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БЕСПЛАТНАЯ ЭЛЕКТРОННАЯ БИБЛИОТЕКА

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«УДК [372.8+373.167.1]:802.0 ББК 74.268.1 Англ.+ 81.2. Англ.—922 В27 Серия «Английский для школьников» основана в 1997 году Авт ор- с ос т авит е л ь учитель английского языка гимназии № 1514 г. ...»

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The New Guard enters the forecourt by the north gate. As i t approaches, the Old Guard is called to attention. The New Guard is then halted to be formed into files before it ad vances to position at a slow march. Whi l e this is taking place, the band plays. Later the band leads the Old Guard back to their barracks.

The Ceremony of the Keys Every night at 9.53 the Chief Warder of the yeomen warders (Beefeaters) of the Tow er of London lights a candle lantern and then makes his way towards the Bloody Tow er. In the Archway his Escort awaits his arrival. The Chief Warder, carrying the keys, moves off wi th his Escort to the West Gate, which he locks, whil e the Escort "presents arms". Then the Middl e and Byward Tow ers are locked.

The party then returns to the Bl oody Tower Archway, and there they are halted by the challenge of the sentry. " Hal t ", he commands. " Who goes there?" The Chief Warder answers, "The keys". The sentry demands, "Whose keys?" "Queen Elizabeth' s keys", replies the Chief Warder. "Advance Queen Elizabeth' s keys, all' s wel l ", com mands the sentry.

At 10 p. m. the Chief Warder proceeds to the Queen' s House, where the keys are gi ven into the custody of the Resident Gov ernor and Major.

The Ceremony of the Keys dates back years and has taken place every night dur ing that period. Only a limited number of visitors are admitted to the ceremony each night. Appli cati on to see it must be made at least forty-eight hours in advance at the Constable' s office in the Tower.

A new tradition has been born in Brit ain. Every year a large number of ancient motor cars drive f rom London to Bri ghton.

Some of these cars look very funny. This run from London to Brighton is a colourful dem onstration. People are dressed in the clothes of those times. It is not a race, and most of the cars come to Brighton (which is 60 miles f rom London) only in the evening.

EXERCISES I. Answer the questions.

1. What are the English so proud of?

2. What formal ceremonies do you know?

3. What is the route of the duty guard?

4. How often does the Ceremony of the Keys take place?

5. Are tourists admitted to the Ceremony of the Keys?

6. What new tradition has been born in Brit ain?

7. How far is Brighton from London?

II. Complete the sentences.* 1. Great Britain has very many....

2. Foreigners coming to England are struck by....

3. The special duty of Life Guard is....

4. The changing of the Guard takes place at..., at... o'clock.

5. The men of the duty guard march from...

to....

6. The Ceremony of the Keys takes place at....

7. The Ceremony of the Keys dates back...

years.

III. Give the opposites.* 1. ancient — 2. to be on duty — 3. to open — 4. to reply — IV. Find the words and expressions that mean:* 1. to be greatly surprised 2. to go along the streets 3. to close the door 4. to answer 5. old (cars) V. Match the two halves.* 1. Every nation has...

2. The English are very proud...

3. Cavalrymen wear...

4. Their duty is to...

5. Changing of the Guard takes place...

6. The number of the troops depend on...

7. The Chief Warder of the yeomen warders makes his way towards...

8. The sentry demands:...

9. The Chief Warder replies:...

10. Application to see the ceremony must be made...

11. A large number of ancient cars drive...

12. Some of them look...

a) of their traditions.

b) guard the Queen of Great Britain.

c) at Buckingham Palace.

d) the Bloody Tower.

e) red uniforms and shining helmets.

f) its customs and traditions.

g) "Whose keys?" h) at least forty-eight hours in advance.

i) "Queen Elizabeth's keys".

j) whether the Queen is in residence or not.

k) from London to Brighton.

1) funny.

VI. True or false?* 1. The Changing of the Guard takes place ev ery Sunday at 11.30.

2. The men of the duty guard march from Buckingham Palace to the Tower of Lon don.

3. Every night the Chief Warder of the yeo men warders makes his way towards the Bloody Tower.

4. At 10 p. m. the keys are given into the custody of the Resident Governor and Ma jor.

5. The Ceremony of the Keys dates back 700 years.

6. Every year a large number of motor cars take part in a race London — Brighton.

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