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HBEPCTET POCCCO AAEM OPAOBAH eoe ocoe o peaue . M. ypea, E. M. opucoo Moca aeco PAO 1997 1.4 86 cxooeca aoca: ...

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cecap a oaae o aopa ox cocooce oye pae 85, pocpacex cocooce oop 85. Ta opao, caap po oaaee a oe coocac c opa oaae poecc, e poecc, opae oaae oopx ocy pee cye, oy p ocypoa peoeoac ey.

Haeoc aape AT yoeopea. oppe, opeeee eoa aoaeex op oopoo ecpoa, oec peeax 0,80 e pea 0,90.

eocaa AT ceye oec epy oepe o, o ce ec c coocopoc. poe oo, cocooc oxae eocaoo poo. He e ec a oae ex, a ae ec a ee axooc.

apapyec papeee a epeo AT cooae ee cceoaecx ee oe paaa opaa x cpaax.

oce poee aocecoo oceoa epaec a aae eco po cyeoo, oop ao eocppye yapoay cpyypy eo cocooce a oe ecpoa (po cee paeoc aoo aopa cocooce y a). o po cpaaec c e, oop xapaepe oceo ycexa poeccoaa. Ha ocoe coocae eac o o peoeyex peeea ceaocx.

Oao a pae oaaec, o ae pe pecae oo o e poecc oy e eoaoe ecoe po, o ee pa oepae acec xapaep o-ecaope oooc cocooce eoea.

ocoy cocooc, eocae yceo pao o poecc, oecpyc ye eppa pyx, o cpyypa ceax cocooce poeccoaa ye cea oc yapoa xapaep. ooy poc aoee oyeo y peeea cpyyp ceax cocooce a eay ocaae x coae ecoae e apyepoa ae ocyce pooc poecc Moe ece cxoo p ae o ecoo pooceco ce poeccoax eco B ooae cceoa C eca o oaao, o cpe aoc e peae 0,22.

pyo ec ceac oac aoc eco E. e, aac poea pooceco aoc, pe oy, o ec copee oo peoo, acoo yceo ye poxo poeccoaoe oyee, ee a poo ooceo oo, a coc apepa.

o acaec pepe oyaeoc o o poecc, o cpee pa 0,39 (oec o 0,28 o 0,65), a o acaec pepe poeccoao yceoc, 0,32 (o 0,24 o 0,45) Ceoaeo, oo cea o o o, o ec a oooc poopoa ycex oye poeccoao eeoc a eoo epo o ooo o pex e Ceaoe coocaee yx paccopex e aape AT AT oaao, o ey cooecy a o pyo oee ceye oe oppe: o epa cocooc 0,70, o pocpaceoy ocp 0,69, o oopc cocooc 0,56. oaae, o e ecooo, e acoo co, o ca ec e. Ta opao, AT oe cee opepoaa a peee poeoc, AT oe. Oe aape oy cooa pae cxooeco cy.

B pyy poeccoapoax cocooce xo ae cocooc, cae c xyoece opeco. ae ceo aoca x cocooce ocyecec eoo cepx oeo, caex ceaca cooo ypo, apep ea oopox occ, yopyx p yex aeex cooecyeo po eoopx o opecx cocooce papaoa caappoae ec. Ta, apep, ec xyoecex cocooce a aa a oae cycca a poyoc ( e. exy, acepco coe) eeoc. Tec epoo poa aocpy oo aex aec ceecoe ooee (opooe ocyee oo aeca c.: Meu-aae A., Hoca .H. Cye opecy. M., 1987).

B ecax a oae cycca cyeoy eoxoo pa yx apao oee opae aoo-o oea aoee peoe. B aece apao opae oy cooa ap ecx xyoo ce, oopae pyo cepo. o aooe opaee aec a oe ooo ecox cae, e yeo apye pe cycce pep, p (e, epcea, coooee ace opae . ). A Aaca, ocya ae ec, oeae, o cyoc o oaa, acoo xyoecee peoe cyeoo coaa c peoe copeex eee cycca (cepo).

Haoee ec ec ec cye o cycce Meepa. O coa 1929 epecope 1940-. B e aece aa cooa ap pcy ecx xyoo. aoe aae ae 2 apaa: pepoy oa ee e c eoop ee, acac poop, cep, apo. Tec oeae yee cy o ceeco opaa poee a aoee ao xyoa aope xyoeceoo ocp. Tec ocaoo aee (aeoc o eoy pacee oeec o 0,70 o 0,84). Baoc opeeac ye oppe oaae eca ypoe xyoeceoo opaoa, acepca. oe aoc oec o 0,40 o 0, Boee eca po ac o ypo poeccoaoo oye a pyo ec (opoc xyoecex cocooce Xopa) aee a pecaae yceoc oye, ooy e e pcycy peoa aa, a, ye. B ece o cyeoo peyec cea 12 apoco pcyo o ye ec (a e, a ye ocyaec ece Top peca). Oea xyoecex ococ pcyo pooc cooec c ee pep. a ae opep ooeo oe aeca pao, ae, a oaco oopae, op e, cooae pxo p.

Haoee ec eco ye yax cocooce ec ye yoac o ae ec Copa. O pecae coo cep 6 eco a pae co pooc, pa, eoc, epa oay a Bce aeca opeec ye pee ap yo, yax pa, oope cyeoy eoxoo cpaa. Tec oo cooa ee (aa c acca) pocx. oe aeoc eca oec o 0,55 o 0,85, a aoc o 0,30 o 0,40. Ac cxooo Bo papaoa ec, oopo apy c aa a cecopoe paee (a ece Copa) pcycy aa a oae y (cpaee ceecx ococ yax opo). Tec cooaee, ae, ceac pa eo oeoc oopa yao oapex ee.

3. AHOCTA POECCOHAHO POHOCT B cxoo poeccoaa pooc eoea opeeec a cooyoc cxooecx cxoooecx ocoeoce, eoxox ocaox oce , p a ceax a, ye ao, oeceo peeo eoc pya.... B o oe xo ae yoeopee, epeaeoe eoeo poecce caoo pya p oee eo peyao (cxooec coap, 1983).

O poeccoao pooc, ceoaeo, oo cy o oeoy pep yceoy oae poecce cyeoy yoeopeoc pyo Copee a poeccoay pooc aaec o, o oa oppyec pyoo eeoc, xoe oae poecce, a e aa eoey aao, a eoe poeoe aeco. oae poeccoa acepco eoxo cooecye cocooc, a ocoe oopx oppyc a a, a ae cooc paoe, .e. ooea poeccoaa oa. Ha ao ae poecc pee opeeee peoa oope, e, a, a, py cxec y aeca oc. o e x peoa xoe oae poecce oppyc poeccoao ae aeca, cocooc eoea, oope oecea pae eoxox ao, a, ye, opeex aa, acepco.

Ocoo poeccoao ax aec c ceae cocooc.

Papaoa aoc ceax cocooce oce cyae peceoaa e poopoa yye poeccoao yceoc peeea a poecc. peee eco poeccoaoo oopa cypoaoc coa aao co copo poeo oex eoc, oope aepecoa cpo e apo paoy, ce apa a x oooy, yee pca aap, paaa. O aepacx ecooo ceecye o o, o eoc cxooecoo oopa poecc coa. Ta, apep, peyae poee oopa caec oce yex aee c 3040 o 58%, a 4070% caec aapoc o e epcoaa, a 1025% oaec aeoc cce ypae, apa a oooy ceaco yeac a 3040%. B acoee pe poea pooopa CA aac 12 yepceax 20 ayo-cceoaecx epax, paeax a opao ap.

Hapaee x pao oc ocoo pec xapaep: cxooecoo aaa cocooce, ayoo aaa oocoa pee eco e x cocooce e pooc. o oc poeccoay yceoc ae poeccoax cocooce oepac pe co copo oeecex apyex yex. po pooc paccapaec aopa a aecoe opaoae, coco oc, oopoe oppyec xoe eeoc, a e ao aao. Ha oppoae pooc poecc oaae e ooe co aopo, opeee ypoe pa cocooce aeo e cea ec cpe x a. poeccoaoe caoee ac o ax ocoeoce, a poeccoaa oa, epec poecc, yeeoc e, aoooe oee, epe oce x oea p. Bce aop ooe e oy ye p ecoo oceoa, ey e o oy ca pea p oppoa poeccoaa. H ypoe pa cocooce co oepe aeo e cea ec pece oae poecce.

oco cceoaee, aaxc poea, pxo oy o apaoc pa poe cocooce y pax e. eco oo cyae paeo poeccoaoo caoopeee p a po paex cocooce, oapeoc, ocoeo opecx poeccx. B x cyax op poecc a peopeeec.

O eoooc poopoa yye poeccoao yceoc a ocoe ayaoo ypo cocooce oop e oo a oeo poeccoaoo caoopeee, o caa ppoa cocooce, O, o e .M. Teoa, cyecy oo e, oo pa. O oea, o o e oe pecaa, o ax peeo oe paac a a cocooc: pao oop, oa oe paac ecpeeo;

paec pee pa eoeecx cocooce opeec oo a aopa, a eoc eoeeco , eo oca oye, o oce e aoe x cax (.M. Teo, 1961).

He eee a ae coa acoc cocooce oooc oppoa oecaopx exao, ooax ae cyae eoxooc o cocooc py. Oo o e eoc pya oo oc a ce oppoa pax aeceo coeopax yapoax cpyyp poeccoax cocooce.

pa pee eco pecaa yye poeccoao yceoc o oo ocec ecoo pooco-c cex cyecyx eoo ( ye oea e, poo oc paocpo, a e oopee xapaep).

Oe epec c o o pe oaaoc cceoae, poeeoe aepac cxooa P. Topao . Xae. O oac poce, a coc cy ecox c oeocyax, oope aae apep poxo cecopoee ecooe oceoae oy cooecye peoea pecaa ooceo yye poeccoao yceoc.

Peya, oyee epe ece, oaa, o cpee pooceca aoc (.e. ca pecaa o eca) oaaac pao 0. o oaae, o p cox peyaax o eca ac ceaco oca a o epo ooo ycexa, o pepo coo e x aoo ycexa e oc. Too a e ex, o p ecpoa poeocppoa e peya, o cea ecy apepy, pye ooe e co oae poecce. Topa Xae aca o oa coe pao y 10 000 apep (a pycc e epeeea), oopo yeeo oaa eccceoc ocpoe eoo pooa yye poeccoao yceoc a ocoe ecox ca.

B c c aop oepa, o opao oee oaeae peya oyac p oope e a o peya o ecy, a a eco po, ceecy o opeeeo paeoc oex cocooce (apep, yxaepo ecece ec oa paeoc cex cocooce, apxeopo pocpacex, eepo ox eeyax) poe, oyex p ecpoa pecaee opeeex poecc, xapaep ceece a, ceecye o opeeeo paeoc ex x cocooce.

pa pee eco ceax cocooce aoc popooc e oaae, o o o x oaac Ho, a a , o o cooac a, e x peee ooc opaao. Hapep, oa poecc pee ece peoa a cxoooec ocoeoc, oope ao oac pa, paec e ec eee , o ex cyax, oa pe a oyee poecc peo opaeo, a caa eeoc pee oee peoa ypo aa (a o ee eco pe oex ceaoce) B poeccx e, e poeccoao ae aeca paac, ec, e ooa oeca ox cocooce py, e ycex ac e o ypo, a o aeceoo coeopa cocooce, ao oop e ye. Tec ceax cocooce oy a coe peee poocya oao paccao apo o pao oca, opo a oooo apo poeoc ccee poopaoa papao ox yax peoea o pa cocooce.

cxooecoe ecpoae yeco ae e p ocaa paoo, axoe cax ec, a a oo ae oooc poo yaoe oyee, cxopepo, a ae ooae ye cxooecx p paaa, ecacx cyae.

o acaec epce pa eco ceax cocooce, o ca a, a a , ec oee x pooceco c. oo oo oc, o-epx, opeae p papaoe eco a pep, aa opa, o-opx, oopo p oee peyao ecpoa a po poecc, a e a oece eco a p o eoxoo ya, o, apy c e, o po poecc cyeceo oac py o pya, oy aac pa yp poe oo o e poecc. o cao c oppoae yapoao cpyyp cocooce poeccoao, paaxc ppo a (apep, coea coc epo cce). Tae yae apa oppoa popooc oy ocoae oca pax o poeccoao 4 TECT CEAHX COCOHOCTE POOHCTA aoca cocooce eoe pe ocaaac epa eo poee poocyaoo pao a co capeacca, a co poc Bo oo o ocec copec pa ooe yopoa pa poeccoao opea Oco poeccoao opea yopoeo ope aa caac c cepe pooo ea. Oo epx , ocex o poee, cao Pyooco o opy poecc, eee o pa 1849 . A ae ece c oee epx aocecx eoo, peaaex epe ypo pa cocooce eoea, oa ace cy o poopea ( A, CA, pa) B aax cpaax oceeo coac ea ccea ao cy. Oa ae p ea oy, py pya ( cyy aoc) cxooece aopaop, papaaae oe poopea, opee aocece pe, pooe cxooec aa peoa, oope pe poecc eoey Oo epx eop poeccoaoo opa caa pexaopa oe poopea aepaa apcoca, ocoe ooe oopo o copypoa 1908 aa e cocoa pex aax poopeaoo pao: epa ae yee cxecx ocx ocoeoce peeea a poecc;

opa peoaae yee peoa poecc opypoae x cxooecx epax;

pe opayeae coocaee x yx po aopo pe pee o peoeyeo poecc, oopoe pocxo a ocoe ycaoe cooec ocoeoce eoea peoa poecc a eop poopea a ococye o o 50-x aeo ea, oa oa epe oepac cepeo pe poe aoo oxoa opeee popooc cococoao oee a pyee pooo eeo eo yeee ecpoae, peya oopoo paccapac aacy a poop eoey ooceo coceo ey e oaec ee cpyyp poeccoax cocooce B aoo poa cceoax paecx papaoax yae ocoeoc eoea xapaepoac cxo peoa poecc, a e ppo yaoc: oaae eoe e ee, oopoe yo poecc, e ae a, oopo, copoc pea. To ec ooee eoe poecc aapoaoc oo apae o poecc eoey;

a o cpoc oop poeccoaa pepoa. o ep, oope xapaepoa yae ocoeoc a ppoe, a popeee eoeo o cye ay poecc eaco o ee, oypoc e ooac.

a, op poecc ooe pe paccapac a oc cooec ey peoa poecc yaoc. Tao oxo ca aa aocec oec papy pex op poocya poopea.

p o ooc oppoac o a, o p poecc peao ae, e, peoa, peee eoey, eyoo ec. apy c caa yaoc eoea ae paccapaac, a eo acee eeoe, pa acea aaoe aepo caoe c poeccoa peoa. Ho, a ye oepa e, cocooc e cyecy cae, o a, axoc poecce pa, ac o oo, a oyaec ocaec peeo. Ceoaeo, oe aocecoe cae ocapye cpe pa, e ae ocoa cpo oopee poo. e ee ycox , eeoc cyea, eo oa oy oe ee pa cocooce. ooy eoxoo coa ocopooc p eppea ax o epe cocooce. Heoyco oo a ocoe x ax aa ooae peoea o opy poecc. oee oo, aco opepoa a epec cooc yaxc, ae p ocyc coppoax cocooce opeeeoy y pya, ec oee opaao, ocoy ye caooca, pepoo oo cyeceo poy x oppoae.

o c peyeceoe pae eoopx cocooce opa poecc, oo cooa eec apceae oeecex cxooo ec. Ta, apep, ec P. Axaypa ooe oy eco po cyeoo o pe apaepa paeoc yaapx, aeaecx execx cocooce. o ec yceoo pa (TP) ooae opee paeoc cocooce oeceo-yaapo, o aeaeco ececeoayo oac eeoc. Ocyaec e opee eo oo ypo pa cecopx, oopx pyx cocooce.

He acopy peya ecox ca, ceye oa x oeoc poocyaoo pao. Ta, aepaa cxooecx oaaee ocoeoce pa yaxc e oyaex ao, ecooo po oo oay ao peca cee (yc peo) cpyypy cox cocooce, ye e poe coe pa, oope eoxoo peooe, oo o ooo ce yye poecc (E.M.

opcoa,.. ooa, 1991).

oyee peya c o ocoo, a oopo papaaaec (coeco c cxooo) a caooca, ooo opeeeoy y pya.

oope aocece po, poeee oce ocyece cxopepoo, oppeox epop, oo oo oy ao ye popecc pa eoopx aec, yec eecoopaoc eoxooc ceao apaeo pao o oooe poecc. Beo cxoaoceca paoa oaae apyee e a poecc poeccoaoo caoopeee.

epaypa Aacmau A cxooecoe ecpoae. M., 1982 . 2. C. 7197 opucoa EM, ouoa. yaoc poecc M ae, oyea A Cocooc yaoc M, 1993 Oa cxoaoca M, 1987 C 135154 Pyume COco oe cxoo M, 1940 Tenoe M Cocooc oapeoc M, 1941 Tenoe Mpoe yax pa M, 1961.

aa VI AHOCTA POBH OCTEH 1. AHOCTA EHX OCTEH aoc yceoc oye oe papaaac ceae eo, oope pa aopa aac eca yex oce, eca yceoc, aec eca ae eca ye (o oce oy ae opayeac ec, peaaee aoc poeccoax aec eaoo, o aoopaoae aocece cpeca, oope oe cooa ye, ae, a aee, ecea p.). a oeae aepac cxoo A. Aac-a, o ceoc o eco aae epoe eco.

Tec oce peaae oo, o oe yceoc oae ope a ae oe paea yex c, c oee oe oaaee oyeoc oa, e oea. oce aacy caoc e oo oeo a yaeoc, o cpyeo oec a eo, oe paa ooee ye cee eo cpoaoc, opaoaoc, ocoeoc oee .. Tec oce e x eocao, payeec, p yco paooo x cocae pee.

Tec oce oac o coceo cxooecx eco (cocooce, eea). x oe o eco cocooce coco, o-epx, o, o c x oo ya yceoc oae ope, opae opeee paa ye aepao, apep paeo aea Cepeoep ypco acoo a. Ha oppoae cocooce (apep, pocpacex) oyee ae ye oaa e, o oo e ec ece aopo, opee ypoe x pa. ooy p aoce cocooce pyo a ooaoe ocee coo o cee x paoc y oa. Bo-opx, pae ey eca opeeec e x pee. Tec cocooce apae a opao a ee peoco e a eeoc peey a poopoae opa a aoee oxoe poecc po oye. Tec e oce pec oe yceoc oae ope a, c e opeee eoc popa, yeo eoo oye, ocoeoce pao oex yee, eaoecx oeo, .e.

aocpy po o, peya ycoe ex x c x paeo. Xo e opa oo aa, o ec oce ae oy opeeeo cee pecaa e poe yaeoc o o yeo ce, ocoy ec a oe ecpoa co eco ypoe oae a e oe e opac a aee poecce oye. aa a pay ocyaex ax eco, A. Aaca oeae, o oa aoee yo cyae p oee x aoc: y coco oe ec cocooce o ocyec poocecy pepao opepoay aa, oa a ec oce ocoo oeac epax aoc o coepa (A. Aaca, 1982. T. 2. C. 37).

Tec oce oac ae o eco eea ocee apae e a aocy opex a ao, a pey o yaeoc ye coepa c o (yc ae ye) opeeee ycee ec, ae, a poeee aao, acca, ooee p. o opaeo opypoa opex aa eco oo pyoo a. Hapep, ec oce a aepae cop opeeeoo epoa oe coepa ae opoc:

ao poyc peoex:

Bopa poa oa aaac ... oy. a) 1945;

) 1941;

) 1939;

) 1935. 22 1941 oa ac aa a... a) oy;

) Coec Co;

) pa;

) Bep. B ece e yceoo pa opoc c cooae o cop yy e cey :

Ba a co. epe x oee o pao, oe coo e oxo. Eo ao a oepy. a) oap;

) opo;

) papa;

) aypaoe xoco;

) e. a) paoaee;

) pa;

) pec;

) pao;

) peece. oo o pao oe a opoc, xoe ec oce, eoxo a opex ao, a p. Capae ye, oaa xopoe a, e pya oe a pae oe aax eca oce. Oao ec y eo oxo coppoa ye paoa c o, aapoa x, axo cyecee pa, o aa eca eea oy a aee apye (ocoy x oe oo xopoe a eocaoo) Heoxoo aee e po cex oepa, ae ex o, a aepae oopx cocae aa eca.

Hapy c eca oce, peaae oe ycoe a o ope ca x a, cxoo papaaac oee poo opepoae ec o, apep, ec a oey oex ao, peyxc oy a pax aax oye, ax, a eoope oe p pee aeaecx aa, aaa epaypx eco p. Ee oee poo opepoa c ec ye ye, oope oy poc p oae po c, apep a pao c yeo, aeaec aa, eopaec apa, oe coap.

aoe, cyecy ec, apaee a oey oye a oppoae oecoo e, cocooc paccya, cpo o a ocoe aaa opeeeoo pya ax .. ec aoe cee pac o coey coepa eca eea coo oppepy c oce. ocoy ec oce peaae oe eoc oye o ope peea, o oae yaco opypoa oex aa oe ca ye. cxoo e oa oece coee cex opax poeyp, peyex coa aeoo aoo cpyea, c oo oopoo oo o ocyec aocy poo coocae o cceye aeca oex yaxc x py (acco, o, peoo ..).

Oee ec oce oo oe aape, o ooe oya po oaaee yceoc oye o pa o peea. a pao, ecoe aape peaae pax opaoaeo-opacx ypoe e cea a peya, oope oo cooca py c pyo oye eoco ap yceoc oye o acca accy. Hapy c coa aape, oope oo oya ae ae. o, apep, ec ocox ao (aa Aoa) ycexo oye, ec oce ec yex ao Copcoo yepcea p Paccop aece pepa Copc ec oce (SAT), paoe ocae oopoo peeo e A. Aaca (1982. T. 2.). Papaoa 1923 ., o eoopao epepaaac o aape oy cooac caocoeo, 1 eoc oye o oe ca. Bo, apep, ae cyec xo aape SAT, peaaey ee 5 6 acco (c cepe 5-o o ooa 6-o).

1. Coap: yae coap aac c oo ycoo pee eaepex peoe c poco peey pa ax a op aoee oxoee coo. Hapep: eoe, oop oy ac pee axoc oxo acpoe, aaec:

a) oe;

) aep;

) pa;

) yac.

2. oae poaoo: peea poc poa opo po cxoope aoy aa cep opoco. oo o a pae oe, yac oe ye e ay c opa, ee oe eca, oa eo cp cc, ye ea o poaoo.

3. Ha aaa co: ye oe poec peo peee ey oee y x coea, coca coa coo.

4. Maeaece o: yae oae aeaecx epo cce ooae ec, apep poe, oec, poeo 5. Maeaece ce: ae oey ye ecoa c ca (yee ooae e coyc).

6. peee aea: coep e apeece aa, aa a epe cocaee pao p.

7. paooc: axoee epao acax co.

8. : peyec pao cooa poce y, op aoo ecoe, epo cpo peoe, coa paa yya ..

9. Coae ay: peyec oee aa a ocoe a oac cop, oo, o, cooo p.

10. Ececee ay: coep aa, e ae eoopx eoo epo oac oo.

11. oae pocyaoo: peyec pocya ec oe a p opoco.

B 1973 . SAT caappoa a aoao ope oo c 1 o acc.

B CA ec oce oy oe pooe pacpocpaee coyc e oo oe, o oox ypeex opo pocx e (apep, opeee ypo paooc ex x coe acee) o acaec ooo, o aoee ayao aae ec opeeee oooc peea oye oe. oooc oe oo opeeec o py apaepo- o ypo oae a, pa eoopx cocooce, coppoaoc yeo oa, paeoc poooc p.

aec cecooopoe pae ooa, eo ecoe, yceoe pae, yee o yaa pocoo. poy ecoc CA popea aape, oopa aaec aoa eco oooc (MRT) C eo oo aocpyec ypoe oae eoop a aeeo oye o (o oece), a, a yee e pae y, axo oceoaeoc co ( apax).

B pyx ecax aocpyec ypoe oceoeoc peea opyae pe, oaee o ocoa aeaecx o, oae a cyx.

Heoope cxoo yaa a eocaooc ye ocoo eeyao cep pa oe a ye ye ocoeoce oee peea.

ocaoo oyp ae cpae c ec oo peoc .

pacea popaa aoc cxooeco oooc oe, peoea H.. yo (H ya, 1993) p cocae aa eca oce ceye coa p pa, oope oo coa ae, caacpoa cpye oe yceoc oae opeee ye ca x paea. Ta, apep, eoxoo poaapoa coepae aa c o pao pecaeoe ece pax yex e, o, ec . Tec e oe epepye opocee epa, ecyece ea e oe ea yop a exaecy a, oopa oe aecoaa, ec ec a oe opypo yea pae eo. aa eca o copypoa eo, pao eycceo, o ce yaec ooao oa cc opoca. Bao poce, o oo aae eca e oo cy ocao oea a pyoe.

Bapa oeo a aoe aae o opac a opao, o cac oooc poco oa opaca aeoo eoxoeo oea.

Bao pa aoee peey opy oeo a aa. a, o aaae opoc oe copypoa opoo, eaeo ae pao ooao opypoa oe. Hapep, yoa aepaa opa oeo, oa yac oe oepy oo epecex pee: a e, epoeepo. aco p cocae aa e eac poyc, oope oe ao cye, pa pecaeoo aopa oeo ep (e po pep aa eca oce c ao opo oeo).

Oo a op peaaec 45 apao oea. a o ec, o oe yoeop ce eoxo pep, oaa coo aeoc yoeopeo aoc.

2 AHOCTA POECCOHAHX OCTEH Tec poeccoax oce pec, o-epx, epe eoc oye pepoo, o-opx, oopa epcoaa a aoee oecee ooc, e peyc xopoe poeccoae a o, pex, opeee ypo aa paox cyax p pee opoco o epeee pacpeee apo o pao oca ec, a pao, pa oea ypo pa opex a ao, peyex oex poecc, ooy oac x pee opaea paa yo ceaa ec p op ocyaex eco: ec coe , a x ee aa, ec, opa oe pao, a ae cee yce ec.

B ecax ec peyec o p aa, aoee ax yceoo ocyece opeeeo poeccoao eeoc aacy oo poco acyc oee ee peao pyoo eeoc.

ooy ecpoa oe cooao cooecyee oopyoae cpye. Ec o o a-o pa eooo, o coyc peaep, cocoe o ocpoo oee paoe oepa, o oepoa yoe cya poeccoao eeoc. aec copoc oe pao ee aeco (apep, co aeco eae ..). Tec ee oee opa acepo coo aa aax paoo. ece ceac oac poeo cxoo . T . Maop peoey cooa aece pepe cpae p aaoe cye paoo: y, cpe coy Cooeceo aoc eca ycaaaec ye coocae cpex oaaee eo oe o pe pya Oe pacpocpae ec coe p opeee ypo aa pecaee oopcx poecc (epo, ceopaco, aco, cepeape p.). o, apep, coc ec oe aa ceopaco, Tec aaa oopco paoe ype, Tec ye ao eaa a ae Tepcoa p pyx.

cee ec oce coyc a, e a ep a cya ceae a, oceoeoc, oppoaoc. O, a pao, coac o aay, e yy poeccoay apaeoc peca coo cep opoco, oope pec a ceax aax. B aece pepa pee cpy a opoca aopa eco ype, peaaex cecape oepaopo cao:

aoo yepe, pecaeoo e, ec epe oox oea, o oo o x pa. pee e pa ep oe, aeo poae aoe yepee.

1. Caape paep oyco ooaac c oo:

a) ecx poe, ) pocx poe;

) ex ce;

) y 2 O aoee ocx eao coep cypy, ooo e. o ea aaec:

a) poa;

) ay;

) a;

) ce.

B ec xo opoc o aae pax cpyeo, paax peax pao a oapo, cpoao caax .. ooy ec poe oepaopo ecox o cao.

peyeco cex eco oce coco oooc oopeeo poep eo py e.

Ee o apao oe ypo aa paoo c yce ec poeccoax oce. O poo pec epo epo poo o oopa acca oeoo epcoaa. Tec peca coo cep opoco, acaxc ceax poeccoax a aac ope ep. Tec yo pee, poc eppea.

Oepa poeypa coa ax eo coco oope ao poecc eooo ca opoco (oo 1520), ocyx poeccoao pyx aax paoo pecaee pyx poecc. Bopoc opac oce aeoo oaoe c peoa poecc, ae a paoo, ocya c acepa pao coo aa. ae opoc apopyc, epecapac, ycaaaec x aoc. oo opac p py paox: cep acepa coo aa (100 eoe), o (50 eoe) pecae cex poecc (50 eoe) Bopoc eca pa a, ec ao poe pao oex a eo pxoc a apoax paox, ooceo eoo poe a oo ee e a pecaee pyo poecc T- Maop po ae o ycaoe aoc opoco paoo acecoo poeoc oaae, oyee pex aeop paox, pecae cey opao 50 paox coo aa pao oe e eee e a 7 opoco. Haoee co x oe pao a 12 oee opoco. oo oeco pao peex aa oeaoc o 0 o 12, a y pecaee ceo poecc o o 5. cxo x x ax, aoee apoa yy cac pao, oope oe e eee e a 13 opoco, a aeee apoa e, o oe a 6 opoco eee. Baoc x eco ocaoo coa o coco cpaeo ecoe yoe ycox pooca, oao e e oe eo opaeoc. Be c oo aoo cocoa coaec ec c ao papeae cocooc, po pyo epepo paoo coo o aa oc epepyy cy eca oo o c oo cepx oeo Cooc aoo cocoa coco o, o peyec ocaoo ea, pooa paoa o oooe cepo, oope co ocaoo oeeo oe ypoe aa cex oopax cepeae py paoo. Ceye oe, o ec, oeo e, e oy pacp ooc ce copo aa paoa x eecoopao cooa oece c py cocoa opeee ypo poeccoaoo acepca Tec oce acoee pe poo pacpocpae a pyeo, apep CA o papaoa oee e 250 pax poecc B ae cpae ax eco paec e Moo cocac a coce o pao, oa p ye poe poeccoao pooc ax-opo a coa yc ec oce o poecc (EM opcoa, 1981) Cey coea Ta . Maopa, oopa cooecye opoc, poe poepy eca a aoc (ye ecpoa pex py poeccoao) oy yoeopee peya. Ha cooa ooe cacec pe opeee aoc eca. C oo pep Ba p Bapea oeaac caceca ocoepoc oyex pa o yceoc oe eca pa pya pao. Bce pa oaac cacec a, o ooo a yec coo aoc papaoaoo eca.

Ha a , o eco o peao oo pee eoo pa poe. Ocoeo po o oe eoc poeccoaoo oye, cpae pax eoo yex popa ye coocae oce py, oyaxc pa cocoa. He eee oe o e poeo ax y aax poeccoao x coepeeoo oya c oo yapoax eoo peo. Oeoc, pocoa pee, paoc poeyp ea x po aeca paoo a pap, oe aa. Oao paoa o coa ax eco e poca, oa peye ceax a aa.

Coae oo eca oce aaec 'c ye o oac yeoo peea poeccoao eeoc, oopo eoa peaaaec.

Aapyc popa eo oye, yee oco, pooc ece c cooapoa ceaca acepa pooceoo oye.

B ec a epoaao ae aec 23 paa oe opoco, e o eoxoo ooaeoo apaa. e oce epoaao poep ac opoco oaae o e pa. Hapep, ec ceye a oo e aa, oope epo oe e oee e 8085% cyex e eee e 1015%. Ee aoe-o oeco opoco oe o a ca opeee aeoc aoc eo. B ooae apa eca oo xo e oee 2030 opoco.

Oea ec yex poeccoax oce eo, ceye oe x xopoe oooc ocyece opo a poecca oye oppoa popooc.

epaypa Aacmau A cxooecoe ecpoae M., 1982 T. :2. C. 3670 opucoa EM.

Tec aoc poeccoax oce ( ax-opo)//Bop.

cxoo 1981. 5. C 129132.

ypeu KM o aoe cxooeca aoca M, 1985 C 4653.

aa VII AHOCTA PPOHX CXOOOECX OCOEHHOCTE EOBEA 1. OHTE O PPOHX OCOEHHOCTX EOBEA B ae cpae aae 50-x . cooc yceo paaec opaoe apaee aocecx cceoa cxoooecx ocoeoce eoea. Oo oyo aae epeaa cxooo eco cao c ea axc cxooo .M. Teoa B.. Hea. Paoa o .M. TeoaB.. Hea pecae coo aeee opecoe pae e .. aoa o cocax epo cce ax ce epo eeoc ox eoea. a eco, e .. aoa oocoa oa a o ae epo e. aaa e pao .M. TeoaB.. Hea x copyo cocoa cepeao ye o poe peeo eoey.

B epeao cxooo po paa e copo cx:

coepaey opao-aecy. Ta, .M. Teo (1985) ca, o cy yax pa, oope pee ceo pocac aa, oo oec ae ae ep, a yee, epec, a, ye, a, .e. ce o, o popeae peyae aoec c opyae cpeo o cocae coepae eo cx. Ho o e pe e e ae, o oac py o pya e, a oppyc y x ye p, a ycaa o a. coa, poe pa, oocxc coepaeo copoe cxeco , paac o eoop aec, opa ocoeoc coeo cxecoo caa oee (cpoe, ey, paoococooc, yceoc). Ec coepae eoeeco cx o coey pocxoe coao epeaec o ooe ooe oo ope coao peeceoc, o ae oco eo c pao aec xapaepca cxecx poecco. yaa paeoc x apaepo opeeec eoop ppo aopa, epy oepe oco coca epo cce. aa opeeee coca epo cce (copaeo CHC), .M. Teo (1985) oea, o o ppoe, poee ocoeoc epo cce, e a oppoae yax op oee eoopx yax pa cocooce xapaepa. oop o o, o coca poee, eoc y, o o oppyc y eoea epo ypypooo pa epe ec .

Ca o c eoo, oaac o aceye, o opoc ocaac op.

O pyx oce ocex e epeao cxooo oe a opoc, aoo pocxoee, eec CHC. ae, oyee oeo aopaop, oaeo .B. Pa-epo (cxooec cy), ceecy o o, o coca epo cce oo paccapa a pa, oycoee eoo. A o oaae, o ae pa c aoee yco, paec e ec eee eoea. poe oo, oo oop o aceceo epeae ocoeoce.

B coe pe .. ao ca, o eec p ocox coca ep cce: ca, ooc ypaoeeoc epx poecco. Coea pax oco x coc opay epe oa epo eeoc, oope ooecc c ep ec a eepaea: ca, xoep, eaxo, ea. .M. Teo, poaapoa pae aocx e, pe oy, o ee epex o e ocaox ocoa.

cceaecoe yee oo ycao, coo eceoc eec ocox coc, epo cce (p oe) ax coeax o cpeac. B aee o epe pa cceoa CHC op pye, e ece oe aoa ooece coca (aoc, aoc, apoaoc).

Ha ceo e ec ceye ocoe coca epo cce.

Cua epo cce (poooo oc caoc epo cce) paaec cee ococ, paoococooc epo cce, ee ycooc paoo poa oexa.

ouocm epo cce (poooo oc epoc) xapaepyec copoc ce epx poecco, a ae copoc x e.

auocm epo cce (poooo oc aa aoc, , a o opo cyae, epoc) paaec copoc ooe ceoe epx poecco.

uauocm (poooo oc aa aoc) caaec cpoe opaoa peex epx ce.

Amuupoaocm o ypaoeeoc poecco oye opoe;

oop o oe oyce epo cce:

coa apoaoc peoaae oye, a peoaae opoe.

Cyeceoe aee aoc ocox CHC e a oea.

1) aoe coco epo cce a eoec pa ee e oo poee, a po cep x. aoap oy pooy cepy oy ocy ao oeo cyae aye peya o aoooe a co cpeo.

2) o ooe CHC epe oeo oxo. He e coca a xopoe oxe, oee pee. Coca epo cce xapaepy pae coco aoec opaa co cpeo, a e pae cee coepeca epo cce (.M. Teo, 1985).

Bcece oo o CHC e eoecy ppoy o cce oac a paec eee, cae xapaepc eoea, e e cac c , e opaa a x a, o x e oyo eeoc, oee, o aoooex c opya.

Ceye opoo ocaoc a eoopx aoee ax copoax eoeeco eeeoc, e ye ppox ocoeoce ee opeeeoe aee.

o pee ceo yea eeoc. ye pa yeo o x opao-aec ocoeoc o peca epec, ocoy o oop o ax yax ocoeocx, a paoococooc, eoc epee, e, cpoa ycoe ooo aepaa. Cac c ya cxoooec ocoeoc yaxc, ye ee ae aea oxo aoy x, ocae, a ye opaoa co paoy acce oa (M.. Aoa, B.T. ooa, 1992).

Ca yac ae oe e paoe ooe pecaee o cox ppox ocoeocx. Oe aco y oo, e yex x cooa epo, .e. o co ococa oecpoa eoca, oa ee oaaeo eeoc, o po caaec a yceaeoc.

B ccee poeccoao opea poeccoao ocya, ypae oppoae popooc, poeccoao oope ae oe ao ae yax ppox ocoeoce e. Ta, ec aaa coepa xapaepa pya eae, o eoope CHC c peoca oppoa poeccoao ax aec, o ao opa ae eoea a ae pao poecc ax ceecx peoa Bo cyae, oa peoa xapaepy poecc eo eco peaepyc, eoea ceye pooppoa, c a pyoc o oe coyc ec y eo oooc c yeo eo ppox cocooce pyoc peooe. Ec e ae peoa pao poecc xapaep oo eoopx paox oco, o ceye peoeoa eoey opepoac a pye paoe oc, e peaea pyooo oee e eca.

a cae .M. ype, ycex poeccoao eeoc yoeopeoc pyo aco opeec e, acoo yaec coc pao ececeoo cooec, .e. acoo py poeccoax aa, cox epe eoeo, o eo cxoooec ocoeoc x p poe. eco, o ooceo epo epo cce py aa, peye cpoo peapoa a ce ooe opyae ocaoe, aa, peye cpoo epexoa o ooo a eeoc pyoy. pao ececeoo cooec ye apyeo, ec eoe c epo epo cceo ye oaea poecce, e ooo aco oa cya, peye cpoo peapoa epee Too aoe e pao apyaec o cyae, ec eoey c oo epo cceo peaac ae poeccoae cya, oopx peyec eopooc, aooc, cepeooc ec ox aa paoa ye yea, o yy epea ee a ocy eepecy oeo, oox cyax peyae ac a coo, apeo pooo pey eeoc oo, ec e a e, o a opo cpo, aacpoa ecooece. Ho eoe ao cya e cae yoeope o coeo pya, , poe oo, oa pao ececeoo cooec pyo apyaec, o yeaec epooc ooe oo paoe, epec ee eoc.

a, oo cea cey o o: a pa, oa a pae pxoc caac c a yco peoa, p oopx eo ppoe opao-aece ocoeoc eoea (e, ococ, paoococooc, oexoycooc, yceoc . ) c a aopo p oce poeccoao yceoc, poe a oee coy cye ycoe a, ao, ye, eoxoo pacoaa o opae, coy ee oye ceae aocece eo.

2 METO AHOCT HBAHX CXOOOECX OCOEHHOCTE EOBEA acoey pee epeaa cxooo pacoaae o apceao eoecx cpec aoc CHC, poex ce eoxoe ca poep. o eo aopaopoo xapaepa, peye ceao aapayp ocooo oee, a ae aoe eo. Caaa pao ocaoc a cop coa eo oe TeoaHea.

Ha aao ae ye coc epo cce y eoea cxo ocax coa eo o pacpe c acao ocoepoc ooecoo coepa aoo ocox coc epo cce, px oe .. aoa. .M. Teo copypoa ee ce peoa eoec pea. Haoee ooe ae o coepa CHC oo oy, coy eo epoox pea, ocoeo ae, oopx epoo ec e oo pecppye aop, o pea, c oo oopo o oyaec. oaae ae ceo aoee c o coey ooecoy coepa aoee ooao opee yaee coca, , ceoaeo, oece ocaeo aa eoece cpeca eceo oy paccapac a ocoe.

epoaao eya po ye CHC y eoea paeaa ycoo peeop eoa. o ycaoeo, o o, paoae oe ..

aoa a ae ycoo-peeopx eo, pe oca yax ocoeoce ce epo eeoc eoea. Ha ocoe eoopo ooeco y (eeao, cecopo, aeo, oepeco) y eoea paaac oe ycoe peec, yae ocoeoc a ycoo-peeopo eeoc paccapac a oaae opeeex CHC.

opooe ocae eo oo epoa ao paoax .M. Teoa (1985), B.. Hea (1966) x copyo (c.: Tooece ocoeoc ce epo eeoc eoea, 1956, 1959, 1961, 1963 p.). Tae eo o cea pey eo pao c cye ocaoo cooo oopyoa, o ca a x eocao aaec o, o oa e yaec paoa ycoe peec y eoopx cyex. poe oo, o epe pa cceoa CHC eoea oe .M. TeoaB.. Hea op oe coca (aoc, apoaoc), oope ooe e e ycoo peeopx oaaee. ooy ocee o epeao cxooo aec ee oee pooy cooa eycoo peeopx eo (A oyea, 1980). a oaa cceoa, pooe o pyooco .B. Pa-epo, ae eoecy oycoeoc oapya eo eycoo-peeope xapaepc epo cce.

oco aocecx eo pecaeo epoe aopaeco apae. oo coyec ao pop, a epoeaopa, peyec ceao oopyoaoe oeee C oo epoeaopaa acac oo oa, o pcyy epoeaopa opeeec cee paeoc oo oo coca epo cce y eoea Oe pepa epoeaopaecy eoy aoc aoc epo cce. B aece oaae epec eoc epecc aa-pa oce pepae ec ceooo papae. cye axoc aeeo papoao aepe. O c pece c op aa. ac epoeaopa coyec 16-aa epoeaopa epo aaac a eeo-aoy oac oo. Caaa acaec ooa epoeaopaa. ae aec ceoo papae poc 20 c (y a cyeoo) eoc papae 10 c. coo ceox papaee ec oooocyop. B oe a papae oae epecc aa-pa.

oaaee aoc cy cpe ea eoc epecc aa pa ( c) p oceoaeo pee 10 ceox papaee.

Boccaoee aa-pa caec oee op epex aa-oea oey ypo aoc epo cce cooecy aee coe ae, oyee o o eoe. To ec, e aee epa ccea, e cpee pocxo occaoee aa-pa oce pepae ec papae.

C pyo copo, e epee epa ccea, e oe ao pee, o occaoc aa-p oce oe ceooo papae.

poe epoeaopaecx eo aoc CHC coyc aee eo. o pae apa epe pee pea eoea a e papae (ce, y).

Ta, aoc c epo cce coyec peoea B..

He eoa epe pee pea a papae pao pooc. Bpe pea epec c oo ceaoo popa epoxpooepa epe ay cyeoy pec yoe papae epex ecoce 40, 60, 80, 100 eeo. a oo cye yc y, o oe a oo cpee aa a ceay oy. epa ey oae papaee coca 1015 c. Papae ao ecoc pec o 25 pa cyao, o oao cex cyex ope.

yooy papae peecye c ocaae 2 c peypee ca ca ao oaaee c epo cce o o eoe cy oe , ce ypae pepecc y = a + x, e y cpe ea pee pea a papae ao ecoc, x opoe oepa ecoce. o ea oea cooecye oa ca epo cce.

Aapaype eo c ae o cocoa epe.

O aoee c o coey coepa, ooa, oa ac ax eo caec oco peepe peo opeee CHC B epeao cxooo paoao aoe pao, o ce oe eo aoc aoo-o coc epo cce coocac c oco peepe poa opeee oo coca Ec, coy ao aeaec pe, a aop aa, yaec ycao, o oe aop opay oy pyy (o aop) c peepe eoa, o o ooe paoa peya ox eo epax eop ocox coc epo cce, .e ca, o oe eo ep o e coco epo cce, o peepee po ooa caceca opaoa ae oooc opee eopeecy aoc o papaoax eo.

3. AHOBE METO AHOCT AHOCT C HEPBHO CCTEM B MCTEHO-PEEBO ETEHOCT peee aapaypx eo a pooce oe ae oe cooc, a oa x cooae ooe e pecaec oo.

ooy oa eoxooc coa ae aocece cpeca, oope, yoeop cpo ay pep, o cooa eaopaopx ycox po accooo oceoa o pyooco M. ypea, copaa oceoae M Te-oa, papaoa aoe eo, aocpye poe ocox coc epo cce ceo-peeo eeoc (B.A. ao, 1973;

B.T.

ooa, 1981). Ho aa paoa oa aaa oce oo, a peyae eeoc .M. Teoa, B.. Hea x copyo ce opoc, acaec ooecoo coepa aoo coca, papaoa eo, ooae o coe cy, oaae coo aeoc, caoc aoc. Cooca oe eo c e, oope oe M Te-oaB . Hea aa oco, peepe eoa opeee ocox coc epo cce, yaoc oopa aoee yae aocece po poe CHC a ypoe ceo-peeo eeoc Ocaoc a paccope x eo oee opoo.

epexo aoce poe CHC ceo-peeo eeoc peye ax eoecx peo, oope aea ocaeo aae, a eo: cypoa, ayapoa ceo-peee poecc. o e cooecy eo, oopx cye oeppye epa aepao.

Heoope aocece pe, papaoae ecooa, oce cooecyx oa oaaoc oo pe a po aoc poe coc epo cce ceo-peeo eeoc oo o oeo peyaa o ecy oo o ae ocoeoc ceo-peeo eeoc, oope oycoe CHC, eoxoo ypa cyex coepaey copoy eo. oo oo oc, ec, o-epx, cooa aepa, oop ec ocaoo poc, eeap, ocy oa ce, o aee a xo oee eoo cpee o. Bo-opx, ec oee cpoo oxo cocay op, oy, o oa a ooceo oopoa o ypo opaoa cyex o x poeccoao eeoc (yaapo, execo ) oey ao ya coca op p aoce poe CHC ceo-peeo eeoc? Xo epae eo apaa ca a ypoe a, oop o oaa ce a oce 67 e oye, o cce o e pae oooc yceoo oe aa, e ceye aa, o a o ae cae poce cee oepa e oe y cex oao Ta, pa oy poc ey e, o o poy coe eeoc ee oy pepoy ceo-peex oepax, e, pyoa eeoc e peoaae eoo peypoo oeppoa coec aepao ooy yo cpec oy, o opa aa ce cyex, x o cepe eeoc ypo opaoa Moo peoo, o , ee pepoy oe ceo-peex oepa, yy oee yceo cpac c epa eoa o cpae c e, y oopx ooa paa ocycye. p pao oopax opax ao x oo e py cyex, peo paaxc o CHC (apep, ce cae), xo opa oece pep, c oo oopoo oo cy o cee paeoc aocpyeoo coca, ooo, ye ao ope co p coe ax peoa oo pacca, o oecee oaae oe aa opa ppoe, epoooece ocoeoc cyex ocpoee a opao eo ye e ooec c pao eca O c cocoa oapye yax pa o opao-aec xapaepca ceo peeo eeoc, oycoex CHC papaoa aoe eo, aocpye poe ceo-peeo eeoc ax ocox CHC, a aoc (BT ooa, 1981) ca (BA. ao, 1973) METO AHOCT POBEH AHOCT HEPBHO CCTEM B MCTEHO-PEEBO ETEHOCT o aoc epo cce po oa copoc ooe ceoe epx poecco ope oooo oa oe a e papae poe aocepoc epo cce axo coe paee copocx, eox oaaex oe paoopax o eeoc (apep, ae peeoo pae ce, copoc ayaa a, copoc peapoa a ee papae, poyoc eeoc cya, cao c o pee, eoc pcocoe o a eeoc ) Papaoa e eo' coee cpy o O pey o cyeoo cpoo e eeoc oce cooe ey cpy, e opeeeo cpo ooe ceo-peeoo poecca, eee e epexo oe pyoo aa peoaae pepaee peyeo poecca ooee ceeo eo ooo poecca Ceoaeo, eo apecyc o aeco xapaepce ceo-peeo eeoc, oopa eeppyec copoc ooe ceoe epoo poecca , a opao, po caec c aoc epo cce, c p pox pax ycox ee ye o acy cceoa, oco oaae poe aoc o cpoa eoc ocp oe eeapx ceo-peex oepa, pe e pao cyex apaee peopeee cex oao, cyee e oy e eo o coey ycope cxoaocece po c paopee e a y cyex coco yoe.

Meo pacca a o opac aa c 14 e METOA COHEHE HCTPɔ Meoa pecae coo oa aepacoo eca, oo cep, eco o aae Aa. o ec a apaa yaa O e ayapye ao-o opeee oec cex oepa.

ceoc ac o cpoo paoo oe pocx yaa.

Cea coe eca aaec cpo oo x cxaa oceye peaa, peeo poco o ccy ocyecec eco e apaaa a apoe ae.

B eoe cooac a opao p cocae aa eca cep Aa, o poeypa poee oa a cyeceo eea. Bo epx, a oee aoo aa ooc oee opo poeyo pee, e cep Aa, o-opx, epa ey aa cpoo cpoa a. a oo ceao pe, oeeoe a coee aa, oac ceoaa cpy oe ceyeo poeypa poee oa coco ceye' cyeoy (aocpoae pooc yao) oceoaeo pe apo, a oopx opae p, y, eoepece yp .. Moy yce apo epe aao oa ey aec oa cpy: Ba yy oop, o o a ao apoe ea. Cyae oe aeo, a a yaa oopc e yy. a oo a cay: Haa, pcyaee paoe. a oo a cay: Co pepaaee paoy, oaaee ay apoy epee ceyy. Ha aoe aae ooc ao pee. Ec o pe e yaaeec, caec, o aae e oeo. ye ae paoae c acao cpoo. aee c cye pooc poe ypae. a oo o oepae, o yco cepea ycoe, aaec ocoo o. Bpe a oee aoo aa cpyec o ceyoepy. Oo appyec acoc o xapaepa aa o 2 o 5 c.

cye e ae, coo pee ooc a coee aa. cepe pooc coo ee: cpay e oce oa co aaec ceyee aae. Bpe cepea 7 . oaaee cy cya epao oex aa aa, e oex oce pep- apoa I poee o p 1 pe 7 a, o oa poxoa a e pa o ee. Haa! Ha oee aec 4 cey.

apoa 35.

Ha e ocae cpey, apaey , a o e cpey, apaey pao. Haa' Ha paoy ooc 2 cey.

METOA OĔ Meoa pecae coo oa eca, oyoaoo e .

Tepcoa. B o ece o cyeoo peyec ae ycoe ooae pa, .e. aocpyec yee oo cpo o oepa eopoa. B papaoao apae eoa coco ceye:

cye oyae a, a oopo aca oceoaeo p o 0 o 9;

o ao po co ee ycooe ooaee ( e oe pe). ae cyeoy pec apo, a oopx opae oo ycoe ooae, peaaec a oo cpee aca po cooecye p. a c pa yco ooae e epe cye.

Ey aec ceya cpy: epe a p p, ao pe cooecye coe ycooe ooaee. o a ye ea epe a eee ceo oa. aya ooae a e ao. B oye apo, a ao oopx aca o 4 pa ycox ooae. B o yee ycoe ooae a oo cpee pacpoa, aca po cooecye p.

a oo a cay: Haa, pcyaee paoe. a oo a cay:

Co, pepaaee paoy, oaaee ay apoy epee ceyy. Ha oee aa ooc ao pee. Ec o pe e yaaeec, caec, o aae e cea. Paoae a oo cpe eooo.

oce poee pox ypae aaec ocoo o. Bceo peec 10 apoe, a ao oopx o epe pa ycox ooae (a p coco pex ycox ooae), a opao, eee cepea cye oe pacpoa 40 po ycox ooae.

Bpe oe oaoo cex apoe paec 11 c. cyeoy o pe eeco. Bec cepe c 2 . oaaee cy oeco oo: epao pacpoae poyee ooae.

METO AHOCT POBEH C HEPBHO CCTEM B MCTEHO ETEHOCT Oo ocox xapaepc c epo cce ec cocooc epx eo ox oyap epa oee eee eoe oeppoaoe oyee, e epexo opooe cocoe. a cocooc a cooaa aece aopa c ceo-peeo eeoc.

cooa ece ec cee, Opaoae aao, apa Accoaoo cepea, opoae cooec c aae cceoa.

cceoae, yaeo c oo eco poee c epo cce, epecoa e ca o cee ypoe coppoaoe y cyex ye coepa ooe cee oepa, a aa x paoococooc o pe pee x aa. Mcee oepa o po eeyao apy apoa opocay eeoc. Meo pacca a o opac aa c 14 e.

METOA CEHE Bapa papaoao eo pecae aop aa, aoe oopx coco 5 co. cyeoy aec ceya cpy: epe co ao aa c oopo o oy oee o ooy oey pay, a oo coo ee, .e. aae o acca. B o aa eo. oce oo a ceye eeeo pcy pee ceyeo aa. Bpe a peee aoo aa opaeo, , ec e yceaee oca ee coo, o oae cepeaopa: ae, o y e pcy pee ceyeo aa, e aepac a epeeo. Capaec e ep pee. ae coa aax po ce, a cyx aae oo ee coo.

pee e pcy oe aa, cye pea o 10 aa coeco c cepeaopo, oop aa p eoxooc ooee oce. ae cyeoy peaaoc pepooe cep o ee, cooecye ocooy cepey.

Bpe, oeeoe a peee aoo aa, pao 10 c. Bce aa aeaa a 5 oceoaeo peex aax, o 35 aa a ao.

oaaee a paoococooc cy ooee pee oe aa a ocee ae o pee oe aa a epo ae.

pep:

oa, eyx, apa, opoa, oa.

Ca, o, e, po, copoa.

METOA OPAOBAHE AHAOɔ Bapa eo pecae aop aa, aoe oopx coco pex co. Cea pacoaac ap co-opao, a cpaa aec oo coo, oopoy cye caocoeo oe oopa apy. Ey aec ceya cpy: Ba peaaec p coa. Mey coa, co eo ooe aa, cyecye opeeea c. B o coy, coey pao ac aa, oopa aoe, e cyecoaa aaoa c. B o aa eo. oce oo a ceye eeeo pcy pee ceyeo aa.

Bpe a peee aoo aa opaeo, , ec e yceaee oopa yoe coo, o oae cepeaopa: ae, y e o pcy pee ceyeo aa, e aepac a epeeo. Capaec e ep pee. ae coa aax po ce, a cyx aae oo cooe coo.

Bpe, oeeoe a peee aoo aa, pao 5 c. Bce aa aeaa a 5 oceoaeo peex aax, o 40 aa ao.

o cyae, pee e pcy oe aa, cye pea o 10 aa coeco c cepeaopo, oya p eoxooc ooee oce. ae cye aa o ee, cooecye ocooy cepey.

oaaee a paoococooc cy ooee pee oe aa a ocee ae o pee oe aa a epo ae.

pep:

1. a ea e 2. ae opo y ACCOATBH CEPMEHT B o eoe cooa pe oopaoo oope epe 5 oox co ooo oo e ycooo papae ecooo coa.

cepe ocpoe a o, o coo p eo oopao oope ye oceeo aopaac a opoca papae. o caec a coe ce aoo coa c py coa. oaaee aoo ocae ce oo yeee aeoo pee accoa. Oao aoe ocaee ce e y cex e pocxo c oaoo copoc, o ac o c epx poecco. eee pee accoa c co pee ec coa oo xapaepoa cy epx poecco.

cyeoy aec ceya cpy' Ba yy oop coa Ha aoe coo, poeceoe cepeaopo, o a oo cpe oea o coo, ep, oopoe pxo ooy. He pooc coa, ye cooae a p oee a oo peyx co cepeaopa.

Haa oo oo apaee cyecee (ao, paaee, ea cocee yope e). a, e oopc, oop oo cyecee, paoa a oo cpee.

ae cyeoy aaec p 30 co, e ex ocoo o, o poep, acoo ycoea cpy. p eoxooc ac ooee pace.

peapeo aa cyeoo apac eo oo:

e ca caec oooc cooa pee opyae cpe aece oop p oce co-oeo. Coa cepeaopa oe cyex acac a aooy ey. Oepeoe coo cepeaop pooc cpay e oce oea cyeoo a peyee coo. cpyc aee epo oeo a epe 8 ocee 8 pee ec-co.

oaaee a paoococooc eee cepea cyo ooee ycpeeo cy 8 aex epoo oeo a ecooe coo oe aae oa.

COCO POBEP METO a poeea aea poepa papaoax eo a aeoc aoc. Haeoc ycaaaac y cocoa.

1. Bcc oe aeoc, opaa oopooc eo. oo pee coco pacee a ee eee aa.

oe aeoc e ceye e (p p <= 0,001):

coea cpy 0, o 0, cee 0, Opaoae aao 0, Accoa cepe 0, 2. Bcc oe caoc cceyex cxoecx coc.

oye ceye peya:

coea cpy 0,92 p < 0,001 o 0,70 cee 0,61 p < 0,005 Opaoae aao 0,60 Accoa cepe 0,61 peee oaae oop o o, o aeoc papaoax eo ec yoeopeo.

Baa eo pooac ae o y apae:

1) ac eopeeca aoc eo ye coocae ox eo c peyaa peepex aopo, ex o e ooec cc.

2) opeeac paaeca aoc ye coocae peyao eo c e pep. cceoac pe, oop e ceo aoc o oopeeoc. B oo cyae aece eeo pep cooa cye pep oe oea cye caoo ce o ceao papaoao aee. B pyo cyae e pepe c eoope yae coco pe p axa, ace o aoc c epo cce.

oyee ae oo cea o o eopeeco paaeco aoc ox eo.

4. METO HAEH oo cooopaoax eo aoc poe CHC epeao cxooo, e ypa coeo ae pyo (aoopaoa) eo aee a oeee eoea pax ex cyax, oopx ocaoo oeo oy poc eo yae ocoeoc, oycoee CHC. Oao o oo ca o coco opeee CHC e, poc cp. a ca .M. Teo, o ee oo o cce, o e peye aopaop, ceaoo oopyoa .. Ho ao o peye o cceoae e ee, ec e oe, e aopaop cepe, opeco c, eoo poooo copa aepaa ye ayo opaoa o aepa.

p cooa eoa ae ao cpoo coa ceye peoa.

1. Haee oo e, cceaec, a e cya oec. cceoae oe aa a o paoopax cyax, ye oea xapaepe, ocoo cpeaec epo eo oee. eo ococo yaoo oee opeeex cyax pa oo, o ocoe eo ea e cyae aop, a ppoe ocoeoc coca epo cce. Hapep, cceoae ae, o ye a ocee ypoe eaee, oxo cyae oce ye, eyao oeae a opoc. Moo oe oo yea a caoo o co cxoooec ocoeoc? oa e, ocoy eoo ae eocaoo Booo, cee paoococooc ocec ox caoyce, a oe , eaeoc e caa c ycaoc oa a ax-o ocopox ao, -a oo, o eo c aeo, e o. Too o cyae, ec cceoae paa pa caaec c ao ocoeoc yaeoc, o oe peoo, o po eo yoe ec caa epa ccea. o ea o oee yea, aae yo ocope, a ee ce o ye pyx cyax, cooca eo ocoeoc, oapyee paoopax ycox, py c pyo.

2. Heoxoo paccapa peyay poeccyay copo poe CHC ece, e opa py o pya. Ta, apep, e oo o poyoc ao-o eeoc cy o pecaeoc ccaoc epo cce. B cao ee, ec ca xopoo oye, pao ooc paoe, aee cea oecaop cocoa oe, o oe o poyoc eeoc e oac o coo. Ho ao ae a e, a poeae eeoc, oa acyae a poec yoee, ao pe pao eo aoee aope, ay opao oe xapaepc eo epo cce, e oaae poyoc eo pao.

cceoae papaoaa cxea ae a oeee eoea cyax, oopx aoee oeo poc yae ocoeoc, oycoee co, aoc ooc epo cce (M. Aoa, B.T. ooa) B cxey ae e ocoo cya yeo eeoc. Hae a oeee yaxc peoex cyax oy ocyecc a ce poe ooo oye. Ocoeo ayao peee oo eoa yaxc aax acco, a a oo opacoo ypo, poe cceoa c peee ceaoo aopaopoo oopyoa (epoeaopaa, epoxpooepa ..), e pyx aocecx eo CHC.

Cxea ae ae ce ooo 70 oaaee. coy ee, oo e a pae oca poe CHC (cacaa epa ccea, oaepa epa ccea ..), a poeyoe, cpee cee paee poe. a oaae oeaec o ao ccee.

Ta, apep, oe poe c epo cce coyec ceya aa' 5 ao poee c epo cce paeo po;

aco ce oapyae;

ocoeoc, xapaepe poe cao epo cce, e cpeac coce;

4 aa poee c epo cce paeo aeo, o eocoo;

ocoeoc poooooo xapaepa (cao epo cce) poc oe peo;

3 aa poe co cao epo cce pae epeo;

oa oy cpeac pe poe pax oco, o o cy cyae x oe o ypaoea py pya;

2 aa poe cao epo cce pae aeo, o eocoo;

poe, xapaepe co epo cce, cpeac peo;

1 a poee cao epo cce paeo po;

aco ce oapyae;

ocoeoc poooooo xapaepa e cpeac coce;

O ao e cee oe aoo oaae.

o aaoo ae aec oea poe oo ao epx cce.

o oc epooc oo, o oeee ocoeoc e cya, oo ae oo py ecepea eoo aeo, peaaeo oe poe coc epo cce ex cyax a ca pecoeo, a e, o eo xopoo ae (poe, py, ye ..).

Papaoa e ae, oo oopx cac opoc, acaec poe c epo cce (. Cpey), a pyo aoc ooc epo cce (B.T. ooa). Oea oe 5 peex oeo pa o, oop, o eo e, cooecye peaoc.

Hyo opa ae a ao oe: e ceye aoc poe coc epo cce ooac oo aea Ec p cooa cpoo opaoax eo p eo ae e c oo aoe, o p pee oo ox ae aa epooc opacae ee oe. Ae ceye cooa oo coea c py eoa a ooe coco oa yax cxoooecx ocoeoce eoea.

epaypa Auoa M, ooa BT yaoc yaeoc ya oxo M ae, ypeu .M poeccoaa pooc ocoe coca epo cce M, Heu B.- Ocoe coca epo cce M, cxooeca aoca. poe cceoa M, Tenoe Mpae py M, 1985. T II aa VIII CXOAHOCTECOE EHE HEOTOPX APAMETPOB HOCT 1 POEME AHOCT APAMETPOB HOCT Pae eoea cooae cox cocooce ac o ocoeoce eo oaoo cep, ypo ooao pey, xapaepa eocx ooe, oope e eoe, coppoaeoc y eo pecae o cao cee eo caocoa. B pecaex a o cee ocoeo po poec aoe e cocooce eo ocx aec.

cxooeca aoca oeceee oax yco pa a, opeeee aoee ex ye yceoo yopoa oc eoo e a cpyyp oc aooepoce ee caoe ooy cxooeca aoca ocx apaepo pecae ay cocay ac oe cxoaoc oaee oco cxoaocecx eoo, peex a pae, coy o ooe eoey oca, aao poy ececex ayax. eoe, a oe ececex ayax, pecae o e e aopa apaepo, oop ee c aaa XX ea po aa poe oc B pee aae poopoa oee eoea cyax coao oe oaae po oo aaec epo B pax cyax, pex pae peoa y, apyc pae ep: cya, peye ocoo aeoc a, a poee ep ae eae, aypa epe, cya cpe aoca e py c pyo a poee ep oe ay, o epc o oy oooc poopoa oeee eoea acao poo acce oox cya, cxoo cpec ep a aaee yepcae, aoe cceoopaye ep. ep oocc, a pao, aoee o cpyypo-aec xapaepca c eeoc yoax ox coc eepaea (B.C. Mep, 1973) cycaoax ox coc epo cce (.M. Teo, 1961;

B..

He, 1966) Ha ypoe opax oeeo-eopeecx aa eec po cep ep xapaepa, opeex eoea a coaoo a, eeo opeee o coao-poeoo oee. oceeo poecce eeapaeo eeoc y eoea caac exa poecc yoao cce coaeo cep, cce oo pyx ax ocx ep, aoap oop eoe e oo ycaae a, ye, a, coa o eocx ooe, o oppye ocpe, ee, oopaee, yca o, coe aoe ooee eceoc.

oe oc opee o-paoy Oop (1949), apep, po pax opeee oc. o epo oc ae ceo oa cooyoc cxooecx aec, oopa xapaepye aoo oeoo eoea opeeec a ppo a, a coa yco pa.

Moocee cea pae poe oc oycoe ee cpyypo.

a cpyypa ec peao oao coo ee oeco aeceo pax poe. ooy eecoopao xo eoope, ocoe ee apaep eo o ooe aapoa poey cxooeco aoc. ao oxo oe ca oco aae aaa, opaeoo opeo paeco e.

B cpyype oc oo e ae apaep, ep, oope c cceoopay, epa, e. ca a oee ace, ae oce coca. a cc-eoopay epa oc pae aop ae ceo ooc-1) oa;

2) caocoae;

3) eoce ooe (cooyoc ocx aec, opeex oeee, ooee (cayc) caoyce a ccee ooe).

2 CXOOECE PH METO AHOCT MOTBA B cpyype oc oa aae ocooe eco ec oco oe, coye oce yx c oee eeoc eoea. Teopeeca opeeeoc ooaoc o a e oa ee ae o coeo aepe o, acoc, opaaec ooaoc opeee ocox o o oac cxoo, ax, a o, opeoc, oa B oeeceo epaype o oaec a ocoaa opeoc (A.

oae, 1965), a pee opeoc (A.H eoe, 1975), ooecec c opeoc (C Coo, 1981) B coepa oa oo e a ceecoe, yao eoopoe, opeeeoe opeo cyae, a ycooe, oopoo a ope pee ee e oee, e oa oox op ooe Taoe ycooe peeoe coepae xapaepye ye e coo ca pee opeoc, coo oc, y opeoc cay o e C. Pyea (1973), coca xapaepa o, oeo cee, ec ee, oyee, o, aooepo oc y aoo eoea p oopox ycox Pye e ec y eo ooeoe coepae oa.

Moa e oo opeee (eeppye) eeoc eoea, o yao poae ce cep cxeco eeoc X Xexaye (1986) paae o oa cey opao oe omu ae, o eo e, ae o, a opeoc, oyee, eee, cooc, cpeee Mo aaec ee cocoe ooe cpea Cyecye coo pax oo, coo cyecye paooce acco ooe cpea. Mo oppyc poecce yaoo pa a ooceo ycoe oeoe ooe eoea opyae cpee. paac o ya poe (xapaepy ce) ex x oo. pax e oo pae cooee py (epapx) oo. oeee eoea opeee oe opyec e ce oo oa, a e cax cox oo, oop p ax ycox oe cex ca c oooc oce e (ece o) Mo ocaec ece, e yacye oa oee o ex op, oa o e ocya e, o eec yco e cea pyo o oee acy aoo eoea.

B oe o oa, oa opeeec y X Xexay-ea a oyee ec opeee oo. Moa oaec a poecc opa pax oox ec, a poecc, peypy apa ece a ocee ceecx aoo oa coco oepa y apaeoc.

Opoc epe ao1 ee yceoc oepe (A. Mehrabian, 1970) epe a ooex oa: cpeee p (y aopa aaec a-ea ee) cpax oepe (yceoc o-epe) Opoc coco yx a. epa aa coep 26 yo, a opa 24 ya. a oea, o e aopa, epo cyae oe oe oa eoea p ycaoe eocoo oaa, a o opo cooeceo eae oa.

Haeoc epo a paa 0,89, a opo 0, Opoc epe oa oce (PAM) oo e aopa ee e op: y e (A. Mehrabian, 1969). Opoc ocpoe a ocoe eop oa oce . Acoa. p oope yo eca yac yae pa e c oo cpee ycexy ea eya oee, opeeeo oae oce. Paccapac ocoeoc ypo pa, ooaa pea a ycex eyay, pa opea a yyee, aop acoceacoc eocx ooex. p ocpypoa eca cooa eo aopoo aaa, ooaeo apae oe a coepa o 26 yo. a eoa oe oypa pax cpaax ocoeo aco coyec p cceoa oaaex ooeo oa oce.

poee eo. eo ocpoe a aae poyo oopae aa. O ocoa a pecaex 3. pea o exae poe, a ae a oocex cceoax oa a oopaee epe.

poee eo coyc aoc yx oaox opaoa, ocoeo eocoaaex oo. eo caaa o ycox , o aee ca eco cooac cepeao cxoo.

poee eo ooopa. ac cpae oa oa, ae ceo coyea e oa, TAT a coaa E.T. Coooo (1982) aoc oa opoca. Cy aepa eo ae cex a, oope pec yao 2 ceaca o 10 a. Tec e opeoc ooax oaax, ' o ae (oao, oee) oaec opeee acc coax aoec, ex ocee o e pe yaea xapaep' aae oepae ooe c py , peceye pae e' poec eaee, acoa a py, oya oaa oo oce, ooe, ea aaa, apecc. C e apoa eo cooa oe oo c aa oeee opoco c coao ooc oeee Meoy oe ecoc oa oce ycox cyaox aopo papaoa Maea Aco cepeaa poeypa cpoc a, o coaec ec pax cya aa pax ypoe ecoc oa oce oce oe aa cepeao cya cyee pa yace pyoo ece a opecoe oopaee (apa TAT) O coca pacca a ocoe epex apo' eoope x TAT Mppe, a pye opae ap pec eee 20 c, ae cyee coca o pacca, pyoocyc cey ep opoca' 1 o ec pocxo^ o ^ 2 o peo o cya? o pooo epe ?

3 O e ya ^ eo o ea?

4 o pooe ae^ Ha cocaee paccaa oycaec 4 , o 1 a a opoc papaoa cea oe-aa epe oa oce p ocee ao aae opeeoc, oc pacca xapaep opea a ocee. B ao cyae ocaec aeop opaa oce ec pye aeop opeoc oce, cpyeaa aoc, ooe peocxee e, eaoe peocxee e, ypeee pece, eee pece, ooeoe ooaoe cocoe, opaeoe ooaoe cocoe, ea oce.

Tec opcecx pa (T) ee oa opaa oaa eoa aoc oaoo cep oc, coea cee ococa caappoaoo epeoo eca yapoao poeo ex.

Ocoeoc o eo ec ceec cy- aepa opcece pa, oop ooe cepeao peaoa cxoaocece oooc eoa eaeco cooo acca.

Cy aepa pecae coo ec 80 opcecx pa (aopo), oopx 40 pa ooao oocc oo 10 e, a 40 pa c ooa cyee acoc o coceo aepe ycapa x o oy, o pyy ey.

poeypa poee eca ceo poca oepaa aae ceo o 15 o 25 cepeaop-cxoaoc peaae cyeoy accpoa ooy apoe c opcec paa o cpy a cooy eaecy acca: Paee, oayca, apo a y a, o oo ye ea apo c paa a oy ey o xoy pao cxoaoc oe peoca cyeoy acay cooy o, a o paoc apo o ea, oop a eycoo opaaoe coe peee (B ao cyae cep, a ee). Ceye peypea oope epeaa apoe oo py pyy (oo oop cyeoy: B cepx oeax ca e, ca pa ec epoe peee, oopoe pxo eoey ooy). o e ocee pao c y cyeoo oea, caee , oa o e ae, ao acc oec ooay pay.

ao eaecy acca pa, cye ae aa ee acca. a pao, ye o aa aocy oe eo epoa 10 cooax ao epc T e 1) ca, 2) cec;

3) aye pcpac;

4) e;

5) oa;

6) apepa;

7) ceee eyp;

8) coae eyp;

9) eapoc cycce;

10) eoeeca yoc.

Ca oce ecooo aa e coc pee e' aocy ocaoo oca oeco apoe cooecye ye (acce), o pca opeee a o-aoo ee. ec ocax a opao oaaee oy yapoa e po. B oe o oecex eco, oopx oaae o aa cpaac c opa, ao cyae cpaac oaae oaox e yp yaoo po: ec opoa cpyypa oaox e, ae e opy, ae opoceee . Pcyo ec pycpa' Poeea ee op ee pocx.

Cy aepao c pcy, a oopx opae pae cya eocoo aoec. Ha pcye, a pao, poc caae ooo epcoae. cye oe a oe a pyoo epcoaa Oeac ocoeoc oee eoea p ooe pec a y oce e. o ec ae e ocoeoc apecc cyea oo oopae epe a aopo oaox poecco p ocpypoa eca cooa p cooece oa pepa. Ccea eppea, oaa o e cxoaaa, ee p a apaeoc apecc:

1 pycpa oaec a epeae eoeo yeeoc, oaeoc, oope ac pec a y oce e a) a a coaeec ooee pcaec py c-paya, ) a pcaec cee paya, ) a pcaec cya ya opye o opoca c epe o ocp p opeee a a p o opeeee opyec o-paoy Ca oa oeaec a ocoe cee peoaa oo pax cyax o eo ocoa a cooa aopa cae oea epe o e oaox ee Meoa ae cepeae poeyp ayaa oo, paec coco pee cyo, ee opye oa. Caec, o epe ee opyx oo oeaec apaeoc oc (apaeoc a oecee e epec, caoyepee).

Ta opao, p aoce oa coyc pe eo (ae), oce opoc poee eo p cooa ex, pyx oa pae pyoc Ec cooae ae ocx opoco epeo copooaec eoea aca cye oeo (coaa eaeoc, e acaa p.), o poee eo paec e oac caapa, co eppea oeo cyex, oe cao opayc oac o peecoo aeoc (eoooc oy aao epoy oceoa peya p oopx oceoax).

3. PH METO AHOCT CAMOCOHAH a eoe pxo oy oy pecae o cee, ae ypee ec p o coepae, a oppyec -opa, -oe ce opoc ceac eco papaaac ayx cceoax Caocoae ee ypoeoe cpoee (.C. o, 1978;

B.A. o, 1975;

..

ecooa, 1977 p.). opoa ypoea oe caocoa oc eo peoea pcoo (E Erik-son, 1967). oe ypoeoo cpoe caocoa, ocoaa a yee aoc eoea, paax oopo oppyec ecye eo caocoae, a copypoaa BB Co (1985) pao cy oe ypoeoo cpoe caocoa aaec ceye Ha ypoe opaa aoc cyea opeeea cceo opacpea, ee ae xapaep aec opeoc caocoxpae, opao yopoa, eco aooy opaa. Ha ypoe opaa oppyec caoyce cyea a o poecco, opaax cocoe ypex opao, , aa opaa eo. o caoyce ec ooec aao caoooe, opaa cee yoeopeoc opeoce opaa aooy, eococ, yoao coco.

Ha ypoe coaoo a aoc oea o opeoc opeoc paeoc eoea ooc, pa eo o ooc.

a aoc peypyec coa opa, paa, oa, ycaa, peca, oope ycaac o. ea aoc cyea p py opaaec caoooe, oopoe ec epeecee yp ooe pyx, pe py oepee .

Ha ypoe oc aoc cyea aec pee ceo opeoc caopeaa pye, , cope .. peayec c oo opea a co cocee cocooc, oooc, o. Ocoo caoooe ec caoc opeoc caoayaa;

coceoe , cocee ep aeca oeac ooe oa, paa opeoc caopeaa paccapac a ee ycoe.

Bao epao xapaepco cpyype caocoa ec oe. P. epe (1986) paccapae -oe a cooyoc ycaoo, apaex a caoo ce. B x ycaoax ec p ooea:

1) opa pecaee a o cao cee;

2) caooea aea oea oo pecae, oopa oe oaa pao ecoc, ocoy opee ep opaa oy a oee eee ce o, cae c x pe ocyee;

3) oeaa oeeeca pea, .e. opee ec, oope oy a -opao caooeo.

peeo caoocp caooe a oy, acoc, ca eo eo, eo cocooc, eo coae ooe oeco pyx ocx poe. -oe oppyec o oece pax ex , oope cae eoe. Ocoeo a c eo oa co a py, oope, cyoc, opee pecaee eoea o cao cee.

B oac cxoaoc caocoa coyc ocoe paoe o papaaaee acc eo: caappoae caooe ope oca caooca, eopaece eo a peepyapx peeo, poee ex p. B cooecye pyooce A. Aaca (1982. T. 2) aopyc a aoee yopeee epe aocece eo aoc caocoa:

opo cco paaex. oxa;

Q-acca B. Ceecoa;

ceaec epea . Ocya;

ec poex ocpyo. e.

CTAHAPTPOBAHHE CAMOOTET oy y eo cxoaocecoo cceoa caocoa oocc pee ceo ec-opoc, cocoe oee eee paepyx yepe, acaxc ooe cyeoo caoy cee pax ex cepax;

yc, ce ooceo ex x co ocoec cyea;

oeeecx poe;

aoooe c py . Coco oea poo appyec pax opocax:

coyc yx-, pex-, epex-, - ceaepa op, epaoe eepaoe coace.

pee pep.

aa -oe Teecc (1965) opoc, peaae opoco (c 12 e) pocx. Coep 90 yo a aa -oe yo a . coyec aoa aa oeo o ooc coace o acoo e coace. y opoca opac c oo cepo ooe aoo yepe opeee cpoe coy. o cpoa pecae: 1) caopoc;

2) caoyoeopeoc;

3) ocoe ;

4) ceeoe ;

5) coaoe .

a oaae ocae opoca, c eo oo oo oaoe caoooee (caoyoeopeoc): ceece op caoooe coey ey, cee a opaoy cyey, cee a ey ce .. Opoc ae ooe a epepoaoe aee o caoooe, oe o coepaeoo acea -oe.

aa eco -oe pca-Xappca (1964) oyp CA opoc, cocae 80 pocx yepe ooceo coeo ex x cya ocoec, cax c caoooee. peaae ee opace o 8 o 16 e. y opoca ocoa a oe ecx yepe ooceo oo, o e cee pac, a o e pac. B opoc o y, paae cyex c co cyap ao, a oope, o pae epe, 50% cyex c co cyap ao oea oaeo apae coooee oeo a e o oop e peao 90 10. Opoc coep paoe co ox eax opypoo. epe 15 yepe opoca pee e.

1. Mo oap cec ao o.

2. cac eoe.

3. Me pyo aac.

4. cea pyc.

5. y.

6. cece.

7. epa, oa e a oce.

8. Mo eoc papaae e.

9. oa pacy, yy ae eoeo.

10. oyc, oa ye opoa oe.

11. eoype.

12. Boe xopoo ce ey.

13. oa o-y e a, o o o a.

14. poy epoc oe cee.

15. c.

aa oaae yoeopeo oooeo (o 0,78 o 0,93) peecoo (0,77) aeoc.

Hecop a eoooecy py oox opoco, o ocac oco cpyeo cceoax -oe-, ocoo coac oe opoc ceecx ee oy.

aa exa, pepo oopo ec ceaec epea, ae peec p aae -oe pee ceo caoooe.

Cyecye oeecea epaypa, ocea eop eoy . Ocya (B..

epeo, 1983). Papaoa oeece apa ceaecoo epeaa peeo aaa cxoaoc cxapeco e (E.. a, E.A. oa, A.M. , 1983).

HECTAHAPTPOBAHHE CAMOOTET ocoy -oe a ae poec o paepyo caooca ( eox acx, oeax a opoc ae, ep, cax ..), oec oooc pe eoopo cooyoc eco poeypy o-e-aaa.

Tec 12 yepe a caoooee ec pepo ao eo. o exa, ocoaa a cooa ecaappoaoo caooca c ocey oe-aao. cyeoo poc eee 12 y a pax oeo a opoc, opae caoy cee: o ao? Oe ceye aa o ope, oopo o coao oa, e aoc o oceoaeoc, paae oe. Aa ax cceoa oo e p aeop, oope ocec cooac oe-aae:

coae py (o, opac, aoaoc, poecc, pe), eooece yee (ococe, peoe, oece opae caa), epec yee, cpee e, caooe.

Oa ee coco o, o pcoee yepe, oopx cpyec paeoc cyeoo o o aeop e (cye, c, ya), occ pae, e epepye (yaae ceec pa co oc, eya eoe). Haoee ace aeop, oapyee a ox opax apyex cceoax, poeccoaa eoc, ceea po cayc, cypyeca po cayc, peoa eoc, o opac.

Oea caappoae caooe c peee o-e-aaa eo, ceye oe, o ocooe x ococo o cpae co caappoa oea coco oeao oace oeo caooca oooc aapoa caoooee, paeoe o caoo cyea, a e aaoe ey o cceoa. C pyo copo, c oe-aa opaae oooc yea yaoo coeopa cyeoo ye aoe ooo cce aeop, pa e ca peya, oyee eoo, e, oope oyac c oo caappoax caooeo.

OPOCH CAMOOTHOEH Ee oo paooc eo, apaeo a cxoaocy caoooe, ec opoc caoooe (B.B. Co, 1985). O pecae coo ooep cxoaocec cpye, ocoa a pe caappoaoo caooea. Opoc coep 62 ya e yepe a: Bp e oo o-acoey, Mo ococa oe epeea o eoca, oa ca ce oxo oa, oa y e oae aoe-o eae, pee ceo cpaa ce, payo o, Cyaoy eoey copee ceo oayc eoeo p, ocopo eoe a ep ae o e oo oaaeo.

B peyae aopa acca ax cepo eppea coecx oppeo, cocaex a ocoa oyex peyao, aece a oopa ce aopo: 1) caoyepeoc;

2) oaeoe ooee (ooe eaoe);

3) caope;

4) caopyooco, ype oceoaeoc;

5) caooee;

6) caoepec;

7) caooae.

Beee aop eppepoa a aoee ope ypoe caoooe ypoe ypex ec co apec oooc a ec. poe oo, aa epc opoca ooe p ypo caoooe, paaec o cee ooeoc:

1) oaoe caoooee;

2) caoooee, epepoaoe o caoyae, ayo-ca, caoepecy oa ooe cee;

3) ypoe opex ec (oooc ) ooe coey .

Opoc oaae yoeopeo peecoo aeoc (30 cyex;

epa ey y ecpoa 710 e):

oaoe caoooee 0, caoyaee 0, ayoca 0, caoepec 0, oaeoe ooee pyx 0, caoyepeoc 0, caope 0, caopyooco 0, caooee 0, caooae 0, METO MEPEH OCA OHTPO Oo ax epax xapaepc caocoa, cax yco oeceoc, oooc aoc epeae , ec aeco oc, oyee aae oyca opo. oee oo o cxooeco epaype epy oepe cao c paoa aepacoo cxooa . Poepa. Poep peo paa e cooec c e, e o oay opo a a ce co. Cyecye a pax a ao oaa, oyca opo: epa cepa. B epo cyae eoe cae, o pocxoe c co pee ceo ac o eo ocx aec, ax, a oeeoc, eeycpeeoc, ypoe cocooce, c aooep peyao eo coceo eeoc. Bo opo cyae eoe yee, o eo ycex eya c peyao ax ex c, a eee, cyaoc, aee opyax, pye ..

o aae opeeey o a po (a oyye), aaaeo op a oyca opo.

B oeeceo cxooeco pae ae ceo coyc p apaa eo oyca opo: opaa aa 1-E Poepa epeoe a pycc ;

eoa cceoa ypo cyeoo opo (C), coaa E..

a, E.A. oo A.M. o epaco cxoepooeco cye . B.M. exepea;

opoc cyeo oaa opo (OC), papaoa C.P. aee B.B. Co a ayee cxoo M.

Opoc cyeo oaa opo (OC) coa a ocoe a Poepa c coxpaee ee epx aec (ooepoc, eooo oeca yo, opaa a, peyeo ao ye opa ooo yx aepax cye).

Opoc coep 32 ya, oopx 6 acpoox 26 paoax.

pep yo:

7 a) a capac, eoop ce pao e opaec;

7 ) , oope e pac py, poco e ye a c opya;

12 a) o apoa, o yepe, o e yacc ocyec aeeoe;

12 ) apoae yyx ec e cea payo, a a ooe ac o cya;

13 a) Ec oe cyo, a, cyeec oe ya e oc;

13 ) Cea oe eceo epeco ac o ac cax.

B ex oe ocoepoc peyao epaa oox eo opoc caacpoa o cey apaepa:

1) o epaoc-cepaoc, o oeceaec opao a;

2) o apae apy";

pepo paoe oeco yo copypoao epo pee e;

' Haeee, pcae pax aec, coc xapaepc ooo eoea pyoy a eo, pe oac cceoa, acaac po ceceo eppea oee py pya.

3) o ooaoy pay: paoe oeco yo oca ooao-oe ooao-eae cya.

epe opoco ocoo opepoa a yey cepy, cep oce eocx ooe.

aa aa ocaoo epe yoeope oco cxoepec peoa, o oepaec ocy oaae aeoc aoc, a peya pee aoo opoca a pax opax cyex ceecye o o, o eo oo c ycexo pe cxoaoceco pae.

4. PH METO AHOCT MEHOCTHX OTHOEH Cepa eocx ooe oxaae paec ec aao cyecoa eoea. Moo yepa, o eoe, ae yy coepeo ooece, pooae opac cox ecx cx a co pecae o oeax, ax pyx. He cyao coa o cx op oaa co eopeecy paecy eoc ae cxooece eop, oopx aeee aee cex ocx cocax pcaec eoc ooe (BH. Mce, 1969;

H. Sullivan, 1953) Meoce ooe poc oo paoopa cep eoeecoo , oope cyeceo oac py o pya oopx ecy pae cxooece aop. B acoee pe cxoo cyecye opooe oeco opex eoecx peo cceoa eocx ooe, ae e oop x e yecc oee eo . ooy opac paccopee eoopx, aoee pacpocpaex, pao epec pye, pee peee o oac.

Cceaa eo cxoaoceco oe eocx ooe ooa a pax ocoax:

a) a ocoa oea (aoca ooe ey pya, yppyox poecco, ax ooe ..);

) a ocoa aa, peaex oceoae (ee pyoo coeoc, coecoc ..);

) a ocoa ocoeoce coyex eo (opoc, poee eo, cooep ..);

) a ocoa cxoo o ocea aoc eocx ooe (eo cyex peoe, eo e cyeoo opae eocx ooe ..).

Boo pye pep cceaa eo. Oa cax ecx eo cxooeco aoc eocx ooe pae P.

ecy (R. Bales, 1970), oop papaoa cxey, ooy o eoy ay pecppoa pae epa (aoec) pye. o o cxee oye aae oe aapoa aoe aoece o ao pye o 12 oaae, oope oee epe oee oe aeop:

oac ox o, oac pee poe, oac ocao poe oac eax o. aoap ao opaoao poeype ae oo opee pae ypo pyoo a, cayc po yaco aoec .. Hapep, eoe, oy co a p pee poe, paccapac a eoo ep, a oac ox o a ooa ep. Cxea P. eca ee pa oca oeeceo epaype (B.. Oac, 1981;

.M. Apeea, 1980).

epce apaee cxooeco aoce eocx ooe ec aee a po poae opeeeo eo cya. Haee a oeee eoea cyaoo ece ooe xopoo aocpoa eo eocx ooex, pee x pae peao eo cya. Ta, ceao cocpypoae acoe p coyc oe coecoc, epca, oype ooepa ae, ox o ceoc pyax aoec.

aoca yax coc eoea, x a eoce ooe. aoc eocx ooe ae peao ao e e yae oce coca yaco aoec, oope poc a poecc oe. C o e coa ec a epe ax coc, a c epca, aopapoc, coecoc, peooc, oce eoc .. Cyecy o oe pae a ope cxooece opoc, coca ceae aape eco ye eocx ooe. pepa ax oo c aopc cxooec opoc- oc (CPI).

O papaoa o py MMPI (opoee o o eoe c. 6) oe 60-x . aepac cxooo . oyxo. e aaee oo opoca pee, o cay cea opeeeo cya, a ae pecaa, o pye cay o x. B oe o MMPI CPI peaae opox e e coao-cxooece xapaepc oc.

Opoc coco 480 yepe, a oope cyeoy ao oe a e, epo eepo. oco opoco acac oo oee, oceex yc, e ycaoo cyeoo. ocae oe epeocc a c co caap opa, o 18 aa opoca cpoc po oc. a opoca p eppea oec epe py.

ec a, xox epy pyy, ep ypaoeeoc, caoyepeoc aeaoc eocx ooex. o a opoa, cocooce popec coa cayc, coaoc, oeoc, caoocp yca aooy.

Bopa pya a e peoc coaa oc, ee oeceoc eoce eoc. B ee e ae 6 a oeceoc, ocyo coaa, caoopo, oepaoc (epoc py e, epoa, oee), aopoo eae ooc.

Tpe pya a epe oea oce pa eoea, eo eeyay eoc. a oce a oopoc, ocaae coe eacoc, eeyao eoc.

B eepy pyy xo p a: cxoooc, oc, eceoc.

Hecop a cae eca (aaoe e, oope ec"^ MMPI), CPI ec, o e eyx cxooo aaa, a ceo e y opoco aoo a, apae a aocy ocx coc, x a eoce ooe. eppea peyao eca CPI pooc a e paoo cca, a e a ceao cxooeco apoe, o ooe cooa oyaee peya cxooeco pae.

Eo eoeca papaoaoc oa cax cox. cceoa c CPI pooc poopoa ax pepe, a: a) yceaeoc capx accax oee;

) epooc yxoa o;

) eca pecyoc;

) ocec ycooo ocpooo ocooe. Opoe oceoae poeccoax py oaao coy aeaoc o eo pecaa yceoc oae o cepa poeccoao eeoc, o, ee ooe paecoe aee poeccoaoo caoopeee oo capx accax.

Meoce ooe e coy cpyypy, o eppy cee oe cxooece coca oc poa pae ypo opaa oc. ooy p oo ooc pacp eoeece ooe, coy o, ae oe xopoo papaoa ec. ac eo, apaex a aocy eocx ooe, acoc, ao cocae, a cayc oc eocx ooex, ye paccopea ceao apapae oee.

oa eocoo oee a eocaoo eao a e cya oa a oc aa, ee ooee eceoc peye occe, peopaoa, xoa a pee aaoo, ocao pee o o ope ox opecx aa. Ha cxooecy aocy cyeoo opae eocx ooe apae eo, cpe oopx ocooe eco aae eoa eaeco aepe. Meo cceoa cyeoo opae eocx ooe o a opao a oe a apoc pax oace cxoo yao ceeo cxooecx ocya, oopx oce paecx ee eoxoo oae cyeoo pa eoea. oco x eo poee. pepo ao eo ec FPI eoa cceoa eocx ooe cee (J. Howells, J. Lickowish, 1967), oopy oo cooa cceoa a pocx, a ee. o apa eca cocae 40 ce ceeo . Bopac opaex x ceax ee 7 12 e. 16 apo oxo cceoa cee, oopx ec a eoa, 8 oxo cee oex aeop. Ta opao, oe 24 apo oe cooa poee ee o ce. Ec cee ec a eoa, coyec oe 40 apo. aec aa cpy: Ty y e ecoo apo, a oopx opae o-o eae . Heoope x a eo, pye poce. xoy, o ocope a ap oya, o o o paccaa. Pacca, o o ea (o oey e), o oop.

Pacca o ao ape aapyc o x caceco paaeco cpyype. Oe paec a ae, oo-.ee peoe, oca. cacece e oec py o pya epoa. B oceye aa x aapyec a ea opa, paeaa oo yaax aeop: -1 ocae ap;

-2 aoece e;

-3 xapaepca oc;

-4 paoe.

oce aoe ap (c. a. 1) a ay apy eaec oa eppea ceex ooe, a o opaac cxe oeoo ea ce. Ec o eoo oceoa ce e ce, o oa ooe oy oee coy yoo opa o eocx ooex cee.

Taa Oe Ma Ma eoa Oe o, o- Pyaec c...

xo acpoe Ma Pyaec... Booaa Bpaeo o ayec a occ oa Ma c a. aec o oxo yc, Pyaec ae o oxe oe, oey, ae ca e eoa ae oe e ece y e, pyaec Hepa y 5. EHE MOPAHO-CXOOECOO CTATCA O opao-cxooeco cayce a a oea cxoaocecoo ye oc aeao oo ca opoc oece eocx ooe. eo cpyype x ooe peaye ce a oc, ec o oyae co cayc (ya, cooepec opao cxooec). oe cayc (o a. status ooee, cocoe) ooaaec ooee a ccee eocx ooe, opeeee eo paa, oaoc, pe. B pax coax pyax o o e eoe oe e pa cayc. Cyecee pacxoe cayce, oop popeae pyax, paaxc o ypo pyooo pa, coepa eeoc, oe, epeo caoc pa pycpa, oo .. o cayc coo oe coaa o, oopoe ae ooaae eco ooee a py ccee ooe oece, opeeeoe o py ceecx pao peaepyee c oee a.

a ye oeaoc e, oxo eo cceoa eocx ooe peao ooce. Co e ooce eo, apaee a cceoae cayca a ccee eocx ooe, ex ocx aec a, oope opee ooee cocoe a ccee x ooe ca a ooe. Paccop eoope eo, peex cxoaocecoo ye opao cxooecoo cayca.

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