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Московский международный институт эконометрики, информатики, финансов и права Турук И.Ф.

Петухова М.В.

Чеботарев Ю.С.

A Course of Basic English Revision Курс повторения основ английского языка Москва 2003 УДК 42 ББК 81. 43 Т 888 Турук И.Ф., Петухова М.В., Чеботарев Ю.С., Курс повторения основ английского языка «A Course of Basic English Revision». / Московский международный институт эконометрики, информатики, финансов и права. - М., 2003. - 188 с.

© Турук Ирина Федоровна, 2003 © Петухова Марина Викторовна, 2003 © Чеботарев Юрий Семенович, 2003 © Московский международный институт эконометрики, информатики, финансов и права, 2003 2 Contents Introduction.....................................................................................................4 Lesson One.................................................................................................6 Lesson Two.............................................................................................. Lesson Three............................................................................................ Lesson Four.............................................................................................. Lesson Five.............................................................................................. Lesson Six................................................................................................ Progress Test I.......................................................................................... Lesson Seven............................................................................................ Lesson Eight............................................................................................. Lesson Nine.............................................................................................. Lesson Ten............................................................................................... Lesson Eleven.......................................................................................... Progress Test II...................................................................................... Lesson Twelve....................................................................................... Lesson Thirteen...................................................................................... Lesson Fourteen..................................................................................... Progress Test III..................................................................................... Supplementary Training Vocabulary and Grammar Tests................................................................ Final Test....................................................................................................... English-Russian Vocabulary....................................................................... Listening Comprehension............................................................................ Introduction Этот курс предназначен для студентов дистанционной формы обучения, у которых был перерыв в изучении английского языка и желающих дальнейшего совершенствования в практическом владении английским языком.

Курс содержит 14 уроков, англо-русский словарь, итоговый тест.

Каждый урок состоит из:

1. Учебного материала (Information for Study);

2. Упражнений (Practice);

3. Теста (Test).

Учебный материал дается по аспектам языка в виде таблиц и речевых образцов, что позволяет студенту восстановить в памяти забытое и систематизировать ранее изученный материал. Изучение материала осуществляется в той последовательности, которая предусмотрена структурой урока. Вначале идут упражнения раздела А на правила чтения и произношения слов с опорой на таблицы, которые выполняются после прослушивания речевых образцов и повторения их студентом за диктором. Затем студент приступает к выполнению раздела В. В этом разделе ведущее место занимают упражнения по формированию умения задать вопрос, ответить на него в краткой и полной форме, дополнить новой информацией, а также умения участвовать в беседе в определенной заданной ситуации, используя материал данного и предыдущих уроков. В конце каждого урока предусмотрен контроль - поурочный тест.

В качестве поэтапного контроля студент выполняет три промежуточных теста (Progress Test I - Lessons 1-6, Progress Test II – Lessons 7-11, Progress Test III – Lessons 12-14) В учебник также включены дополнительные тренировочные тесты по лексике и грамматике в форме close tests в разделе Supplementary Training.

Целью раздела Listening comprehension является отработка навыков аудирования.

Рисунки в этом пособии выполняют роль стимула для высказывания, помогают создать определенную речевую ситуацию для проведения беседы. В каждом уроке в виде подсказки и опоры приводятся примеры выполнения упражнений.

В Курсе даются диалогические повествовательные тексты в качестве иллюстраций использования в речи языкового материала в отобранных ситуациях, а также стимула для организации беседы по аналогии или высказывания на отрабатываемом учебном материале урока.

Инструкция к выполнению поурочных тестов Тест проводится по завершении каждого урока.

Тесты 1-10 содержат три раздела:

1 - проверка усвоения правил чтения.

2 - проверка усвоения грамматического материала.

3 - проверка усвоения лексического материала.

Тесты 11-13 содержат 2 раздела - 2, На каждое задание имеется только один правильный ответ (если в задании не указано иначе).

Ответы записываются в столбик.

Например: 1- 2-3 и т.д.

Задания без ответа считаются выполненными неправильно.

После выполнения теста проверьте свой ответ по ключу.

При наличии ошибок повторите еще раз учебный материал урока и исправьте ошибки.

Инструкция к выполнению промежуточных тестов:

Промежуточные тесты проводятся по завершению следующих уроков:

Progress Test I - Lessons 1- Progress Test II – Lessons 7- Progress Test III – Lessons 12- Тесты содержат три раздела:

Part I – проверки усвоения правил чтения Part II – проверки усвоения грамматического материала Part III – проверки усвоения лексического материала Тесты выполняются по тем правилам, что и поурочные тесты (см.

выше).

Выполнение теста с результатом до 9 ошибок (75% правильных ответов) считается основанием для зачета по соответствующему разделу учебника.

Инструкция к выполнению дополнительных тренировочных тестов В каждом тесте содержится текст. В тексте пропущены слова.

Каждый пропуск пронумерован. Вам следует найти слово или грамматическую форму, соответствующую каждому пропуску из набора альтернатив, который приводится после текста. Ответы записываются следующим образом:

1- 2-6 и т.д.

Lesson One (1) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 1.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения № 1, 2, 3, 4, раздел А.

Таблица Чтение гласных в четырех позициях I II III IV a [ ] map [ei] take [a:] far [ ] fare e [e] pen [i:] mete, he [ :] her [ i ] here i / y [ i ] pin [ai] pike, my [ :] bird [ai ] fire o [ ] hot [ou] hope, [ :] port [ :/ ] no more u [] but [ju:] cube [ :] hurt [ju ] cure 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните материал урока этого раздела.

Key Examples This is a table.

These are tables.

That is a chair.

Those are chairs.

Is this a table?

This is 'not a table.

Illustrative Examples 'Is this a table?

Правила чтения раскрываются в определенной системе на известном принципе чтения по 4 позициям гласных в слове, а также сочетаемости основных произносимых гласных и вспомогательных гласных или согласных, которые влияют на произношение основной гласной.

Yes, it is.

No, it isn't.

'Are these tables?

Yes, they are.

No, they aren't.

'Is that a table?

Yes, it is.

No, it isn't.

'Are those tables?

Yes, they are.

No, they aren't.

'Is this a table or a chair? This is a table.

'Are these tables or chairs? These are tables.

'What is this? This is a table.

'What 'table is this? This is a new table. It is new.

'What 'colour is the table? It is black.

The 'colour of the 'table is black.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adjectives bag microphone answer bad ball-point pen notebook ask black blackboard pair come (in) brown book pen look (at) convenient ceiling picture good chair room green chalk scheme large class-room screen new colour slide old desk speaker round floor tape-recorder small headphone teacher square interval TV set white laboratory work yellow language 1.4. Grammar Прочитайте и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 1.

Demonstrative Pronouns (Указательные местоимения) Singular this that (Единственное число) это то Plural these those (Множественное число) эти те Table 2.

The verb "to be" - Present Indefinite Tense Singular Plural I am We are You are You are She (he, it) is They are Table 3.

Word order (Порядок слов) Subject Nominal Predicate (подлежащее) (Именное сказуемое) This is a table This table is black Table 4.

Word order Affirmative Interrogative Negative (Утвердительное (Вопросительное (Отрицательное предложение) предложение) предложение) Singular (Единственное число) This is a table. Is this a table? This is not a table.

That is a table. Is that a table? That is not a table.

Plural (Множественное число) These are tables. These are not tables.

Are these tables?

Those are tables. Those are not tables.

Are those tables?

II. Practice A 1. Сгруппируйте следующие слова в соответствии с таблицей чтения гласных в четырех позициях. Прочтите их.

made, far, first, cure, sake, wire, pot, sport, pine, verb, eve, here, dare, mere, hire, bird, burn, pike, note, tube, side.

2. Прочтите следующие пары слов.

pan - pen, bad - bed, man - men, Именное сказуемое состоит из глагола to be и именной части сказуемого, которое может быть выражено именем существительным, именем прилагательным, т.е. любой именной частью речи.

pot - port, not - north, dog - dorp, pit - Pete, hit - he, fit - feme.

3. Прочтите следующие слова.

take, rob, cape, more, here, tune, side, eve, kite, pit, rock, store, part, bore, dive, her, dine, broth, bring, late, broke, plate, part, plug, cure, fire, mine, band, born, file, frost, theme, lame, line, fir, must.

4. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2, 3 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Look at the objects in the room and write 6 general questions and answers (a chair, a table, etc.) Example:

Is this a book?

Yes, it is (No, it isn't.) 2. Look at the objects in the room and write 6 alternative questions and answers.

Example:

Is this a book or a note-book?

It is a book.

3. Look at the objects in the room and write 6 special questions and answers.

Example:

What colour is this chair?

It is brown.

4. Look at the objects in the room and write 6 special questions and answers.

Example:

What desk is this?

It is large.

5. Look at the pictures, write down answers to the following questions.

Is this a chair? What is this?

What desk is this?

Is this a desk or a chair?

What chair is this?

What object is this? What is this?

What headphone is this? Is this tape-recorder new?

What tape-recorder is this?

What is this?

What book is this?

Is this blackboard round? Are these pens?

What blackboard is this? What pens are these?

Is this screen large or small?

Is this a microphone or a headphone?

Is it old?

Is this a scheme?

What scheme is this?

6. Listen to the text 3 times. Repeat it after the speaker and translate it into Russian in written form.

Come in! This is our Language laboratory. Look at it! This is the teacher's desk1 with two tape-recorders on it. Those are students’ desks for laboratory work. These are headphones and those are microphones. This is a blackboard and that is a TV-set screen. Are those slides? What are they? Now come here. Listen to an English speaker. Answer the speaker's questions in the interval. What rooms are these? This is our cinema hall, those are classrooms.

7. Write down 5 questions to the text.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите слово, которое содержит указанный звук.

1. [ ai] 1) wire 2) pine 3) pit 4) bird 2. [ :] 1) verb 2) set 3) port 4) here 3. [ i: ] 1) end 2) mere 3) mete 4) let 4. [ ] 1) our 2) cut 3) part 4) cat 5. [ai ] 1) fare 2) kite 3) her 4) fire 6. [ ] 1) port 2) rope 3) chop 4) fir 7. [ju ] 1) tube 2) pure 3) hare 4) hurt 8. [ a: ] 1) sake 2) sat 3) fare 4) far Part II Grammar Выберите форму слова, соответствующую данному предложению.

9. These... new tape-recorders.

1) is 2) are 10. This... our laboratory.

1) is 2) are 11.... are microphones.

1) This 2) These 12.... is the teacher's desk.

1) That 2) Those teacher's desk - стол преподавателя. 's, s' - образует родительный падеж одушевленного существительного. My brother's room - комната моего брата. Students' desks - столы студентов.

Составьте вопросительные (13, 14, 15) и отрицательные (16, 17) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленном Вами предложении.

13. 1) laboratory 14. 1) a 15. 1) new 2) this microphone 2) is 3) what 2) is 3) tape-recorder 4) is 3) a headphone 4) this 4) or 5) this 16. 1) is 17. 1) desks 2) a class-room 2) these 3) this 3) not 4) not 4) convenient 5) are К каждому из этих вопросов подберите правильный ответ.

18. What is this? 1) This screen is white.

19. Is this a screen? 2) This is a screen.

20. What colour is this screen? 3) Yes, it is.

21. What screen is this? 4) It is large.

Part III Vocabulary К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

22. desk 1. наушник 23. scheme 2. пара 24. screen 3. магнитофон 25. tape-recorder 4. экран 26. chair 5. стул 27. pair 6. доска 28. note-book 7. стол 29. headphone 8. книга 9. тетрадь 10. схема К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

30. черный 1. green 31. коричневый 2. square 32. круглый 3. yellow 33. квадратный 4. back 34. удобный 5. round 35. желтый 6. brown 36. зеленый 7. black 8. gray 9. convenient Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению.

(Отсутствие предлога обозначается знаком «-»).

37. Look... the picture!

1) on 2) at 3) in 4) 38. Answer... the teacher's questions!

1) - 2) on 3) at 4) for 39. Come...!

1) - 2) for 3) at 4) in 40. Listen... an English speaker!

1) in 2) - 3) at 4) to Lesson Two (2) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 2.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения № 1, 2, 3, 4 - раздел А.

Таблица 2.

Чтение гласных в сочетании с непроизносимыми и произносимыми гласными a o e u i/y соче- произ- соче- произ- соче- произ- соче- произ- соче- произ тание ноше- тание ноше- тание ноше- тание ноше- тание ноше-ние ние ние ние ние au [ ] [ou] [ei] [ju:] [ai] oe ei ue ie sauce oa ey ui iy toe, feint, due, tie, coast grey suit dyes oi eu [ei] [ i] [ju:] ay may, coil oy ew feud ai few tail toy [i:] [au] ou ee see, found ea tea [u: ] oo [u] too, book 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните материал урока.

Key Examples It's hot.

Is it hot?

It's not hot.

It's difficult to get there.

It was cold yesterday.

Repeat this sentence, please.

Go there!

Illustrative Examples 'Is it 'cold? 'Yes, it 'is. 'No, it is 'not. It is 'warm 'today.

'What time is it? It is five o'clock.

'What date is it today? It is the 5th of October.

'What day is it today? It is Monday.

'What month is it? It is October.

'Is it far from there? No, it isn't. It is near. It is easy to get there.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs autumn collect cold again coin give dark almost half go difficult aloud midnight pass fine already month read frosty quickly paper repeat hot slowly quarter say impossible still season speak interesting today sentence stop last tonight spring use late stamp write necessary summer pleasant text rainy theatre splendid watch sunny weather warm windy Word Combinations by heart I am sorry don't mention it I am afraid here you are in January (February, March, April, May, not at all June, July, August, September, October, once more November, December) thank you on May the 1;

on the 1st of May will you... at 5 (o'clock) won't you please... at night would you please... on Monday (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, would you like to... Friday, Saturday, Sunday) fine weather the day before yesterday early enough five minutes to four ten minutes past four 1.4. Grammar Прочитайте и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 5.

Impersonal Sentences (Безличные предложения) Subject Predicate Object Adverbial (Подлежащее) (Сказуемое) (Дополнение) Modifier I II III (Обстоятельство) IV It is cold - today.

Is it Cold - today?

Table 6.

The Imperative Mood (Повелительное наклонение) Predicate Indirect Direct Object Prepositional Object or (Сказуемое) Object (Прямое Adverbial Modifier (Косвенное дополнение) (Предложное дополнение дополнение) или обстоятельство) I II III IV Give me (him, her, this book. - us, them) Give - this book to him (her, me, us, them).

Go - - to the blackboard.

Read - this text aloud.

Don't read - this text quickly II. Practice A 1. Сгруппируйте и выпишите слова по указанным звукам и прочтите их.

[ :], [ei], [ai], [ou], [oi], [au], [ju:], [i:], [a:] boy, tail, toy, fault, suit, lie, about, foil, sail, lay, plain, tie, cue, main, foe, toe, sauce, found, fuel, bound, neat, flew, feet, tea, pie.

2. Прочтите следующие слова и выпишите из каждой строки пару слов, совпадающих по произношению гласных.

soil, count, toy, due, fee sail, found, bay, ruin, few boast, fault, port, clue, play new, faint, sue, sound, clause laid, coast, lay, round, ruin 3. Прочтите следующие слова.

moon, boil, tried, coat, sail, bound, meat, day, joy, coach, too, tool, found, sauce, ray, boy, rain, tie, toy, laid, mount, boat, suit, grey, sound, clause, count.

4. Прослушайте упр. 1, 2, 3 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Write: what day it is today, what day it was yesterday, what date it is today, what date it was the day before yesterday, what season it is now, what month it is now, what year it is now, what time it is now.

Example: It is Monday today.

2. Ask and answer.

Example: What is the weather like in Moscow now?

The weather is bad.

Is it cold?

No, it is not. It is warm and rainy.

The words you might need: fine, hot, sunny, windy, frosty, rainy.

3. Look at the picture and write what time it is.

Example: It is a quarter past one. (2) It is ten minutes to seven. (6) 4. Ask and answer.

Example: What month (day, year, season, time, etc.) is it?

It is October (Sunday, winter, etc.) 5. Compile sentences and write them down: It is difficult (easy, interesting, pleasant, necessary) to read English papers;

to take exams;

to work in the Language laboratory;

to collect coins (stamps);

to tell the time in English, to get up very early in the morning.

6. Write your own sentences using the example.

Example: Marina, give me a pencil, please.

Here you are.

Thank you.

Not at all. (Don't mention it.) 7. Write the following sentences in the negative form and translate them.

Example:

Repeat the sentence, please Don't repeat the sentence.

1. Read these sentences aloud. 2. Speak slowly. 3. Ask him to do it. 4. Read the text.

5. Learn the words by heart. 6. Ask them to come here. 7. Take these note books. 8. Try to read this text.

8. Practice the following requests with the polite formulas: would you please..., won't you please..., would you like to.... Remember them.

Example:

Pass me that book, please. Would you pass me that book, please.

1. Tell me the time, please. 2. Tell me the way to Trafalgar Square, please.

3. Show me that coin, please. 4. Speak to my friend, please.

9. Listen and repeat after the speaker, translate the dialogues and learn them by heart.

- Is it fine today or is it rainy?

- It's fine but it's cold.

- Is it very cold?

- No, not very cold.

- Is it warm in your room?

- Yes, it's very warm in my room.

- It's almost hot.

- What's the time?

- It's six. No, I am sorry. It's already ten past six.

- It's late.

- Yes, it's too late for the theatre.

- But it's early enough for the cinema.

- Is it? I'm afraid we are late for the cinema, too.

10. a) Write the dialogues about the weather in summer (autumn, winter, spring);

b) Use the questions and answers about the time in dialogues.

11. Listen to the text and repeat it after the speaker. Translate it into Russian.

The names of the months are January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. January is the first month of the year and December is the last month of the year. The names of the days are Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. In summer it is hot, in autumn it is rainy, in winter it is frosty, in spring it is warm and sunny. It is not very difficult to tell the time in English.

We say, it's one o'clock, two оclock, three o'clock, and so on. It is half past four. It is a quarter to one.

12. Translate into English (in written form).

1. У вас есть часы? Скажите пожалуйста, который час. – Без четверти пять. – Спасибо. 2. Пора идти! Поздно! Туда не легко добираться.

3. Зимой в 5 часов темно. 4. Сегодня погода плохая. Очень холодно.

5. - Не возьмете ли вы для меня книгу в библиотеке?

- Какую книгу?

- Курс повторения основ английского языка.

- Боюсь, что я опоздал в библиотеку сегодня.

III. Test Part I Phonetics Найдите в каждой строчке два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [ ] 1) bout 2) fault 3) pole 4) foe 5) sort 2. [ei] 1) fight 2) fat 3) sail 4) fate 5) lie 3. [ju:] 1) suit 2) out 3) tube 4) hurt 5) pure 4. [ai] 1) late 2) tie 3) fir 4) wire 5) type 5. [ i] 1) toy 2) coat 3) coil 4) pot 5) poke В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются так же, как в первом слове.

6. port 1) toy 2) sauce 3) top 4) cope 5) more 7. new 1) sound 2) nerve 3) cue 4) suit 5) pause 8. coil 1) round 2) toy 3) sort 4) boil 5) saint 9. raid 1) bay 2) bark 3) rate 4) rote 5) road Part II Grammar Выберите и запишите номера предложений, где говорится о том, что:

10. Холодно.

1) I am cold. 2) It is cold.

11. Трудно достать эту книгу.

1) It is difficult to get this book. 2) This book is difficult.

12. Поздно.

1) You are late 2) It is late 13. Интересно читать эту статью.

1) It is interesting to read this 2) This article is interesting.

article.

14. В комнате темно.

1) It is dark in the room. 2) This room is dark.

Составьте вопросительные предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленном Вами предложении.

15. 1) it 16. 1) warm 17. 1) March 2) this 2) your 2) it 3) is 3) room 3) in 4) to translate 4) is 4) was 5) difficult 5) in 5) cold 6) text 6) it 18. 1) date 19. 1) impossible 2) it 2) there 3) what 3) is 4) today 4) to get 5) is 5) it 6) by bus Выберите местоимения, соответствующие подчеркнутым местоимениям в русских предложениях.

20. Дайте ему эту книгу.

1) he 2) him 3) his 21. Передайте ей тетрадь.

1) she 2) her 22. Расскажите им об этом.

1) they 2) them 3) their 23. Покажите мне Вашу работу.

1) I 2) me 3) my Part III Vocabulary К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

24. almost 1. уже 25.already 2. необходимый 26.again 3. медленно 27.quickly 4. различный 28.necessary 5. быстро 29.difficult 6. всегда 7. трудный 8. почти 9. снова К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

30. писать 1) read 31. давать 2) come 32. использовать 3) write 33. идти 4) pass 34. говорить 5) repeat 35. повторить 6) go 7) use 8) take 9) speak 10) give Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению.

(Отсутствие предлога обозначается знаком "-").

36. It was cold... Monday.

1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at 37. It is often cold and frosty... January.

1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at 38. Learn this poem... heart.

1) - 2) on 3) by 4) for 39. We were at the University... four o'clock.

1) - 2) on 3) in 4) at 40. It was warm and sunny... the 1st of May.

1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at Lesson Three (3) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 3.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения №1, 2, 3, 4 - раздел А.

Чтение гласных в сочетании с произносимыми и непроизносимыми согласными Таблица 3.

a o сочетание произношение сочетание произношение w + ar [ ] war o + ld [ou] cold w + ar + [ ] warm w + or + [ :] worm согласная согласная w + a + [ ] want согласная [ ] talk ow [au] a + l + k (l не [ou] a + l + согласная произносится) cow, crow [ ] all [a:] a+l +f (l не a+l +m произносится) a+l +ve half, halves, palm a + ss, sp, st, sk, [a:] nce, pass, grasp, past, nch, nt, ff, th ask, chance, branch, grant, staff, path e u i/y Сочета- произно- Сочета- произно- сочетани произношение ние шение ние шение е i+ nd ew [ju:] согласна [u:] [ai] i+ ld few я true, glue, (gh не произно i+ gh r +u jute сится) l+ u bind, mild, j+ u thigh 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните материал урока.

Key Examples I am a student.

He was a 'worker 'last year.

'Is (was) he a worker?

He is (was) not a worker.

You are a student, aren't you?

• • • 'Let him do it.

'Let's 'go there.

Illustrative Examples I am a student. I am 'not a worker.

I was a 'worker 'last year. 'Are you a worker?

Yes, I am. No, I am not.

Is he a student or a pilot? He is a student.

This 'man is a teacher, isn't he?

This is Ann. 'Is she your sister? Yes, she is. No, she isn't.

She is 'not a student, is she?

What are you? I'm a student.

Who are you? I'm Vladimir Petrov.

Who is a student? Petrov is.

How old are you? I'm eighteen.

You are eighteen, aren't you?

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Adjectives Word combinations actor cinema- militia man famous one another actress goer Russian favourite How old are you?

age doctor research great I'm eighteen.

artist economist typist popular Who are you?

author engineer worker prominent What are you?

champio family writer worker n member military man 1.4. Grammar 1. Прочитайте и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 7.

The Past Indefinite Tense of the Verb "to be" Affirmative Interrogative Negative I was a student. Was I a student? I was not a student.

You were a student. Were you a student? You were not a student.

He (she) was a Was he (she) a He (she) was not a student.

student. student? We We You were not students.

we You were students. They Were you students?

They they Table 8.

Analytical Form of the Imperative Mood (Аналитическая форма повелительного наклонения) *) Let him read this text aloud.

**) Let us (’s) go - there today.

II. Practice A 1. Выпишите слова, в которых гласные буквы дают звук [a:], прочтите их.

cold, few, mast, mind, fast, chalk, ask, kind, branch, vast, find, glance, fight, path, half, blind, can't.

2. Сгруппируйте слова, имеющие одинаковое звучание выделенной буквы.

a) find, fit, fight, fill, mild, kind.

b) hold, not, sole, hot, told, note.

c) half, fast, fat, bar, fag, mass.

3. Прочтите следующие слова.

bold, kind, chalk, calm, grass, branch, tight, child, chance, ask, craft, false, work, half, raft, worm, law, fold, fast, salt, grasp, mind, fight, blind, cold, halves, raw, France, mild, pass, palm, hold, down, find, past.

4. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2, 3, и проверьте свое произношение.

*) Пусть он прочтет этот текст вслух.

**) Давайте пойдем туда сегодня.

B 1. Write down questions and answers about the professions and the nationalities of the persons in the questionnaire.

Example: What is Mr. Black?

He is a teacher.

What is Mr. Black's nationality? He is English.

Questionnaire Name Nationality Profession Ivanov Russian engineer Black English artist O'Neil Irish doctor Sokiaki Japanese teacher Peter Dutch writer 2. Write down your name, your age, your nationality and your profession and the same information about the members of your family.

3. Complete the sentences and translate them into Russian.

Example 1)... this book. -Let's read this book. 2) ….do it - Let him : do it.

1.... to the cinema. 2.... English. 3.... this man tell you about his profession. 4....

English stamps. 5.... to the University. 6.... a letter to our friend. 7.... come here.

8.... know about it. 9. …. her read aloud.

4. Listen to the text, repeat it after the speaker and write down 8 questions to this text.

My Friend's Family Vladimir Petrov is my friend. He is a student. I am a student too. We were workers last year. Vladimir has a father, a mother, a sister and a grandmother. Vladimir's mother is an economist. His grandmother is an old woman now. She was a good economist and her husband (Vladimir's father) was a physician. Nina (Vladimir's sister) is a schoolgirl. She is in the fifth form. She is the youngest in the family.

Mr. Black's nationality - национальность господина Блека.

5. Write about your family.

6. Translate into English.

1. Это наш студент. 2. Вы студент? 3. Он выдающийся ученый. 4. Он был членом нашего кружка. 5. Это трудный вопрос. 6. Мы были большими любителями кино. 7. Я редактор нашей газеты. 8. Я не студент, я инженер. 9. Он мой любимый актер. 10. Это известный художник, не так ли? 11. Пусть он прочтет этот текст. 12. Пусть они выучат эти слова.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [a:] 1) pare 2) grasp 3) grape 4) sat 5) pass 2. [ ] 1) coat 2) pot 3) war 4) bound 5) salt 3. [ou] 1) mode 2) bolt 3) down 4) word 5) hold 4. [ai] 1) bind 2) bird 3) paint 4) high 5) pin 5. [u:] 1) suit 2) true 3) boot 4) tube 5) pure В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых гласные буквы читаются так же, как в первом слове.

6. mild 1) fit 2) fight 3) fir 4) pain 5) find 7. grant 1) path 2) pat 3) fate 4) false 5) half 8. worm 1) burn 2) sort 3) core 4) firm 5) war 9. chance 1) hare 2) branch 3) chat 4) clause 5) staff Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола соответствующую данному предложению.

10.... you an actor? 1) am 11. They... members of the Student Scientific Society. 2) is 12. What... your friend? 3) are 13. I... not a student, I work at this University.

14. Who... that boy?

К каждому из данных вопросов подберите правильный ответ.

15. Who is she? 1) She is a student.

16. What is she? 2) No, she is not.

17. Is she a worker? 3) She is twenty.

18. How old is she? 4) She is Ann Petrova.

19. Who is a student? 5) Ann Petrova is.

Выберите местоимения, соответствующие подчеркнутым местоимениям в русских предложениях.

20. Пусть он расскажет об этом. 1) he 21. Давайте напишем ему письмо. 2) him Он расскажет о своей работе. his 23. Пусть они придут сюда. 1) they 24. Это их книга. 2) them Сообщите им об этом. their 26. Дайте нам этот учебник. 1) we 27. Это наш учебник. 2) us our 28. Пусть она выступит на собрании. 1) she Это ее журнал. 2) her Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

30. известный 1) artist 31. любимый 2) author 32. художник 3) actor 33. машинистка 4) actress 34. автор 5) age 35. актер 6) typist 36. возраст 7) great 8) favourite 9) famous Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению.

37. He is not a student, he is.... He works at our plant.

1) an actor 2) an engineer 3) a speaker 38. He is a... scientist. He is famous all over the world.

1)favourite 2) necessary 3) prominent 39. Who is the... of this book?

1) research worker 2) artist 3) author 40. This student is a... of our circle.

1) member 2) worker 3) tape-recorder Lesson Four (4) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 4.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения № 1, 2, 3, 4, - раздел А.

Таблица Чтение гласных, имеющих алфавитное звучание (II позиция) под влиянием непроизносимых последующих гласных a [ei] take main taking, mainly o [ou] no hope foe, hopeless, boat hopefully e [i:] he mete meat, meeting sleep u [ju:] mute due, muting suit i/y [ai] my bite lie hiding 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за директором каждое предложение разд.

1.2.

2. Запомните материал урока.

The train is at the platform.

Is the train at the platform?

The train is not at the platform.

Illustrative Examples Is the train at the platform or on the way to the platform?

The train is on the way to the platform.

What is on the way to the platform? The train is.

What train is at the platform?

The train Moscow–St. Petersburg is at the platform.

Where is the train? The train is at the platform.

She is in the waiting-room.

Is she in the waiting-room? Yes, she is. No, she isn't.

'Is she in the waiting-room or on the platform?

She is in the waiting-room.

'Who is in the waiting-room? Miss Petrova is.

When was she at home?

She was at home at five o'clock.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adverbs Prepositions bed house office live behind at bus Institute person occupy between in car lecture plant here in front of city lorry population inside on coat monument republic outside under glass museum schoolchildren there hat nose shoes heat side University Word Combinations at home on the left on the one hand to be ready at the lecture on the right on the other I believe so in the centre of on the square hand settled in the middle of to go for a walk 1.4. Grammar 1. Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Word order Table 9.

I II III IV The girl is (was) - in the room.

Is (was) the girl - - in the room?

Where is (was) the girl? - - - Who is (was) - in the room?

II. Practice A 1. Сгруппируйте и выпишите слова по указанным звукам и прочтите их.

[ei], [ou], [ju:], [ai], [i:].

take, foe, feet, due, side, faint, coat, mean, suit, lie, sail, goal, bee, cue, tie 2. Выпишите из каждой группы слов то, которое содержит указанный звук. Прочтите выписанные слова.

[ai] boat, pipe, sail, found [ei] pike, main, bound, sue [ju:] rain, suit, smoke, pie [ou] mute, boat, lie, mail [i:] fleet, tried, coin, suit 3. Прочтите следующие слова.

a) take, faint, Spain, wave, game, wade grove, floe, coat, tone, hoe, float me, these, sea, screen, seeming, weak tube, huge, dues, cues, suitor, hue dive, dyke, tied, lye, tried, rye, lie b) same, scene, die, street, clean, vote, dye, hue, cue, cute, mate, mail, fine, liking, safe, mete, dyke, huge, fading, laid, feed, please, floes, stream, dye, tube 4. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2, 3 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Write where the objects in the room are and ask where they are.

Example: The picture is on the wall.

Example: Where is your textbook?

2. Look at the pictures, write where the things are.

3. Answer the following questions in written form.

a) 1. Is he in the room? 2. Is Mr. N. in the classroom? 3. Is your mother at the University now? 4. Is your sister at home now? 5. Is she at the lecture now? 6. Are you at the cinema now? 7. Are you at the lesson now? 8. Are they in the hall now? 9. Are they at home now? 10.

Were you at home in the evening yesterday? 11. Was your sister at school yesterday? 12. Were you at the cinema two days ago?

b) 1. Where are you now? 2. Where were you yesterday? 3. Where were you in summer? 4. Where is N. now? 5. Where is your house?

c) 1. When were you at the concert? 2. When were you in the foreign language laboratory? 3. When was she in the Chaikovsky Hall? 4.

When were you at the theatre? 5. When were you at the cinema? 6.

When was Mr. N. at a sports camp?

d) 1. What is on the table? 2. What is in your hand? 3. What is in the room?

e) 1. What book is on the table? 2. What newspaper is on the shelf? 3.

What carpet is on the floor in your room? 4. What scheme is on the wall?

f) 1. Who is in the room? 2. Who is at the lecture now? 3. Who is in the street now?

4. Write where these places of interest in Moscow are.

Red Square;

the Kremlin;

the Palace of Congresses;

the Bolshoy Theatre;

Moscow State University;

the Historical Museum;

the Tretyakov Picture Gallery;

the Museum of Fine Arts.

5. Listen to the dialogues and learn them.

- Let's go for a walk.

- That's fine.

- Are you ready?

- Yes, I'm almost ready.

- Where are my shoes?

- Your shoes are under the bed.

- Oh, yes. They're here. And where's my coat?

- Your coat's in the entrance-hall.

- Where's my hat?

- Look, your hat's on the head!

- And my glasses?

- On your nose.

- Oh, yes, here they are.

- It is cold today.

- Is it?

- I believe so.

- So, let's stay at home.

- Settled.

6. Put all possible questions to the following sentences.

1. He was at the lecture two hours ago. 2. I was at home in the evening.

3. He is in his office now. 4. They were at the cinema a week ago. 5. This monument is in the middle of the square. 6. The cigarettes are on the little table.

7. Listen to the text and repeat after the speaker.

Teacher: What country are you from, Mr. A., and what is your language?

Mr. A.:I am from Poland;

I speak Polish, I am a Pole, my language is Polish.

Teacher: What country are you from, Mr. B.?

Mr. B: I am from Italy;

I speak Italian.

Teacher: What country are you from, Miss C.?

Miss C.: I come from Mexico: I speak Spanish.

Teacher: What are you, Mr. D.? Are you Spanish?

Mr. D.: No I am not a Spaniard;

I am a Portuguese.

Teacher: Are you Swedish, Miss E.?

Miss E.: No, I am not Swedish;

I come from Denmark;

I am a Dane;

my language is Danish.

Teacher: Where are you from Mr. F.?

Mr. F.: I come from Holland;

I am a Dutchman. I speak Dutch;

my language is Dutch.

Miss G.: I come from France, from Paris. I am French, a Parisian. My language is French. My friend Olga comes from Finland;

she is Finnish. She speaks Finnish;

her language is Finnish.

Mr. H.: My brother and I come from Greece;

our country is Greece. We both speak the same language - Greek;

our language is Greek.

8. Write down from the above text the names of the countries, nationalities and languages and translate them.

Example: Poland, Pole, Polish III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [ei] 1) rail 2) pipe 3) tire 4) rate 5) lie 2. [ju:] 1) tub 2) huge 3) clue 4) turn 5) suit 3. [i:] 1) kite 2) fleet 3) skirt 4) met 5) meet 4. [ou] 1) sound 2) boat 3) pore 4) foe 5) lot В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются также, как в первом слове.

5. keep 1) pit 2) seat 3) step 4) mere 5) scene 6. tie 1) bit 2) might 3) bike 4) lake 5) sew 7. mail 1) coat 2) tan 3) bate 4) way 5) lie 8. due 1) cube 2) shoot 3) pound 4) hurt 5) suit Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9. They... in the classroom an hour ago. 1) is 10.... she at the lesson now? 2) are 11. Where... you in the evening yesterday? 3) am 12. Who... in the room now? 4) was 13. She... in the waiting-room a few minutes ago. 5) were 14. Where... these students now?

15. He... present at the meeting yesterday.

16. I... in my office now.

Составьте вопросительные предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных Вами предложениях.

17. 1) summer 18. 1) is 19. 1) Monday 2) where 2) now 2) you 3) she 3) the theatre 3) on 4) in 4) who 4) at home 5) was 5) at 5) were 20. 1) when 21. 1) newspaper 2) in 2) the shelf 3) office 3) what 4) he 4) on 5) was 5) is 6) his Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

22. здесь 1) behind 23. там 2) between 24. внутри 3) in front of 25. снаружи 4) in the middle 26. между 5) inside 27. позади 6) there 28. перед 7) besides 8) outside 9) here К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

29. coat 1) шляпа 30. hat 2) часы 31. head 3) прогулка 32. shoes 4) показ 33. watch 5) голова 34. walk 6) платье 7) пальто 8) сердце туфли Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению (Отсутствие предлога обозначается знаком "-").

35. The students are... the lecture.

1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at 36. The table is... the middle of the room.

1) - 2) in 3) under 4) at 37. She was... home an hour ago.

1) - 2) in 3) at 4) on 38. Let us go... home.

1) - 2) for 3) to 4) at 39. Were you... the cinema yesterday?

1) - 2) at 3) in 4) for 40. My sister is... school now.

1) - 2) at 3) on 4) in Выберите наиболее подходящее словосочетание для завершения каждого предложения.

41. The textbook is....

42. The car is....

43. The shoes are....

44. This town is....

The blackboard is....

1) on the wall 2) in Russia 3) in the street 4) on the shelf 5) under the bed Lesson Five (5) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 5.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3, раздел А.

Чтение гласных, имеющих алфавитное звучание под влиянием сочетаний – согласная + l + e;

ld, nd и непроизносимой буквы "r" (согласная + r + e) Table 5.

a table acre o noble bold e metre u bugle i/y rifle fibre child, mind 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните материал этого раздела.

There is a picture on the wall.

Is there a picture on the wall?

There is no picture on the wall.

Illustrative Examples There is a newspaper on the table.

There are newspapers on the table.

Is there a newspaper on the table? Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

There is no newspaper on the table.

There are not many newspapers on the table.

There is nothing on the table.

Is there a newspaper or a book on the table? There is a book on the table.

What is there on the floor? There is a ball on the floor.

There is a lot of air in the room.

How many parks are there in this town?

How much bread is there on the table?

There are many parks in this town.

There are not many parks in this town.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns armchair egg heart medicine refrigerator bread engineering knife milk salad butter science library plate shop cake faculty light reader spoon carpet flat magazine table napkin dictionary fork telephone dinner gas range table glass Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Word Combinations to disagree beautiful enough at the head of the table to drink German opposite you are wrong you are right 1.4. Grammar Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 10.

Construction "There is / There are" Affirmative Interrogative Negative The Present Indefinite Tense *) **) ***) There is a pen in the Is there a pen in the box? There is no pen in the box. Are there pens in the box? box.

There are pens in the There are no pens in the box. box.

The Past Indefinite Tense There was a pen in the Was there a pen in the There was no pen in the box. box? box.

There were pens in Were there pens in the There were no pens in the the box. box? box.

*) В коробке есть (имеется) ручка.

**) В коробке есть ручка?

***) В коробке нет ручки.

Table 11.

Indefinite Pronouns (Неопределенные местоимения) thing body some something somebody (что-то) кто-то (употребляются в утвердительном предложении) any anything anybody (что-то) кто-то (употребляются в вопросительном и отрицательном предложениях) no nothing nobody (ничего) (никто) (употребляются в отрицательном предложении) Table 12.

Word Order Affirmative Interrogative Negative (утвердительная) (вопросительная) (отрицательная) There is something in Is there anything in There is nothing in the box. the box? the box.

(There in not anything in the box.) There is somebody in Is there anybody in There is nobody in the room. the room? the room.

(There is not anybody in the room.) Table 13.

Местоимения much, many, few С исчисляемыми Значение С неисчисляемыми существительными существительными many много much few мало little many (few) books much (little) milk There are many There is much milk.

books. There is not much There are not many milk.

books.

II. Practice A 1. Выпишите из каждой строчки слова, в которых гласные буквы в выделенных сочетаниях читаются как указанный звук. Прочтите выписанные слова.

[ei] fight, lay, boat, table, acre [ou] pond, fold, sound, coach, bugle [ju:] suit, nut, few, bound, bugle [i:] feel, felt, meat, mend, metre [ai] fill, rifle, pit, fibre, find 2. Прочтите следующие слова.

bugle, metre, acre, sabre, noble, find, fold, child, fibre, mind, fable, hold, blind 3. Прослушайте упр. 1, 2 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Complete the sentences using “there is”, “there are” and write them down.

Example: There are pictures in the room - В комнате есть картины.

a) in the room - a desk, a chair, a lamp, windows b) on the desk - a pen, pencils, a note-book, a headphone, a taperecorder, microphones c) in the street - cars, a bus, a tram, houses, offices, shops d) in the kitchen - a refrigerator, a gas range, a dinner table, etc.

2. Write down questions using Indefinite Pronouns (in the street, in the laboratory, on the table, etc.).

Example: Is there anybody in this room? – В комнате есть кто нибудь?

3. Put in the missing words.

a) much or many 1) Is there... light in the room?

2) There are... books on the table.

3) There is not... money in my bag.

4) Are there... stars in the sky?

b) little or few 1) There are... books on the shelf.

2) There is... bread at home.

3) There are... people in the room.

4) There is... water in the glass.

4. Write down "What" and "How many" questions about the objects which you can see in the picture.

Example: What is there on the table?

What table is there in the room?

How many cups are there on the table?

5. Disagree with the statements.

Example: There is a carpet in your classroom.

You are wrong, there is no carpet in our classroom.

1. There is a TV-set in the garden.

2. There are many books on the shelf.

3. There is a car in this house.

4. There are books on the shelf.

5. There is much milk in the refrigerator.

6. Agree with the statements and give additional information Example: There is a blackboard in this room.

Yes, you are right, there is a blackboard in this room, it is near the wall.

1. There is a picture in the hall.

2. There are many cars in the street.

3. There are many journals in your library.

4. There is a pen in the box.

7. Listen to the dialogue, repeat it after the speaker, translate it and write down your own, using these patterns.

- What is there for breakfast today?

- There's bread and there's butter.

- What else is there?

- There are eggs. And there's also some ham.

- How much ham is there?

- I'm afraid there's very little ham.

- Are there any cakes?

- Yes, there are some.

- How many cakes are there for me?

- There are three cakes for you.

- What is there to drink?

- There is milk or cocoa.

- Is there much milk?

- No, there isn't very much milk, but there's enough for us.

8. Listen to the text, repeat it after the speaker and translate it, write questions to the text.

The University of Liverpool The University of Liverpool is one of the major universities of Great Britain. It is in the heart of the city. There are six faculties in the University: Art, Science, Medicine, Law, Engineering Science and computer Science. One of the most important parts of the University is the library. There is a large number of books on different subjects in it. There are 500 seats for readers.

9. Read the text and write 8 questions to the text.

There are many nice things in this dining room. On the left there is a large comfortable sofa and opposite it there is a little table with an armchair at it. There are some newspapers and some magazines on this table. In the middle of the room there is a large table. On the table there are plates, glasses, forks, knives, etc. Near the wall there is a fine carpet on the floor. There is a bookcase. There are many books in this bookcase. This dining room is large, clean and sunny. There is a lot of air and light in it.

10. Translate into English.

1. В Москве много красивых улиц. 2. В нашем доме 35 квартир. 3.

А сколько квартир в вашем доме? 4. А есть ли телефон в этих квартирах?

Да, есть во многих квартирах 5. В вашей квартире есть холодильник? Да.

6. На вашей улице есть кинотеатр? Да, на нашей улице есть красивый кинотеатр.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [ju:] 1) out 2) bugle 3) butter 4) bound 5) due 2. [ai] 1) tip 2) fibre 3) main 4) kind 5) firm 3. [ei] 1) right 2) lap 3) acre 4) matter 5) cable 4. [i:] 1) better 2) set 3) metre 4) belt 5) meat В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются также, как в первом слове.

5. trifle 1) mild 2) fail 3) trip 4) fire 5) type 6. acre 1) fable 2) tight 3) sale 4) latter 5) car 7. seat 1) rent 2) mete 3) term 4) mere 5) meet 8. fold 1) sound 2) coach 3) top 4) cold 5) rope Part II Grammar Определите, какой ответ следует выбрать на каждый из данных вопросов.

9. Is there a box on the shelf?

10. Where is the box?

11. Is this a box?

12. What is this?

13. What box is this?

14. What is there on the shelf?

1) Yes, it is.

2) Yes, there is.

3) This is a box.

4) This box is large.

5) The box is on the shelf.

There is a box on the shelf.

Составьте вопросительные (15 - 18) и отрицательные (19, 20) предложения из данных слов. Запишите их номера в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

15. 1) there 16. 1) there 17. 1) in 2) newspapers 2) what 2) there 3) this table 3) in 3) is 4) are 4) are 4) the box 5) any 5) books 5) what 6) on 6) this bookcase 18. 1) what 19. 1) any 20. 1) is 2) there 2) there 2) anybody 3) in 3) on the shelf 3) in the dining 4) monument 4) magazines room 5) is 5) not 4) not 6) this street 6) are 5) there Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению.

21. Is there... in the room?

1) somebody 3) any 2) some 4) anybody 22. There are... shops in this street.

1) some 3) something 2) any 4) anything 23. There are not... students in the classroom.

1) some 3) somebody 2) any 4) anybody 24. There are... English books in this library.

1) much 3) little 2) nobody 4) many 25. There is... on the plate.

1) nothing 3) nobody 2) no 4) not 26. There is not... in the flat.

1) nobody 3) anybody 2) somebody 4) any Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

27. достаточно 1) dictionary 28. ошибочный 2) again 29. библиотека 3) shop 30. словарь 4) late 31. журнал 5) enough 32. красивый 6) magazine 33. магазин 7) textbook 8) library 9) wrong 10) beautiful К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

34. light 1) вилка 35. knife 2) тарелка 36. spoon 3) чашка 37. fork 4) нож 38. glass 5) ложка 39. plate 6) стакан 7) блюдо 8) свет Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению.

40. - What is there...?

- There is some milk.

1) to occupy 2) to drink 3) to come 4) to drive 41. If you want to translate this text, you should use an English Russian....

1) tape-recorder 2) paper 3) dictionary 4) sentence 42. You can buy some stamps in that....

1) newspaper 2) spoon 3) shop 4) magazine 43. I... with you because you are wrong.

1) repeat 2) agree 3) disagree 4) use 44. He is my favourite.... I have read a lot of his books.

1) reader 2) writer 3) typist 4) member 45. My flat is on the second....

1) front 2) form 3) flower 4) floor Lesson Six (6) 1. Information for Study 1.1. Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 6.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упр. 1, 2, 3 раздела А.

Таблица Чтение гласных, имеющих краткое звучание (I позиция) a [] bad tapping, matter o [ ] pot plotting, dogma e [e] pen setting, member fence but cutting, number u [] i/y [i] fit fitting, crystal 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2. и запомните их.

Key Examples I have a journal.

I had this journal last week.

I have got a journal.

Have you a journal?

Had you a journal?

Have you got a journal?

I have no journal.

I had no journal.

I haven't any journals.

I haven't got a journal.

Illustrative Examples What have you got? I have got a journal.

What journal have you got? I've got a journal on computers.

Who has many seminars this week? He has.

I had many lectures last week. So had he.

How many lectures had you last week? Five lectures.

Have you any stamps? Yes, I have some.

I'm sorry, I have not any.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните слова.

Nouns Names of Subjects Adjectives area Computer Science experimental border Law fruitful faculty Economics scientific opportunity Marketing up-to-date seminar Finance subject Programming time-table Sport(s) reader Statistics Management Informatics 1.4. Grammar Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 14.

The Present and Past Indefinite Tenses of the Verb "to have" Affirmative Interrogative Negative have Have have I a book. I a book? I a no book.

had had Had He she He has Has has She a book. he a book? She a no book.

had Had had it It It We we We have Have have You a book. you a book? You a no book.

had Had had they They They Table 15.

Word Order I II III IV (place) IV (time) hav today.

I e two seminars - yesterday.

had Have you - a lecture at the - Had University?

have What you - - in your bag? - had has Who - - practical at the - had work University?

Table 16.

Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs (Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий) Положительна Сравнительная Превосходная я степень степень степень Односложные short shorter (the) shortest и двусложные big bigger (the) biggest easy easier (the) easiest Многосложны interesting more (the) most е difficult interesting interesting less difficult (the) least difficult Особая группа good, well, better (the) best bad, badly, worse (the) worst much, many, more (the) most little less (the) least than - чем (better than - лучше чем) II. Practice A 1. Выпишите из каждой группы слов то, которое содержит указанный звук.

[] take, pact, main, far [ ] port, code, pot, point [e] meet, melt, metre, mile [] cute, suit, bugle, fund [i] mint, find, fight, line 2. Прочтите следующие слова.

flag, desk, plus, big, button, stamp, hint, box, lug, pocket, picnic, boss, trust, hid, held, mist, stand, desk, kiss, felt, zip, land, fond, bent, lamp, hunt, handless, kill, mantel 3. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Read John Brown's time-table and write down your time-table in English.

John Brown's time-table Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 1. 8.00-9.20 English History Computers Programming Statistics 2. 9.30- Maths Econo- English Sport Electronics 10.50 Statistics mics Philosophy Marketing Management 3. 11.00- Maths 13. 2. Write questions and answers according to examples 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Example 1: Have you English on Monday?

No, I haven't. But John has.

Example 2: It is Wednesday today. When had you Statistics?

I had Statistics on Monday.

So had I. John had Statistics on Monday too.

Example 3: What subjects have you on Monday?

I have English, Maths, Statistics.

Example 4: You have History on Monday.

You are wrong, I have no History on Monday, I have History on Tuesday.

Example 5: What have you at the first lesson on Tuesday?

I have English.

3. Write questions about the books on your subjects.

Example: Have you the Maths text-book with you today?

No, I haven't. We have no Mathematics today.

4. Listen to the text and repeat it after the speaker, translate it into Russian in written form.

Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics has every opportunity for fruitful scientific work, studies and rest for lecturers and students alike. There are many faculties (Institutcs) here. Each faculty has its own up-to-date laboratories, libraries and computer classes. Students of the University study Statistics, Economic Information Systems, Programming, Management, Marketing, Economics and Finance.

5. Translate into English.

1. Какой сегодня день недели. Понедельник. 2. Какие у вас сегодня предметы согласно вашему расписанию? У нас сегодня нет истории, но есть английский и статистика. 3. Сколько занятий у вас было вчера и какие? 4. У вас есть книги по всем предметам? 5. Вчера у нас было лекции. 6. Какой ваш любимый предмет? Экономика. Сколько факультетов в вашем университете и какие? 7. Как называется ваш факультет?

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [] 1) came 2) camp 3) car 4) lain 5) lap 2. [ ] 1) sort 2) pot 3) coin 4) phone 5) fond 1) trust 2) cute 3) bugle 4) farm 5) cut 3. [] 1) pin 2) pine 3) lip 4) kind 5) light 4. [ i ] В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются также, как в первом слове.

5. alarm 1) trap 2) grass 3) palm 4) grape 5) table 6. pond 1) sold 2) lot 3) soap 4) want 5) found 7. mind 1) wild 2) tip 3) tape 4) gray 5) by belt 1) metre 2) seat 3) set 4) tap 5) mend Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9. We... an English class today. 1) have 10. Finland... got a border with our country. 2) has 11. At present our University... every opportunity for 3) had fruitful scientific work.

12. He... a lecture on Management an hour ago.

13. - We have got three classes today.

- So... she.

Составьте вопросительные (14-18) предложения из данных слов.

Запишите их номера в правильной последовательности слова в составленных вами предложениях.

14. 1) you 15. 1) they 16. 1) lectures 2) classes 2) journals 2) how 3) on 3) what 3) they 4) what 4) have 4) yesterday 5) have 5) scientific 5) many 6) Monday 6) had 17. 1) has 18. 1) how 2) he 2) he 3) what 3) many 4) got 4) seminars 5) car 5) has 6) this week 7) got Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению.

19. I have not... English journals.

1) some 3) something 2) any 4) anything 20. We had... opportunity to visit this museum.

1) no 3) nothing 2) not 4) nobody 21. They have... interesting scientific journals.

1) some 3) not 2) something 4) any 22. Have you got... stamps?

1) some 3) something 2) any 4) anything Выберите английский эквивалент для слов, стоящих в скобках.

23. This student has (больше) friends in this town.

1) more 2) less 3) larger 4) work 24. Whose report is (длиннее)?

1) long 2) longer 3) the longest 25. He is (самый популярный) actor of the year.

1) the most popular 2) more popular 3) the least popular Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

26. современный 1) possible 27. плодотворный 2) difficult 28. выдающийся 3) scientific 29. необходимый 4) different 30. научный 5) up-to-date 31. удобный 6) fruitful 32. трудный 7) prominent 8) necessary 9) splendid 10) convenient К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

33. border 1) предмет 34. area 2) библиотека 35. opportunity 3) стол 36. subject 4) граница 37. library 5) схема 38. time-table 6) ария 39. scheme 7) возможность 8) расписание 9) область Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению.

40. The students study many special... such as Economics, Statistics, etc.

1) quarters 2) objects 3) subjects 4) sentence 41. There are many Russian and foreign books in our....

1) border 2) library 3) magazine 4) writer 42. This research worker will tell us about the results of his... work.

1) impossible 2) convenient 3) beautiful 4) scientific 43. The University gives its students every... to do research work.

1) faculty 2) opportunity 3) border 4) sentence 44. Only a student of our University may become a... of this library.

1) reader 2) speaker 3) writer 4) recorder 45. At the University students study both social and... subjects 1) economic 2) research 3) fruitful 4) opposite 46. The University has a sports... of 7 hectares.

1) side 2) border 3) round 4) area Progress Test I Lessons 1- Part I Phonetics В каждой строке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются одинаково 1. 1) sail 2) coat 3) pie 4) lay 2. 1) mete 2) sit 3) seat 4) set 3. 1) pit 2) laid 3) fight 4) site 4. 1) sort 2) firm 3) suit 4) hurt 5. 1) time 2) sew 3) cut 4) pool 6. 1) say 2) toy 3) boil 4) boat 7. 1) by 2) grey 3) mind 4) tip Part II Grammar Выберите местоимение, соответствующее подчеркнутому местоимению в русском предложении 8. Он слушал нас внимательно.

1) our 2) us 3) them 4) you 9. Пусть он расскажет о своей работе.

1) him 2) this 3) his 4) her 10. Пусть она ответит на вопросы.

1) her 2) he 3) she 4) him 11. Попросите их прислать книги.

1) their 2) our 3) they 4) them 12. Попросите ее передать мне ручку. Она на столе.

1) he 2) she 3) it 4) her 13. Поговорите с его друзьями.

1) her 2) he 3) his 4) him 14. Они помогут ему.

1) he 2) his 3) him 4) me 15. Покажите нам их работы.

1) they 2) them 3) their 4)our Выберите слово, соответствующее данному предложению 16. There is … in the flat 1) some 2) no 3) nobody 4) anybody 17. Is there … in the next room?

1) somebody 2) any 3) some 4) anybody 18. There is … interesting in the article 1) anything 2) nothing 3) no 4) some 19. Have you … stamps?

1) any 2) some 3) anything 4) anybody 20. Are the … English journals in the library?

1) some 2) any 3) nothing 4) anything 21. There are … many students in the classroom.

1) no 2) not 3) some 4) any 22. There are … mistakes in this test.

1) no 2) not 3) nobody 4) nothing Выберите форму глаголу «to be», соответствующую данному предложению 23. The student … at the lesson now 1) am 2) are 3) were 4) was 5) is 24. He … at school now 1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 25. They … at the Institute yesterday 1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 26. I … at the cinema two days ago 1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 27. She … at home tomorrow 1) is 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) will be 28. What … there in the box?

1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) will be 29. It … cold yesterday 1) will be 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 30. Who … in the hall now?

1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 31. There … a book and some notebooks on the desk 1) am 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) is 32. There … many students at the meeting yesterday 1) is 2) are 3) was 4) were 5) will be Составьте вопросительные предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленном Вами предложении 33. 1) has 38 1) he 2) today 2) when 3) who 3) to finish 4) classes 4) necessary 5) is 6) the work 34. 1) what 39 1) the sheld desk 2) your 2) on 3) has 3) what 4) radio-set 4) there 5) friend 35. 1) it 40. 1) there 2) when 2) what 3) to finish 3) in 4) necessary 4) are 5) is 5) monuments 6) the work 6) this street 36. 1) at the 41 1) any concern 2) book 2) ago 3) have 3) who 4) English 4) a week 5) you 5) was 37. 1) cold 42 1) many 2) in 2) there 3) is 3) on the sheld 4) room 4) how 5) your 5) books 6) it 6) are Выберите вопросительное слово, которое следует использовать в вопросе к выделенному слову 43. My sister was at shcool yesterday 1) where 2) what 3) when 4) who 44. The students are in the classroom 1) where 2) what 3) when 4) how 45. There are three rooms in our flat 1) how 2) how many 3) how much 4) why 46. It is an interesting book 1) who 2) what 3) how 4) where 47. It is necessary to do this work quickly 1) who 2) what 3) when 4) how 48. My friends are at the Institute 1) why 2) who 3) how 4) what 49. He is an engineer 1) who 2) what 3) how 4) why Past III Vocabulary Выберите английский эквивалент (из трех) данного русского слова 50. известный 1) favourite 2) famous 3) fruitful 51. спрашивать 1) ask 2) answer 3) say 52. всегда 1) almost 2) already 3) always 53. предмет 1) screen 2) sentence 3) subject 54. уже 1) ready 2) already 3) almost 55. давать 1) give 2) take 3) put идти 56. 1) come 2) go 3) give 57. возраст 1) age 2) ago 3) again 58. между 1) behind 2) before 3) between 59. магазин 1) magazine 2) shop 3) library 60. трудный 1) different 2) convenient 3) difficult Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению 61. We have lectures … Friday 1) - 2) in 3) on 4) to 62. They are … the lecture now 1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at 63. Learn there poems … heart 1) - 2) by 3) at 4) to 64. Listen … the teacher attentively 1) - 2) to 3) for 4) on 65. Let me answer … this question 1) - 2) for 3) on 4) at 66. She was … home on Sunday 1) - 2) in 3) on 4) at 67. We had many classes … last week 1) - 2) on 3) at 4) in 68. They were at the Institute … four o, clock 1) - 2) at 3) on 4) in 69. Let us go … home.

1) - 2) for 3) to 4) in 70. It was frosty … the 1st of January 1) - 2) on 3) in 4) at Lesson Seven (7) 1. Infomation for Study 1.1 Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 7.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упр. 1, 2, 3, раздел А.

Таблица 7.

Чтение гласных, имеющих долгое звучание (III позиция), под влиянием непроизносимой "r" и других согласных.

a [a:] far farm farming fast, task, past, half, calm, glance, branch, halves craft o [ :] for fort forming - e [ :] her term serving - u [ :] fur turn burning - i/y [ :] fir first circus - - a [ :] chalk warm -dawn o [ :] work - - - 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните их.

Key Examples They live in Moscow.

He lives in Moscow.

Do they live in Moscow?

Does he live in Moscow?

They don't live in Moscow.

He doesn't live in Moscow.

He lives in Moscow, doesn't he?

They don't live in Moscow, do they?

Illustrative Examples Do you speak English?

Yes, I do. No, I don't.

Does he speak English?

Yes, he does. No, doesn't.

He speaks English a little, doesn't he?

Yes, he does.

He doesn't speak well, does he?

No, he doesn't.

What newspaper do you usually read?

I usually read the newspaper "The Moscow Times".

Where do you read books?

I read them at home.

Who reads many books at home?

I do (He does).

Do you learn English or German?

I learn English.

1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

1.3. Active Vocabulary Nouns Verbs Adjectives Word Combinations apple pie call fried by no means three times a week caf consist tasty dinner break twice a year canteen (of) certain it depends every day chicken cost to do the every three hours coffee drink cooking every five minutes course eat to have several times a month crossing get up breakfast dessert mean to have dinner fish miss to have lunch juice rest to have supper meal run heavy meal meat suppose help yourself steak high tea, light sweet tea tea some more vegetables 1.4. Grammar Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 17.

The Present Indefinite Tense.Word Order.

I II III IV I speak English a little.

He speaks English well.

Do you speak English?

Does he speak English well?

do you speak?

What does he speak?

language Table 18.

The Present Indefinite Tense of the Verb "to work" Affirmative Interrogative Negative I work. Do I work? I don't work.

He he He works Does work? doesn' t work she She She we We We Do don' t work You work you work? You they They They Обратите внимание: she wants [s] he wishes [iz] she plays, he digs [z] II. Practice A 1. Сгруппируйте и выпишите слова по указанным звукам и прочтите их.

[a:], [ :], [ :] farm, form, fast, chalk, calm, fir, talk, work, salt, dance, glass, bird, serve, force, circus, born, fort, shaft, firm, war, burn 2. Сгруппируйте слова, имеющие одинаковое звучание гласных.

Прочтите их.

farm, force, false, calm, pound, moon, work, burn, meat, kind, speed, make, tie, now, rule, May 3. Прочтите следующие слова.

firm, curve, north, march, shirt, scarf, term, form, stir, star, fast, nerve, short, calm, world, park, mark, port, turn, hard, warm, part, hurt, yard, serve, for, serf, walk 4. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2, 3 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Write down answers to the following general questions: I think so;

Certaintly, I do;

No, I suppose, not.

1. Do you like ice-cream? 2. Do you go to the University every day? 3.

Do you like music? 4. Do you often receive letters from your friends?

2. Complete the following sentences, forming tail-questions (не так ли?).

Example 1: She speaks English well, doesn't she?

Example 2: You are not ready, are you?

1. He reads a lot,... ? 2. You attend the lectures of professor N.,...? 3.

The weather is stormy today,...? 4. It is not cold here,...? 5. They have classes today,...? 6. We call these things important,...?

3. Answer the following alternative questions in written form.

1. Do you study at an Institute or at a University? 2. Does he have his meals at home or at the caf? 3. Do you like tea strong or weak? 4. Do you have coffee or tea in the morning?

4. Answer the following special questions in written form.

1. What subjects do you study? 2. What newspaper do you read?

3. Where do you live? 4. How many classes do you have every day? 5. When do you work in the library? 6. Why are you so late? 7. Who likes football?

5. Complete the following sentences with the proper word combinations (see p. 61 - Word combinations).

1. They have English lessons... 2. Comrade N. goes to Kiev... 3. The buses run... 4. Mary goes to the cinema... 5. There are planes to London... 6.

We stop and take a rest...

6. Listen and repeat these short dialogues after the speaker and learn them by heart.

- Help yourself to some more salad.

- I don't think I'll have any more, thank you.

- You don't mean to say it isn't tasty, do you?

- By no means. I enjoy it.

• • • - What shall we have for dinner?

- Let's take some salad, soup and fried fish.

- And what about the sweet?

- I think a glass of apple juice is just the thing for dessert.

• • • - When do you usually have your dinner, Sergei?

- Well, it depends. At home I have it at six.

- No, I mean here, at the University.

- At dinner break.

7. Ask and answer about the time of the meals in England. Mind that in England they have breakfast - at 8 o'clock;

lunch - at 1 o'clock;

tea - at o'clock;

supper or dinner - at 7 o'clock.

Example: Do they have breakfast in England at 8 o'clock?

Yes, they do.

Do they have lunch at 3 o'clock?

No, they don't, they have their lunch at 1 o'clock.

8. Ask and answer 10 "When", "Where", "What", "Why" questions about your meals of the day in written form.

Example: Where do you usually have your breakfast?

Usually I have my breakfast at home, and what about you?

I have my breakfast at home but sometimes in a caf.

9. Ask, answer and write some additional information using the verbs: to have supper, to have dinner, to have breakfast, to read, to go, to listen to.

Example: When do you get up?

I get up at 6. My studies at the University begin at 8.

10. Make questions to find out the following information. Be careful of the word order.

1. The place where John's sister works.

Where... John's sister...?

2. The month when my friend usually goes on holiday.

When... your friend... ?

3. The languages that Mr. Black speaks.

What languages... Mr. Black...?

4. The arrival time of the next train.

What time... the next train...?

5. The price of this book.

How much... this book...?

11. Listen to the texts, repeat them after the speaker and translate them.

№1.

Meals in England Most people in England like tea. They often drink it in the middle of the morning, at home or at work. In the afternoon English people have tea. This may be a cup of tea and cake or it may be a light meal of bread, butter and jam, cakes, and tea: or it may be a heavier meal of those things with a dish of meat or eggs: they call it high tea. Those who have high tea have only a light supper.

№2.

I usually have my meals in the canteen which is not far from our University. The canteen is not large. The food there is good. Many students have their dinner. Today I go to the canteen with my friends Olga, Peter and Pavel. We go to a table and sit down. We take the menu.

"Let's have some soup, meat and salad", says Peter.

"Oh, they have good fish today. Let's have some soup, fish with vegetables and some fruit to finish with", says Pavel.

"And have they fresh cakes today? I take coffee with fresh cakes", says Olga.

"No, they have not any today. But they always have very good ice cream", answers Pavel.

"All right. Pavel, will you go and pay for the meal", I say.

We eat and talk. After dinner we go to the University library to prepare our lessons for the next day.

12. Write a composition about your meal.

13. Translate into English in written form.

1.Я очень люблю мороженое. А ты любишь? Да, но ем его редко. 2.

Утром я пью кофе или молоко, а вечером я пью чай. 3. Я хожу в кино два раза в неделю. 4. Я хочу помочь своему другу. 5. Он не работает, а учится в институте. 6. Она хорошо готовит обеды? 7. Я не пью кофе утром. Я пью молоко. 8. Я получаю газеты каждый день. 9. Я очень много занимаюсь дома. 10. Я немного говорю по-английски. 11. Он покупает газеты каждый день? 12. Она читает много английских книг.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [a:] 1) farm 2) firm 3) state 4) calm 5) talk 2. [ :] 1) read 2) serf 3) curve 4) feet 5) fort 3. [ :] 1) work 2) chalk 3) stir 4) force 5) stop [i:] 1) meat 2) set 3) shirt 4) pit 5) steep В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются также, как в первом слове.

5. form 1) world 2) boat 3) talk 4) dawn 5) town 6. scarf 1) palm 2) false 3) lawn 4) warm 5) branch 7. turn 1) tune 2) fire 3) nerve 4) skirt 5) cure 8. glance 1) date 2) glad 3) fast 4) ward 5) craft Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9.... you work at the office? 1) do 10.... you a student? 2) does 11.... your friend like music? 3) is 12.... this girl your friend? 4) are 13. He reads a lot,... not he?

14. Where... they live?

15.... it cold today?

16. What subjects... she study?

17. Who... the cooking in your family?

Выберите отрицание, соответствующее данному предложению.

18. They do... speak English. 1) no 19. We have... classes today. 2) not 20. It is... difficult at all.

21. There are... letters for you.

22. She likes music, does... she Составьте вопросительные (23-26) и отрицательные (27, 28) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

23. 1) newspapers 24. 1) take 25. 1) students 2) read 2) where 2) subjects 3) what 3) they 3) these 4) you 4) journals 4) what 5) do 5) do 5) do 6) study 26. 1) often 27. 1) friend 28. 1) she 2) letters 2) at the plant 2) does 3) does 3) work 3) have 4) receive 4) does 4) not 5) he 5) your 5) at home 6) from 6) not 6) dinner 7) his friends Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

29. столовая 1) breakfast 30. перерыв 2) table 31. обед 3) supper 32. ужин 4) meal 33. завтрак 5) break 34. овощи 6) dinner 7) vegetables 8) canteen К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

35. get up 1) называть 36. rest 2) ходить 37. drink 3) отдыхать 38. eat 4) получать 39. call 5) пить 40. run 6) есть 7) бегать 8) вставать Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению (отсутствие предлога обозначается знаком "-").

41. Do you get... early?

- 2) on 3) up 4) of 42. We have English classes twice... a week.

- 2) on 3) in 4) at 43. What shall we have... dinner?

- 2) on 3) of 4) for 44. You have your meals three times... a day, don't you?

- 2) on 3) in 4) at 45. Do you usually have lunch... 1 o'clock?

- 2) at 3) in 4) on Lesson Eight (8) 1. Information for Study 1.1 Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицу 8.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3, 4 раздела А.

Таблица 8.

fare fair fairly a [ ] o [ :] more oar foreman e [i ] here deer merely hear u [ju ] cure - purely i/y [ai ] fire - wireless tyre 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором предложения раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните их.

Key Examples I worked last year.

Did you work last year?

I didn't work last year.

Illustrative Examples Did he work last year?

Yes, he did. No, he didn't.

Did you work or study last year?

I worked.

What did you do last year?

I worked at a plant.

When did he work at a plant?

He worked there two years ago, didn't he?

Where did she study last year.

She studied at a university.

What film did you see yesterday?

I saw thefirst prize-winning film at the festival.

Where did you spend your summer holidays last year?

I went to the Baltic seaside.

Whom did you speak with?

I spoke with my friend.

Who worked last year?

My friend did.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adjectives Word Combinations airplane change additional to go by air airport decide dairy to go by bus car export engineering to go by rail clothes import manufacture to go by road disagreement need d to go by sea festival pack a lot of work to do goods prove a long way traffic start to be quite in time transport use it takes one hour to trunk get there voyage in sight of on the other hand means of transport 1.4. Grammar Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 19.

The Past Indefinite Tense. Word Order.

I II III IV IV I worked - at the last year.

plant He wrote a letter - yesterday.

Did you work - at the last year?

plant Did he write a letter - yesterday?

Where did you work - - last year?

What did he write - - yesterday?

Table 20.

The Past Indefinite Tense of the Verbs "to work", "to write".

Affirmative Interrogative Negative I worked (wrote). Did I work (write)? I did not work (write).

He He he Did work(write)?

worked (wrote).

did not work (write).

she She She Did we work (write)?

We worked (wrote). We did not work (write).

Did you work (write)?

You worked (wrote). You did not work (write).

Did they work (write)?

They worked (wrote). They did not work (write).

II. Practice A 1. Прочтите следующие слова.

chair, air, care, hair, share, spare cure, pure, purely, lure ore, more, store, oar, roar, board wire, tired, type, lyre, fire here, cheer, hear, dear, clear, mere 2. Сгруппируйте слова, имеющие одинаковое звучание гласных.

Прочтите их.

merely, wire, stare, tier, air, cheer, newer, pure 3. Прочтите следующие слова.

sere, lyre, core, mire, explore, mere, here, satire, scare, score, hire, store, hair, shore, mare, tyre, cure, tired, sore 4. Выпишите и повторите следующие предложения за диктором;

обратите внимание на чтение смысловых групп слов в предложениях.

If you ever go to Paris, you will find it's very easy to make your way around town, if you speak English well. Most of the taxi drivers, the hotel clerks speak English. On the buses or in the street, you can ask directions from anyone in English, and get some help.

French people, the young ones especially, like to practice their English. Most of them have studied it at school, sometimes for eight or ten years.

A knowledge of English can be a big help to a tourist in any part of the world.

5. Прослушайте упражнения 1, 2, 3, 4 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Write 5 questions and answers, looking at the diagram.

Exports Example 1: Did they import steel in 1995?

Yes they did, they imported steel.

Did they import fruit?

No, they didn't, they didn't import fruit. They exported steel.

Example 2: What did they import?

They imported tea.

What else did they import?

They imported meat.

2. Write down 10 sentences comparing imports and exports.

Example: They imported a lot of meat, but didn't import much tea.

They imported a lot of steel, but didn't export coffee.

3. Agree with your friend and write additional information.

Example: You went to Cyprus last year, didn't you?

You are right, I went to Cyprus last year, I went there by plane.

The words which you might need: the Crimea, Sochi, the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea, Kiev, by car, by airplane, by ship, by bus.

4. Disagree with your friend and prove your disagreement in written form.

Example: You enjoyed your travelling, didn't you?

No, I didn't. I didn't enjoy my travelling. It was not interesting.

The words which you might need: to like, to be fond of, to travel much, by train, by ship, last year, every summer.

5. Listen to the text and repeat it after the speaker. Translate the text into Russian.

My trip When I decided to go to the Crimea I went to the ticket office. In the ticket office I asked the clerk for a seat on a TU-164 liner. I also found out when the plane would start. It started at 12 sharp. So I had an hour and a half for packing. I was happy I was going to the South. I wanted to go there a few years ago, but I couldn't. I had a lot of work to do in summer. I was taking entrance exams to the University. When I finished my packing I started to the airport. The airport was quite a long way from home. I took a bus. It took me one hour to get there. I was quite in time.

6. Write what means of transport you prefer and give proofs.

Example: I prefer the Metro. It is very comfortable and fast.

7. Write what you usually do in the evening and what you did yesterday.

Example: I usually read books, but yesterday I listened to the radio.

8. Translate into English in written form.

1. Куда вы ходили вчера вечером? Я ходил в кино. Вы смотрели новый фильм? Да, я смотрел новый фильм. С кем вы ходили? Я ходил с товарищем. Вам понравился этот фильм? Да, очень. 2. Вчера я очень много занимался и лег спать в десять часов вечера. 3. Я не ходил в университет вчера. 4. Мой товарищ пришел домой очень поздно. Он ходил в театр.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [i ] 1) wire 2) dear 3) more 4) term 5) ear 1) clear 2) roar 3) spare 4) main 5) hair 2. [ ] 1) tyre 2) share 3) hire 4) more 5) air 3. [ai ] 1) low 2) pare 3) some 4) more 5) board 4. [ :] В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются так же, как в первом слове.

5. cheer 1) hear 2) hire 3) hare 4) hair 5) here 6. fire 1) sere 2) rare 3) lyre 4) fear 5) tired 7. core 1) roar 2) pare 3) law 4) lot 5) coat 8. care 1) cure 2) stare 3) chair 4) mire 5) clear Part II Grammar Выберите форму вспомогательного глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9.... he work at the plant last year? 1) do 10.... this student attend all the lectures now? 2) does (теперь) 3) did 11. What film... you see yesterday?

12.... they have any classes on Sunday?

13. Whom... you speak to a few minutes ago?

She learns English at school,... not she?

Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

15. He... English very well now.

1) speak 2) speaks 3) spoke 16. We... this problem last year.

1) study 2) studies 3) studied 17. We... an interesting film yesterday.

1) see 2) seen 3) saw 18. At present they... a lot of coffee.

1) export 2) exports 3) exported 19. I... to the Crimea two years ago.

1) go 2) goes 3) went 20. Who... in this office? I do.

1) work 2) works 3) worked Составьте вопросительные (21-24) и отрицательные (25,26) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

21. 1) did 22. 1) museum 23. 1) ask 2) spend 2) on Sunday 2) whom 3) where 3) what 3) he 4) you 4) you 4) this 5) summer holidays 5) did 5) did 6) your 6) visit 6) question 24. 1) to do 25. 1) not 26. 1) the rule 2) what 2) they 2) understand 3) you 3) miss 3) did 4) did 4) did 4) we 5) decide 5) term 5) not 6) classes 7) last Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

27. одежда 1) shop 28. путешествие 2) train 29. автомобиль 3) airport 30. дорога 4) clothes 31. корабль 5) voyage 32. поезд 6) road 33. самолет 7) airplane 8) ship car К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

34. decide 1) путешествовать 35. start 2) изменять 36. go 3) использовать 37. use 4) приходить 38. change 5) отправляться 39. travel 6) случаться 7) ехать, ходить 8) решать Подберите правильный ответ к каждому из данных вопросов.

40. When does the plane start?

41. Why didn't you go anywhere in summer?

42. How long did it take you to get to the airport?

43. Won't you be late for the train?

44. Did you take a bus to get to the airport?

45. You liked your trip, didn't you?

1) No, I went by car.

2) Not at all. I'll be quite in time.

3) At 5 o'clock sharp.

4) I enjoyed it.

5) An hour and a half.

6) I had a lot of work to do preparing for my exams.

Lesson Nine (9) 1. Information for Study 1.1 Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором таблицы 9 и 10.

2. Запомните таблицы.

3. Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3 раздела А.

Таблица 9.

Чтение некоторых сочетаний гласных под влиянием непроизносимой "r" oor [u ] poor, moor our [au ] flour, sour Таблица10.

Чтение согласных "c", "g" [s] перед гласными e, i, y c [k] перед гласными o, u, a и согласными [d3] перед гласными e, i, y g [g] перед гласными o, u, a и согласными 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните их.

Key Examples I shall have an English class tomorrow.

He will be at home at 5.

They will go home soon.

There will be a library in this house.

Will you (he, she, they) have an English class?

I shall not have an English class.

Illustrative Examples Will you go to the University?

Yes, I shall. No, I shan't.

Will he be at home soon?

Yes, he will. No, he will not (he won't).

Will they become engineers or economists next year?

They will become engineers.

What will you read?

I'll read a newspaper.

Where will you go next week?

We'll go to the country next week.

When will they be at the University?

They'll be there at 5.

What will he do tomorrow?

He'll study.

Who will take this book?

I shall.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adverbs Conjunctions birthday become soon after idea forget successfully as long as performance graduate (from) as soon as present leave before rest-house return if seat ring up provided stadium sleep till stalls wait for until wake up when Word Combinations to be busy to fall asleep to be free to feel tired to be going to to enjoy smth. greatly to be in the first year to go in for sports to be over to have lab to book tickets in advance to pass exams the day after tomorrow with pleasure to do shopping 1.4. Grammar 1. Прослушайте и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 21.

The Future Indefinite Tense. Word Order.

Subject Predicate Object Adverbial I II III Modifier IV I will have an English class tomorrow.

He shall have an English class tomorrow.

Shall I have an English class tomorrow?

Will he have an English class tomorrow?

What shall I have - tomorrow?

When will he have an English class - ?

Who will have an English class tomorrow?

The Future Indefinite Tense of the verb "to go" Affirmative Interrogative Negative I shall go. Shall I go? I shall not go.

He he He will go. Will go? will not go.

she She She We shall go. Shall we go? We shall not go.

You you You will go. Will go? will not go.

they They They Note: В обстоятельственных придаточных предложениях условия и времени, вводимых союзами if, provided, unless, when, after, before, as soon as, as long as, till, until вместо Future Indefinite Tense употребляется Present Indefinite Tense, но на русский язык глагол в Present Indefinite Tense переводится глаголом в будущем времени.

Сводная таблица форм времен группы Indefinite Present Past Future Indefinite ask asked shall ask (Факт, asks will повторяющееся действие обычного характера) II. Practice A 1. Прочтите следующие слова и выпишите слова со звуками [u ], [au ].

meer, poor, fire, moor, out, cure, flour, deer, air, here, hair, sour 2. Прочтите следующие слова.

cell, crystal, call, fence, German, fact, gun, gypsy, got, page, cutting, cube, ground, bridge, factor, face, good, great 3. Прослушайте и затем прочтите этот диалог.

Albert: Hello, is this the Andersons' residence?

Voice: Yes, this is Andersons. Whom do you wish to speak to?

Albert: I'd like to speak to Professor Anderson, please, if he is there.

Voice: I think he's here somewhere. Just hold the line a moment, and I'll call him.

Professor: A.: Hello, this is Professor Anderson speaking.

Albert: Oh, hello, Professor Anderson. This is Albert Black. I'm sorry to bother you home, sir, but I need to talk to you.

Professor: A.: What is it you want, Albert?

Albert: It's about my term paper.

Professor A.: I'll be at my office at three-thirty tomorrow. Are you free then, or do you have a class?

Albert: That's just fine! Thanks a lot, Professor. It's very kind of you.

4. Прослушайте упр. 1.2 и проверьте свое произношение.

B 1. Make up sentences in the Future Indefinite Tense using the following verbs and expressions.

to be, to have, to see, to write, to ring up, to go, to take, to wake up, to fall asleep, to be free, to be busy Example to write He'll write the letter tomorrow (she, I, we, you, :

they).

2. Complete the following sentences.

Example: I'll tell him everything when he rings me up.

1. I'll give him the book if.... (to come) 2. I'll help him if.... (to want) 3. I'll see him as soon as.... (to ring up) 4. I'll come to you provided.... (to be free) 5. He will come unless.... (to be busy) 3. Write what classes you will have tomorrow, the day after tomorrow.

4. Ask and answer about John's plans for the week.

John's plans for the week Mon Buy birthday present.

Tue Meet a friend.

Wed Have a lab.

Thu Go to the cinema.

Fri Do shopping.

Sat Go to the stadium.

Sun Visit friends.

Example 1: What is John going to do on Monday?

John is going to buy a birthday present on Monday.

Example 2: Will John have time to see his friends on Tuesday?

I'm afraid not. He'll go to the cinema.

5. Write down about your plans for a week.

6. Read the text and talk about your visit to the Bolshoy Theatre.

At the Theatre Tomorrow I'll have my day off. I have booked tickets to the Bolshoi Theatre in advance and I'll go there tomorrow. I feel rather tired by the week end and I want to rest well on Saturday and Sunday. I phoned my friend and invited her to go to the theatre. She liked the idea of going to the theatre together. She has a lot of work today. She is busy tonight. But tomorrow in the evening she will be free. We shall see "The Swan Lake". I saw this ballet two years ago. I like it very much and I'm sure I'll enjoy myself. As a rule operas and ballets at the Bolshoy Theatre are magnificently staged. Costumes, dresses, scenery, an excellent orchestra and famous conductors, celebrated singers and dancers - everything is the best there. As soon as the curtain is up you will forget everything except the performance. This is a marvellous theatre. I was fortunate to get good seats. We had two seats in the stalls. I don't like to sit right in the front. I prefer to sit some distance from the stage.

7. Listen to the following and reproduce in your own words the conversation between Tom and Alec.

- Hello, Tom, will you go to the cinema with us?

- Thank you, Alec. I'm afraid not, I shall be busy the whole evening, I'll study for my exams.

- Oh, I see. When will the exams end?

- We'll have our last exam on the 23rd of January.

- Will you join us for a skiing trip on Saturday morning at 11 o'clock?

- I think not. I am taking my exam on that day.

- How are you going to spend your holidays?

- If I pass the exams successfully, on the 25th I'll leave for the rest-house.

- Is it far from Moscow?

- No, it's quite near, but the place is beautiful.

- That's a fine idea. You'll have a good time there.

- Yes, I hope so. I think I'll have a good rest there.

8. Topics for discussion:

a) What do you think about the best way to spend your coming holidays?

b) What Moscow theatres do you like and why?

9. Translate into English (in written form).

1. Я буду в институте в 5 часов. 2. Она будет дома в 3 часа. 3. Он будет завтра занят. 4. Мы будем завтра в театре. 5. Он поедет летом в Крым. 6. Она будет на заводе на следующей неделе. 7. У меня завтра не будет времени. 8. У нас завтра будет мало времени. 9. Она завтра будет свободна. 10. На следующей неделе в институте будет собрание. 11. В нашем городе на будущий год будет новая школа. 12. Он завтра позвонит.

10. Listen to the text, repeat it after the speaker and translate it into Russian.

My friend Pavel studies at Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics. This University trains economists and statisticians for various branches of the National Economy.

Pavel is in his first year now. In 5 years when he graduates from the University he will work as an economist at a statistical body, or at a plant, at an Institute or at an office. There are four faculties at the University. Students study a lot of subjects such as Economics, Computers, Programming, Mathematics, a foreign language and other subjects.

The first term is coming to an end. Classes will be over in a few days.

The examinations will begin on the 2nd of January. During the autumn term Pavel worked hard. He attended all the lectures and never missed the seminars. Now he is quite ready for the examinations and hopes to pass them successfully. If he is allowed he will take them in advance.

When the examinations are over Pavel will have his winter holidays.

They will last from the 23rd of January till the 7th of February. Some of the students will go to country rest-houses, others will stay in town. During holidays students will go in for sports and spend a lot of time outdoors.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1. [u ] 1) pure 2) poor 3) pair 4) moor 5) mere 2. [au ] 1) flour 2) floor 3) fare 4) fire 5) tower 3. [k] 1) cell 2) call 3) cut 4) city 5) cyst [d3] 1) gypsy 2) gate 3) great 4) good 5) gentle В каждой строчке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются так же, как в первом слове.

5. page 1) gem 2) glad 3) gale 4) got 5) gym 6. cent 1) cliff 2) cite 3) cold 4) cypress 5) cab 7. clap 1) space 2) pencil 3) cell 4) code 5) craft gun 1) age 2) gin 3) game 4) got 5) bridge Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9. They... go to the theatre the day after tomorrow. 1) do 10.... you have classes the day before yesterday? 2) does 11.... they be busy on Monday? 3) did 12.... you tell me about it after the meeting is over? 4) will 13. She wants to become a teacher,... not she?

14.... he return in a month? I want to talk to him.

Составьте вопросительные (15-18) и отрицательные (19, 20) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

15. 1) next 16. 1) give 17. 1) take 2) where 2) who 2) examinations 3) you 3) book 3) they 4) will 4) will 4) will 5) go 5) you 5) what 6) week 6) this 6) tomorrow 18. 1) she 19. 1) not 20. 1) be 2) at home 2) we 2) in the evening 3) will 3) lectures 3) I 4) classes 4) shall 4) not 5) be 5) on Saturday 5) free 6) after 6) have 6) shall Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

21. после 1) in front of 22. перед (до) 2) soon 23. если 3) if 24. как только 4) before 25. (до тех пор) пока 5) as soon as 26. скоро 6) after 7) till when К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

27. forget 1) получать 28. become 2) заканчивать (институт) 29. return 3) возвращаться 30. leave 4) ждать 31. graduate (from) 5) забывать 32. wait (for) 6) приходить 7) уехать становиться Выберите предлог, соответствующий данному предложению.

(Отсутствие предлога обозначается знаком “-“).

33. Do you go... for sports?

1) - 2) at 3) in 4) to 34. Students take exams twice... a year.

1) - 2) on 3) in 4) for 35. Petrov is... the first year now.

1) - 2) at 3) on 4) in 36. She graduated... the Institute last year.

1) - 2) for 3) from 4) of 37. Shall I ring you... ?

1) - 2) up 3) to 4) for 38. Let us wait... them.

1) - 2) to 3) up 4) for 39. I woke... very early today.

1) - 2) up 3) at 4) on Lesson Ten (10) 1. Information for Study 1.1 Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором слова-примеры.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3 раздела А.

Таблица 11.

Чтение сочетаний согласных букв.

Буквы Позиция Чтение Пример sh любая she [] ch любая*) cheese [t] tch после кратких гласных match [t] ck после кратких гласных black [k] th 1) в начале знаменательных слов и в think, myth [] конце слова 2) в начале местоимений, служебных this, bathe [ ] слов и между гласными wh 1) в начале слова, перед всеми what [w] гласными, кроме о.

2) перед буквой о who [h] wr в начале слов перед гласными write [ r ] qu перед гласными question [kw] ng после гласных и в конце слова long [] nk после гласных thank [k] kn в начале слова knife [n] 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните их.

Key Examples I am reading a letter now.

He is not reading a letter.

Are you reading a letter?

I was reading a letter when you came in.

*) “ch” читается как [k] в словах, в русском переводе которых сочетание ch звучит как звук “х”:

chemistry – химия.

Illustrative Examples Are you going to the shop?

Yes, I am. No, I am not.

Are you waiting for a taxi or a bus?

I am waiting for a bus.

What are you doing?

I am reading a magazine.

What magazine are you reading?

I am reading an English magazine.

Where are you going?

I am going to the theatre.

Who is going to the theatre with you?

My friend is.

Why are you sitting here?

I'm sitting because I'm tired.

What were you doing when I came in?

I was looking for my new slides.

1.3. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните эти слова.

Nouns Verbs Adjectives Word Combinations and Abbreviations cup describe dull to come to see difference discuss same to go to bed film feel to go shopping living-room film to remember somebody to somebody match invite to turn on the TV-set play pronounce What's on TV?

speciality record a.m. — ante meridiem spend G.m.t. — Greenwich mean time talk p.m. — post meridiem 1.4. Grammar Прочтите и запомните материал раздела 1.4.

Table 22.

The Present and Past Continuous Tenses. Word Order.

Subject Predicate Object I II III He is reading a letter.

was reading Is he reading a letter?

Was he reading a letter?

What is he reading?

Who is reading a letter?

Table 23.

The Present and Past Continuous Tenses of the Verb "to read" Affirmative Interrogative Negative The Present Continuous Tense I am reading. Am I reading? I am not reading.

He he He is reading. Is reading? is not reading.

she She She we We We Are you reading?

You are reading You are not reading they They They The Past Continuous Tense I was reading. Was I reading? I was not reading.

He he He was reading. Was reading? was not reading.

she She She We we We You You were reading Were you reading? were not reading they They They Времена группы Continuous обозначают действие соотнесенное с определенным моментом времени, действие в процессе его развития в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем.

Сводная таблица форм времен группы Continuous Present Past Future was shall Continuous am asking (действие в were be asking is asking определенный момент, will are в процессе, в развитии) II. Practice A 1. Read the following groups of words (see Table 11).

ring, sing, thing, clang, hang bank, tank, thank, link, think she, show, shy, wish, fish chess, chair, chalk, lunch, check fetch, catch, branch, match, bench knife, knee, knelt, know, knave wrong, write, writer, wreck, wrap 2. Read the following words.

knee, wrangle, knife, wrong, theft, written, these, ship, black, check, match, long, wrestle, cell, catch, bank, fetch, knelt, scratch, chin, thus, thin, branch, clock 3. Listen and then read the following groups of words.

a) The movies;

to the movies;

go to the movies;

to go to the movies;

you do go to the movies, don't you?

b) The game;

to the game;

go to the game;

to go to the game;

do you go to the game?

c) They show you;

they show you how;

they show you how to do it.

4. Listen to the speaker and check your pronunciation (ex. 1,2,3).

B 1. Analyse the usage of the Present Continuous Tense in the following sentences.

1. What a lovely weather we are having now, aren't we? 2. What are you thinking of? 3. It was the middle of the day and everyone was resting. 4. At this time two tourists were visiting the town. 5. He was still sleeping. 6. We were looking at some pictures. 7. I'm looking for my keys. 8. You are looking very well. 9. Why are you not looking after your children? They are crying.

10. He was looking out of the window every time when somebody came into the house. He was waiting for a letter.

2. We are at an English lesson, write what the students of your group are doing now. Use the verbs given below.

to listen to, to read, to write, to translate, to discuss, to speak, to ask, to talk 3. This is a language laboratory, write down what the students are doing. Use the verbs given below.

to record, to repeat, to look, to answer, to pronounce, to watch 4. Use the Present Continuous Tense instead of the Present Indefinite Tense in the following sentences.

Examples:

I study every day. I'm studying now.

1. We work every day. 2. I ring up my friend very seldom. 3. I have tea every evening. 4. She works at the library every day. 5. He goes to the University four days a week. 6. They learn English.

5. Listen to the statements about Peter and ask questions about his brother.

Examples: Peter is studying English. What is his brother studying?

Peter is studying Economics. Peter is ringing Paul up. Peter is teaching in Tomsk. Peter is translating a new text. Peter is sending a registered letter.

6. Look at the picture (p. 88) and a) answer the questions.

b) compose a story.

7. Put all possible questions to the following sentences.

1. A group of students is speaking with a well-known American scientist. 2.

They were going to the theater when he saw them in the street. 3. The students of our University attend lectures every day.

8. Listen to the dialogue and reproduce it.

(Nina came to see her friend Ann. They are talking in the living-room.) Ann: I'm glad to see you, Nina. How are you?

Nina: Thank you, I'm fine.

Ann: And how are your mother and father?

Nina: Father is quite all right, but mother isn't feeling well, it's her head again.

Ann: It's bad.

Nina: What's on TV tonight?

Ann: We'll see now. (Ann is turning on the TV set.) They are filming a famous play, shall we see it?

Nina: I'd like to.

Ann: Let's see it then.

Nina: Is your TV set working well.

Ann: Yes, it is. I see you are enjoying the film. And what about a cup of tea?

Nina: With pleasure.

9. Translate into English.

1. Куда ты сейчас идешь? Я иду домой, а ты? А я - в университет. В университете будет собрание студентов. 2. Где ты был вчера, когда я тебе звонил? Отправлял заказное письмо. 3. Ты вчера много занимался? Да, я учил английские слова, делал упражнения. У меня не было учебника, и я позвонил своему товарищу. 4. Что ты сейчас делаешь? Ты свободен? Я сейчас жду товарища. Он придет через несколько минут.

10. Read the following text and write a letter to your friend.

A letter to a friend Dear Paul, Thank you for the invitation to come to Kiev and spend the holidays with you. I hope I shall come after my examinations. The examination in Statistics is the most difficult one for me. But I am sure I shall pass it successfully. I am working hard.

The weather in Moscow is dull, it is raining now. My parents are at home today. Mother is teaching our Bob English and father is reading a book on his speciality. They ask you to remember them to your family.

Hope to see you soon.

Yours, Peter.

III. Test Part I Phonetics В каждой строчке найдите два слова, которые содержат указанный звук.

1) tan 2) ring 3) kind 4) link 5) rang 1. [] 1) cope 2) cite 3) lock 4) lace 5) chap 2. [k] 1) thin 2) that 3) myth 4) think 5) bathe 3. [ ] 1) catch 2) hang 3) path 4) chess 5) fish 4. [t] 1) thus 2) leather 3) thank 4) these 5) teeth 5. [] 1) wrap 2) when 3) whole 4) wait 5) low 6. [w] 1) bar 2) colour 3) rate 4) pare 5) wrong 7. [r] 1) whale 2) whom 3) hair 4) chop 5) whip 8. [h] Part II Grammar Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

9.... you ring up your friend yesterday?

1) do 2) did 3) are 4) were 10.... she reading an English book?

1) do 2) does 3) is 4) are 11.... he work at your plant?

1) do 2) does 3) is 4) was 12. They... discussing a problem when he entered the room.

1) do 2) did 3) are 4) were 13. She... very busy last week.

1) is 2) was 3) did 5) does 14. What... they doing now?

1) is 2) are 3) do 4) did 15.... you a worker last year?

1) do 2) did 3) are 4) were 16. Who... having an examination now?

1) do 2) does 3) is 4) are Выберите форму смыслового глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

17. What problem are you...? 1) discuss 18. We... this problem last week. 2) discusses 19. Did you... this problem in class? 3) discussed 20. This professor often... such problems at his 4) discussing lectures, doesn't he?

21. Does he often... such problems?

22. Why is he... this problem?

23. Shall we... this problem next week?

Составьте вопросительные (24-26) и отрицательные (27, 28) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

24. 1) is 25. 1) describing 26. 1) they 2) about 2) pictures 2) to do 3) why 3) you 3) are 4) talking 4) what 4) going 5) she 5) are 5) what 6) it 27. 1) not 28. 1) am 2) she 2) I 3) the teacher 3) the letter 4) listening 4) not 5) is 5) for 6) to 6) looking Part III Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

29. различие 1) difficult 30. разный 2) different 31. несколько 3) difference 32. одинаковый 4) specialist 33. игра 5) speciality 34. специальность 6) play 7) same some К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

35. describe 1) зависеть 36. discuss 2) ставить рекорд 37. depend 3) записывать 38. spend 4) описывать 39. record 5) использовать 40. invite 6) обсуждать 7) тратить 8) делить приглашать Подберите к каждому вопросу правильный ответ.

41. Where are you going?

42. What's on at the cinema now?

43. Shall we turn on the TV set?

44. How are you?

45. Would you like a cup of tea?

1) With pleasure.

2) Fine, thank you.

3) No, something is wrong with it.

4) Shopping.

5) A new film.

Lesson Eleven (11) 1. Information for Study 1.1 Phonetical and Orthoepical Material 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором слова в таблице 12.

2. Запомните таблицу.

3. Выполните упражнения 1, 2, 3, 4 раздела А.

Таблица 12.

Ударение в двусложных словах на первом слоге.

ударный слог безударный слог Существительное 'focus Прилагательное clever Местоимение other Глагол 'blossom Наречие slowly 1.2. Sentence Patterns 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое предложение раздела 1.2.

2. Запомните их.

Key Examples I have prepared this lesson.

He has just seen him.

I have never seen this film.

We have been to Kiev this year.

Have you prepared this lesson?

Have you ever been to St. Petersburg?

I haven't met him since.

Гласные в безударных слогах редуцируются, т.е. дают звуки [ ] или [i].

Illustrative Examples Have you ever been to the South? Yes, I have.

Has he brought the books? No, he hasn’t.

Have you bought this dictionary or taken it in the library?

I have bought it.

Where have you spent your summer holidays?

We have spent our summer holidays in the country.

What film have you seen?

I have seen an English film.

Who has just spoken of this film?

I have.

1.3. Grammar 1. Прочитайте и запомните материал раздела 1.3.

Table 24.

The Present Perfect Tense1. Word Order.

Subject Predicate Object Adverbial I II III Modifier IV They have seen this film today.

Have they seen this film today?

What have they seen - today?

Who has seen this film today?

Table 25.

The Present Perfect Tense of the Verb "to read".

Affirmative Interrogative Negative I have read the letter. Have I read the I have not read the letter? letter.

He (she) has read the letter. Has he (she) read the He (she) has not read letter? the letter.

We (you, they) have read the letter. Have we (you, they) We (you, they) have read the letter? not read the letter.

Времена группы Perfect (настоящее, прошедшее, будущее) выражают действие, законченное к определенному моменту времени в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем.

Сводная таблица форм времен группы Perfect Present Past Future Perfect (законченное действие к have had asked shall asked определенному моменту has have asked в настоящем, will прошедшем или будущем, результат действия к моменту разговора) Table 26.

The Present Continuous, Present Perfect and Present Indefinite Tenses is reading a book now. * He has just read a book. ** reads books every day. *** the article now.

am translating the article.

I have just translated articles well.

translate Table 27.

The Present Perfect and Past Indefinite Tenses have written several letters today.

I wrote several letters yesterday.

many books this week.

has read He read many books last week.

an article this morning.

has typed an article yesterday.

She typed * Он читает книгу сейчас.

** Он только что прочитал книгу.

*** Он читает книги каждый день.

Наречия и обстоятельные слова, с которыми обычно употребляется Present Perfect Tense:

already - уже not yet - еще нет today - сегодня just - только что yet - уже (в this month - в этом месяце never - никогда вопросительном this week - на этой неделе ever - когда-либо предложении) this year - в этом году since - с тех пор как;

с this morning - этим утром 1.4. Active Vocabulary 1. Прослушайте и повторите за диктором каждое слово.

2. Запомните их.

nouns verbs goal team accept point opportunity treasure fail win score loose II. Practice A 1. Read the following words:

a) sitting, standing, dinner, summer, kitchen, cutter, written, supper;

b) final, dining, minus, stating, writing, sliding, filing, hiking;

2. Read the following pairs of words:

write - written;

dine - dinner;

file - filling 3. Read the following words:

crystal, Sunday, village, fishy, minus, data, warmly, hobby, candid, rusty, carrot, storming, entry, rally, sofa, curly, army, dusty, happy, student 4. Practice in speaking fluent English.

a) How-do-you;

How-do-you do? How-do-you-know b) So-you-see;

so-you-see-how;

so-you-see-how-few-we-now-have c) They-show-you;

they-show-you-how;

they-show-you-how-to-do;

they show-you-how-to-do-the-two-new-dance-steps d) Why-do-you;

why-do-you-try;

why-do-you-try-to-be-through-by-two-to three-minutes-before I-go?

5. Listen to the speaker and check your pronunciation (ex. 1, 2, 3, 4 ).

В 1. Write questions and answers about Mr. Black who visited the USA in 1988;

France in 1989;

Australia in 1995;

Great Britain in 1996;

Italy in 1993;

Sweden in 1996.

Example 1: Has Mr. Black been to the USA?

Yes, he has.

When did he go there?

He went there in 1968.

Example 2: He has just come from Italy, hasn't he?

No, he came from Italy in 1993. It was seven years ago.

2. Write questions and answers about football results.

Football results P W D L F A Pts 1. Spartak 34 21 10 3 66 25 2. Shakhter 34 20 8 6 57 33 3. Zenit 34 21 5 8 51 26 4. SK (Rostov) 34 19 12 3 54 27 5. Dynamo 34 17 9 8 41 27 (Moscow) P games played - сыгранные матчи W games won - выигранные матчи D games drawn - ничьи L games lost - проигранные матчи S goals scored - забитые голы A goals against - пропущенные голы Pts points scored - полученные очки Example 1: Which team has won the most games?

Spartak and Zenit (have).

Which team has won the fewest games?

Dynamo (Moscow) (has).

Example 2: How many games has Spartak lost?

3.

Example 3: How many goals has Spartak scored?

66.

3. Answer the following questions.

1. Are you taking an examination now? 2. What examinations have you taken this year? 3. How many exams have you passed entering the University?

4. Are you buying stamps now? 5. How many stamps have you bought? 6.

Have you worked hard since the beginning of the term? 7. Are you working hard now? 8. Have you ever been to the South?

4. Put all possible questions to the following sentences.

1. They have bought a nice radio-set today. 2. She has finished her work this week. 3. We have already written our exercises.

5. Read the dialogue and reproduce it in class.

A.: Hello, glad to see you, how are you?

B.: Hello, I'm fine, thank you.

A.: Have you passed the examinations?

B.: Yes, they are over now. I've passed all of them successfully.

A.: Has anybody failed?

B.: No, nobody in our group.

A.: What about the holidays? Are you going anywhere?

B.: I'm leaving for Rostov tomorrow. I've already booked my ticket.

A.: Have you ever been to Rostov before?

B.: No, never. I'm going there for the first time. My friend Alec invited me to spend the holidays in his native city.

A.: And you accepted his invitation with pleasure, of course.

B.: Certainly, I am glad to have the opportunity to visit this wonderful city famous for its history and great art treasures.

A.: What time does the train start?

B.: At 10 p.m.

A.: Have a nice trip.

B.: Thank you.

6. Write about:

1) your visit to a city (town) you like best of all.

2) the football match which you have seen.

7. Translate into English in written form.

1. Я никогда не был в этом театре. 2. Вы были когда-нибудь в Крыму? Да, несколько раз. 3. Он только что пришел. 4. Извините, я забыл вашу фамилию. 5. В этом семестре я сдала 4 экзамена. 6. Мы только что закончили наш завтрак. 7. Я никогда не слышал об этом человеке. 9. Вы читали газету сегодня? Что вы там прочли? 10. Я не приготовила домашнее задание. Я не прочла текст и не перевела предложения. 11. Что вы сейчас делаете? 12. Я вчера читала этот текст.

13. Я еще не прочел эту книгу. 14. Я хожу в институт каждый день.

8. Be ready to speak on what you have done today.

III. Test Part I Grammar Выберите правильный перевод сказуемого в каждом из данных предложений.

1. Мы переводим такие тексты на каждом уроке 1) translate 2. Мы сейчас переводим этот текст. 2) translates 3. Она уже перевела этот текст. 3) translated 4. Вы перевели этот текст на прошлом уроке. 4) are translating 5. Мы всегда переводили такие тексты со словарем. 5) is translating 6. Он хорошо переводит тексты по своей 6) have translated специальности. 7) has translated 7. Кто сейчас переводит текст?

Выберите форму вспомогательного глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

8.... you finished the work yet?

1) do 2) did 3) are 4) have 9. Where... they going?

1) do 2) have 3) are 4) is 10.... he work in this office?

1) is 2) has 3) do 4) does 11. What book... she given to you?

1) have 2) has 3) is 4) does 12.... he go to the South last summer?

1) does 2) did 3) is 4) has 13. What... you doing when they came to see you?

1) are 2) were 3) do 4) have 14.... this student studying hard?

1) is 2) are 3) has 4) does Выберите форму глагола, соответствующую данному предложению.

15. Has she... this exam? 1) take 16. When did she... this exams? 2) takes 17. Who... this exam yesterday? 3) took 18. Is she... an exam now? 4) taken 19. Does she... exams twice a year? 5) taking 20. She has not... this exam yet.

21. She usually... exams in winter and in summer.

Составьте вопросительные (22-24) и отрицательные (25-26) предложения из данных слов. Запишите цифры в правильной последовательности в составленных вами предложениях.

22. 1) to 23. 1) spoken 24. 1) passed 2) you 2) has 2) what 3) have 3) of 3) you 4) been 4) just 4) today 5) ever 5) who 5) have 6) this town 6) this film 6) exam 25. 1) have 26. 1) not 2) yet 2) the holidays 3) read 3) have 4) I 4) we 5) not 5) seen 6) this book 6) since 7) them Part II Vocabulary К каждому русскому слову подберите соответствующее английское слово.

27. статья 1) team 28. искусство 2) artist 29. игра 3) magazine 30. команда 4) score 31. счет 5) game 32. очко 6) art 7) article 8) point К каждому английскому слову подберите соответствующее русское слово.

33. already 1) никогда 34. always 2) всегда 35. almost 3) также 36. just 4) до тех пор (пока) 37. ever 5) с тех пор 38. never 6) только что 39. since 7) почти 8) когда-либо 9) уже Дополните диалог правильными по смыслу ответами.

A: Hello, Nick! Have you passed your exams?

40. N:...

A: Has anybody failed?

41. N:...

A: What about the holidays? Are you going anywhere?

42. N:...

A: Have you ever been there before?

43. N:...

A: Are you going by train?

44. N:...

A: When does the train start?

45. N:...

A: Have a nice trip.

1) I am leaving for Kiev tomorrow.

2) At 9 p.m.

3) Yes, quite successfully.

4) Yes, I have already booked my ticket.

5) No, nobody has. At least in our group.

6) No, never, I'm going there for the first time.

Progress Test II Lessons 7- Part I Phonetics В каждой строке найдите два слова, в которых подчеркнутые буквы читаются одинаково 1. 1) fare 2) fire 3) fair 4) pure 5)mere 2. 1) cure 2) clear 3) wire 4) cheer 5) seat 3. 1) poor 2) pot 3) more 4) roar 5) sour 4. 1) lawn 2) down 3) park 4) boat 5) sort 5. 1) term 2) team 3) here 4) curve 5) cure 6. 1) task 2) cart 3) tap 4) tape 5) talks 7. 1) meat 2) firm 3) nerve 4) fire 5) dear Part II Grammar Выберите вспомогательный глагол, соответствующий данному предложению 8. … he taking an examination now?

1) does 2) has 3) is 4) was 9. … she study at this faculty?

1) has 2) have 3) is 4) does 10. … he going to the institute when you met him?

1) has 2) is 3) was 4) did 11. … he translated this text yet?

1) has 2) have 3) did 4) is 5) does 12. … you traveled by plane this year?

1) did 2) do 3) have 4) are 13. … he make the report last week?

1) did 2) does 3) has 4) does 14. … she taken the journals from the library?

1) have 2) is 3) has 4) does 15. … they go to Leningrad a year ago?

1) were 2) do 3) did 4) have 5) had 16. … they start tomorrow?

1) are 2) did 3) shall 4) will 17. … there any people in the hall now?

1) do 2) did 3) is 4) are 5) were Выберите форму глаголу, соответствующую данному предложению.

18. He … this film today.

1) saw 2) has seen 3) sees 4) seen 19. She … me this magazine a week ago.

1) gives 2) gave 3) given 4) had given 5) giving 20. Does your brother … letters to his parents?

1) writes 2) wrote 3) writing 4) write 21. He,ll go to the cinema, if he … the tickets.

1) got 2) get 3) will get 4) gets 22. What books has he … from the library?

1) take 2) took 3) taken 4) takes 5) taking 23. What is she … for?

1) look 2) looks 3) looking 4) looked 24. Who … to the south this summer?

1) has been 2) was 3) have been 4) were 25. She … a few letters to them since September.

1) wrote 2) has written 3) is writing 4) writes 26. I … … when my friend rang me up.

1) am packing 2) was packing 3) have packed 27. This student … all the lectures now.

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