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POEHE 3 PEOMEHA HACEEH O TAH OPOBOM OPA H B COBX PAA.

1. MEPOPT O CHEH OCTEH PAOHOB B OPAHM.

1.1. Opaee / cee paoa poyo a, aaax paoy aex oecax.

ec o, o pac e pao c ee aaa paoy.

Hao aoee o a c pac e, opea cc ea o op pacooea e yoo, a a ocooe oec o paoyo coep c eo oep oc o 1-5 ca e poo coe (ooo 95 % o ce paoa eec , coepa c oe). Bcooe coepae o eae c ope epee, aee, e, aa, a ae pa oa. Cop po o, a o oa eapc eo o cp, ac co a a o oa cea eca papeae c p o oc a pe ee-137 o 2 /..

Oo. o cocooc aaa Cs-137 ope ya ocoe ooe y yp pacpee c cey opao: ca epe, ayc a, ap oe, cea, ae, caa, pec, y, eco, opo, o yp, oop (epe 10-15 pa oe, e ocee).

py . Oo py e coepa a eo o oec a paoyo. Oao o pa aae c oep oc oe a pee, ocoeo ooo oooe, e ooa, ce oep oc oa p cope py o (ocoeo opee ) a a peo ee. o oy p cope ooe py o ao cec yy o a c oo, a epe aao a paee a eo oc o e.

o. epa, pyca, epa paca copoa, a oee eco, a ea, po, ea copoa, aa pa eee eco aaa paoy.

p . coo p oo pae a e pe py. oe ce o paoyo aaa p - yy op: oc p, opya, pacya, o o e o-yp, p, aceo oce (ocoeo oe), o, oa oa . B oo ea o ye p a pe o, oo ae (0,1-0,2 /..), C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

coepae paoyo oe pea oyc e ypo. py ac o ep, o pyo ep, oyy pooy, cy e y, oepeo, eey oo o ec py o pye p o, c o p oy . opo, ooco, cpoea ooea, o a ocee, oeea - p , cpee e p oy . Mee ce o aaa paoy p cp op p oy o: ao, oeo , eea, c poo ooe, cpoea ea ypea, o ec p, oe oa . Oao eo oo o , o opee a op aoe paoyo pa - o oc a pe epp op ec e a o o. o oy p coo o oc a pe (oee /..) coepae paoyo oe pea oyc e ypo ae a aae pa -cpa opa. B e pa aaae c oe e, e oe.

co. oe e coep c ce c ap o , c po - oc oo. Haoa oe pa paoyo opeee c e , oa, ee, aea - cae, pe. Coepae paoa eec o oc eo ee ce, e oe, apae ce . ec o, o ao oceye ee eo e poc o oe ppoae a p eec ( o ce paoyo) pepo 10 pa. o oy o o o pooo ocoeo ao a , o co o coep a eoe oec o paoyo.

oe ce o aaa paoy aa a, ecoo ee oc, oe. Peoea o ope ec a o o po o oo oy ec oa pao oec a o o o pooo.

P. a pee p ee-137 ac o ec a o a. Py peoeye c o pea po o ooea. Haoee a pe c e poe p (ya, oy, ap, apac, co, ), aeee a pe o a e ep coe o (o a, oa, cya, e, ye, pacoepa).

1.2. yapa exooeca opaoa poyo a.

epe p o oee yo peee poy o peoeye c coa ceye paa:

a eo oa p o eco o ycopa, opoo poa , aa coeo pac ope. epe p o oee p C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

peoeye c po ecoo pa co co o apa. Tao pe opao cae oe pa paoyo 100 oee pa;

a eo oa opeo o oyp, ya o y y opeoo e;

ya oep ep e c y ayc ;

oo opeo a eo peap eo aa co co paccoa, ea eo o apa ( apeo ap oee oec o paoyo yeae c paa);

p acoe apoa ooe, py o, po (e yo pe pacco apa y!) coepae paoyo cae c 1,5- paa;

py epe p o oee peoeye c a eo oa , a oa eo ya ooy, a y peoc ;

a eo c oe pa paoyo ce oo y e ceye opao : po po oo oe, ao coeo pac ope o a 2-3 aca, c , a oo ope o, oec o e, o c , a oo oo ap o o ooc . poe o o, eo oo y a ceye a :

- acoa peap eoe aae coo (e pe paoa opao a co ceo paccoa) cae coepae e-137 3-10 pa;

- p oo ape ca, ee e yo epe o pepo 50% c po e, a oc e o 1%, o oy e peoeye c yo pe co-oc e yo.

- cao coep ee paoyo, e py e poy o ooc a. p e o epe oe 95% e oc ae c ape poy (p) c ao c pa ec c .

1.3. Opaee yopee "ecx" poyo, ocoeo ecx:

po o.

Peoea o copy po o oo oy ec oa, ecec a pao e pa e eoo . a o oy apo eca ceye poo c ye o o oc a pe o ocoeoc e aoe paoyo. ce copae po o poepa a coepae paoyo oa ea.

a o oa epeoo o coa papeea a epp op c o oc a pe o 15 /.., c ocey poeee paoe p.

ac copa coa ceye pa a cy ec a, a a o a C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

yco popac a epee coepae paoe epeoo coe oae c.

2. MEPOPT, OPAHBAE BCACBAHE PAOHOB B OPAHM.

ec e paoyo, oa op a, oo ye , o pa cacae. o o pyooc y c cey pa.

2.1. p oypeoo aee.

Paoy o co ec coc a , coo e c eo, y e aoa c o c eo op c a ee a e c ae pye;

c po c ae;

y o c pe ae eeo. p ee pao poy o, coepa c ae ee , o yy oyppoa c paoa ee a, ca cacae.

c oa oc ye op a c ceye poy :

- (cy oa o peoc op aa 3 /cy ): ap oe, yp, , epoc, ypa a, a, ope , o, aco, ea, po.

- Py : pac o pa.

- (1 /cy ): ooo ooe poy , a, ooe, ee y, ypo, e pya, pea, pe, a.

- eeo (15-30 /cy ): co, pa, eee oo, pao e, ceea ocoea, o, , caa, epooa pa. ye ycaae c eeo o o o poc oe.

2.2. p ca paoyo eyoo-eo pae.

acee, poae o a a pe paoya epp op, peoeye c yo peee poy o, o a e a, a a, a oa a, o ope ca paoy T. e - o ce oca ap, o ope c oa e ao opay c oe epac ope coee, o ope o c op aa. poe o o, ycae c epc a a ea. Oao p oo yo pee oe pa c ca epo. c oa oc ye yaa coee op a c o, py oo:

- e : aaa, py, cea, copoa, opo, o, o yp, apea, epe, ep, a, co c o .

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

- : epoe, ooe.

- o : eoopaee o o, epooa pa, ca, epa copoa, o pa, .

3. MEPOPT, HAPABEHHE HA COPEHE BBEEH PAOHOB OPAHMA.

3.1. cee epca ea, oopoe oeceaec yopeee poyo, oax eao:

- e pyo o ooa;

- oo (ayc a, cea, opo);

- py (epoc);

- py ( pea, oca, eo).

3.2. Peyp acca e o oeceae c p yo pee:

- oo eo o oec a oc e (a, co, opc, oo );

- ac oe pa, oaa oe o ee o ec e (poaa, epoo, eccep , a, o, ypo).

3.3. Cy aecoo peaa.

a eca cc ea ocyec e pe oay oy e oca. c y coy pae eapc ee pa:

oec ooe (ceea, oce o), c epo copo, o oa, oopo, e aey, yypye pa.

4. MEPOPT O PEOTBPAEH ECTB PAOHOB HA OOECE MOE 4.1. Hacee opaa aocaa, oope pecy epecoy oce o.

By o o, o oc o ooe o a pe ocep ( o ce paoy) c pooca a oaa yoopea e o, eecoopao eee poy o, oaa a oca coc a epac apy e o. A oca o coee pao eco ppo, cocoe opo yc pa cooopaaoe ocee op aec eec (epecoe ocee o). A oca C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

coc a oaa a A,C E. c oa oc ye op a c:

- B C (70-100 /cy ): o, epa copoa, ca epe, oe a, epooa pa, ea, oa , pycoe, ayc a (ae aea), ee y.

- B E (12 - 17 /cy ): oe a, yypya, ooe, epapoae pac ee aca (ye oooe), pea,cee ocoy a, ceea ao.

- B A (1 1,5 /cy, 1/3 a A, 2/3 - e a-apo ): o ee, cooe aco, e o. e a-apo : opo, pac ca epe, e pya, ae, ceepe.

1.2. cee paoa poyo, coepax pooca:

pooca - o coee pao eco ppo, cococ ye cooopaaoy oce op aec eec .

a ee oec a coepa c peee paco copoe.

1.3. Hacee opaa poeea.

Oco c oa oc ye poee o op a c ceye poy :

- o (50-180 /e): opca ayc a, opce poy , pa, aco, peea pya, eco, caa, cea, o yp, epooa pa, opoaa co (p p o oe co oe ap, c ap o po).

- (16 /cy ): yypya, pee ope , oca pya, pc, opo, aco, ceea ocoea , ap oe, ayc a (ocoeo e a), cea, opo, ae, e o a, ee, oa, pee a, ce, cya.

- e (2 /cy ): pac ee poy - cea, ap oe, o, opo, aco, ope , co, oca, pea, a a e cp, ee, pa, co. apy c e e c oa opo epe a Zn-Cu-aca cyepoccy aa, o op eo o yopoa a oca o yo cc e op aa.

- Cee (100 /cy ): eco, epoe (ocoeo pc, e, oec), pa.

Cee o coc a epe a y a oepocaa, yac ye o oepea coo paao.

- o (100 /cy ): ae, pya, ypo, cea, ee y, epa C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

copoa, pa, opo, a, pa, ope , opo, aco, o. oa eo o cc e poe ope, o coc a aa B12.

1.4. pa pe a.

o o e ae :

yo peee oc a oo o oec a ooeo o ea. p o:

- oae c yc ooc poecoy y peey oye;

- cae c cacae paoyo;

- oae c pec e oc op aa e.

e oyo pe e, o a o pa, a a:

- o c ocoo epeco o oce o;

- yac y opaoa pao oco (opaae c ya cc ea);

- c pooa op a ao e poo ceoo o, o ope o epy ec e opye o ye (ec ).

1.5. opeee ex oao.

Beee a e oao apaeo a oee yc ooc op aa paaooy oec eee paoyo op aa. oo o ec :

- ep popoc e e (Cell Guard, Cell Sentri), o ope coepa a eoe oec o a oca o yooy opo. ypcoo pe coc ae p ee eeeo a oa a 30 y o e o c ee.

pe ae o coe ae c c oa e peo oc oec e 6- c aao ee poc 5-6 c aao e e.

- c py ( ce-ee oopoce) coep o 70% po eo. B coc a ee o ce eaee aoco , oc o ao epa eec .

- c ( o cpco). o a oec, coepa poee , o, opo. C ypye poe opee, oaae pao- ea oa ec e, po ooca e yooypy e o.

- po ( y yp e c po). Coep ce eaae aoco , cceae oco, eacee pe co , epae eec a, a py B, o oy, oy C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

a o eoy co , o . Oaae yooypy a oca coc a, a aeec ec e, opaye oeo ea.

4.6. Mepop o oe aaaoo-oecaopx oooce opaa:

- coee pea pya o a;

- pe aa a eo;

- yeee c oo eco aa a;

- acca;

- po epa;

- ce oeee;

- e poeee;

- eo peeee;

- epae o;

- aopoa a.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Cco px copae AC - a oa e poc a , Bq - eepe (ea paoa oc ) p, rem - ea ae o e o o BO - Bcepa op aa paoo pae BP - poe opo pa p, Gy - pe (ea o oeo o) D- o oea oa H - eocpoyeoa co a - oyc ypoe E- e a oa EBPATOM - Epoecoe a ec o o a oo ep EP - ec ec e paao o H- ae a oa , Sv - ep (ea ae o e o o) IQ - ee ya oaa e (intelligence quotient) - opyee yee - oe aec a , Ci - p - copo e B/ - oe po-o a poe p poe a - ea epeaa ep M - Mc epc o paoo paee MAAT (IAEA) - Meyapooe a e c o o a oo ep MB - e ae po- o - poe p MP (ICRP) - Meyapoa occ o paoo eco a e HAP OOH - Hay o e o ec a oo paa (UNSCEAR) HP - op paaoo eoacoc C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

O - o oc ea oo eca e oc O - oc pa yea oe OP - o oc e pc - pee o - peeo oyc a oa O - epecoe ocee o P - opo pa P,R - pe e pa, rad - ea o oeo o P - pecyace oyc e ypo P - paao o po PH - paoy.

PTMO - paooe epp opaoe ecoe oeee P - paao o T1/2 - epo oypacaa TAM - paca a ao eo o oc o o o a TB - eoe ee TP - e o eo ee paao o T - paca a e o eoeeco poao ee.

T. - e epo oyee paoya op aa - y payooe cceoae - y paoe ooe yee P - o cceoa paao e o X - cooa oa X - poeca yea oe HC - e paa epa cc ea - oa eea O - epoe opye T - ep o - epa eca yc aoa B - e po-o - e poeao paa C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Heoope oe pca opaoa pax, ox e x aeoae Mo e pc aa Ooaee 1018 ca 1015 e a 1012 Tepa T 109 a 106 Me a M 10-9 Hao 10-12 o 10-15 e o Coooee ey ea C ecce ea oac opyx ye Haae ooaee e Bea, Coo oee Ea C Becc ea co e ea A oc (A) eepe (, p (, Ci) 1 =3,7*1010 Bq) o oea pe (p,Gy) Pa (pa,rad) 1 pa=0,01 p oa (D) ae a ep (,Sv) p (p,rem) 1 p=0,01 oa (H) e a ep (,Sv) p (p, rem) 1 p=0,01 oa (E) C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Cco epayp 1. apao B.A. opya paa ae . M.: "Haya", 1991.

2. oo ece e p eo oc ye paoyo. - M.:

ep oa oa, 1988.

3. yao .A. Paoa e eec a eoe. M.: "ep oa ",.

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6. oa . epoca aap: paaoe ocec ac oe o yye o ooe, M.: "Ba oa", 1994.

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8. yce H.., ee B.A. Paoa e poc ocepe. Cpao.

M.:ep oa oa,1991.

9. ycoa A.., aco oo.. yea oe eoea. - M.:Mea, 1971.

10. ep E.A., y o A.. Paaoa ea oo . - M.:Mea, 1989.

11. ao P "O paoo pee epp op, oep c paoa oy a pe pey a e a ac po a AC", 1991.

12. ao P "O coao a e paa, oc paa o a ac po a AC", 1991.

13. ao P "O coao a e paa, oc paa o a ac po a AC", 1991.

14. .A., po B.., opeo .. Paaoa ea. M.:

Mea, 1999.

15. opao e e N 52-57, PH, 1996.

16. a ao o oye ee acee y o Pecy eapyc.

M.: M, 1992.

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C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

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eoe ocoe. M.:ep oa oa, 1989.

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C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

41. poo .M.,. H.. epa a. M.: "Haya", 1972.

42. Adult Health Study Report 7.Noncancer Disease Incidence in the Atomic-bomb Survivors,1958-86.Radiation Effects Research Foudation, RERF 1-92.

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Sh.Nagataki,Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1994.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Oaee pecoe ..... aa 1. Beee paaoy ey.

Paoa oc . ao paoa o o pacaa.

oe p. Paao o e. po oye acee o pa c oo paaoo o oa.. aa 2. ece oo ece oco ec opy ye酅... aa 3. Paoyc eoc . Paaooe opaee eoea..... aa 4. Paooo eca c ya Pecye eapyc oce a ac po a AC.... aa 5. Meo-oo ece ocec oye.

C py ypa aoeaeoc cacepa acee, poae o a a pe paoya epp op ..... aa 6. o po paaoo eoacoc .

Meyapoa aa ep co . oe a acee Pecy eapyc p aap a ep ec yc aoa. p ce oo a pyo a op a... poee 1. Pao텅... poee 2. Meyapoa aa ep co 酅... poee 3. Peoea acee o a opooy opay yco ec paa腅. Cco px copae ... Cco epayp ... C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.




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