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ABA 6 OHTPO PAAOHHO EOACHOCT.

MEHAPOHA AA EPHX COT.

OHE AT HACEEH PEC EAPC P ABAPX HA EPHX ECX CTAHOBAX.

PH CHEH OOBX HAPO HA OPAHM pooe pacpoc paee peee c oo opye o ye aye, poeoc , ee ceco oc e ye eo ooc pee oc oo o coepec oa cc e ep ocyapc eo o eyapoo o o po a oeceee paaoo eoacoc .

Mpoa oec eoc poe cepey oaoeoc o ooy paoo o pe ypoa cooa paoa a epao, pe ae a oo a pyo a eoea. Coa p epa ec e (MAAT, EBPATOM, BO, MOT) epa ec e (MP, P) eyapo op aa, a peoea o op ocoao paooe pe ypoae cooa c oo opye o ye pa c paa. Oco cep op aa c:

1. MP (ICRP) - Meyapoa occ o paoo eco a e eac, epa ec e op a. Ee e e c yc aoee oco po paaoo a ya coo e c y peoea. p peoea opay ocoy pe ae a oye epcoaa acee a aoao ypoe c ye o ayo- e eco o o eaa, coao-ooec ppo yco c paa. aa c aoae occ o paoo eco a e - HP. a pao opa o-paoa oye a, aaea HP, o oco ooe e o a pa peoea MP e po ope .

2. MAAT (IAEA) - Meyapooe a e c o o a oo ep - o eyapoa epa ec ea op aa ocyec e co pyec a cooa epo ep p e. B ac oee pe ee ea c 122 ocyapc a, o ce Pecya eapyc. A e c o oaae coec e pa epo pac py yp ocyapc -eo y e epea coo e c y a, cea a e oo . a ea ac e eoc a e c a ocea C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

pa epo ep e , a opoc ee eoacoc opae c o oa, poepe cooa ep e oo c eo p ee. B cepee 1994. a aepea pao a a eyapoo oee o epo eoacoc . oe pe ypye eoacoc pacooe a cye paac a o c a.

3. HAP OOH (UNSCEAR) - Hay o e o ec a oo paa, opaoa eepao Accaee OOH 1955. O peaae copa, ye pacpoc pae opa o aac ypo opye o oye paoa oc (ec ec eo a poo eo) opyae cpe, a ae o ocec ao o oye eoea opyae cpe.

peo pae oe e eppoa e o oye cee yy epo oc oe coa o c o ac ec ocec eo oo o paa o ee o y pee o oye epcoaa, o e acee ce o acee p pee, pae pacop poe paoa eec , cooa ep pea opo, ycop ee ape ac , pe eoc aapa o py c oo opy ye.

Cc ea paaoo eoacoc pep paa oecea yeee paoa o o a pe opyae cpe cee oo a pyo a e o coo e c y opo o.

Paaoa eoacoc - o oec epop (ac pa , e ec, ca apo- eec py epop ), o paa oyee pa a e op acee peea oyc opo o oecea cee paoa o o a pe opyae cpe o aoee ypoe, oc ae pee oec a cpec a (c ye o coa ooec a opo).

B ac oee pe ce c pa, coye a oy ep , e aoae op paa paaoo eoacoc , ocoae a peoea MP. Ocoo oye, pe ae py oyee pa a e op acee Pecye eapyc, "HOPM PAAOHHO EOACHOCT " (HP-76/87). HP apy c a pex ocox pax paaoo eoacoc.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

1. Hepeee yc aoeo o ocoo o ooo o peea (p oppoa).c aoe a oo peea: peeo oyc a oa () pee o ();

2. cee co o eoocoao o oye (p oocoa);

3. Cee o ye o ooo o o ypo (p o a). oa oa ac oo o, acoo o ooo oc o c ye o coao-ooeco o ayo o o eaa c pa.

Hoppoae paaoo o oec ocyec e c epepoao pa a e op oyae . a e op oyae o ycoo eea pya acee, o aac o c ee o a a c opy yee.

HP-76/87 yc aoe 3 a e op oyae :

aeop A epcoa (poeccoae pao ),.e. a, o ope oc oo peeo pao a eocpec eo c (pep:

pa-pe eoo, aopa paoo oo aopa op ).

aeop - o paea ac acee - a, o ope e pao a eocpec eo c , o o yco poa paee pao ec o y oep a c oec paoa eec py c oo ye, pee ypee / yae o e cpey c o oa (pep: ec epcoa o, pao a ce oee c pe eoc ae o). poe oye a e op opeee c o p eco pye. peca pya - eoa o ceoc pya a e op , oopoa o yco , opac y, oy py a opa, o opa oep ae c aoey paaooy oec peea ypee, e o ca apo-a o o o ae.

aeop B - aceee oac , pa, pecy, c pa.

a oooc oe o oao o oye, a ae pa op ao ae o paoyc eoc , HP-76/87 yc aaa c p py pecx opao:

I pya - ce eo, oa, pac oc o ;

II pya - , oa eea, poa a, ee, o, ceeea, eyoo-e pa, e e, pyc a a py e C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

op a, a cee e, o ope o oc c 1 3 pya;

III pya - o opo, oc a a, c , pee, oe c o.

Ocoe ooe pee ( ) yc aoe acoc o py p ec op ao a e op oyae (a e op A coo e c eo):

Ta.6- ooe pee cyapo o ee o y pee o oye ( a aeap o).

ooe pya p ec op ao pee I II III , a. A 50 150 , a. 5 peae: 1. a e op A (a cee e pepoy o o opac a o 40 e ) pacpeeee o ee o oye ee aeapo o oa e pe ae pye c. 2. e pepoy o o opac a o c o paee oye a oac aa, o opoe e oo pea 10 a e a eca. o a MP 1990. oa epee e e oa pea 5 a epo epeeoc .

- aoee aee yao ae o o a aeap o ( a e op A), p o opo paoepoe oyee eee 50 e e oe a coc o opo ea op ee, oapyae copee e oa.

- aoee aee cpee ae o o a aeap o y p eco py (a e op ), p o opo paoepoe oyee eee 70 e e oe a coc o opo ea op ee, oapyae copee e oa.

Hepeee oco oo peeo o popye c o ooc ae o o ee o ye a epp op oee, o ypo paoa poco opyay cpey o ypo paoa o o a pe oe o ee cpe.

ooe pee ce o acee - aeop B - e yc aaa c. O paee oye acee ocyec e c pe ae ae o poe cey apae po:

paoa o o a pe oe o opyae cpe (o, oy a, e poy o ..);

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

paaoo eoacoc e oo ec poecco, o ope o y pec a pe paoya oe o opyae cpe;

o oye, oye p poee ec a oc ec ee poeyp;

e o eo-oeo o oa, oycoeo o c po e a epaa, ec yope, c ae op aeco o oa ..;

yc aoe oo peea a e op A .

ooe pee ee o y pee o oye e a o ec ec eo o oa o, oyaee p ec oceoa ee.

Pe ae a o po a oyee acee - oe e Mpaa, ocyec c o a ocoe opa eoc cy ocyapc eo o ca apo o aopa.

p poe poa apoa epop o paaoo eoacoc p poee paaoo o o po pe c oyce ypo oye (), p coe o op peao oyaee o oye e pec ocoe ooe pee.

o po a oa ee o oye a e op A coy ceye :

MA - oyc a ooc o paoe oee;

A - oyc oe a pee o opoo, ceoe pao oep oc e;

A oyc a o oc o oa ac .

o po a oa y pee o oye:

A - peeo oyc oe oooe oc yee paoya epe op a a;

CA oyc oe coepae paoya p eco op ae;

A oyc a oe pa paoa eec oy e paoe o.

Coo e c ye , o oee e o ee, papao a a e op . Pe yp oe pec paoe pec o po a coee opa c e oecee epee oco C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

oo peeo poo cya paaoo eoacoc pep .

poe o o, ac pae ypee yc aaa c o poe ypo (), o ope y a oc y ypee ypoe paaoo eoacoc oecea yco, p o op paaooe oec e ye e oyc o o. o poe ypo, p e ypee ce a e .

B coo e c c aoo Pecy eapyc O paaoo eoacoc acee oyc a cpe ooa e a oa p paoepo oye ce o ea epcoaa (a e op A) paa 20 , oao oecee ao o ooo o peea eo oo papao a ep oe e oyc o po ypoe.

Heo oo o e , o eecoe oppoae ec opy ye a op a eoea c paa e o Coe co o Coa ocoao a opo oo oe (c. opypo ). Bc oco oe paaoo a MP, aoa o e o cep occ ooec pa epoec c pa CA oc poea a o oycoo peeoo pca. Ocoo oc ya peoeo oe: a ec, aco a eoacoc eooa. o oy eo oo opee e eoace ypo oye, a yc ao - ao eoac ypoe e c ocaoo eoac. Ta opao, ocoo p paaoo a coo e c c oee oyc o o pca coc o ceye:

oepae pca a oocoao oeeo peeo ypoe oaae eoacoc . a e op peeo o (oyc o o) pca opeee c ocoo coao-ooec, c oo ec, pac eo ec o ec a opa. Cee e paaoo o pca (a poe py e a poo e pco) e ae, oeeo o a coao peeoe, aoc coepeo oe pe oec y c c oce eoocoa a pa a, ca c yec oee pe ae o. Oao ca e oo peeo c paa e o Coe co o Coa e o a pa peoea MP.

Ocoo oye, pe ae py peoa o oecee paaoo eoacoc pa a e op oyae , a ae o o pae opyae cpe o a pe paoa eec a, C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

"OCHOBHE CAHTAPHE PABA pao c paoa eec a py c oa opy ye" OC-72/87.

Boee peoa oco ca ap pa oeceae epeee yc aoe oco oo peeo. B OC-72/ pe ae py ocoe peoa paaoo eoacoc . B ac oc :

peoa paee, oopyoa, ocae op aa pao a oe a, coy c o opy ye;

paa opae c paoa eec a o oa;

paa pao c ap o p ;

peoa ea a oee oopyoa;

epop o peypee a paao aap;

paa cooa cpec yao a o e;

opo poee paaoo o o po.

Ocoe peoa eoacoc p pao e c c oa opye o ye ac o a coyeo o a pep c oa: ap o p .

ap co - paoy c o ye, yc poc o o opo o cae oc yee coepa c e paoyo opyay cpey yco pee oca, a o ope o pacc a.

poe paoy c oo ap o oc yc poc a, eeppye opyee yee (apep: pe eoc aapa ).

p pao e c ap c oa opye o ye eoe oep ae c oo eey oye.

Op co - paoy c o ye, p cooa o opo o ooo oc yee coepa c e paoa eec opyay cpey. p pao e c o p ooo a pee opyae cpe oaae paoyo y p op aa, o oy eoe oep ae c e oo eey, o y peey oye.

Bce pao c o p paoa eec a opae c a p acca. acc pao yc aaae c acoc o :

c ee paaoo oacoc ya a o eao o c oa y pee o oye (o c ee paaoo oacoc acoc o ao ao a oc pao ococ y e c a e pe py A, , B, );

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

a eco a oc c oa a paoe ec e.

acco pao opee c peoa paee, aopy oopyoa oee, o op poo c pao c o p c oa. Haoee ec e peoa o paaoo eoacoc pe c oee c I- acco pao. Bce oe , coye , a o c a ye e op aa occaaopa MB.

Paao oe pec o po (o po a coee oyc ypoe oye ya oe pec o po) poo c cyo paaoo eoacoc , o ceao ee o. Ec ooa e a ae a oa a epcoa pep e peae 1/3 , o ya oe pec o po oo e poo .

p ooe oacoc oeo o, o cpae c ec ec e oo, oye o e o e o acee pey a e paaoo aap Mc epc o paoo pae yc aaae peee ooe pee oyc e ypo oye acee ao o pe oa yac ye pao e eo o op aao epop o oecee paaoo eoacoc a a epp op.

B ac oee pe a ae e pao ae oee 400 a o e poc a (AC), c po c ee oee 100. poe o o, ec ye ooe co o e ep pea opo. p pao e a oo ep aaae c o pooe oec o paoa eec , opay c p eco pacae ep a oo oa. o oy eo pea op c epy oepe o ea c oo paaoo oacoc . 1987 oy pe ape c ppoa 284 cepee a oe aap a AC, o ope copooac poco opyay cpey paoa a epao.

Hapy c e epoec oa pao eco pooc e, oo a pep e o CCCP pooo oee 250, a cae ee e, o ope ca c ooee caooepaec eo pea. 1994 oy CA o 9 a pocec , Pocc 7 (aoee a ee a O Ma C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

ece65, Cpco eco oa e Toce7, opo eco oa e pacopce26).

B 1990 oy pyo cep o MAAT EBPATOM a peoea MEHAPOHA AA EPHX COT (poee 2).

Co , accpyee ae, o oc c oo paaoo eoacoc . poee aap py e co , e cae c ep paao oepa, e accpy c opee c a " oe a pa a".

aa paeea a 2 oe ac : e p ypo (1-3) o oc c pocec (e a), a ep e ypo (4-7) aap. Oe ea ee co , e e a paaoy eoacoc , accpy c a co e ypo a, yeo o ypo. Bce epe yc ao poe py c a opao, o cyec ye p coe eoacoc , peo paa ooee a eo o oec a oae a ee peea. eoacoc oeceae c a ce pee cc e apepo ( oa a pa, ooo TBo, o yp eooc e, epe e oee, p), cc e e ec op aao ep. Cooyoc coe eoacoc aa " yooeopoao a o".

Co pacca pa c c o pe pe p epe eoacoc :

1) co , cae c y yee yooeopoao a , a pocec 1 - 3 ypoe.

2) oec e a peea oa,.e. poc o oec e a opyay cpey opoe acee - aao ypoe a o 3 o 7;

3) oec e a oae,.e. o aao ypoe o 2 (a eoe a pee oep oc e / oyee epcoaa) o 5 (cepea aap a c a cepeoe opeee a o o epo o pea opa);

B cyae aap a epo pea ope (py o epo-eco yc aoe) a epp op, oep c paoa oy a pe, poo c oec epop o a e acee epcoaa. B acoc o caaec oc ao o y p ceye ep o ae e opyae cpe o opyx ye:

1) o paee pea a o p o ec oc (peeoe yp e oa yea );

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

2) poeee c pe ep a :

- a a op ao a cea (pecpa op, po o a) opy cpec a (ocoe a , oo ea, yae cae );

- epe a cye oee a pe paccea paoa eec oy e oppoa paoa o o a pe epp op;

3) oa poa a;

4) aya epeceee;

5) ea a epp op, a coopye;

6) a opoee opaoa c pey a e ea ao epop paoa o oo, a ae o oo poeo o ceco oc eo o pooc a c oe coepae paoyo;

7) o paee cooo o oc ya acee a epp op c co ypo paoa o o a pe pepaee oc eo e eoc ;

8) epepopoae eco ceco oc e, oeceee paaoo-eoac yco pya;

9) cee o paee o pee a pe e poy o;

10) ep o ce coepa paoa eec ce opoy oec eo o ce opa poy a ee epepao ;

11) ep o ce a peoc ce opoy oco oc ;

12) a oyc poc o acee y o;

13) oppoae acee o paaoo oc aoe;

14) coae py e oo ee ep.

B Pecye eapyc ac oee pe e a o e poc a py oe o epo-ep e eco o a. Oao p pa paoa copee ocyapc (Pocc, paa, a) yopy e pe AC (Coeca, epoca, Poeca, aca). O epoco a ac po oaa, o aap a o y pec ac aoy a pe epp op eapyc oo eoy oye acee, o peye papao pee ep a . B c c pecye a p a OHE AT C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

HACEEH PEC EAPC P ABAPX HA EPHX ECX CTAHOBAX ().

oe a acee Pecy eapyc p paao aap a AC co acoaa Haoao occe o paaoo a e, oopea oe e Mc epc a paoo pae y epea a ocyapc e ca ap pao 28 a 1993 oa. Ee e oocoae a epop , peo paa ooee e eppoa e o (oc pa yea oe, yeo o peo, yea a apa a p.), a ae o paa pc c o ac ec e o (ooo ece aoea) eec ocec .

p paaoo aap a AC pacca pa c ceye ocoe aop paaooo oec:

- eee aa-yee o paoa o o oaa;

- y peee oyee p oc yee paoa eec epe op a a;

- o a oe oyee cec e paoa o o a pe o opoo oe;

- eee aa-yee o paoa eec , oce a oep oc e ec e oe ;

- y peee oyee pey a e o pee a pe e poy o o.

oe peyca pae a e epop a epo ep e oce aap. Oco p epe p pee o epa a e c ooc cooo o a ec oc yaa oa oye, po opyea o aaa aap o 10 cy o oce ee.

p ooc cooo o, peae ee oooe aee ao ec oc a 20 P/ac, poo c ceye epop :

1) apeee o pee ooa ec o o pooc a c o ooe;

2) o paee pea e a o p o ec oc ;

3) epe a cye oee (o oe ap e epe, oo, o oo, e o o epc , o ee e p o cy c po);

4) poeee oo poa .

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

p ooc cooo o, pao 2,5 P/ac, poo c ceye epop o a e acee:

1) apeee o pee ooa ec o o pooc a c o ooe;

2) o paee pea e a o p o ec oc ;

3) epe a cye oee (o oe ap e epe, oo, o oo, e o o epc , o ee e p o cy c po);

4) pepaee pao e c oo ypee, o ye aee, pepaa c ce e eoc , poe eo o eoecee acee;

p eo ooc pea e oee a a op ao a o opoo;

5) poeee oo poa .

Ec ooc cooo o oc ae 5 P/ac, oo cooa ce a epop , pae c peee o aya e e epee e. oa oe o oye o aya e oa pea 10 .

Peee o aya oc ao o (poco o) acee pae c, ec ooc cooo o coc ae 25 P/ac. oa oe o oye o aya e oa pea 50 .

aya e e epee e ocyec e c p oaeo oe a oy eey, pao 200 ;

aya oc ao o acee p oaeo oe a oy eey - 500 . Peee o aya acoc o o oye oo ee pae c a ocoa oe pec aepo, oe epe cy oce aap c ye o e oc pooo oo poa . aya acee poo c a pee 100- o AC.

Ha epp op eapyc yc aaa c 2 o epooepex ax epop:

1. oa ooo aya payce 30 o aco epoco AC. B cyae aap a AC oa ooo aya o c pe peao o ooe.

2. oa poa ec epop payce 100 o AC.

Paaoa aa oo ee oa oaa oo ee poo c peapa a C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

c ao o oa: oo a (KI), a c pyo, o pac opo I cp oo ac oo oa (5% oa ac oa).

Oopa pe poco o eoea - 125 oa a. a e oopa o o pea oa a c 24 . Bpocoy eoey oycae c pe oa a o 125 eee 10 cy o, (cyapa oa 1250 ). p o cy c KI oo poec e o aey peo 5% pac opa oo ac o, a c pyo (125 KI), aecee ce cp oo ac o oa a y pe oep oc pee (apaea oep oc oa ae po ooo 3-5 c).

p cooa oo ac o pyooc y c paa, pee e. Pac op oa oo-cp oo (5% oa ac oa) oaa e o 2 e c ape, a ae poc o 3-5 ae a c aa ooa o oce e 3 paa e ee 7 cy o. e o y e oy ac oy a oe o 1-2 a a 100 . ooa a eo cec 3 paa e eee 7 cy o.

e c ape 3 e pa 60-65 oa a 1 pa cy ee 10 cy o (cyapa oa 600-650 ).

e ooe 3 e pa 60-65 oa a 1 pa cy ee 2 cy o (cyapa oa 120-130 ).

epeee ope oopoe e pa o 125 pa cy ee 2 cy o (cyapa oa 250 ).

Hoopoe, a oc a pyo capa, o a e aaae c: o oya eo ooe oec o oa c ooo a ep, o opa pae peapa oe 125 1 pa cy (o e oee 2 pa a cy o).

p poee oo poa ocooe ae ceye ye epee ea. ecpe c eo poa epe ae y, o oo oec e o oae c e ao oo eeo, oae ee y aeee pa e. apaoo ece o eop aeco o oa cyec eo opo ocee oa peo a oa, py e o op aa opy ocooee opoo ee. o oy, p eo ooc poe oo poa epee, apy c eee opye o oa eo o oo e pe ep opa a a. o coeee cae a a o oo oa ( o ce c ao o), o oeceae oceye ycopeoe e o eee. B o cyae epee oo poo oy poa y C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

o 7 cy o peo 125 KI oa c oo e peo ep opa a a oe 750 o pa e.

oy poa y poo o yc pae po y po oc ye op a paoa o oo oa (o e oee 10 (7) e).

pe ao o o pe oo poa a e opec apee.

p poee oo poa eo oo o o oo oox ecx peapao caoo oa. Cyec ye 2 a oo pea a oc e peapa :

1. p peo e e , poec cao oo eee. o eao ooo oppoae ay oyo o peo a ( aec a e o cp , cyec op), oceco aeo oo ee (o-aeo eoe p yoo oe peoo a oo), o pea yo o oceco o oa;

2. c p peo e e , paaec co c opo py op ao. a pao, o aa c e oee e y 5% acee. oo o ec ooe e y e e co c opo eyoo eo o pa a (po a, aoea , ape), y poc - c a oe a pyee a. oooe ec e peapa o oa a opao oapyaoc p pee peoeyeo o epyc eoc oy. o oy paoa y oay oo ee peapa a c ao o oa eo ceye pa eoaco.

oecee coo e oc oo poa eo oo oece pe peapa a c ao o oa ooo oee opo e cpo oce oc ye op a e o paoa o oo.

pa ec c opoe a oaa oo ee aae c p poa eco pee peapa o c ao o oa a 6 aco o oc ye paoo oo oa. pe oa a epe 1 ac oce oaa op a paoa o o oa (c ae oy o e poy a) yeae oy oye oo ee a %, epe 2 aca - a 85 %, epe 3 aca - a 60 %, epe 6 aco - a 50 %, epe aco a 0 %.

Hacee, poaey pao aey 30- oa C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

aco epoco AC, peapa oa a oopa o oe paae c eca o oap ao pea cyae aap. Oc aoe eo ooe oec o peapa a pa c a Aa, yac o e pa pao oa, pacooe a epp op 30- o.

Heo o aac oa a acee, poae o oa o 30 o 100 o ec y AC, pa c a Aa, yac o e pa pao oa, pacooe a epp op oe o o 100 .

poe o o, ae poae peapa oa a e c c aap o yae peepo paaco oopo A-2 (a ea yaa): ee 6 paee ac acco ea, coepa P o oe cpec o 2 - ae KI oe 125 .

opa o pee paoa o o oa a epp op peea 100- o o yopy AC a 20 P/ac o cpae c pey epee epeae c cya a poe a pao aa paaco oopo, o ca oa oc yae a paa pao epp opa ec oee (PTMO) e c p epe aaa oo poa .

Peee o aae oo poa a epp op peea 100 o o AC pa ae pa PTMO a ocoa opa, oc ye pao ao paaco oopo. opa, oc ya o py eoc cy, e e c ocoae p pee o eo ooc poee oo poa .

B pey a e epoco a ac po a ea ac epp op Pecy eapyc (ooo 23 %) oaaac a peo paoya.

Haceee oc paa paoo (ce 2 . eoe) oep ae c ooy, o o oe ec ec eoy oy, paaooy oec . Cyapa oa oye, o opy oyae eoe, caae c 2 coc a :

eee oyee ypeee oyee.

Beee oyee peoaae p co o oc a pe epp op (ce 5 /2). Haoee e o o pa oec e ee o oye oo a ce o cee e c a pe ee.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Oao poecc o eca opo oc o, pey a e aco oe.

Bypeee oyee oeceae c, ocoo, oc yee paoyo c poy a a (ooo 94%), ee c ee - c oo (ooo 5%) oe eoa ac p o c a aooe oc yee (ooo 1%). oa ac acee ae pecy oyae oy eo a ce y pee o oye. o pae y pee o oye a y paoyo op a eo oo oc a e p apepo, o ope yy pe c oa pooe paoyo op a, cococ oa ycopeoy ee ye oa op a paoyo, a ae ca ea op oe oec e.

PH CHEH OOBX HAPO HA OPAHM P POBAH HA APHEHHX PAOHAM TEPPTOPX Bce epop o ce oo a pyo a aceee p poa a a pe paoya epp op oo ycoo pae a e py: epop , pooe ocyapc o a aoao ypoe (y 1-5) epop , pooe aceee caoc o eo (poee 3).

1. Ccea paaooo opo.

B poecce paaoo o o po ep c ceye apae p:

- ooc cooo o;

- o oc o oa ac ;

- oe pa paoyo oe, oy e, oe, poy a a, op ae eoea.

B aoe P "O paoo pee epp op, oep c paoa oy a pe pey a e epoco a ac po" (1991.) opeee 3 ypo paaoo o o po:

1. ocyapc e;

2. Beoc e;

3. Oec e.

Paao o po poo c a cey epp op (oa ):

oa A - epp op, a pea pey a e epoco aap;

oa - epp op epo o o paaoo o oec poco AC C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

(30- o opy aco epoco AC);

oa B - oc aa epp op pecy.

paeoc epp op o o oe opeee c pa oc oe cceoa poy o a o a coepae paoyo.

poy a cpe pooc a, a o oeoe a epp op paoa o o a pe, o e cep a c yaae ec a pooc a coepa paoyo. Coepae paoyo poy e oo pea Pec y c e o yc e ypo (P) coepa paoyo e c po e poy a eo oe, o ope pe ypo epeca pa c y epa c a ocyapc e ca ap pao P pecea ee HP p Coe P.

2. Paoaoe eee cecoo xoca.

B acoc o ypo apa epa a pe o paoya pecye papao a oe c e ceooopo a. poe coepa paoyo paeo poy ac o pa a opo:

cop paae y yp;

co oc o;

e aec coc a o;

oeceeoc epa eec a;

coepae op aec eec oe.

C e ce coepa paoyo ce opoy o pecyac oyc ypoe papao a oec cea a epop .

1. oop y yp oop y yp cop o c a aoee paoyo e c aoee oc y cpec o ce oc ye o pac e.

c aoee aooepoc oc ye paoyo poy pa y yp c eope eco ocoo epeceaa pac eeoc a. O ooe ocoy epop epe o oce aap (eee ceooopo a y yp c co oe a epe oa paoyo, eee c py yp oce oae) coy c p papao e peoea o pac eeoc y ceco oc e (ocoeo e o ooeoc e p oea ap oe).

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

2. Opao a o o a e op aec eec a epoe coppy a cee paoy, ca oc yee pac e. ecae cyecae o cao o oa paoy. o oy poy , paee a epoea, coepa 50-100 pa ee paoyo. yye o oe paoyo ac a o peoeye c oc ee c e epa (oc).

3. ec oae c o p co pea o paoy e e epe o o pac e.

ce co oc peoeye c ec oae o. p o coepae paoyo ooa c c 5-10 pa, o py a oa 4-5 pa. Cae c aoee c po-90, a a coepac ec a - e o oype.

4. Becee epa yope ocope yope cococ y ca c po-90, ae e-137. oee o ao yope yca aoee paoyo pac e. o oy peoeye c ye ecee a ocop yope, e e oec o ao .

Op aece yope, oo aa oy, pe c y aoe paoyo pac e, oao p oo oec e pac e oae c coepae pa o.

5. Beee o ooc a ce coepa paoyo p pooc e co oo poy o poo c ceye epop :

cee ceooopo a opo y yp, aaa paoy;

oyee c opo y e paoao o ee pac eeoc a;

cooae cea c e peo paa ooa o opa pyo o po a o o co a:

- ac co a a oy ype ac a ;

- epeo o a pe paoa a 1,5-2 eca o yo c ac a c oooe coepae a aoe "c e" opa;

eee opa o e-ca peapa o (eppooa ), ca coepae paoe ooe 2-5 pa;

3. Texooeca epepaoa cecoxoceoo cp epepao a eo o ooa, a peo o paoya a ooe C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

poy .

p epepao e aae c cee coepa paoyo: ca, opo e - 4-6 pa;

cpe - 8-10 pa;

coo ace - 8-10 pa;

oeo ace - 90-100 pa.

epepao a a peo o paoya ca (pooc o ocepo, apa, oac).

4. cooae ex oao eo poeoc ee oa - o ppoe c epyee eec a, peaepeo oe ee poy pa aa coc , e yo peee ca o cee aec e e poy o.

Beee e oao apaeo a oee yc ooc op aa paaooy oec eee paoyo op aa.

B eapyc p a ceaa po paa o pooc y poy o a c e oaa, ca ec e paa. oo o ec :

ee poy : opca ayc a, py oe oa;

py o pac e: ac pac op -apo a, c pa op coo;

a: B1, B2;

py oe oa, o a e poee a, aa e o eec a.

aae ee oa coy c pooc a eoyo o epc e ( e Hapoac, c, p, eee, op , poe, ep), eao oe a (co, o ae a Acai, Ac, Hae, Cy op a), o (oe), aoe (Pa).

5. poeee caapo-poceeo pao cpe acee o ee opoo o opaa , paoaoy a yco paa paaoo oc aoe.

a ea ac o oeo o a op a eoea oppye c a ce y pee o oye p yo pee poy o a c oop, a yac o, apo eca, pa. o oy eo oo eeapaeo caa aceee pecy opae (cea a) o oc y cocoa ce o a e o paa pea yco poa a a pe paoya epp op.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Peoea acee o a opooy opay yco paa oe poe 3.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.




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