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oa , B KapTI{ <.pI'> (Paighal, 1959), Ia aKoa oBrTK pT - a\ yTpo B )K' Kop oa aa o o IIIIZLII yy aB apaara a pro-.y.o, K lTapyor ap ooa, KoTopIr oa BIo BTrpaa Kpaa B KpaKy: Br. BoIo ypylo paaro a. To.ao? Koy, oor Iy paBo.' oK]4a opaoa orx.ToT oT y pox},T opKoNa},TaIx p? Ha . o J,,T'IIoHT o po xxy. To o o.lt oBopyo IIpoaBaTKpoyr xaI pl. To ypo oBoTIo ya a aax y y }.BrTpxa- l{oB.a opo K KopoIorpy ..Caor;

c '1 rooB}.KapTy -[o. oa TaK aTIx Kayp rop Kyap. Mr { To' oBo KaaT' oTpyTBo' a.Ty, a TT317 To poT- o)K.ao Ilpooxr yT oT IIoBKa, Ko.a Brpr o.p 'y, BIBaBIIIN4y I Ilor.o' Brr op)Kp Paxyap BopBylo paKIo l CCCP KoFIa 60-. oa Ka)KM' o 34-i aep, rpar Ay, Caol,.oTaT o)Kolo oaroo y My, oo Bory y}rypoA' KapTa' o KoTopI o. OBJI ypaaIn,{ yIIo' ro ITyIrao Ko pooJ(tulo BIIBaT ao pp Io;

rTa aIx aTMIII yo rpl{o-oo KaPa, a yo BIaTpBa, Koa )K por K),paI{TI oBoo ecTeT. Bo oo I]paBBo, To o oTI{o K TM M Kovl,'eil.ap BpIBooIIa JU oKp),)Kax, xopolo aKoI llo o apaTI{o aypo o 3B.I' nTapIIo oaa KoKypL1 c o TopotII' IIII paopBaT y oy a KpaI{ yp . Koa xy rp ala c po y pBlrrro 1950- a BIo lo pKo-Kooo aKTrpa IIrBa KIopa Kyapa o py KapT, ToT Kauul y oo: < (o oa oKzuI{yI popoK' Koa I{o To poo a <.!a pay ro!>). Ha o xy oTBTI/UI: < o KoIa Tay Br ITpoIopo' I]pl\{I{o a aryo-y po B o :r> - ora Bo .p)KziJ.I' o.o.IIB K Kappr Krpa' KoTopylo I{a ToT MoMrI{T TaK aKolul, o poT;

1950-x oa o y TIoBIc pa po... TpIa: MIlo yo po TaI{oBT oTpaBo ToKo Io)a l]oBo.o JI I]p.IpI{Too.{o Aaro pa.oBa,l B aIIIyrBIM TKTB <

(CID' 1956).

(Dhool Ka Phool, 1959). o ao o opoo 1950- aa ypoK TIta' KoTopI ao_o oI{T Mxy pyaT aBaT a.r ToaIII}I KI{oB Klap IpaIT BoB pray po - I]paB.a' ToKo o )KI{;

l{o KaK B Kappr oByKoo <(lTyoo |4Tll1>>. yTaTo Tx aI{,IT a caa, KoTop}. Mxy IpaT po Kyap, xy, a BoT Koa poaBI{a rBrTKa oITarT .aT ry IIpoTK B Ko l6e N Ho HTH},po B oHo Box opurx I{a yIrx ropa' o opo OTKDKT, l >Kena aT Kapepy a u. Boo*o, o.aBI{o pB o. oo, o po' KoTopI y yaBao aoyT aoy' BO.'UI B oI{oBo K oyoBI oa, Koa rl\dy pxoJlo rT IIo-ypK B }JIy Kal\pa ' oaI{o oTtUI ooo TopoI{I B Topoy, TapaT Bo aa aBIKaTr' paBa T or paa aoo-y Mypa aoi', KaK To BIIlIo B (Do Bigha Zameen, \95) ll <.I{ B I)> },]ooT aooyoBKoo Ar <.!apay roo!'> A Ko Mxya oT IT' ToI B Bo Ko <.ovy jT a orp MIUIopa> (Andaz Apna pna, 1994).aTrl,fy po po.pa Koa <> TaIIopao yt (Padosan, 1968), o . TaIorpt opao oo ooevl. B )K a po arpxK ro Boo aa iul r pxBalo aop o TopoI or I{arTo, a aop Bpl,I;

ToI(prr pooo eo Kappa KpB,a flopaTo oBlaa appo po aBoo payolo IIoKoMKa y ra, oopr TaK )K prpaJl 1950-x IooTI{ o.oB,o oa B IITp po ro ToKo B rpr 1960-x. o oe JIBa l,lolllul.,l, KI{Tpa, I{ryoldol{a Marpa oox IpIIIKoB oa p Ko Bopy TaT BIpaT poI{IIoo or* TBroo aTpo ToKo B KoIrylo oy TBTo, po, Kpax paBrToK' C- TrTx BooKo' TaIK apooo IrpoMIcIIe, ceptlIx )KapoB ropaI'.TrKa, a 1oKaoB IIIoIIKoo Tppa - B BI{}.Io 60-.

B 1958 oy Mty o^{a }IaKor, po TrKTo: oI{ pa* T lIaIIIeo paa Pa.xa Karypa <.Boa'> (Parvarish, 1958). xo Px, a IopaBy a oo o aT KJIolaI, Bo Bpr roK TpTpyrT oBKa TaK, To o uTrI{a I{aTypa.aBo xaa r 3a, TKa }ry( BIa I.]ITK. Ctpar xy oyr pa aBoo rpo Bo BIxoad TaK x oaT KopyKIo TapooHo Mno.paI' KaK ToaI]]I{ at|Ha oa a}'lvtI aol ypao KBapTp' p,aa a Mrrry orooar oI I]IIIII IoKal{ aKoI{I N|LH' a a y poaeII,{ yopaTI Baa p}{I pKa-o.oToI{I Ka.I Kpa oTITopoBaIII ||p pIIITo I]apiJTIIa rTp'lJloy yTy KorKa IL]F.| c Mxyo TalIoBT oar yrrKTo Ka)ql.oo opooToo a - a o Ta B Kaprp yT KoIoKTypy pIKa py popI.KoKa ol{o_ papl. oo Too ! Bo, alpp, <.roo KaIp'>(Azoo, 1965), o aI ory,IpIy ac clot Io rx T:oo a xar ype o l{ao.Boo),)KK IaB}{o.oMKa aI{.rpxBaIoTB aN|T rI{ poI{o' a)( IIIOKpyloa I]oITKapoI{ Cal opy e ory a roK' a ro BIyIeaa o.roo apaIIaIIIa TKayKoB - r Tpar opa KapTI' II)KTpTI{I o.p oal{oo Paxr}pI K1apa. , ouo' ITol tlpooTpa pTaBJI,IrT BOO)IGIIM BI)xy oyoI Iropyr;

r. or ooBI I\,{xMyoBK payu y <.Br o TpaT opa]o' III yB e, - oTIIc!'>,apoar o pBI{Ko KpaoTK. Co p IoopTlIK ya p Mexy e (BhootBungla,1965)..yo pB> apo;

t eII aoaBKo yoo opolor r,r- , oo' Ip.l\,ITr BpaaIoT B Bo.popa]\{II <.poo Koo> |4 Macapoa <.Kylta'> aooa. B a (!) { ( yxo lo6lor Nlo a.po o) oI{ o aKaTIBaa o KaIIy B rTy' To aK Ilapo. I{a - )KBr Mxilry ypa: I{o To pID;

a BooaTIr ao K py: <.Ho, To Bex ){{BD(. x ceaJIL aroap KoIltKy la po opory B aTro r , - olo rpe y !'>- }I ToKo (Gumnaam, oo, oopI o BoaBT B ox llfyIKzUIt{D( poI{ , }Io pT <> 1965), paa TrKTBa Arar Kp <..{e \970-. ypa' KTaT' r e,TIII y}r epTT)>' p.a aoo xpa.oTl{oT' l, KoTopoMy, B opy o I]pHaIIo' Kpaylo Ilo xrvy. Koa aI{apo aIB' To I{a oTpoBr, oTrpn KpyIII.opo)ory pya BIe}LII oI{oo a 1970-x o IIapy oor IoIa' KoaoT poB' o-o, opyy, pa I]D( Topoo }IKTo aoT pa Ko' Ta arro py' Tal{TBrr yota. Bo xN,Iy IIoT o ya Too (<.roo Too>> Love oa}{ o yr, ry ToKo.aT ry oI}o / oB Ba pollrKylo po o apo a opoxr in bkyo, 1966), ooz}'l Ba B)KJIBIx p:y,o 1\{ Paa! Bo Naxa, TpJUIp<.o oa'>(Bombay b Goa, 1972), o , 1- <..ooo oKa oT yTpo' oT ce.o}a;

,I IooIII' ooo!'>- )K K p,e opa oT l{Booxo oT' a KTo ]J.a'o' B aBI{poJUD(. KaK BI' BpI{o,oa.zI Aax aa. Mr.oao KilLjul o To, To poxo.plo B B pl{po.loo p.oTarT ao (Bhoot Bungla, Kapepe ya, I{o oT o KAK, Kal Mya <.1rao pBekIp|>> naB, po, apo'poBaB B e- aKTpKlvIpB Too oa. or.a 1965), oII IpUI porK I.'IIII' BaIr piuIIII MyJKI{I\,I pTzlI a oopoT{r y oo o.po- Ko. <,a.paytoo!)> o IIr Toepo'DKM. .e, a ara o.ryJUIBIIII,D( ytll{oo IIoo llfyIKaa' o Ko.MoppoB'tJIB orKoM poKaT, o zUI B TKOB o]\{aTpKy BTaT o oap .Ba HooKBapTpD( o]\{a, Koe 1980- Boo po.aooo o' Bepo' a'IT. opaFI'I pa'y <..Kao-o, oI{B.UIo-o! Cyo-o lp oo TBooo KoKoI{pa <. roo aa!> - <.Bop, apo! rr o o- IQIo>'a paTo II.aBo Ia KarTa poe!'> caa, oI{oBpl\{o IaI{Ta vr caJIoI- oa..opa AB'>. I{ZUI' o,I, vI coF'a'.oor poo )I(zUIoT (<.Bp or aopBaJ|a Tpyl{a. B a.{ a I{r oa oIpIIoo aopooo oeT IIoxIUIoo oaa (o paaI), oaoo xoI{eI IIaBpl- To yBaIIIr I{raI>>), Ir rpr yBTo TrKJIo apo!| IIpeI BoIIoo' or r aT pTKo}fy Bopy yto.yoo.o paoro aal, xo.r a IIpoTK Tpx aoB. capa. BpoI.ooaI pepryap ooo Kopo 1950-x. K a Blae' Koa B Ii aTa oc r oo.oo yIIpaBIIo (Iar Karryp), oa x' IIo o Haa IvryIKy y >ry pI4TacvI cepI|4KJIoK ppaTB, BIBaD(paBI' KoMIIoopa P..{. ypaa, v|apTTypI y opy IIo o.r 60-x, apa oo.oo roBKa, B-alol a)K'IJIrpTBI pyo B Toax Kopo.poB' r )(raBIIIx pKoBaT BIBaT oBlIKo. Be o. xpo o apxD( pII. Ho o }IKoa IIr oBepIII o i yo' To aIII 3a !p oe a pa.p eI'.aK Toy ;

r B.opIM ta afa, apoIII po 3a, <.g- (o yaae rzIo aaoy cpex 1u, KIKBcKaK Kpnta leil, T351IBaT opo.aBoro pya (Ktop Klnrap),or To ar ry opoy o, apo.poBaBIIIeoBKr <,,Bp> 60-70-, B a oo aTN{- Ipzpo eo aI-Ilollrpa. py BoI opr.' TpaIIIr IIITaI )Kel4' KoI.a )K' B ot{T opoo oce IaBIx poB oTo' o Bol{T |4 coBa B ITopTT BoN{ poKaM o opo apo ayN4K. ay x T pa o paa TaoBc Bce aIpB_ . B pBIx o oIpaB.UI. TaapTI BTpa ITap .B}.IIIK a oprtoM 1o' TrIIp I1o o paKaIBarT o )K}.H' <. xv1 o My'ue (Humjoli, 1970) ro Bo BTop),To ov (ao)' o ayIBa TyaIo cBo I[al a yx oo tooo aBaTlopl K yIo. ,.aB pTIo oor T KolM poax' a apy BloT I oI{o ao po oa paala - cItI Aa (MxIly). o ooaT Tpa o apri oTKpIT oyro KtloTy'ro <.Bax Ba poa)> aT TaKr r, To B N4p, BKJIIa Alto, pT 1\{oTprT ToKo o o. oa oTzLIII po yaloT B Box aypr.ax' Aa ax rr o.opBar To a Ka[Ia aBapa }Io o. aNIIM I{ooI\4- B To aTBoM rBr oFt poy.o Koa pT BT o a Tp ' KaK I{To ao o payr l4zuloTrpo - aTo }TIpTBo oa poT y oTa rI{I ora.oI.y (Mya) KoIo a IIpypoT oy_ oo )MacTBa TBTa. o ro - IpoTo oa .TBI{a' KoMy To)( B To oMT },Tpa.o Bpa rIo.aT y Koo lI xBaTaT MooB ITOT' o B T rapIr aBK, KoTopI IIT ATa, B oTo.oBT tI oy o To.o Koa' xo r _ o Kya74'1, - Bro III p ouapoal{olo a Ko ryr. B o Bp KaK rpozDKa Lar Ktopa poo.T oo BKx polIIT, o xoy ra o oBrpIIItIo lI rIoT) laoMa KapTottK, KoTopIr Ka)q,"T Ty pKy' KaKyto B To pa a[IT Hap. Mxy x, oopl y o.'o To )Kl' KaXI tloBI IIoBrlt or rT. o opaaT pr)KrpKM' KaK y prTaBeTc' apo. Ba oBrpx I)KoI{Koo aIIIBoIo oparDKBoo IToo Tp1oI BIpo aIIapaT 'I _ p BTo}.BTBTI{oT. B .),rM ITo. Io ap;

oITo ooaapaT' IToBIIII a pN4 rpr I]ro. a K oy apI{aJIy.a opoa Koxaa yMKa KopoTKM ,.tTKoM - B ao o.oK},l,ITI ap. Ha ooB rlo lroBeC KrfIKa - B TaKx xo.T KoorpaTopI. Koa op.o ee' oI Ba}4IBarT B ooaT}. KproBoIypyp),To aJTaTK IlIa Ka1pa, o oraT ooaT),,IoKpoBo_[ypyp}Iylo pyaxy - oBrM KaK B KlIo' oop oparo KoTIoI rporB B ooTBTTB ypaol,{ Trppo. Mr oB cea I, To p),.K I{oIa' a BMrTo oopo <>'.oBo, oTa }'T I{ o apa. o oTaI{ pI_ rT o. p yl,ta KTo oa_.a - .I{TBlltx, ro }.IIIaT- o.o T M B TooBo yI, ao I{r ay_ I\dIBa' To rMy To o TaTyy. o, To BIxoT: B9 Ilpo IlpoalK o r x tt poBoT BIaT oKa_ MBIIIX ca, Mxy o o rHTBro pto <(a I{a Ko> IpaT po B aMK - B ol llopy>alol4 B o.pxMo Ko_ o. Kor.a B po)qTo oa paala a'BaT rBT poax, B oH BITpaBaTcBp,1 KaK IIo x oaT - oKo y oToo To_To r pe.aaT KyoK oT Boo yorll a, apaec Ha ,a:,or parT' KTo r Borrl B.Bp - To B BII T orTpaB.ao' B p ooB BolII.IIIo r Bo BIoTI ooro..BT poTa. B aI' BJa MaTTIx fa K I * t * i .:1,.

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t,, * & 1 -,,,.,.:lll,.

" e"* o.I ( Mxy, B o. Iopa' oTpo p)rp, o]JI4)KoBaI Mar_ o, oyIIo ooy - Mtry )K ,TBr o.oo lly orKy' KoTopoy p. B. pjKpKt{p yKa. l- py, aoMy o ||pkl, o.oBpI{o o ao Kaypo <.polo,aTo yyr> (Kal, Aaj Aur Kal' |970) or y I{r pT. px pr BoI{oKaaTa )Kr, I IaIIl.aJI. IlIKo pKM' lIIKo oa}II oITp oop, o Mxya KoMK .o Ko oBJIJI|4:'ToKo or Iop. o.paI oKo},Totyp .a pTrIo p.ox},T, a o aaaoo prBpaTI/ B KyTBo. o oB Bpo. B oBy oIroII),. KoIo IpaJIl..o Mxya. T x Kop Kyap, fpaTaBHI po' oTrIIIaJI p.e K I{aBoTIo Box poB, I{poooTIo orx opooB - I{o ToKo or [o.pKl{y }KTay x.ylllBo pBoxo.TBo a. ooTIo aoa. poa Paxa Karrypa BzL'I rr I{I pa o - or rp.pI Ia T ToT p K ,{I]IMy. pr Kayp po.BzUI B T}.IIIK' Kp},T .pa B I{o pKIBzI }daIIIl\,{- I{o B pa" . b o B KoI{o ToIl' B )o oKaIBzuI to ooTI p. rIo, BoIl po. Mxtry ;

I{a},IIIB:L'I rpo .lt oae IB }Ia I]p a oTooa' oooo.oBrT o.o.o.o Koa' apox. Tt{oo I{IToTooo. o xy, poo r IoT t{tx opaBa, Kpor ToIo' To aKIHo ao p aKTrpa' oI{Iro Kax}. BoIo po KaK BoKaTKyIo p B aTy paBa KD.oo oTaBaT I{pI, KapI .ypaIIIBI pyrIo Kolrpo o. o BI. ooy a aapoT. l, IIIKoM aMopoIr KoBaII BIoK eaal, |a Bp}r oooxa eH1.aBI{o r >I(zLII, rloToy opaoa Mrr,ryy, KaK po.oy - ToIIo TaK x Io lpH CCCP 1960-x, .o Ko Io Mrl{}lo a p Tpaxa ).IIpKa' BIoKoop L Tt{Ix pI{ITIx' )z ol KaKy, a r x1o oay. i, y o' KTo }IaT' oKazul r opa olx llIII{x KoB }paIrI T po oTKpoBI IIzL'IoaB' a KoTopI I x TaK ' uot t yrIM apTB},Io KI{oooa o Kpaa. Ho o IloprTBt{o oB.I{rB Kapr Taapr oxo.ropy Ilpoal popo B TBoprTB oBI IpoB' Bpo.lap1 (Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai, a <.Ka)<, 2000) o-op < - To I)>(k Pal Ka Jaana), t{ToKo TaI ap oeil ilKx TaHrB oBoo TIT, 1o74Bo MIIooM or Pa Poraa TaTyo tIoBoIo oyoo oa. Mxly yrp B IoToM Hop' B arpKaKo IIITaTaI, Ka pI rTo 2004 oa . o.oo B IIo-.rT BIM.yla' o yIIIaoTrTra Bo . A Ba orcouecem.B de olwep mocm T T, t,\ucdun u ecupl1u,..lli:,' *- ri l:lai.:lll,:,... r:.. t:_,...f:..

:'.!',..$ :*' *, . o,a 1996oy rKr oxo xy a(Dushman Dunyia r Ka), B o.o IIooB IBII o rpoa;

K B oooT' o pl{a Bo pI ToK cK Illaxpyx Kxay, oopt yoBoTBrM BI}r aa 3aBpaJI M -I]o , aI ooao 1aaB pT' oTKya o B.T BoIo aKTpK. poooBlr}To. H oa B.oy p, My.o' I{aBIr ToKo BTI' o aTflKI{Ir IIpo.I aei, o,aB pox Aax avua, aB My |982 o,y' Koa Kappa KoKa prxBiula yoBI a, B Bo I < paa'>(Khud-Daar) po, Bo Moo al]oalo_ BoT o yy aoo xya. Topr aaaM ,Ba TaKTy KoI KoHa' , ylao para'.aT aaa 100 p1 BTo pTalox l0: <.Cav Ta px 90 py: o pIo.T,Koa a.o)>. TopoBr BoB oKaxiT rpor a yy. ppo To x pooIIIo xyo B rpr. 1970-x, oa oI{ Bor K BpIIIa aBI o oopapI ITprBI aTy Mox KopoB: oT B Br.I'o.I{a,p).,TZUIoTKaIBaTpaa tl' BoIla' B KaK o pa aTBzl aax y Box MrTIx apHpoB' oT Maoxa Kyapa x.pI' KaK xaoo oToTI{Boy aBMy r{TIo Paxy Tp I]oKo Kaypy, ,Ko yI{aBao Iapo.poBaB ro -'aoo Pa.xa, rlo oTa Ia Parxpa - ollK> (Humj oli, 1970), r. Kap}I<.

Tap-apa-ElM-M oa o r '(3 oMex. e o a ya> Mann / 1999 to Poucrep: dp Kglop Mgto: Culdu - !po Co:Cllup 3de ucnumeu: dum Hop u zu Taaaf ) AMP: Ta ao,xy a o Tpa-apa-a-a, o p - oe! T tiy eyM aa Tp-p, ae- , epe oe,epT e! MAA: Ta ao y o ax Tpa.p-a-, Bo p - o6xe! Ta y^,{ e y a -,o, 'H-o' - o o peo, aa ypa ypa ae x pa pae ap, TaH p uol. MAHA: Tylxe 6ay M Ma ap 6a paax e po e o epeI, ape Itepa opo' T|4 |4Ho' t1|4 AP: Mepe o pe opaxex3oxTep oe Xopotopoox. ep o e x e Bo oxa, oIax ox MAHA: Cp ep yy Tooeeo, AM: Cp epep Toooo. AHA: Cp ep pvx To - oopo 6. AMP: Cp ep epax B,I oo e6. MAHA: o xy o Tp-p--, o p * o xe! AMP: T vy y Tapa-p, B Te_ ' ep'e oe,p e! Tep 6,x, a a H >KHa Tp'apa, e ' ep.e oe' ep e! A: py y ypy)try )tryH py Kp ,{xya aa ay 6 xao x Ho pay p e o . AHA: p Tyxe o J]o a e Ha ytl a peax, ooax e6 o. Ty.x xT 'y opoeroe xeeo{po. AM Ty,xe axoe 6pr T o y, Tepyr e Hae oop1,nly Te ea T ev paary. AHlllA: Ty lr epr6p>o I.py o pe+I{p! AMP Ty x E p l y lMopeff,ry! MAHl.llA: Ty epax Mo r o! A: Ty x ep Tl - eoe o! o MAHA: T o y o pa-p--M' p _ oT o ! AM: Ta a,ry exyt\4 3Ma e e6, 3' x - e 6oure x, Tp-p, Il- ' epe oe,ep el\,l AHl.llA: T:a }' ,y Tp-, te- ' ep]eo eplrr el! AMP: Tltr.rie,gl4l,,t[ Tap-p, le- , p o ep er!

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