

1. Aca oe ec coe aee a, o o e coe eo ya.

2. o oe ec coe aee a, o Aca e coe eo ya.

3. Aca, o oy c peya, pe oe copo yy yee o, o peya pae e oacoa oo copoo.

ea poooa eoaco oe cxe oo a [831].

6.3 Aoa pooeaea epeaa cooe Ba e yacc ooea c oae popao e oaac cpe oecoeo epea. B [321] ay o poey oeax popao :

Tp popaa c a oeo coe o pexeoo pecopae. x oa cooae , o ep o e p eoxoe ep, o ce oo o oa aoo. a oe o aa o p o pao NSA. Tp popaa oe yaa pao aoo x aa aoo, o xoeoc a, a a NSA.

a popaa Ace, oy po ya, e aa a oe o-y x, o e pe e apy aooc aea? ay peae poey:

a popa pocae eceey oey, ppc co e, ey popao cpaa o e o a, o oo o oe oy e peya. ae a popa poo oe, yaa e oe - oa eo oa eo eoo cocea - a oy a pae copo. Ec ae - o popao, o eo yep e e pooooo oy, o o . Heeoe co aex pa a coo yaae, o oe oaae popa;

eoe co pa - o NSA (p yco, o oe oe oae oo o pa). Oao, ec oe oaae popa, o yx pyx e yae ceax ae, o e opeo o a oe.

o ye, a o paoae, oopae, o Aca aec o, o yx pyx popao aa a oe (p yco, o e oa e NSA). Ec oa e pax oe, o o oa pyx popaa (o po) caa, "oaoe" oa caa, "pae". (oe, eeoe co p opao, oopx "pae" yaae, o oa o-o x.). Ec oa caa "pae", o ae - popa, c e ceo oee, peya poca oopo o e, o y cpo oe (poeo ey oo po). Ec oa caa "oaoe", o ae - popa, c e ceo oee, peya poca oopo oaec o peyaa poca cpo oe. Oao, ec Aca e oaox oe, o o caa, "oaoe", a po - "pae", o caa "pae", a po - "oaoe". Ec cpa oea - aa e a e e e oe, o a e - popa, oop caa, "pae". Ec cpa oea oa o x e yx oe, o ae - popa, oop caa "oaoe". o opee, o a, o cex x cyax Aca oa a peya poca oe ey oo po.

o pooo oe ooe a oe oeco popao, oope c o pyy poca oe ey coo. aa apa popao oe pooo. oeo, o a, o a, o o o, aa a poooo oe caa oo, o aa o popao NSA, o e co e yaa, ao popao a.

peee oo poooa xo aeo a pee oeeoo coa. Bo pep eycooo o pae eoceaeoo opae. pya ooaee ce oe cooa o pooo opae aox cooe.

(1) ooae yopoac o pyy.

(2) epe peype epa pee cocee ap ooaee poca ey coo oey, co y ao-y eoac o oyeo pooo poca "eco" oe.

(3) oce aoo poca a ooae oe o "oaoe", o "pae".

Ec Aca xoe epea pooeaeoe cooee, oa poco aae eppoa coe ye p ee ex payax, oope cooecy 1 oo pecae ee cooe. Hapep, ec ee cooee o "1001", oa eppye ee yepee, coo pay, coo pay, ae epp y e coa yepee. p yco, o peyao ee poco o "pae", "oaoe", "oaoe", "oaoe", oa ye oop "oaoe", "oaoe ", "oaoe", "pae".

Ec Aca aeae, o o peya poooa e cooecye cooe, oopoe oa poye o ca, oa oae, o o e pe o-o ee aec oca cooee. Toa oa pepaae e peay cooe ae cyaoe oeco payo epe oepeo oo. Toe apaep o paoa a ocoe paa cooe ce, o e ocaoo oa.

o cea eo ee oee epec, cooe oy apoa op o p y oo ooae. ae, oa a pae cooee (paeca peaa oa a caape aoo ooa cooe), oo opeee oyae coe pacpoa poec cooee. Ho pyo eo e yae po aopa cooe e coe opee oyae cooe. ae ec yacc pacpoa ca cooe, o aa paa, ocea copa op eooaecoo oea, ecoe e.

Aepao poca oe ey coce copoa oo cooae aa cya x o. Booo, copo o xpa a a CD-ROM, o e ap o eeppoa ay o oca x pyo copoe (oeo, apoao e). , o o ooopc cooa coeco popaec eoac eepaop ceocyax ce, a x co eeppoa poooa y e cay oceoaeoc ceocyax o.

poeo oo poooa ec o, o xo oea yac e coe a ax c o oe, o oe eaeo cop c ccey, ocoo oaa a ae (3). Cyecye o a peyeo poooa, ooa oapy peeco [1578, 1242]. a poea aaec "Oeae popa coee ".

6.4 epoe ae Hae e - o poea. Papaae x oc, o cococy pacpocpae poo, oy pac x y Bac. e pee apo ye oeco ax ee, oopaa x c oece, o ooe yaee ax ee aec eooo. oo oa e pooe;

o p o apoa oece ee oa oo e oyc. e pee apo oo p o ce, e oee cpc o oo, oy a e.

C pyo copo, e pee apo oo opac ay y a o a pee. B oa e oyc , o o c xoa a a o a, o oece oy poce a acoe oepa. O oy e, e oyaee a, e oyaee ey, oy oe o eeoy, ce o e opac o cox oepx epao. o ye a co aooc, o a co e a.

cac, cyecye co pooo, oop papeae cooae aepex, o eocea e x cooe. oc Aca oe epea epoe e opeccey oy a, o ae peopep Ea eo e yaa o Ace. o oe ae oc epoe e a co ao c ce, ae ec a e ee o Ace aoo pecae. Ho ec Aca poye oya oa a y e cay op epox ee, oopy oa cooaa oya oa, oa ye oapyea ao. ec o poye oc op epox ee a a pax cea, o ye oapyeo, o o, a Aca, ocaec o ao. oa o aaec ao epo ea, o oo o o x o oceaex epox ee, a pe x apoe.

B oox eax cyecye oa oecea eoxooc. C poco cooa Internet oepecx oepa pace opeoc cepeoc epeaaeo o ce opa aooc p ee e. (eec eao p oo, o oaac oca oep x peo apo o Internet.) C pyo copo, a paeca, o oy, e oea ycy opo a copee aoc ccea. Xo pec o cea. Bce, o opeyec, o e poe e o oy, - o oee eoopoo acyaeo oep ypee, eaeo peopaoa p peae e.

pooo epox ee oe co. ae a a ao ocpo o x. oee o poo o o poooe oo poa [318, 339, 325, 335, 340]. Ho oe, o oo o poo o o epox ee, cyecy pye.

pomoo epe ecoo poooo peca coo ece aao popaecx poooo.

Cey pooo ec ypoe ec poooo aox eex eo :

(1) Aca oo 100 aox eex eo o $1000 a.

(2) Aca aae a x co opoao ya 100 pax oepo ooc ce oep a.

(3) a opae 99 oepo yeaec, o a e ca a $1000.

(4) a ocae ece ocac epaceaa oep. C oo opoao ya oc epeoc a e. a opaae epaceaa oep Ace ccae $1000 c ee cea.

(5) Aca cpae oep oae ee e poay.

(6) poae poepe aocy oc, yeac aooc eeoo ea.

(7) poae ooc ee e a.

(8) a poepe co oc ace $1000 a ce poaa.

o pooo paoae. a e ee e, oop o ocae, ooy, oa poae pece e a, a oa e yae, o o e Ac. aoap oc a yee aooc ea. A -a poooa "papea pa" (c. pae 5.1) a yepe, o epaceaa ee e - a cyy $1000 (a e $100000 $100000000). O poepe ocae 99 oepo, ooy epooc oaa aa Aco cocae oo 1 poe. oeo, a aa a oa ocaoo oo pa, ao, o e coo oea. Be ec a poco oaec oca oce e (ec Aca oaa a oae), e pay Acy, oa poo co o, oa e e oee. yee cpe co ycpae - o peoe aee.

pomoo pey pooo e ae Ace aca e a cyy, oy o aeo, o o e eae e ocepoopoa e cooa eo a. o aaec poeo oopo oa;

ee pe ee pec yco pooo:

(1) Aca oo 100 aox eex eo o $1000 a. aoy eeoy ey oa oa e yay cpoy, pay cya opao ocaoo y, o epooc c ooa o cpo py eoeo a peepeo aa.

(2) Aca aae a x co opoao ya 100 pax oepo ooc ce oep a.

(3) a opae 99 oepo yeaec, o a e ca a $1000.

(4) a ocae ece ocac epaceaa oep. C oo opoao ya oc epeoc a e. a opaae epaceaa oep Ace ccae $1000 c ee cea.

(5) Aca cpae oep oae ee e poay.

(6) poae poepe aocy oc, yeac aooc eeoo ea.

(7) poae ooc ee e a.

(8) a poepe co oc o coe ae ax yeaec, o ee e c ao yao cpoo paee e eopoac. Ec o a, a ace $1000 a ce poaa acae y ay cpoy ay ax.

(9) Ec ee e ye eopoa paee, a oaaec p eo.

Teep, ec Aca oaec pacac cepooe eeoo ea poae oaec eo poa ee e oopo, coy cepoo, a yae o o.

pomoo pey pooo aae a o oeo, o e ycaaae x oc. a e ae, o ac eoe, oop oy e (a eo e ae o Ace ), oay poaa, poae aec oay a. a eooaoc cpaec cey poooo :

(1) Aca oo 100 aox eex eo o $1000 a. aoy eeoy ey oa oa e yay cpoy, pay cya opao ocaoo y, o epooc c ooa o cpo py eoeo a peepeo aa.

(2) Aca aae a x co opoao ya 100 pax oepo ooc ce oep a.

(3) a opae 99 oepo yeaec, o a e ca a $1000, o ce cyae cpo pa.

(4) a ocae ece ocac epaceaa oep. C oo opoao ya oc epeoc a e. a opaae epaceaa oep Ace ccae $1000 c ee cea.

(5) Aca cpae oep oae ee e poay.

(6) poae poepe aocy oc, yeac aooc eeoo ea.

(7) poae poc Acy aca cyay eaoy cpoy a eeo ee.

(8) Aca oe o.

(9) poae ooc ee e a.

(10) a poepe co oc o coe ae ax yeaec, o ee e c ao yao cpoo paee e eopoac. Ec o a, a ace $1000 a ce poaa acae y ay cpoy ay ax.

(11) Ec yaa cpoa ye ec ae ax, a oaaec p ee e cpaae eaoy cpoy a eeo ee c xpao ae ax. Ec o coaa, o a yeaec, o o a ca c ea poao. Ec eaoe cpo pa, o a ae, o e copoa eoeo, oop eo oo.

B o poooe peoaaec, o poae e oe e eaoy cpoy oce oo, a Aca ae ee a eeo ee. Ha eeo ee o axoc p eox apao, o o pe o peoa opoa Aca oa ao peca oa. ee e o cea ya, oopa pec p cpaex.

Ta a poae a aoecy oce oo, a Aca opa e, poay oy cy oxo ee e. paece peaa oo poooa o opeoa o Ac ooa y accooo aapaa, oa poae ye papac c ao, oo ae, a o pocxo ceo p opaoe aee c cooae pex apoe.

Aca ae oe pcococ oy. Oa oe opa o eeoo ea opo pa, a ca y e cay eaoy cpoy a ae (7). Ec poae e ee ay ax ye oye x eex eo, o ye ee ayee. y poey ycpae cey pooo.

pomoo Ec oaec, o eoe, ca aoc e, oac oay poaa, o a oe a xoe oc oo eoea. o cea o, pec epyc o ecx aao p p o pa.

o cpa Ac epoo ee, oo ocooac eoo paee cepea.

(1) Aca oo n aox eex eo a aay cyy.

a eo coep yay cpoy, X, oyey cya opao ocaoo y, o epooc oe yx oaox cpo a peepeo aa.

Ha ao ee ec ae n ap ox cpo ea, I1, I2,..., In. (eo a, n pax ap a ao ee.) aa x ap eeppyec cey opao : Aca coae cpoy, co epay ee , apec poe cee, peyee ao. ae oa e y cpoy a e ac, coy pooo ee cepea (c. pae 3.6) pyae ay ac, coy pooo py e o.

Hapep, I37 coco yx ace: I37 I37. aa ac pecae coo ae pyex L R o, oop Acy oy opoc op, e opoe coepae oe oeo po e peo. a apa (apep, I37 I37, o e I37 I38 ), pacpae oc Ac. a L R L R eo cey opao:

Cya aa cpoa: :

Cpo ea: I1 = (I1, I1 ) L R I2 = (I2, I2 ) L R....

In = (In, In ) L R (2) Aca acpye ce n eo c oo poooa ceo oc ooc e a.

(3) a poc Acy c acpoy c n-1 eex eo yeaec, o ce o pao oop e. a poepe cyy, yay cpoy poc Acy pacp ce cpo ea.

(4) Ec a yoeope, e oapy oo oeeca, o ocae ocac aacp o a ee e. a opaae aacpoa e Ace ccae cyy c ee cea.

(5) Aca cae acpoy c ea pa eo y poaa.

(6) poae poepe aocy oc, yeac aooc eeoo ea.

(7) poae cya opao poc Acy pacp o ee, o pae oo cex cpo ea a ee. o cy, poae ae Ace cyay n-oy cpoy-ceeop, b1, b2,..., bn. ey pay ooy Ii opoe Aca, ac o ae bi, 0 1.

(8) Aca oe o.

(9) poae ooc ee e a.

(10) a poepe co oc o coe ae ax yeaec, o ee e c ao yao cpoo paee e eopoac. Ec o a, a ace yaay cyy a ce poaa a cae yay cpoy ay ax.

(11) Ec yaa cpoa ye ec ae ax, a oaaec p ee e cpaae eaoy cpoy a eeo ee c xpao ae ax. Ec o coaa, o a yeaec, o e copoa poao. Ec eaoe cpo pa, o a a e, o e copoa eoeo, oop oo o ee e. Ta a opo poae, o y e, a Ace pyy, e ep, cpoy-ceeop, a oapy, o ao-o o Aca opa ey ooy ooy poay, a pay - pyoy. Bo a o oa cpo ea oepa XOR, a opee oc Ac.

o eca epec pooo, ooy ocop a eo c pax copo.

Moe Aca coea? Ee epoe e peca coo poco cpoy o, oopy oa eo oe copoa. opa x ep pa - e poea, oa poco o pooo, ce poe e poe. poae ac e a ae (7) cyay n-oy cpoy-ceeop, Aca opoe o ey, o pay ooy ao Ii a ae (8). Ha ae (10) a ae ce ae ece c yao cpoo eeoo ea.

oa oa oaec cooa e e epoe e opo pa, poae (o e o) ac e a ae (7) pyy cyay n-oy cpoy-ceeop. Aca oa o a (8), ee oa eeeo cpeo poaa. Teep, oa poae poc e a a ae (10), a ee eo ae, o ee e c o yao cpoo ye eopoa. a cpaae ope oo cpo ea. Bepooc coae yx cyax cpo-ceeopo cocae o ac 2n, oo e cyc o ceyeo oeee. Teep a axo apy, epa ooa oopo a opa ep pa, a opa - o opo, oe a ooa oepa XOR eae Ac. Ta a yae, o oac ocooac eo a.

o o pooo e eae Ace oea, o ee oeeco o aepa ye oapyeo.

Coea, Aca e coe coxpa ae co oc. Oa e oe e yay cpoy, ay-y cpo ea, ae copc aoca oc, poae eee o ae o a ae (6).

Aca oa oac ocyy ay oxo ee e, ao, a oopo cpo e a e pacpa ee e, , ee ye, pacpa oo-o ee. Bepooc, o aa yoa po co o aa a ae (3), cocae 1 n. o e eooo, o ec pa a oeeco oc a oo cypo, Aca e ye ca cyy. oee ye co ox eo, pe ex Aco a ae (1).

Moe coea poae? Eo ac ae xye. O e oe eopoa ee e a , a ae oopoe cooae cpo-ceeopa. O e coe oea, o Acy, a a oo oa oe op y cpoy ea.

He ooe oay a o coop ey Aco poao. Ec a oca ee e c yao cpoo, o oe yepe o, o o e ye oae oo o pa.

A a ace aa? Moe o c, o ee e, oye o poaa, o ec o c a e, oop oca Ac ? Ha aax (2)-(5) Aca aea poooo ceo oc.

a e coe ca Acy e, ae ec o ooc coxpae ac ao paa. oee oo, ae oec, a poae e coy ycao oc Ac. Aca oe poc o aa y , ocaac ooc aoo, y o, o e ao.

Moe coea Ea. Ec oa coe ocya c ey Aco poao, ec oa coe opac o aa pae poaa, oa coe epo eopoa e. a pe eo , o xye, oa poae oaec eopoa co e, o o ye oe oeece. Ec Ea ypa e epoe e Ac ycee opa x pee Ac, o oeece ye oea Aca. He cyecye cocoa oea oy, o ec p cece aooc ax. Aca, poae o aa co a, a o aa co e.

Meco oo poooa e-o ey poooo c ocpeo caoocao poooo. Aca, poae oep ay o, o acaec ee, o Aca e oa oep ay cee o cox o yax.

empoe aue u ueaoe npueeue epox ax ec co ea copoa. oa e yo a oo cepeoc. Co pe, a Aca coepae eaoe pecyee [1575]:

(1) Aca pae peea.

(2) Aca oo 10000 aox eex eo o $1000 ( pyoe oeco eo yoo e o c oca).

(3) Aca acpye ce 10000 eex eo, coy pooo ceo oc. Oa ocae x a c c ypoo y peea, ec e yy oe ceye cpy :

(a) Bce 10000 eex eo o oca ao.

(b) Peya o oyoa aee.

(4) Bac coaac.

(5) Aca oyae aey, cae acpoy c eex eo aae pa x. He coy a ee, poce a ee ea.

(6) Aca ocooae peea.

aee, o a cya opao xye e p cooa x ecx ocee, apep, ax. e ecoo oaa y o opao ee aco aepa oxe.

Oao, oe cyae epoe ae e co yo pecyo. poea o, o aooc paoae oo oo copo - oyae aoe, a poae e. oee oo, poae e coe cp a oye ee. epoe ae ooy paecy opee, coo ee apaaaee, o opee, a x pae, ocaec eoo.

Peae empoe aue oaca oa, DigiCash, aee oe ac aeo oac epox ax pe a oaa pooo epox ax paoax poyax owns. Ec aepecoac , opaec DigiCash BV, Kruislaan 419, 1098 VA Amsterdam, Nethe rlands.

pyue npomoo empox aux Cyecy pye pooo epox ax, c. [707, 1554, 734, 1633, 973]. P x co ye eca opey aeay. Pae pooo epox ax oo pae a pa e aeop. aooe cce pey, o poae cac c ao p ao poae, o oe oxoe a ceo pooo pex apoe. Ec oae aa-y poea, a e pae ae, Aca e oe coea.

Aooe cce, ooe poooy 4, e pey coee ey poao ao o ooa paa ey poao oyaee. cce e oea Ace oea, o eco oo oapya ee oeeco. pooo 4 oapyae oeeco Ac, pacpa ee oc p oe oea. Aca ae o ocecx , ooy, e oeae.

pyo y coco coa ceao eeyao ap (c. Pae 24.13), coepae a ey pocxey, aaey aaee [332, 341, 387]. Mpocxea-aae xpa ay ax cex ace epox ax, opaex o eeyao ao. Ec Aca o aec copoa ae-o epoe ae opa x a, epea pocxea aae oapya ay oy e papea paa. Ta a pocxea-aae aea o eaeca e, Aca e coe cepe -ay ax e papye eeya o ap. Hae e oy oopaac ooe, oa o, aoe yy eopoa, a oe poep ae opee oea, ec pooe oa.

pooo epox ax oo pae o pyoy pay. Hoa epox oe cpoa, , coy ay ccey, ye p oe pax oao. epoe e oy cooa x cy o aaoo acya, a eopae ocao oe opae a ce.

y o coepeo oac py o pya aoo poooa epox o e c [225, 226, 227] [563, 564, 565]. Tae oo peo ccea NetCash (Ceee ae) c oee ca coca [1048, 1049]. pyo oo cceo ec [289].

B [1211] Taya Oaoo (Tatsuaki Okamoto) ayo Oxa (Kazuo Ohta) epec ec coc e ao cce epox ax :

1. Heacoc. eoacoc epox ax e ac o ecoaxoe. Hae o y epea o oep ce.

2. eoacoc. epoe ae e copoa oopo cooa.

3. Taa oc (Heoceaeoc). Taa oc ooae aea, c ey o o aee eo oya oapy eooo.

4. Aoo ae. oa ooae pacaaec a oyy epo a, p o oo ey ooaee poao oec aooo. To ec, aay e yo coe c c epa oepo opao aea ooae.

5. epeeaeoc. Hae oy epeaac py ooae.

6. eoc. aaa cya epox ax oe oeea a ac ee cy.

(oeo, oa cya oe oa coc.) Paee peee pooo yoeop peoa 1, 2, 3 4, o e yoeop peoa 5 6. P aoox cce epox ax yoeope ce peoa poe 4 [318, 413, 1243].

epa aooa ccea, yoeopa peoa 1, 2, 3 4, oxoa a oy ocax, a peoea [339]. Oaoo Oxa peo ccey, yoeopa peoa c 1 o 5 [1209], o ae peo ccey, yoeopy peoa c 1 o 6, oe ax ooo aea coc a peo 200 eaa. pya aooa ccea epox oe c oooc ee ocaa [522].

Cxea epox ax, peoea e e aopa [1211], yoeope peoa c1 o e eoxooc aoo opooo oea ax. O oe ax ooo epooo aea cocae ooo 20 oa, pooo oe oe a ecoo cey. Aop paccapa y cxey a epy eay ccey eoceaex epox ax.

Aoue peume apmou o pooo [988] a oc ea coye ecoo pax ao. a e ee ce yx pax aax. ep a, oopoy eca oc eoea, oe ac e a eo ce. Bopo a ae ea oo o ceoo (ooo oepoy cey ea p co ae).

e oe pa e opoo aa, oaa, o o ec aee cea. Ho, o a e ae oc eoea e oe ac e a eo ce. ep a ae ea epece e o opo a, e a ceoa. ae e aoo pa e. B oe eca opo a cae ce epoy ay, ep, o o eo oa. ep a epeae ce ey, ep, o o eo oa. oa e oaae ce, ep a epece ooee e o opo a.

Bce paa pooc epe ocpea, oop ecye ooo epooy eepaoy Peepy:

oaae aoce cea, pecppye cooe coae opo ce.

Oe ey eo, poao pa aa ocoo ee [988]. Ec ce e coap ac po ea, eo aooc apapoaa. Oao, o e epoe ae, a co eo oe oea. pooo ooe ea ooac peyeca pex apoe, e pacpa coe oc.

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