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CPBHT HCTP C HH CCTTCT Cp cp c ccc B c p c c p, c c (6080 )

p p p p cp cp c cc . p pcc p c c p c cc c pc p, p p p c B.. C c cp cp c p, c cp c c pc p c Cp C .

B cp cp c c p (cp p cpp p cc c c c p pc ) p c c c p. c , c p c c c pc p p , p c c ppp p p c 6 c . . 1 c . . p p, c c p cp. c 56 c (.. cp c p c c p c p ) c, , c c. p c p c p cp p cc c c pc: c c c p c , c c?

408 C.. Cpc p pc, c , c . c , cc c c p (.. cp c ) p, p c p c p p p cp p c p p pp c p c cp , p p cc. X p c c c c pc p p.

Bp pc c. p c p pc c c ? c, , :

cc c cp cp c , c p p cc p p c c c (cc c cc c c p c cc ) p cp c c p cc. c B.. C p p cp cp c cc.

cp c, c pc c p p 10 c ( , , c p pc p pc ), p p c c c c c 1. c cp c?

c , c c, , c c: p, c c cc, pc c, pc p c p c p p p ( p p p c . p p , c 100c cc c c c p p 1520 c . c c p , c c c p c p c c , cc c, p cc c p, c p (c c c p c ) cpc . , cc, c c p p.

Cp cp c ccc p c c p ). c c c : c , c , c p cpp p cc c , c c cp c cp , p p. c cc c , cc p cpp p pc pcc cc , cp pcc , ccc c , p c p pc cc p p c pp c c , cc cp pcc pc . p, p c cc p c pc c p cp p p cc , cp c p cp c c p cc.

Bc cp . B p p p c, c cp pc , c p , c c c , cc c cp c pc . c pc c c p:

) c c (cp. . w m n p..

w m n );

) (cp. pc. . c ck );

) c (cp. p. *k cp . *k j p ).

p, p c pc p c , c p c c c cp c2. c pc c . . p cp ( c c pc pc c ), .. cp p c p. c , c p cp p p p c p, p c cp pc (. . p p pc);

, , p p ( c, p, p p, c c *mV c 1 . V c c pc c pc ), c c cc.

410 C.. Cpc .. p *p r p p p. *p r p, c c ( pc p cc c), c p . *p r p, p. *p r c p. p r p p (c. [C:, 27]), pc c c c c c c p c . c p c cc p cpp p p p p c c , p p c p , c pc c 3.

p p p c cc c p c c pc , c c p pc, , c p . P c c p cc p p .

c , c cp c c c c , :

1) ? p , p p, c cp c cp c ? c pc, c cpc cp c c c?

2) p? B c p c c p pc c cp c pc c , pc p p , cc cp c. C p c p, p p, cp c , c , cp c p, cc B.. C , p c c p c p p p ?

3) p p, .. p p c c cp c Bc p pcc , c c , cc p c c c pc p . c p p c p (.. c , p cpp cc c p p c c pc p c c), pc cp p c, c c , . Cp p p pc , p, cc p p c cp cp c p p , cc p.

Cp cp c ccc ( pp c p p cp c c 9 20 c . ., p c p ).

c pc, c c , cc cp c, c p cp c p pc . , p pccp c, p cp cp c c pp pc c c c , c c c p c . , c p p c c c c ( c p, c c c c c p c, p , c c p c, c p c ), pc p ( p pp ) c p cp.

B c p pcc pc : c p, cc , p p, pc cp c pcc pc , , c , c. , c c c c pcc, c :

) c p cc c ( p p c c cc), ..

pc c ;

) c c p p c (c , pc ), .. pc p c ;

) c p , p p p p , .. pc p.

p, p pp p p c p pc , p c c p p p pcc 4. c, c, p p c p p p pc . , pc pcc c c .

412 C.. Cpc p c cc c c , , c c p p : c c p cp p c , p ccc, p p c c pc c p . Cpc c p, p, p p p c p ;

cc c cpc c p c p c ( , p c p ), p p c cc c p p5.

c c p , p cpc , , c p p (c. p ) p p p c c c cc c , c c. cc c p c c ccc c ( p c) .

cp c p c p, c p . C 50 p ( p c , p p ), p c c, c c p p , p. Bc pc, c p c c , , p 100c cc C 90 p c ;

pc ( cc, pc, pc, pc ..

pcc 1,52 c ) p cc 7080% c ;

, c p c (pc c 56 c ) p c 2530% c . p p p c , p p, pc c, p c p 1020% c c;

, p c cp p c c , , c c p c cp c cc ( c, c c c ). p c , c c pcc .

, p c c p c, cp c pc *b bh, *d dh . ., p p ;

p p p c .

Cp cp c ccc pc cp c ( p 59%). p p, , p (p p c. ). c p, cc cc c p c: cc c p cc 75% c ;

p c c p p c ( p c p ) 35% ( 20%) c . ccc c c p , cp p 50% c , c cp, pcc c , c p pcc . p pc pcp c p p p ( p p ) p p c p c ( cp c, pc, c c . . . .). Bc cp c c p c , cpc c ( c c p c p) c c p p pc . cc p p c pccp c c p p c.

c p p. C cc c, p cpp p [p, X p 1974: 21, 25]:

1. B cp c p , p c, c, c.

2. cc , p pc c c c... p, c p c cc /C/. p N0 c c C.

3. p c C, p cpc ( p c) p p p t... c ( c c p p , , p c pccpc).

4. Bc c, cc C, c cp c (c c , cpc, pccc ) p p p .

5. B pc c C p cpc C c pc cpc cc p .

414 C.. Cpc Cc p c c c c c c cc p :

t (1) N(t) = N p , p p p c , c t ( p c c );

N c c C;

c cpc c N: N(t) c c c C, cpc t. , c c cc c c c c /1/, = 0.14 (.. p c, c c c 14), p , p c pc cc , p p, c , 0.14* N(2) = = 0.76 (.. 76 c).

c, cpc cc C, c pp p p p :

lnN(t) (2) t = *N c cc c c p p c, , c c c C pc , c p , pc. c , c n (p c p C) cc nt (3) Nn(t) = N p , p , cc p lnN(t) (4) t = nN Cp cp c ccc , p (= 0.14), c , p 0.8 (.. 80%) , pc ln0. t = = 0.8 (.. 800 )6.

2*0. C c p, p c pc p p c c pc p p ;

p p p c, pccp c c .

Cpc p c c p c p c ( c p, c , cp c cp p c c ). B = 0.14, c p p p, c: c cp c cc cc C c p. C (c. [C 1960] p.).

c p p ( c p p p c c c p p pc) c c pc pc.

c , c , c p c cp , c c p p. C p7. p c c c p cp c B p p c cp c p c p c c cc , c cpc c c cp c c r = 1. c cp c p:

(1) (1 ) c = r ( c c c N (t), N p c );

(2) (2 ) t = lg c ;

lg r (3) (3 ) c = r ( c cp c p c = r n = 2);

lg c (4) (4 ) t = ( c c c p t = lg c n lg r 2 lg r n = 2).

c c, c c c , c c , c p, c p c c c p, c p (.. cp c p ) .

416 C.. Cpc p c c c c p : c . p ppc p .

p c c pccp pc cc cpc pc c C (3 c p). c p c c cp: c, c cc c, c p p p cc ccc .

B pp p cp c p , p c pcpcpc , p pp p (c., p p, [ 1984: 45]). cp p c p p, c cc c c . pc X. ([B rgslnd, Vgt 1962]). p, pccp p cc , , c pc pc c C cc c c pc c 0.04 (r 0.96), pp p c (pc ) 0.2 (r 0.8). C c (p p c. C 0.14) p : cc 100150 , pc 1400 p (p pc c pc c 1000 ). p [N il 1964] p cp cc p pc C: cp c c p p ( X .), 94% c p C p c 200 .

, c , c cc c pp p, p c ( c c pc , , p, cp p ). p , , p c ppc cc c.

p c c c cp p pc. c, c c, p p c c , 100c cc c 11 c, 3 c c. p c c c cp c p cc c c cpc p c p. B p , c c c pccp , c c cpc, p 0.06 ( c 6 c: t c > b r, Cp cp c ccc l f c > bl, v rr > m r, sv m > s nd, v rmr > hl r, m n > t ngl), pc 0.05 ( c p c: ldr > v rm, l f c > bl d, h ld c [ fl sh ] > kjtt s > d n 84 p c). cpc p cc : p pc 0.05, c, c p c c C c 0.048. , , p c p c c c c .

, c : p p c c c ( c c, c cc c cc ) c cp cc C, cpc c c9.

p c cpc p c C cc c c c 0.05. c, , cpc , cp. C c 0.14. c c c pc cp cpc p cc cp c c.

pc, , p . B pcp c p p C p p, p c p:

B c pp ( 0.04 0.06) cc , (m ld j r) c (h ld kj t) p c c p cc. cpc p, , .

p, p c c c p p p cc, c c c c c, p p. cp c , p c c c pp cp (.. p c c c c) c c p c c. C , , c p : ccc c c p p p cc p p. , p p, ccc c c Xp Cp, cp c 100c cc c cc c p p [ttri 1959], c c. C , c ccc c c c p p p ( c p, c. [C 1965]), , cc.

418 C.. Cpc t (p c (p ) c) c 1,2 0.11 0. c 2,6 0. c 1,3 0.14 0. 1,2 0.08 0. pc 1,5 0.09 0. cc 1,5 0.07 0. Pc 1,5 0.09 0. B c cp c p.. (V . . .) c: k p c > t b r, k p g > t m g, k s r > t m, s g (m n g ) c > s n, w r c > s w r, k n > n, n r > n t (k m ), c k k r c p > sh nz, k m > k nz, s s c > n k, k p > h f, p c > t.

B c cp c p.. (V . . .) p c c c c: kr j c, c > q, d, p k > d z, r , > j, kh n c > g, m > h, l k c > ch, r n > d n, k > j, p > g, r p > h, k > b z, kh k pc > h ng, w t c > sh, k nh > k n, r p c > zh n, n t c > t ng, c, d > zh, slh, p j > n, th >, m k p > sh, n > l ng, gr , > z, gh j > sh mm.

c , p cc 100c cc p p cp c (p c pp c p c, c cp, cp c p).

B c cp c p.. (X . . .) c: w mb > b ll, m c l > b g, f l > b rd, w lc n > cl d, h nd c > d g (, c ), m (w r) > m n, flsc c > m t, h ls > n ck, w p > r d, r c > sm k, s > th t, > ;

c r nd p > b rk, st rf n p > d, b r p > m nt n, s n w lt p > r nd, h d > sk n.

B cp c p.. . (V . . .) c: b n c > Kn ch n, w mb > B ch, m hh l > gr, l zz l > kl n, z g l c > Schw nz, wb > Fr ;

c : f zz t p > F tt, h b t > K pf s nw l p > r nd.

B pc cp c p (VV . . .) c: p nn p > pl m, c p t > t t, d r c > nt ndr, cc d r > t r, m lt m > b c p, c rn m c > v nd, r n m c > s bl, s m nt m c > gr n, mb l r , > ll r (, c ), n t r > n g r, p rv s > p t t;

c lb s > bl nc.

B cc cp c p (VV . . .) c:

c n m c > p rr (, c ), cc d r > m t r, g n c l m > r d ll, st r c ll c t m > st r c st d, l ng s > l rg, p rv s > p q, mb l r > nd r, g lb n s > m r ll ;

c p nn m p > pl m lb s > bl nc.

Cp cp c ccc cc p ( cc, . p [Fdr 1961] cpc p c cc );

c, cpc p cc C p c c p c cp , c 0.14, cp . C ;

c c c c c p c c17. Cp c (0.1) cpc p c c c c .

p c , c , c = 0.14. C = 0.06 (cp c 2, p ). B c c pp p c = 0.06 c cc p p pc pc (p c), c c p p p (c p 3 c . .);

p c p c p p c. , c p p p c p ( p 4), p c. , pc pc c pc ( 97% c 100c cc ) :

ln0. t = = 0. 2*0. .. 250 , , c c18. p cc p p B pc cp c p c: v ntr m > pnt c, gr nd m > m r, v m > p s r, st l r (cr m r ) > rd, fr g d s > r c, s cc s c > sc t, t rr m > p mnt, c rd m c p > n m, b cc m p > g r ;

c c ll m > gt, c mm n m p > dr m, r n m c > n s p, p rv s > m c.

B c p c c cpc c c , 0.14. c cp p c c , , c p p p pp c (c p cc cc, pc ).

pc pcc pc p C p c p XX : p cc pp pc, 420 C.. Cpc p, p p, cp pcc c , p. p c c . p, c p p c p c pp, p p, pc pcc p cc ( 28% c cc cc ), :

ln0. t= = 10, 2*0. .. 9 c . . p p p pc p c p 4 c . . (p p p c , p p p).

p cc p. C c = 0.14. p p c cc p cp c c c cc p p , p p cp c p p p . c, , c 0.14 p c (p p c c p p c c), p cc p c p . B p p c p p c c pc c, c ( ) c p p p p p . p c cc pp p .

Pccp p pc . B p cpc c cp C pc c C p (p c c p cp pc pc c p VV . . .). p p cp c c , XV ;

p pcc, p pc ppc (.. p ) c c p XX . . .;

pc p c c p 3 c . .

Cp cp c ccc cc c, C p V . . . p c 19, cp, p pc, cc pc C cp c cc c .

B pc c: mn s > t t c, m gn s > gr nd , d r > m ng r c, p ng d ( d ps) > gr ss p, p nn > pl m p, gn s > f , c p t > t t , d r > nt ndr c, cc d r > t r , c b r > tr c ch , j c r > f , v r > h mm , m lt s > b c p , c r > v nd c, s > b ch p, r n > s bl c, s m n > gr n c , c t s > p , p rv s > p t t , n r (n t r ) > n g r , r > ll r , , fl v s (f lv s) > j n ;

c c v > ch m n p, l p s > p rr lb s > bl nc . p, 77% cpc c: t 2, t = 0.11 (p cpc p cp pc = 0.7, c. ).

B cc c: mn s > t d c, m gn s > gr nd , r r > q m r , c n s > p rr c, p ng d ( d ps) > gr s p, gn s > f g , cc d r > m t r , g n > r d ll , c b r > st r c st d , j c r > h g d , l ng s > l rg , v r > h mbr (v r n) , s > b c p, v > c m n p, c t s > p l , p rv s > p q n , r > nd r , , fl v s (f lv s) > m r ll ;

c p nn > pl m p, l p s > p dr lb s > bl nc . C pc, p, 80% c, (p t = 2,3) t = 0.1 (cp. c cpc p cc = 0.06, c. ).

B pc c: mn s > t t c, v nt r > pnt c , m gn s > m r , v s > p s r , r r > rd , fr g d s > r c , s cc s > sc t c, t rr > p mnt , d r > mnc c, p ng d ( d ps) > gr s m p, gn s > f c , c r > n m c p, c b r > st c lc t , j c r > f c t , s > g r p, v r > m (b rb t) , c t s > p l , r > mbl , , fl v s (f lv s) > g lb n ;

c c ll m > gt , v > dr m p, r n > n s p c, p rv s > m c l p s > p tr . Cpc c c, p p c p cc p [ ll r 1929;

p 1959];

c , , p c c p p, , p, c p p, p (p) V . . ., c p p c V V . . . pc c V . . .

422 C.. Cpc c cc (80%), cpc 2,3 c t = 0.1 ( p cpc p pc = 0.06, c. ).

c c, p, c cpc (.. cp ) pc C p p pc t. c p cpc pc c p p pcc pc, p cc c 20 (p 97% p c p , p 600 , pc, cpc p p p 0.03). C p cp, c c cp c (0.1) cpc pc c c: p, p p c cp c, cp c p , p cc c cp pc .

c , c p p c p p pc.

c c c p c, , c c, p p cp .

c , cc , c p p p t = 0, pc t p t c p p c c . p, pc cp c ( c c C) c c c p , p c p. p c, p p, pc c cp p c *g ( )r : c p c p.. g r, p.p., . gr v s, . k r s, p c cp ( c cp c, p, p c c : c c, p c, pc, cc p. .. , c ). p p p (p pcp cp p c p p p p cp ) p c pc , c c, c c cp c.

pcc pc cp c p p XXV ., c cc c pcc c ;

pcc c p p p XV XV . ( c c c p p c c).

Cp cp c ccc p cp c c p 3 c p (.. p cc cpc p C) p c c p t. c , c p , p t, cc pc cc C, c p (1) p p c cc:

t (5) N(t) = N .. p p p cp 21.

C c , p c c c p :

lnN(t) (6) t = *N p , p n , p :

lnNn(t) (7) t = nN c p p p , c cp :

t c 1,2 0. c 1,3 0. c 2,6 0. 1,2 0. pc 1,5 0. cc 1 0. Pc 1 0. . . , c c (p c cp ), c p c pp 0.04 0.06. p p pc p c c p c c c p Bc cc p cp ( c p c) p [p, X p 1974: 50].

424 C.. Cpc p p . , pcc pc ( pcc c) :

ln0. t = = 0.55 (.. XV . . .) 2*0. p p pc cc p pc (94% c ) p p X . ( c XV ., . C ) . .

, c cc (5) p p p c p. , pcc pcc p c p (7) = 0.05 p p cc:

ln0. t = = 3, 2*0. .. p p c p 2 c . . , C , p 28% c 3 c . ., p c p 4 c . . (c. ).

, , p p cc (5) p pc cc C cc 10 c , p c c 100c cc c p 7 c p . c , p cc N(t) = N0 t c p ( cc c c p p c) , p p c p , C c p. pp pp ?

, pc , pp 4 c p: c c, cc C, c cpc p p p p (c. , c. 413). c c cp, p p. c , c c, p c p , p , p c cc C c Cp cp c ccc p cc: c 100c cc c , c , . p cc p , cp c c cc p c c cp c (.. pc cpc p p p t) c;

c., p p, [ rw 1966].

p c p ( cp c p c p ) p p . . c [D n, Jm s 1967];

p c p p p c c c p . , c c p , p c p cp c, p , cp c c pp cc p c c p (, c c c c pc , c c p c;

c c pc, c cc . . . .). p , p c C c p pc c cc ( , , c, , p.), c c, , p c p ( p pc c p).

p c c p cc C c p cp cpc pc, p c c pp pc p p , p p c pc, ( p) 0, i c pc, ( p) 1. B c c p p : c c, c. p p pp cc cpc pc c, cp c p t, c cp c p tn1. Cpc pc cc , c , p , c p cpc (, c c , ) c:

(8) tn = 0*N(tn) c p (8) p (5), c cc:

426 C.. Cpc N(t)t (9) N(t) = N Bp t cc c p :

lnN(t) (10) t = *N(t)*N p c c, c c p pc n cc (9) pp :

N(t)t (11) Nn(t) = N N(t) , p , c c c p n (12) N(t) = Nn(t) (11) (12) cc c p p c c C n :

Nn(t) ln N (13) t = n n Nn(t) p c c ( c c, n = 2, N = (100 c) p = 0.05 p p N(t) c p pc:

ln c (14) t = 0.1 c cc ( p c , cp r) p c :

lg c (15) t = c lg0. Cp cp c ccc p (9) p pp p p p cc pc c C: c p t p cp pc p cp c, N(t) c p , p, cpc pc p c C c c cp c 23. , p t (, c c , N(t)) p p (9) (5) c : p, p t ( N(t)) p c c p c.

p cp 0.05 (c. , c. 417), p p p ( : N(t) cpc c C , N2(t) , t p p , c c , p p c ):

N(t) N (t) t (t, . C ) 0.99 0.99 0,3 0, 0.97 0.94 0,8 0, 0.95 0.9 1 0, 0.9 0.81 1,5 0, 0.85 0.72 2 1, 0.8 0.64 2,4 1, 0.75 0.56 2,8 1, 0.7 0.49 3,2 2, 0.65 0.42 3,7 2, 0.6 0.36 4,1 3, 0.55 0.3 4,7 0.5 0.25 5,3 4, 0.45 0.2 6 5, 0.4 0.16 6,8 6, 0.35 0.12 7,8 0.3 0.9 9 0.25 0.06 10,7 9, 0.2 0.04 12,7 10, 0.15 0.02 16,6 0.1 0.01 21,5 15, p p c p p p p . p [Chrti n 1952], c p c c p . . p . p cc (c c, p p c cc p c p cpc ).

428 C.. Cpc p c c, p p (13) c c , p cc c p. , pc pcc pc (97% c ) XV . . .;

p p pc, pc, c c pc , c c 1 c . .;

pc cc p p p p c . . p, , c p ( p p cc c 24), p c c c c c cp p cc c pc .

Bc cc cp 100c cc C. C . p cp c c p , p c c cc, c p p , p cc cpc pc p . c , , pp p c cc, p cc, p p p cc. , , c p p p p25.

c p c , c c p c p c pc . B c c p c 5 c p: c pc c cp / cc C c (p c p c). c c 56%. p , p p, pcc cc , cc p. cp p c c c c p p , c c p p c c pccp . c p p Xp Cp [ttri 1954], p c c N (t) = c 2, p cc c c ;

p cc p c cc c.

B c c p c, p c 100c 200c cc. C , cc 55c cc, p cc c p cc N(t) = N p = 0.1 (.. p cp c 0.9 c ). B cc c: p, , , p, p, c, , p, c, c, , c, , , , , , c, , , , c, , , , c, , , , c, p, p, , , , , c, , , , , p , , , , , , , p, , , , , Cp cp c ccc cc c ccc c cc p c p c c c. c p , c c p c c p p c ( c p c c p t st ?;

c s bb r n ? . .). p , p ccc c p cc cc cc : cp C , p , c c c p p ( p c c p ).

, c p p , p c c c ( p p ). Cpp c c.

1. B c p c c, .. c p c c c , p p ( p p c p pp p 23 c).

2. p p p pc p c c, .. pc cp c p c.

3. cc p p p p t c c , c ( c) p p p c.

4. Bc p p cc cp , ..

c c cc (c p c c c ). p , , cpc , p. cc c c cc , p cc c p p p ( cc, c cc c ). cc (p p p ) cc cc c p, ( p c p c ) c c p cp cc C ;

p p p c c c .

Cc 35 c c c = 0.07 0.08 cc C.. ;

c c p p pc (p c p 35 c pc , p c p c c cc), p p cc .

430 C.. Cpc p p ( c, p c c c ).

5. p cc pc c c p p cpc (.. p p p , p pc cc, p p t cp c p ).

c c c c 3, pp c . c , p p c pcp c c c p p c pp ( c p c c c c c). c p p c cc p c c pp : c cc p c c p c pc, c c p, p, cp c c, c c c pp c c c p. pc ( cc) p, c cp c c p p. B c c, p c cpp p, p p p p cc c.

5 c p p 3 c ccc (c. c. 413 ) c p c p p (c. ).

B p p p p, 100 c p p ( , p p p p p c ) p p c c c pc . c, , c , pc c c c c, p c cc. c c , pcc , p p, c c p c cc, c c, c p p c . . p, p p cp cc c p p p c . c p p p p .

c c 2 4 c c c c p pc p p p p c pp. , pp c p p, p Cp cp c ccc p , p pc pcp c c.

c c cp p p (.. c p c p p, p . B. p .. X p c c);

p p c c.

c c c c 3, cc p c p p p pc cp c p c ;

c c , c c p pc p pcp pc ( cc ) p p .

c , c, p c p p p c pc c c c c c pc .

Pccp p pcc c, p p, c c. p c p p (p cc c: c p c cc p , cc cc ), p p c . p p c c c c, c, pc ( c c c c c, , c p , c c, c, ).

pc. . . . p. ..

1. + + + * n + (w) ( ) (in) ( n) 2. c() + + + + *st (st) (stti) (st h n) (tr ) 3. + + + *m gh (mc) (m gti) (mg) 4. ( ) + + + + *, (j z) (j ) (j) (dj) * m 5. c, c + + + + *s m (z) (sn) (z smm n) (simpl tc.) 6. + + + + *p l (n) (p n ) (pilns) (vll) (pl in) 432 C.. Cpc pc. . . . p. ..

7. c + + *sn (snwc) (n f) 8. (), ( ), + + + + *k (), (c) (ks) (ws) (q ) *k i c(), ( )(p) 9. c + + + *sl idh (ld) (slsti) (Schlitt n) 10. c + + + + *d mt (dzi si c) (d imt) (z hn) (dix) 11. + *lt (lt) 12. c + + + + *s( ) s (sz ) ( i) (s chs) (six) 13. c + + + + * t( ) (m) (t ni) (cht) (h it) 14. + + + *ghdh (gd ) (g ds) (Gtt ) 15. + *s d (sz d) 16. p + + *k( ) r (krz ) (k rs) 17. + + *l m (mic) (lhm) 18. (), + + + + *d l, d (d gi) (ilgs) (lng) (lng) l (n)gh 19. + *gt (?) (gtw ) 20. p + + *rbh (rbi) (rb ) 21. / + + + *t k (ci c) (t k ti) (di n n) 22. + + *l ik (lic, licz c) 23. + + + + *l nh / (j z k) (li vis) (Z ng ) (lng ) *d nh .. *s d , (c. *x d/* d, p.. s d, p. ) p *s d c .

c cp pc *l k *l k , ;

c p ( ) p, p. l s r c pc.

p.

Cp cp c ccc pc. . . . p. ..

24. c + + + * im / ( im) ( im) (cit) * i 25. ( < + + + + *s *pdv) (sz ) (si ti) (S m) (c dr < *csr < *cns r ) 26. , + + + + *dh (dl, dzi) (d l) (t n) (fir ) 27. c + + + *( )n (ni ) (nti) (g n g) 28. p + + * rdh (rd) (rsm ) 29. , (), + + + + * /*i (i) (jis) ( r, s) (c < ( c.

* cc ist ) c) 30. p + ? + * r ik (riti) (Rist) 31. (< *s g) + *s (n)g h (si gs) 32. (), , + + + + *t (t n) (ts) (d r) (t l) 33. p, p, + + + + *p r, *pr p (prw ) (pr) (v r, fr) (p r) 34. + + + + *bh (b ) (b ti) (b n, bin) (f t) 35. / / + + + *l gh (l ) (li g n) (lit) 36. + + *p t (p t) (cmpt r) 37. p + + + + *tr d (tr d) (trids) (v rdri n) (intr s) 38. + + *n, *n + (n) (n ) (n) 39. p + + *r nd(h) (rz d) (rind) [WP : 482483]. B [c p V: 393394;

: 825] c. *s g c .. *s (n)g, p c c . S nk l p ().

. s gt c c , , , p p cp c c. st g (c c , c. *st rg :

. s rg t c p ).

434 C.. Cpc pc. . . . p. ..

40. cp + + *str (str ) (strs) 41. c + + + ? + *k it (wit) (visti) (w i) (v rr ) 42. + + + + *n (nw ) (njs) (n ) (n f) 43. *b l / *bl 44. p + + + *d r / (drz wni, (drv, (tr, r) *dr drz w) d rv) 45. [/] + ?+ *k n kni c (rc nt) 46. p + + + + *m (mir) (mti) (m ss n) (m s r ) 47. + + *m / *m (m ) (m s) 48. / + + + * m (mi, j ) (i ti) (v ndng, rncn) 49. + + + + *n (zn) (inti) (k nn n) (cnn tr ) 50. + *bhl i (blizki) 51. c + + + *ts( ) t (t si c) (t kstntis) ( s nd) 52. , + + + + *d / *d (d) (d) (z ) (d ) 53. // + + + *n(s)/ (nsz) ( ns) (n s) * s 54. , + + + + *p / *p (p) (p, p) (b) (pndr ) 55. + + *kil (c ) (h il) 56. c + + + + *sp (pi ch, (spti) (sp t n) (sp r r) pi) c pc c *st c ( 2), .

c *t s( )mt c c c p *t c, c, p. p t t p p.

Cp cp c ccc pc. . . . p. ..

57. + + + *d (d) (d ti) (dnn r) 58. + + *gl bh (g bki) (kl b n) 59. + + + *k l (k) (kkls) (q n ill ) 60. + + + + *p nk (pi ) (p nk) (fnf) (cinq) 61. c// + + + + * s (j st) ( sm) (ist) ( st) 62. + + *k it (cz t) (ski ti) 63. + + + + * id (widzi ) (v sti) (wiss n) (vir) 64. c + + + + * t (st) (i ts) ( nd rt) (c nt) 65. p + + + * rs (wi rzch) (virs) (v rr ) 66. + + *bh (bi ) (b gti) 67. pc + + + + *pr (prsi) (prti) (frg n) (pri r) 68. + *( ) nh (wi z) 69. + *l (i) + (li) (li) 70. c / c + + + + *s( ) (si bi ) (sv) (sich) (s ) 71. + + * hs + (z) (i) () 72. + + + + *m n (pmni ) (miti) (mhn n) (m ntir) 73. + * it (vit n) 74. // + + + + * n (j d n) (v ns) ( in) ( n) 75. + ? + + *m n gh (mnstw) (mini) (mnch) 76. c + + *m t (mist) (msts) C c .. * nh , c c c, c. [c p:, 374].

436 C.. Cpc pc. . . . p. ..

77. + + *h m (zi mi) (m) 78. p ?

79. + + *gh + ( ) (g, gi) (h i) 80. c + ?

(wi si ) 81. p + + *dhr gh (dr gi) (drgs) 82. + *ti + (d) (t) 83. + + (?) + * (jwi) (v j ) (in i) 84. p + + *r k (rz c) (r kti) 85. c + + * i[s] (wsz stki) (vss) 86. // + (?) + + *()bhi (/(b)/) (b i) ( bli r) 87. / / + ? + *k l (czwi k) (kltis) 88. / / + + * ik (czwi k) (vks) 89. c + + *m dh (m l) (msti) 90. + ?

(chci ) 91. + *dh gh (d g) 92. + *k / (kz) *k 93. p + + + *r / r (rwn ) (R m) (r str ) 94. p + ? + * it r (?) (wtr ) (wid r) 95. p *r g 96. / c/ + + + + * / * i /(dzi/) (s) (hi r, hin) (c ) c c c. *vt r (*vt r) * t r, * t r * t r [c p:, 364365];

c, c p .

Cp cp c ccc pc. . . . p. ..

97. + + + *bh dh (b dzi) (bsti) (bi t n) 98. / / + + + *( )nm (imi ) (Nm ) (nm) 99. + + + + *d ( ) (dw) (d ) (zw i) (d x) 100. + + + * (wi) (vti) (vis, vrill ) p, p c 100 p c p 33 c ( c c p 0.5%) 93 p, c c c;

72 p, c c c;

55 p , c c ;

51.5 p , c c pc.

c, p c. Cp c p pcc c ( c p c, c. . c. 447):

c c pc (4) 98 77 55 (1) 96 76 58 (5) 97 70 51.5 , , p c c pp p p cc c cp : c 95 3%, c 74 3%, pc 54 3%.

c p p p ( p, c m) .. : p cc cc . c p p , c cc ;

c c c , p . p, cc c c c, c p p p c , ( p cp c): p , m p m, np m , cp m , cm p c, n p , n p m cmc / n p m cm , m c, , p nn, cmp m c, cmp , m , , m , cm , p , p cmp p / p cmp , , cc m, p, c, c m c, , m p , p , , m, c cm , m pp m p , , p, m p m, cn m , , m p, p , cc c, c cm , p p, m c, cc, c c, p c, cn m, , nn m.

438 C.. Cpc p p p p (, c p p c, c, , c cp p pc cp , cp).

c cp c c pc pcc 0,50 (7) pcc 0,55 (6) c 0,57 (6) c pcc 0,50 (8) c 0,55 (8) c c 0,53 (8) p.p c p.c 0,69 (9) p.p c c 0,67 (9) p.p c pcc 0,52 (9) p.p c 0,54 (9) p.p c c 0,53 (9) c p.c 0,71 (8) c p.p c 0,72 (8) pcc c 0,76 (3) pcc c 0,74 (2) p.c p.p c 0,77 (10) p.c c 0,64 (10) p.c pcc 0,54 (10) p.c c 0,53 (10) p.c 0,57 (10) , p c cc p c p c : p c c cp p cp (.. c cp cc c) p c cp ;

p c p c cp c p cp, p c c p. c p c cp cp p p c c p, p cp cp . cpp, c , p: pc c p cc c .

p pccp p c : c , c c p p , cc , pcc p, Cp cp c ccc pcc p cp, p, c , p p pcc.

p p : c c 100c cc. C p c p (.. c p c p, c p ). p p c, c, , pc cp c pcc.

pcc. . . . p. ..

1. + + *bh l (bi ) (blts) 2. *b l / *bl 3. c + + * i[s] (wsz stki) (vss) 4. + + + + * id (widzi ) (v sti) (wiss n) (vir) 5. + + + + * d (wd) (vnd ) (Wss r) (nd ) 6. c + * lk (ws) 7. + + ? + * s? *l s (w sz) (v v s) (L s) 8. + *gl(?) (gs) 9. + + *gh l (gw) (glv) 10. p + + *g r (gr) (giri) 11. p + *g r ndh (grnd) 12. + + + *d (d) (d ti) (dnn r) 13. + + + + *d ( ) (dw) (d) (zw i) (d x) 14. p + + + *d r (drz w) (d rv) (tr, r) 15. + + + + *d l, (d gi) (lgs) (lng) (lng) *d l (n)gh 16. + + + *d (< *d sdi s) (d szcz) (divs) (di ) 440 C.. Cpc pcc. . . . p. ..

17. p + + *dh( )rgh (drg) (trg n) 18. + + + *dhm (d m) (d mi) (f m ) 19. + + + * d (j ) ( sti) ( ss n) 20. + + + + *gh l (zt ) (g ts) (Gld) (fi l) 21. + *g n (n) 22. / / + + + *dh g h (dgti) (g) (fivr ) 23. /p/, + + + + *g i( ) // ( ) (gti) ( rq ick n) (vivr ) 24. + + *gh isd (gwizd) (vigzd ) 25. + + + *gh l (zi ln ) (lis) (g lb) 26. + + *h m (zi mi) (m ) 27. + + + + *n (zn) (inti) (k nn n) (cnn tr ) 28. + + * l (z) (Khl ) 29. + + + ? + * mbh (z b) ( bti) (Kmm) (g mm ) 30. + + + *( )nm (imi ) (Nm ) (nm) 31. + + + *km / *k m (kmi ) (km ) (Kmm r) 32. // + *kg (k) 33. + + ? + *k l (kln) (k ls) (Sch lt r) 34. p + + + *(s)k r (kr) (krn) (crc ) 35. p + + *k( ) r (krz ) (krs) 36. c + + *kst (k) (ct ) Cp cp c ccc pcc. . . . p. ..

37. pc + ? + *k r ?

(krs) (R hm) 38. p ++ + + *kr (kr w) (krjs) (rh) (cr ) 39. p + + *kr ngh (kr g) (Ring) 40. //, // + + + + *k / (kt, c) (ks) (ws) (q ) *k i 41. c + + *k n d (k sc) (k sti) 42. + + + *l gh (l ) (li g n) (lit) 43. + + *l k (ltc) (l kti) 44. c + + *l is(t) (list) (lisks) 45. + + + + *l k ( n) (lks) (Licht) (l n ) 46. + + + *(s)ml (m ) (schml) (ml) 47. + ? + + *m n gh (mnstw) (mini) (mnch) 48. + + *mn (m ) (nn) 49. + + *m / *m (m ) (ms) 50. c + + + *mms (mi s) (ms) (m mbr ) 51. + + + + *n (ni ) (n) (nicht) (nn) 52. + + + + *n (nw ) (njs) (n ) (n f) 53. + + + + *()ngh (ng) (ng, ngs) (Ng l) (ngl ) 54. c + + + + *ns (ns) (nsis) (Ns ) (n z) 55. + + + + *nk t (nc) (nkts) (Ncht) (n it) 56. // + + *[ ]gni (gi ) ( gns) 442 C.. Cpc pcc. . . . p. ..

57. // + + + + * n (j d n) (v ns) ( in) ( n) 58. p + ? + + + *p t / *pt r (pir) (sp ns) (F d r) (pnn ) 59. c// + *pns( ) (pis k) 60. / / + + ? + *p k (pi czn) (kp ns) (c ir ) 61. + + *p( ) (pi) (bir ) 62. + + + + *pl (p w) (pl ti) (Fl t) (pl i ) 63. + + + + *p l (n) (p n ) (plns) (vll) (pl in) 64. /p/ + + + * i (i) ( ti) (ir) 65. // + + + *p t (ptk) (p ttis) (p tit) 66. p + + *rg(h) (rg) (rgs) 67. p// + + + *r ( ) (r ) (r ti) (r r) 68. p + + *rnk( ) (r k) (rnk) 69. p + + *rbh (r b) (R p ) 70. c // + + + + *s(m n) (si mi ) (s m ns) (Sm ) (s m nc ) 71. c p// + + + + * d (s rc ) (irds) ( rz) (c r) 72. c + + + + *s d (si dzi ) (sd ti) (sitz n) [(s)sis] 73. + *k k / (kz) *k g 74. c// + + + * l (s sz ) (kl s ti) (l t, l sch n) B p . p c c (c ) cp ..

p, p, , c c .. *p t . B p *pt r > *p r p ( . . cc) , , c .. p *p r /c/ (pc. p, . f hr n tc.).

Cp cp c ccc pcc. . . . p. ..

75. c// + + + + *s l (sc ) (s l ) (Snn ) (sl il) 76. c + + + *s p (sp) (s pns) (smm il) 77. c// + + + + *st (st) (stti) (st h n) (tr ) 78. c + + *s s (s ch ) (sss) 79. // + + *t p (ci p ) (tid ) 80. //, + + + + *t //// (t n) (ts) (d r) (t l) 81. + + + + *t (t ) (t ) (d ) (t ) 82. // + + *bh i( ) (bi) (B il) 83. // p + + + + *m r (mrz ) (mi ti) (rd) (m rir) 84. + + + + * s ( ch) ( ss) (hr) (r ill ) 85. c + ?

(chwszcz) 86. + *s d (chdzi) 87. + + * l(dh) (chd) (lts) 88. p ?

89. / / + ? + *k l (czwi k) (kltis) 90. / / + + * ik (czwi k) (vks) 91. p + + *k rs (czrn ) (k rs) 92. + + + + *s (sz j) (siti) (S m) (c dr ) 93. + + + + * (j) () (ich) (j ) P cp .. p c p c p . c , c cc pp * ldh (/* lt) ~ *(h) l;

c c c. c . k lt .

g l d s, g l r (p. g l r) [WP:, 622, 629630;

CP: V, 256].

444 C.. Cpc pcc. . . . p. ..

94. + + + + *l nh / (j z k) (li vis) (Z ng ) (lng ) *d nh 95. // + + + * (jj ) (i) ( f) 95 p p pcc cc cc36 91 c c c ( 95.8%);

68.5 c c c ( 72.1%);

50.5 c c ( 53.2%);

50 c c p c ( 52.6%).

p, p c c p , p c p pcc p , p c. , , p , pcp c p pc p cc C c c pcp c. c c :

) cc p c cc c, p ( p c p c p p, p cpp c pp p p c cc C : c, , c , c c p c, cc p c );

) p cc c (, c , cc c c, c c) 100c cc. C c c c p p;

) c p, pp cc c p, p c p ( c c , c p ).

cc p c ( c ): p p p, m;

m, m ;

, m;

m m, m m ( c p c p p ). B c cc cc ( ), p, p c c p , p .

p , p, , cc C c pcpcp c p c c c p, p, p, c p p c ( p ). Xp p, p pcc , c cc C , (25!) p c pp (c. 431) c, : cm [], n , [m ] / [m ], / , p , , [ /], [ ], m [ m], , , , , , , , [ ] , , , c, [ ], , , [ ], .

Cp cp c ccc c p c c, c c p c p p. p p , , p , c p c c p p ln (N(t)/N ) (14) t = p = 0. N(t) c c c cc c p c p p c p p (13). Cp. p pcc c c c c, c, p c (p c ):

. . . p.

t cc c 1,3 3,1 4,7 4, p t p 1,2 3,2 4,9 5, p B c p . p p p p p p p:

1 ln(N(t)) t = * 1 ln(1N(t)) ( p pc) p c p 5. p, , p p .

B pcc c c c c 100c cc: m brz ch, w lk (d z ), p p r, p l, k, p t szcz, p d br, n w tr b, w l (d ), ks c, p m st, p c cz rw n, c m p w dz (rz c), sk r, cm g n, k b t, z mn. p c pcc cc ( c ) 85% c .

B pcc c c c c 100c cc: c v s s, c m k st, p kr j s, d gt, m n g s, lt s, np m t t, p m m t, c s s s, ss, m, gns, m m l kt, n pln s, m d t, l s, p r nk, g lv, c p rds, p r g s, , m n t, k l s, n k p n s, lg s, c m s, n j s, n kts, c n s s, n, v n s, c s kl, c m s d t, d m, cm m st v t, v gd, km, c s l, n m pl kt, m m t s, m t, l z vs, d, v nd, m s, m k s, b t s, m k s, m g lt n s, ..

(p c c ) p 50% c .

446 C.. Cpc p p, , c c ( c c p c pccc p , p c , , c c p : p cc p p cc p 300 ), p cc c p.

p p p p c p cc c p : cc, cc p , c c p c c c c;

cc c c p (c c c c c C p p )40. p , , cc c c c c pc p p c ( cp cp c ) . C , , p, , , ccc c cc c c c cp cp c p p p c pc.

B c p cc c p c c c pc p (. . p ), cp c p (. X. Cp).

B pcc c c c cc cc: m N g l, hr, cm ss n, , n p F d r, n v ll, c p H rz, ch, m k nn n, m l g n, l ng, M nn, N m, n, N cht, c N s, n cht, n, c S m, c m s tz n, cm m st h n, c S nn, m m d s r, m d, Z ng, zw, W ss r, m w s, m w s. p c pcc ( , c ) p c (F tt, K pf, r nd) cc 30% c .

B pcc pc c c c cc cc: p c rc, m ngl, p m m r r, n m b r, r ll, f, n pl n, m d nn r, c p c r, j, m c nn tr, l ng, l n, n m, n f, n t, c n z, n, n, m v r, c m ( tr ) ss s, f m, cm m tr (d b t), c s l l, m t, l ng, d x, m q, m q. p c pcc ( , c ) p c pc (ch m n, p rr, bl nc) 30% c .

c p p p c p c. , , c c c p , p c c .

Cp cp c ccc p c c, ccc c c c p cc c c , pc . p p , cp cp c p p p 1520% c p (p cp p c c c c p). c c , c cp cp c 100c cc ( cp 59%), , c cp p p cp p c p pc cp c cc.

Tec, cooae ooeco cac 1. . . p . . 1982. . 1, c. 3132.

2.. . p , Cp c pc c. C., 1904, c. 288.

3. p c Bc (p , c, c ). ., 1985, c. 34.

4... p p. pp p c.., 1978, c. 206207.

5. p c. C c.., 1984, c. 3739.

6. inrich Bll. Wnd r r, kmmst d nch Sp... (rzhl ng n).

nch n, 1971, S. 78.

7. lb rt D zt. Dictinnir t mlgiq d l lng frnis.

Pris, 1938, pp. VV.

8. G. J li s C sr. Cmm ntrii d b ll Gllic (lib r prim s).., 1946, pp. 3748.

9. Sphclis trg di.., 1884, pp. 111112.

10.. fr cht. Di mn n d s Rigv d. rst r il. B rlin, 1955, S. 12.




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