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«CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PSYCHOLOGY Second edition Edited by Raymond J. Corsini, Alan J. Auerbach John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ...»

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ориентация и идентичность (sexuality: orientation and identity)....................................................................................................................................................................... Определения.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Статистика..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Субкультуры.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Корни сексуального поведения.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальные и правовые факторы................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Саморазоблачение и разглашение............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Что значит быть «другим»?.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Селекционизм (selectionism).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Семантический дифференциал (semantic differential).................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Семейная терапия (family therapy)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Описание семейной терапии........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Четыре исторических понятия..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Основные школы семейной терапии........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория объектных отношений..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория Боуэна............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Структурная семейная терапия.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория коммуникации.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Семейные кризисы (family crises).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Сенильные психозы (senile psychoses).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Сенсомоторные процессы (sensorimotor processes)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Сенсорная депривация (sensory deprivation)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Символическая интеракция (symbolic interaction)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Симпатическая нервная система (sympathetic nervous system).................................................................................................................................................................................................... Симулятивные расстройства (factitious disorders)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Симуляция (malingering)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Синдром возбудимого кишечника (irritable bowel syndrome)..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Синдром Леш—Найхена (Lesch—Nyhan Syndrome).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Синдром Мюнхгаузена «от третьего лица» (Munchausen syndrome by proxy)........................................................................................................................................................................... Синдром хрупкой Х-хромосомы (fragile X syndrome)................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Исторический экскурс.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Характеристики............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Терапия фолиевой кислотой........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Выводы.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Синестезия (synesthesia)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Систематическая ошибка в ответах (response bias)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Систематическая ошибка измерений, вызванная влиянием пола (sex bias in measurement)................................................................................................................................................................................... Системы и теории (systems and theories)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Системы......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теории............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Скрытое обусловливание (covert conditioning)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Скука (boredom).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Словарные тесты (vocabulary tests)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Словарный тест в картинках Пибоди (Peabody picture vocabulary test)..................................................................................................................................................................................... Словарь профессий (dictionary of occupational titles, DOT)......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Служба тестирования в образовании (education testing service)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Службы системы здравоохранения (health care services)............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Службы «горячих линий» (hot line services)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Слуховая различительная способность (auditory discrimination)................................................................................................................................................................................................ Слуховое восприятие (auditory perception)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Случайные числа (random numbers).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Смертельно больные люди (terminaly ill people).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Смещение (displacement)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Сновидения (dreams)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... После 1953 года............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Собеседование при увольнении (exit interviews).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Совладание (coping)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Как совладание может влиять на здоровье................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Совместная терапия (conjoint therapy).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Современные методы психотерапии (current psychotherapies)................................................................................................................................................................................................... Сознание (consciousness)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Сознание и бессознательное........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Множество оттенков сознания..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Сознание и мозг............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Сознание и психология................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Сокращенная психотерапия (brief psychotherapy)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Сокращенная терапия (brief therapy)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Соматопсихика (somatopsychics)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Соматотипы (somatotypes).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Сон (sleep)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Измерения сна............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 1. Сон молодого взрослого человека, представленный в виде фаз................................................................................................................................................................. Сотрудничество / соперничество (cooperation / competition)...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социализация младенца (infant socialization)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... История вопроса............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Инвариантные характеристики младенца................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Агенты социализации................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальная желательность (social desirability)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Социальная изоляция (social isolation).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальная поддержка (social support)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Концептуальные проблемы и проблемы измерения.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Социальная поддержка и благополучие...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Перспективы дальнейших исследований.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальная психология (social psychology).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Социальная психофизиология (social psychophysiology)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Социальная фобия (social phobia).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Оценка............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Лечение.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальное влияние (social influence)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальное патронирование (social casework)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Развитие метода социального патронирования.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальное патронирование как профессиональное обозначение........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Современные подходы к социальному патронированию.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальное познание (social cognition)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Социальное равенство (social equality)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальные вмешательства (social interventions)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Определение.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Общественная психология........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Главные стратегии социального вмешательства........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Проблемы...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальный интерес (social interest)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Социальный класс (social class)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социальный конструкционизм (social constructionism)............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социобиология (sociobiology)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Социобиология животных (animal sociobiology).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социодрама (sociodrama)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Социология психологического знания (sociology of psychological knowledge).......................................................................................................................................................................... Социометрия (sociometry)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Сила привычки.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Психологическая нереальность ядерного оружия...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Группы лидеров и бюрократия.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Специфические пищевые потребности (specific hungers)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Список личных предпочтений Эдвардса (Edwards personal preference schedule, EPPS)........................................................................................................................................................... Спортивная психология (sports psychology)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Примеры исследований в спортивной психологии.................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................... Спортивное консультирование и спортивный консалтинг........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Приложения спортивной психологии......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Выводы.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Способности к иностранным языкам (foreign language aptitude)............................................................................................................................................................................................... Когнитивные способности, лежащие в основе С. к и. я............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Прогностическая валидность тестов способностей к иностранным языкам........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Справедливость (equity).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Сравнительная психология (comparative psychology).................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Средневековое мышление (medieval thinking).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Среднее детство (middle childhood)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Средний возраст (middle age)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Средовой стресс (environmental stress).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Средства оценки жизненной среды (environmental measures).................................................................................................................................................................................................... Стадии психосексуального развития (psychosexual stages)......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Стадии развития поведения ребенка (children's behavioral stages)............................................................................................................................................................................................. Стандартизация теста (test standardization).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Старение и интеллект (aging and intelligence).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Старики: настроение и память (older adults: mood and memory)................................................................................................................................................................................................ Статистика в психологии (statistics in psychology)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Описательная статистика............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория статистического вывода.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Статистика малых выборок (small-sample statistics).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Степени свободы........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Что составляет «малую» выборку?.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Другие статистики для «малых» выборок.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Статистическая значимость (statistical significance).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Статистический вывод (statistical inference)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Статус профессии (job status)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Степень доктора психологии (doctor of psychology degree)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Стереотипизация (stereotyping)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Стили лидерства (leadership styles)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Стили супружеской интеракции (marital interaction styles)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Стимул (stimulus)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Стимуляторы (stimulants)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Страх смерти (death anxiety).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Страх (fear)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Страхи детей (children's fears)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Страхи людей на разных этапах жизни (fears throughout the life span)...................................................................................................................................................................................... Стресс (stress).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Структурализм (structuralism)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Структурная теория научения (structural learning theory)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Стэнфордский тест достижений (Stanford achievement test)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Сублимация (sublimation)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Субъект-субъектная шкала (man-to-man scale)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Судебная психология (forensic psychology).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Судорожная шоковая терапия (convulsive shock therapy)............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Суеверие (superstition).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Супервизия психотерапии (psychotherapy supervision)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Супружеская жестокость (spouse abuse)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Супружеское консультирование в группах (marriage counseling in groups).............................................................................................................................................................................. Супружеское консультирование (marriage counseling)............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Супружеское согласие (marital adjustment).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Суррогатные родители у животных (animals surrogate parents)................................................................................................................................................................................................. _Т_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Табу (taboos).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Таксономические системы (taxonomic systems)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Танатология (thanatology).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Т-группы (T-groups)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Телеологическая психология (teleological psychology)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Телефонное консультирование (telephone counseling)................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Тематический апперцептивный тест (thematic apperception test, TAT)...................................................................................................................................................................................... Темпераменты (temperaments)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теоретическая психология (theoretical psychology)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теоретические конструкты (theoretical constructs)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теории научения (learning theories).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Экспериментальный анализ поведения....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теории промежуточных переменных.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Последующее развитие................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теории сна (theories of sleep).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 1. Отношения между потребностью в сне (S) и циркадным ритмом сонливости (С) в рамках 24-часового периода............................................................................... Рис. 2. Отношения между потребностью в сне (S) и циркадным ритмом сонливости (С) при сменном графике работы................................................................................ Теории сновидений в древности (ancient theories of dreams)...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теории социального научения (social learning theories).............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория социального научения Роттера....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория обсервационного научения Бандуры.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория «потребность—давление» (need—press theory)............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория алгоритмически-эвристических процессов, ТАЭП (algorithmic-heuristic theory, ATH)............................................................................................................................................... Теория аттитюдов (attitude theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теория влияния (infection theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория и терапия эго-состояний (ego-state theory and therapy).................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория индивидуальности (individuality theory)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория коммуникации (communication theory)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория личных конструктов (personal construct theory).............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория навешивания ярлыков (labeling theory)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теория обмена (exchange theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория обработки информации (information-processing theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Теория обучения (instructional theory)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория ожидания (expectancy theory)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теория Пиаже (Piaget's theory)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Генетическая эпистемология....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эпистемический субъект.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Клинический метод....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Стадии интеллектуального развития........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория поля (field theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теория реактивного сопротивления (reactance theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теория систем (systems theory)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория социального обмена (social exchange theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория Фромма (Fromm's theory)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория Хорни (Horney's theory)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теория эмоций Джемса—Ланге (James—Lange theory of emotions).......................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия в малых группах (small group therapies)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия в однородных группах (peer group therapy)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия внушением (suggestion therapy)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия отношений (relationship therapy).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия поэзией (poetry therapy)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия разрешением конфликта (conflict resolution therapy).................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия реальностью (reality therapy)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия ремиссией симптома (symptom remission therapy)......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия стажеров-психотерапевтов (therapy trainees)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Терапия тупика / преимущества (impasse / priority therapy)....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Терапия фиксированных ролей (fixed-role therapy)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Территориальность I (territoriality I)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Территориальность II (territoriality II)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Теснота (crowding).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест «дом-дерево-человек» (House-tree-person test).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест «Лабиринты Портеуса» (Porteus maze test).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест «Составь картину-историю» (make-a-picture-story test)...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест академических способностей (scholastic aptitude test)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тест аналогий Миллера (Miller analogies test).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Тест руки (hand test)...............................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест складывания кубиков (block design test)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тест скрытых фигур (hidden figure test)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тест словесных ассоциаций (word association test)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тестирование и законодательство (testing and legislation).......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тестирование пригодности к конторскому труду (clerical aptitude testing)............................................................................................................................................................................... Тестирование способностей (aptitude testing)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тестовая тревожность (test anxiety)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тесты академических способностей (academic aptitude tests)..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тесты действия (performance tests)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тесты для отбора кандидатов (selection tests)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тесты завершения предложений (sentence completion tests)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тесты разыгрывания ролей (role-play tests).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Тесты учебных достижений (academic achievement tests)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тесты честности (honesty tests)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Типы личности (personality types).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Топологическая психология (topological psychology).................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Торможение поведения (behavioral inhibition)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Травма рождения (birth trauma)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Транзактный анализ (transactional analysis).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Транквилизаторы (tranquilizing drugs)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Трансвестизм (transvestism)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Трансперсональная психология (I) (transpersonal psychology I)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Трансперсональная психология (II) (transpersonal psychology II).............................................................................................................................................................................................. Трансперсональная модель.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Психотерапия................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Теоретический и эмпирический базис трансперсональной психологии.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Ограничения.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Транссексуализм (transsexualism).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Трансцендентальная медитация (transcendental meditation)....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Тревога (anxiety).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Тренинг ассертивности (assertiveness training)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тренинг коммуникативных умений (communication skills training)........................................................................................................................................................................................... Тренинг межличностных отношений (human relations training)................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тренинг руководителей (leadership training)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Тренинг социальных навыков (social skills training).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Компоненты................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Труд и игра (work and play)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ _У_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Убеждающие коммуникации (persuasive communications).......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Уголовная ответственность (criminal responsibility).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Удивление (surprise)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Удовлетворенность работой (job satisfaction).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Удостоверение квалификации (credentialing).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Умственная отсталость (mental retardation)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. История развития понятия «умственная отсталость»................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Современное понятие задержки психического развития.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Степени умственной отсталости.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Распространенность и этиологические факторы........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Умственная пассивность—умственная активность (mindlessness—mindfulness)...................................................................................................................................................................... Умственные образы (mental imagery)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Современные исследования и теории умственных образов...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Классификация умственных образов.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Оценка умственных образов........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Клиническое использование умственных образов..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Употребление орудий (tool using).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Уровень притязаний (level of aspirations)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Усвоение понятий и развитие (conceptual learning and development)......................................................................................................................................................................................... Условно-рефлекторная терапия (conditioned reflex therapy)....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Успеваемость и учебные потоки (academic success and grouping)............................................................................................................................................................................................. Установка (set)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Таблица 1. Задачи о сосудах с водой......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Устойчивость внимания (attention span)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Утомление (fatigue)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Ухо (ear)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Анатомия и физиология слуховой системы................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Рис. 1. Схематическое изображение человеческого уха.......................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 2. Схема слуховых проводящих путей.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Уход на пенсию (retirement)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Учебные методы (study methods)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Ученый идиот (idiot savant)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ _Ф_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Факторные планы (factorial designs)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Рис. 1. Однофакторный план с тремя уровнями....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 2. Факторный план 3x2....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 3. Факторный план 3x2 без взаимодействия..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 4. Информация о главных эффектах, которую можно получить из рис. 3.................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 5. Факторный план 3 х 2 с взаимодействием.................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 6. Факторный план 2 х 2 с взаимодействием.................................................................................................................................................................................................... Факторный анализ (factor analysis)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Фантазия (fantasy)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Фармакологические формы аддикции (drug addiction)............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Федеральный совет по народному образованию (American Council on Education)................................................................................................................................................................... Феминистская терапия I (feminist therapy I).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Феминистская терапия II (feminist therapy II)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Фенилкетонурия (phenylketonuria)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Феномен «вечеринки с коктейлем» (cocktail party phenomenon)................................................................................................................................................................................................ Феноменологический метод (phenomenological method)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Фигура и фон (figure / ground)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Фидуциальные границы (fiducial limits)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Физика и науки о поведении (physics and the behavioral sciences).............................................................................................................................................................................................. Физиогномическая перцепция (physiognomic perception)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Рис. 7. Иерархия наук в соответствии с уровнем сложности (интеграции)........................................................................................................................................................... Физиологические потребности (physiological needs)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Физическая привлекательность (physical attractiveness)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Филоанализ (phyloanalysis)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Философия науки (philosophy of science)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Философская психотерапия (philosophical psychotherapy).......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Философские проблемы психологии (philosophical problems in psychology)............................................................................................................................................................................ Фобии (phobias)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Причины фобий............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Фокусирование (focusing)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Формационная теория личности (formative theory of personality)............................................................................................................................................................................................... Формирование впечатления (impression formation)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Формирование идентичности (identity formation)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Формирование понятий (concept learning).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Формирование умений (skill learning)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Формула Флеша (Flesch formulas)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Френология (phrenology)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Фундаментальная ошибка атрибуции (fundamental attribution error, FAE)............................................................................................................................................................................... Функции иммунной системы (immunological functioning)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Функционализм (functionalism)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Функциональная автономия (functional autonomy)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Функциональная психология (functional psychology)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Функциональный анализ (functional analysis).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. _Х_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Химическая стимуляция мозга (chemical brain stimulation)........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Холистическое здоровье (holistic health)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Хорея Гентингтона (Huntington's chorea)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Хоспис (hospice).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Хоторнский эффект (hawthorne effect)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...... Хромосомные нарушения (chromosome disorders)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... _Ц_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Цветовое зрение (color vision)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Таблица 1. Категории цветового зрения..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Центральная нервная система (central nervous system)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Центральная предельная теорема (central limit theorem)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Рис. 1. Распределение X.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Рис. 2. Распределение Y.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Центральные черты (central traits)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Циклотимная личность (cyclothymic personality)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Циклы труда и отдыха (work-rest cycles)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Циркадный ритм (circadian rhythm).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. _Ч_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Частотность слова (word frequency)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Человеческие паттерны ухаживания (human courtship patterns)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Человеческие факторы (human factors)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Человеческий потенциал (human potential)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Черепные нервы (cranial nerves).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Таблица 1. Классификация черепных нервов........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Чувство неполноценности (inferiority feelings)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Чувство юмора (humor).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. _Ш_..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шаманизм (shamanism)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шестнадцатифакторный личностный опросник (the sixteen personality factor questionnaire).................................................................................................................................................. Шизоидная личность (schizoid personality)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шизотипичная личность (schizotypal personality)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Шизофрения (schizophrenia).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала визуальной ретенции Бентона (Benton visual retention scale)......................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала Гуттмана (Guttman scale)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала интеллекта Стэнфорд-Бине (Stanford-Binet intelligence scale)........................................................................................................................................................................................ Шкала наименее предпочтительного сотрудника (least preferred coworker scale).................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала Олпорта—Вернона—Линдсея (Allport—Vernon—Lindzey scale).................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала смешанных критериев (mixed standard scale)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкала социальной дистанции Богардуса (Bogardus social distance scale)................................................................................................................................................................................ Шкалирование по Лайкерту (Likert Scaling)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Шкалирование по Терстоуну (Thurstoune scaling)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкалирование (scaling).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Шкалы Меррил-Палмер (Merrill-Palmer Scales).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Шкалы развития младенцев Бейли (Bayley scales of infant development)................................................................................................................................................................................... Школы без неудачников (schools without failure)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Школы профессиональной психологии (schools of professional psychology)............................................................................................................................................................................. Школьная адаптация (school adjustment)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Школьная фобия (school phobia)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Школьное обучение (school learning)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Школьные компании (school gangs).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Школьные психологи (school psychologists)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. _Э_...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эволюция (evolution)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эдипов комплекс (oedipus complex).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эйдетическая психотерапия (eidetic psychotherapy).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экзистенциализм (existentialism)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экзистенциальная психология (existential psychology)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Экзистенциальная психотерапия (existential psychotherapy)....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экзорцизм (exorcism)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эклектизм (eclecticism)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эклектическая психотерапия (eclectic psychotherapy)................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Экологическая валидность (ecological validity)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Экологическая психология (ecological psychology)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эксгибиционизм (exhibitionism)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экспериментальная психология (experimental psychology)......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экспериментальная эстетика (experimental aesthetics)................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Экспериментальные исследования памяти (memory experiments).............................................................................................................................................................................................. Экспериментальные методы (experimental methods).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экспериментальные планы (experimental designs)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Базисная логика экспериментальных планов............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Экспериментальный невроз (experimental neurosis).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экспрессивная мимика (facial expressions)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экспрессивные искусства (expressive arts)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Экстраверсия / интроверсия (extroversion / introversion)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Экстрасенсорное восприятие (extrasensory perception)............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Электродермальная активность, ЭДА (electrodermal activity).................................................................................................................................................................................................... Электростимуляция нервной системы (electrical nervous system stimulation)............................................................................................................................................................................ Электросудорожная терапия (electroconvulsive therapy)............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эмбрион и плод (embrio and fetus)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Эмоции (emotions)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эмоциональное заражение (emotional contagion)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эмоция и память (emotion and memory)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Эмпатия (empathy)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эмпиризм (empirism)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эмпирическая психотерапия (experiential psychotherapy)........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Энвайронментальная психология (environmental psychology).................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эндорфины / энкефалины (endorphins / enkephalins)................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Энкопрез (encopresis)...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Энурез (enuresis)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эпидемиология психических расстройств (epidemiology of mental disorders)........................................................................................................................................................................... Эпилепсия (epilepsy)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эпистемология психологическая (epistemology psychological)................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эргопсихометрия (ergopsychometry)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эриксонианские стадии развития (Eriksonian developmental stages).......................................................................................................................................................................................... Этика психологических исследований (ethics of psychological research)................................................................................................................................................................................... Информированное согласие......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Неприкосновенность частной жизни и конфиденциальность................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Ущерб и польза............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Риск регулирования...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Этические проблемы в психологии (ethical problems in psychology).......................................................................................................................................................................................... Этичное обращение с животными (ethical treatment of animals)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Этнические группы (ethnic groups)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Этнические меньшинства (ethnic minorities)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Психология и этнические меньшинства..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Этноцентризм (ethnocentrism)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Этология (ethology)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Основные понятия классической этологии................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эффект Барнума (Barnum effect).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффект Зейгарник (Zeigarnic effect).............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эффект Креспи (Crespi effect)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Эффект ореола (halo effect)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Эффект Пигмалиона (Pygmalion effect)......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффект спящего (sleeper effect)..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффективность лидерства (leadership effectiveness).................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффективность психотерапии (I) (effectiveness of psychotherapy).............................................................................................................................................................................................. Данные исследований результатов психотерапии..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Образцовые работы и исследовательские проблемы................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Эффективность психотерапии (II) (psychotherapy effectiveness)................................................................................................................................................................................................. Рост важности исследования эффективности............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. История.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Методологическая эволюция....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффективные компоненты психотерапии (effective components of psychotherapy)................................................................................................................................................................... Гипотеза деморализации.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Значение гипотезы деморализации для подготовки психотерапевтов..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Эффекты экспериментатора (experimenter effects)....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... _Я_......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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