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ABA 4 PAOOOECA CTA B PECE EAPC OCE ATACTPO HA AC.

epoca AC paeea a pae, 12 o o pa Pecy eapyc. 26 ape 1986. a 4-o oe AC pooa pya aap, o opa peo ea paooo ecy c ya ae pecye.

o Meyapoo ae co a AC, peoeo 1990 oy pyo cep o MAAT Epoeco o a ec a o a oo ep , aap a epoco AC o oc c 7-y accy eye c oao aape.

a ac poa a 4-o oe AC, o opa pooa pey a e pa apa, cece o py a, pa epe a a o o oe o oapa, copooaac poco opyay cpey a eo o oec a paoa eec (o oce a ooo 10 ). o eo op oea apye a opo ea poca oee coa.

Bpoc ao-apooo c py, oc e 1,5 , e (10 cy o), epaoep o oec y pacae paoyo, p oc oo e c e eoyco (apaee e pa, oca).

oppoae paoa o o a pe P aaoc cpay oce pa pea opa,.. paoa oe oao epeeaoc c oy o oa ceepo-aao ceepo apae. Ooo 70% paoa eec , poe papyeo o pea opa a ocepy, pey a e cy o o ao o ocae a a epp op eapyc.

p o 23% epp op Pecy eapyc (46,5 c.2) c acee y a, o ce 27 opoo, e poao 2,2 .

eoe (oee 400 000 e e), oaaoc a peo ee-137 oee /2 (1 /2). cpae: pae oa c ypoe a pe oee 37 /2 aae oa 28,5 c.2 (5%, 1599 acee y o), Pocc - 35,2 c.2 10,6%, 1088 acee y o).

Paoa oe a pee pacpoc paoc o ce oac pecy. Oo ee epaoep " c " apa ep, o oycoeo ao poca oc oo ec e eoyco.

Macae ypo a pe oapye 30-oe poo oe C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

opy AC: o e-137 - 18500 /2 (500 /2), o c po-90 Ta.4-1.

aa eecy oo o poca paoa eec a ocepy aapo o oa AC (e paoa a opo ao).

a a Bpe oce aap, A oc poca, M cy 26.04.86 0 12, 27.04.86 1 4, 28.04.86 2 3, 29.04.86 3 2, 30.04.86 4 2, 1.05.86 5 2, 2.05.86 6 4, 3.05.86 7 5, 4.05.86 8 7, 5.05.86 9 8, 6.05.86 100, 9.05.86 140, 23.05.86 28 28*10- oee 455 /2 (oee 12 /2), o y o-239,240 - ooo 150 / (ooo 4 /2).

Oao a peea o o ye e yac c co ypo a pe (.y Mo eco oac - 5402 /2). Ec cya, o a peea oo o aceeo o y a cyec ye ooe pae ypoe a pe o ee-137. Hapep, .Bep Mo eco oac oc oo ac a pe 37 /2 (1 /2), aao - 2035 /2 (55 /2);

.oa oeco oac a pee o o 174 o 2424 /2.

Ca oc paa o epoco a ac po oac eapyc c: oeca, Mo eca pec ca. B pec co oac a eoe paoa oe a pee o yc aoeo C oco, co, yeo, po co, epeoco apaoco paoa. B Mco, poeco 4- acee y a B eco oac coepae e-137 oe peae 37 /2 ( /2). Ha oc ao epp op eapyc ypo a pe o ee 137 ae e oaap ae ceepo-aa paoa C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

B eco oac cooc a c oa ae.

a pee epp op pecy c poe-90 oc oee oa apa ep. po coepa e o oe e 5,5 / oapye a oa 21,1 c.2, o coc ae 10% o epp op pecy. Macae ypo c po-90 oapye peea 30- o AC oc a e 1800 /2 (ooo 49 /2) Xoco paoe oeco oac . Haoee cooe coepae e o oa ae o oapyeo a pacc o 250 o c a epoco paoe Mo eco oac coc ae 29 /2 (0,78 /2), a ae ceepo ac oeco oac Be oco paoe - 37 / (1 /2).

a pee o o oa y o-238,-239,-240 oee 0,37/ (0,01 /2) o a ae ooo 4 c.2 o 2% oa pecy.

epp op peyec eo a o c oeco oac (pa c, Hapoc, Xoc, Pe, opyc oec pao) epoco paoe Mo eco oac . Ta a pee o o oa y o o 0,37 o 3,7 /2 o ee oeco oac .

Coepae oe y o, oc aee 3,7 /2, apa epo 30- o AC. Haoee coe ypo aa c Xoco paoe oee 111 /2 (3 /2).

ao-apoooe oao eo paoy coc a, ooao apa epy c o poca: e o o o o paoyo. Paoy coc a ae, ocoeo epe ee oce aap, ee cyec eoe aee pe poce o oe o oye ee a c a acee y o, epcoaa c a , pa yac e aapo-occ ao e ea ao pao a.

B opyay cpey poe:

e ye paoa e ep e a;

co ocoo poy o ee, ao c oe pea opa;

o o ae o paoa oc a ce eec , o ope cpaca a pea op;

ac epo o oa ( a.4-2).

Cpay oce aap paaoa oc aoa pecye oppoae oo a pyo a aceee opeec ec e opo oy paoyo (oe, e e, a a, ap, C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

a opoe ep e a, paoo o oa-131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 123, 125, 126. o pace a opyay cpey o poeo 50-60% ao c pea ope paoo oo oa).

po paoa o o a pe opo oy paoya oa o o pe oa pecy ac oo e, o aoe oyee oo e apye c ceac a a epo "oo o yapa".

B apee - ae 1986 oa aoe ypo ae oa-131 e Ta.4- Baee paoy, poee opyay cpey pey a e a ac po a AC poe Pacpoc paoc poeo opyay a oc a cpey *1016 epo Paoy 5.05.1986. oypacaa p o-85 100 3,3 10,72 aca ceo-133 100 170,0 5,25 o-131 50 65,0 8,05 e-134 25 4,7 2,06 oa e-137 30 8,7 30,0 e c po-89 10 20,0 50,5 c po-90 10 2,0 29,12 e po-95 8 35,0 64,0 py e-103 8 33,0 39,3 py e-106 8 17,0 368,0 e ep-141 6 26,5 32,5 ep-144 8 25,6 284 y o-238 8 0,008 87,74 oa y o-239 8 0,006 24390 e y o-240 8 0,008 6537 e y o-241 8 1,4 14,4 oa ec o e (10-30 ) oe pa co, Xoco, Hapoco paoa oeco oac , e e o coepae oa coc ao /2 (1000 /2) oee, eepco, opco, ya-oeeco, opyco paoa ypo a pe oc a 18500 /2 (500 /2).

a eoy a pe oep c ae o-aae pe o pecy - Ec, e, oc, e poc pao C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

oeco oac c, ye, C oc pao pec co oac . Bcoe ypo a pe e ec o a ceepe oeco Mo eco oac e. B Be oco paoe oeco oac coepae oa-131 oe oc ao 20000 /2 (oee 540 /2). B Mo eco oac aoee a pee o eaoc epoco pacooco paoa - 5550-11100 /2 (150-300 /2).

Be ecoo oco o oec paoyo epoco aap a op a eoea:

1. Be ee -oye e o p o oo o .

Oo o eo pooaoc o oppoa paoa o o cea a ec oc oe a opyae cpe. E o a oppoae o ep oceaap o coc a 2,5%.

2. ooe oc y e e p oy o op eoe. oppye 4,5% o a c y pee o oye op aa. Apoooe a pee a ocepo o oy a oo pae a 2 aa:

a) o oc eo pa opee - o oe poca ao apooo c py a ocep oy, oppoae epeoc paoa oao o oe a ocae a oep oc e, o, oe opyae cpe,.e. aooe oc yee paoyo paoa o o oaa;

) epep - opoe a pee a ocep a c e poo o o a .

a pee peo o co a ocep pey a e e poo po o e c oo e a opo a pe epp op paoya. Meae apooe ac epeoc c c oy o a oe pacc o cec e eeo cee a. B pe cyae epeoc paoa o oycaa o opoe a pee ea poa epp op. Ocoy oacoc opoe a pee a ocep paoya a ce e poo o oea pec ae acee, oc oo poae o pao ae o a a peo epp op.

3. Be ee - ye e o oce x ey oepxoc oe opy e cpe p oy o (oca ae eco a paoa e eec a a ocep).

Oyee op aa o oce paoyo caoe eoe ecoe. Oo oppye ooo 50-60% o y acee.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

a oec oycoe, ocoo, aa-yee e 137 py aa-ya paoya.

Oco a opa, yea eee aa-yee, c:

- ec ec e paca paoyo;

- pa paoyo y o.

B ac oee pe oa a op a eoea oppye c a ce o oy paoyo: e-137 ee epo oypacaa 30 e ;

c po-90 - 29,1 e ;

p - 12 e ;

y epo-14 - 5730 e ;

y o-239 oee 24000 e.

a oaa pey a cceoa, pooe a a p epp op, pa paoyo y o ea ea. Ocoa acca e-137 cyc 12 e oce aap cocpeo oea ep e 5 ca e poo oeo coe. B oee yyco epoo-ooc eca oa acy oe pa paoe a o c a ye 3,5-4,5 c. Haoee eco ep aa pa po eae opa. Ocoa ac paoc po (51-78%) a o c oep oc co (0-1c) o, pe 2-5% - pac op. a o ocpo (50 e ) po o oaa, o caooee o cec e ep ao pa paoyo ye poc o pae eeo.

Ha oee paoyo opeo aeo coe, a ae yeee o oc eo o oec a oeo o c po oep oc co o yy eoe pe oycaa ecy pa paoyo o e eoa.

4. o e p oy o op o e e o . ae pecy o oec paoyo ee ocooe aee. o cao c ocoeoc o, peyec eo eopycco oece.

Cpe a pe paoya ee eapyc oe oo coc a o e o o payoe peco o coc aa, apa epyec o eoc o oe, a coepae yyca op c epao. B e oa pecy paoy e-137 c po-90 aoao o,.e. o o o ca c ac a o o oy oe epe oa pac e co. Xopoo cpye paoy epoe, c a oa, a eopycco oece oa ecaa, ooc a, opo-oo a,.e. e a.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

aae ocoeoc oecco o pe oa e paoe aee opee coe ypo aoe paoyo Ta.4-3.

acoc oeo a oc ooa o c ee oep oc o a oc o e- o oc a pe epp op, Coepae Cs-137 ooe, / /. 1,9 2,1 3,0 3,8 5,0 8,8 ec poy a a coe ooe a py a op a poae o a acee. Ha pepo e c e pao oeco oac , a epp op o opo o c pea c o, pae o coc ay o o oc a pe ee 137 ( a.4-3).

Taa e ap a aae c pe py paoo oeco oac , C oco yeo paoa pec co oac .

Ocoy oacoc pec ae oaae paoa eec y p op aa eoea. oe pa o o op ae ea eoea oe o o o pa pec aoy opyae cpee.

oeee paoyo op ae - y coco oc ye, pacpeee o op aa cc ea (a pa eoe aoee), copoc y ee - oycoe ec coc a.

Cyec ye p oco y oc ye paoa o oo op a:

1) o y - p a a peo o paoa apoo oy a;

2) e p - epe eyoo-e pa c oo e;

3) epe oy - opeey eopeey.

p a oy a paoa e eec a, coepaec e, aepa c a ce po e a eo o pa a o peep oca o yo, aeop o eo e . p o ey paepo ac yo ee pooe yc aoea ceya acoc : e ee C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

ae p ae ac , e o oc eo ee aepae c ep a e y , a po a e oe poae aeope o e e , e o cy c y e a, cocoe o oae ac po pa e ( a.4-4). Cya paoyo, aepa pa o ea a eo o pa a, eoaaa.

Paoa e eec a (pac ope pyopac ope), ocee a cc o ep a e y e, pa e, po o c po c oo epa eo o e epeo c o y po oy ooc , o ya Ta.4- aepa e ac pao cepcoc oe aep, % Apoaec ep aeop ae p, a e y o ea e 50 100 1090 558 222 1 3 12- 0,5 0 15- 0,2 0 18- 0,1 0 20- 0,05 0 35- oc ya eyo. B aeopo o ee e pac ope paoy opoo c po caca c poo o, ey cococ ye poo pa a ce apo.

Paoa e eec a, o ope p opao pH op aa opay paooo pyopac ope poc, ey ce o oy. B o cyae paoy a o py c pacpee c epaoepo e oo a. oce pooe a ece cocy o oc ya a ece y e o o, pa e cpeoc e.

poecc o ee. Ee eeee poc o oc yee paoyo poeoce cocy. Oao oa ea pyopac op paoa eec , oc ya op a epe e e, opao e, e epe e, -a oo oep oc caca e .

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

o copoc ee e ce paoa e ee pae c o pee oo eco o oyee (T) a p acca: (), H (ee), ( o). accy o oc c pac ope coee paoa ee o 1 py, a ae coee ee o 1- o, 2- o o ac 3- o epoo epoeco cc e ..Meeeea. Haoee eeo, c epoo oyee oee 1 oa, ya c e coee e, cepepa, oo a, a, a, p, a , po e a a oo py.

epe eyoo-e pa op a oc ya opoo pac ope paoy (oopo, eoe e a, ao e, a opoe a, ce ee opo o epoa, poe ep). Xye caca c eooeee ee , a ae , a p y ( a.4-5).

Ta.4-5.

ae oe o caca eyoo-eo pa e ec ee o Xec oe Xec oe ee caca ee caca Boopo (H) 1,0 Me (Cu) 0, a () 1,0 (Zn) 0, Py (Rb) 1,0 C po (Sr) 0, e (Cs) 1,0 a (Cd) 0, epo (C) 1,0 oo o (Au) 0, Ao (N) 1,0 P y (Hg) 0, op (F) 1,0 Ce (Pb) 0, Xop (Cl) 1,0 oo (Po) 0, po (Br) 1,0 A (Al) 0, o (I) 1,0 po (Zr) 0, Pao (Rn) 1,0 Aep (Am) 0, pa (U) 0,2 y o (Pu) 0, o opac ope paoy (oe caca eee 0,01) oa e eee 1-4 e, e ycea coa a ee o oye (ee pe e py, ac o e ep o, o, a ao, a o). ee coco opaoa oo pyopac ope poc, o ope pe c y caca eyoo-eo pa e. a o a ac paoya, o opa oaa C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

op a, o y ooao acop oe poo yepae c a. epo oo eco o oyee op aa a paoyo oc e cyae coc ae ec e.

poaeoc o paoa eec ac o a pe a o o coc o paoyo, cooc poy oecoopaoa, co oc pac opa, o opo a o c paoa e eec a, coc o oo o apepa. Boopac ope popac ope coee paoyo caca c epe oy c po, copoc pooe cpaa co copoc caca ee.

Haoa copoc pooe - y oa-131. oc a oo a o poa oy o o oea, p ee o I VI py. B eo op cya epe oy cacae c oee oec o paoya, e epe e. o pee ce o o oc c ee a III py epoeco cc e ee o. oec o paoa eec , poa epe oy op a, ac o eoc ee o a a c paoa eec o eoc oc . Ceoa eo, coepeea ea a o opoo eo oa. Ca poc o e o ea a - oa opao a o opoo oo o cpec a.

Ocoeoc oee op ae ec ee o - oc a oo oc ooe c po oe pacpeeee o cc ea, op aa a.

C ae paoa e o o o e e ee o aco o oaoo ey ce op ae, o oy aaa c o o e e op aa a. Paa ecoo o pacpeee paoyo op ae:

paoep (Cs-137, C-14, H-3, Ru-106);

cee (Sr-90, Zr-95, Ce-144, Pu-239, Am-241, Ra-226,Pb-210);

o (I-131);

pe yo-o ea (Pu-239, Am-241, Zn-65, Fe-55);

oe (U-238, Pb-210, Be-7).

B ocoy pacpeee ooe p acao o peyec eo o coepa paoya op ae. Ta, pacpeeee c ae c paoep, ec oee oo oapyeo o op ae paoya pacpeeeo paoepo. a pacpeee apa epe ec ee o I py, II ooo py, III ao o py epoeco cc e ..Meeeea, a cee C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

cepepa, oc yae o peyec eo ee cec e oooopaoa yco op aa. Bce ee II ao o py III ooo o py - oc eo poe paoy. poe o o, a ao a o pacpee c o pe yoo eaoy y. a ee o a cy, ypa, a, apa epe oe pacpeee.

Ocae pacpeee op ae aca c oo o o paoyo, o ope oc ya po. Coepeo o pacpeee op ae paoyo aae c p aoo oc ye. B o cyae, a pao (ocoeo aao ae, a eo op paoa ee o ce a), coepae oe pa aca e .

o poo o oec a poe p aap a AC opyay cpey paoa eec e pyy oco ooopay paoyo:

- y epo-14 (C-14);

- p (H-3);

- e-137 (Cs-137);

- o-131 (I-131);

- po-95 (Zr-95);

- y o-239 (Pu-239);

- py e-106 (Ru-106);

- aep-241 (Am-241);

- c po-90 (Sr-90);

- " ope ac ".

- ep-144 (Ce-144);

epo - 14.

o co ec coc a e c e a-ya ee. T1/2 - e. B opyay cpey oaae pey a e c a epo o opy a oco e paoy c poca AC. Coee e o pac op, op a oc yae epe eyoo-e pa, ac o epe e. Pacpeee c op ae paoepo. epo oo eco o oyee op aa coc ae ooo 200 e. epo-14 ae pacy ao e : c paac ao c e ocoa yeo co, y epo p pacae pepaae c c a ao -14, o ae eee c py yp ao c ocoa, pey a e e o ee c cc ee eco o oa. ee e oa c peapa, o coc ae 10% o ce y a.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

e - 137.

pae e a- aa-ya e. T1/2 - 30 e. Oe e y, o oy a p ope epp op ae c pae pe eo.

Coee e o opoo pac op. B op a oc yae epe T.

Ocoe a pee poy - ooo, co, oo. o ec coc a o o a a, o oy oe e o ae . Pacpeee c op ae paoepo. e opoo coppye c ac a o yepae c (ocoeo epo a), o eca oa o oe oe,.e. oe epe oa e o pac e co. B oo cpee poecc pa aoe e y ecee, o oy pe o aaae c a e oec a. epo oo eco o oyee: poc - 100 e, y e e o 15 e - 50 e, o 5 e 20 e.

Cpo - 90.

Pacaae c o y e a-pepae a o ep. T1/2 - 29 e.

oe poy pacaa - paoa p-90, oe e c e a ya ee, o c opo epoo oypacaa - 64 aca coo ep e ye. C po-90 eee e y, a p ey epp op. a e, o o cpye c oa. e opoy pac opoc , c po e o ae c o oaae oo , e a o aaae c poo a.

o ec coc a o a, o oy aaae c oa poc a oc e, pec a e ca oacoc e e. poe caca c po ac o pa a opo:

- opac a (y e e poe caca e);

- oo eco o coc o op aa (epo epeeoc , a a);

- pea aa D ( a ycope cacae c po);

- oec a oc yae o op a Ca;

- oa (y y cacae poc o a ee).

Ocoe poy , coepae c po - eoe ooo, oc e yo, aoe, pa.

epo oo eco o oyee - ooo 20 e.

Tp.

M e a-ya e c T1/2 - oee 12 e. Opaye c ep co C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

a ocep a oco e paoy, a ae ee c p epoep pea. Coee p pac op. B op a oc yae epe eyoo-e pa, ac o epe e. Pacpeee c op ae paoepo. oo ec epo oyee - 10 cy o cooo o p , 450 cy o - cao o. e o epo oo eco o oyee yeae c -a yceo o oo o oea.

o - 131.

O oc c c e a- aa-ya e c T1/2 ooo 8 e. B op a oaae ce ec cocoa - epe eyoo-e pa, e e, eope y oy. e o po o ae ap apep, oppy o a oy eey oa.

Oaae oo paoo cocooc - e o poae oo, o, ooo, oopoc, py. Haaae c oo eee.

Haoee ac o opac a oec a c ao o oa. epo oo eco o oyee - 138 cy o.

yo - 239.

Pacaae c o y aa-pepae a o ep. T1/2 - 24000 e.

a pee ocep y oe poc o p:

- aap poca pep , epepaa a epoe opee;

- p cya a AC;

- p c a epo o opy.

y o e ee c a o oo. Ocooe oec o y o epoco o poca cee poao 30- oe oeco oac . Haoee a pe pa c, Ce o opc Po a c pao.

Coee y o o opac op. oc yae op a, ocoo, ao y e, coaa e ca a ey a pyy a e a c aa-ye. T pacpeee - cee , ac o oya, ee. epo oo eco o oyee - 197 e.

Aep - 241.

Pacaae c c cycae cooep e ec aa-ac . T1/2 - C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

oa. C ae o o e ec . e c oep poy o pacaa y o-241 (T1/2 - 14,4 oa), o e o coee oee pac op oee o. Ocoo y oc ye - ao. Haaae c cee o a, ac o ee, oa, cee e. epo oo eco o oyee - 194 oa. B ac oee pe ae ec e cepey y poy opo acee (apy c ee-137 c poe 90) ye pec a Am-241, aaac opyae cpee pey a e pacaa Pu-241.

"ope" ac.

"ope" ac - o apoo cep poao o epo o oa.

O a pao e, a oc paoyo o coc aa.

oce aap " ope" ac paecc a ocep oy o a a ee pacc o, o ocoa acca cocpeo oac oe o ye oeco oac . Ta, opaa pac eoc o pa a Xoo, opeeoc o 1000 " op " ac 1 opaa.

B op a ac oaa p apoo y (epe ec oce aap). opy y ac oee pe aooe oc yee p opo a pe oy a c oe o opyae cpe. Booe ae ap y oc ye.

Ocooe oec o a ac (o 70%) a o c ep e c coe o. poee aa oy po oaa, o 10 y. oy a paoe Mop, oe, pec a coepa o eco co e a ac . Oapye o a ae a, yc aoe o o py acee y a pecy.

"ope" ac pec a oacoc ce o o o y coo oe pa paoyo c pa a ye.

epoca a ac poa oaaa oec e a ce cep ee eoc acee pecy. ceco oc eo o oopo a eeo oee 260 c. a ca oopo a o ee;

poao 54 o oa co oa;

pepa oc ey e eoc ooo 300 oe o apoo oc eo o oeca, ce 600 o e c cao, ooo 100 o, ce 500 oe o op o, oec eo o a oo o ocya. Peo copa c ocee oa -a pa ypoe a pe epp op, cc cop C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

ceco oc e y yp.

a eo yee paep ooa ec pecypca: oee e ep eco o oa pecy a peo paoya (a oeco oac - 51,6%, Mo eco - 36,4%).

ep, aece pec y e epoco a ac poo, o e ae c 32 e a pec y (1985 .).

B e 1990. Bep o Coe pecy o eapyc oo aoao o paaoo o oo eco o ec . o oaae, o ocec oao epo aap, pee ea op ee oo eco oc ao yco o a eoea, coa oooc oc p poec opae e, o , pac e, a ae poc a epa yep, pea ooo aoa o o pecy.

Ocoeoc oppoa o oye acee, poae o a a pe epp op, e c:

1) poo poaoe eee y peee oyee a ce o oy paoyo (Cs, Sr, Pu) ooee oa, coppoac a pae ae aap a ce opo oy paoyo, ocoeo paoo oo oa;

2) opeeea ac acee yea a a pe paoya epp op, coy y poy ec o o pooc a, o ope oppy ocoy ooy a pyy a op a (oee 80%). p o cece e oya opao oe ooe a py, e opoce.

p oaoo a co poc e oya 3-5 pa oe ooe a py cy ee o eca oee a oe poecco e co op ae.

aa paaoa aap, eya oy paoa eec pea opa, ee co ocoeoc o apa epy ecoc oec paaoo o a opa a aceee. ocoeoc oycaa c ope e a e epop . p, aoee ocoy poee ce a epop , co c ceyey:

1. Ceye c ay-o oooc ooe y acee yeo oe.

2. Pc ooe y eoea o ae e o ec C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

paa oe ce ac oo, acoo o pa ec oc o.

O ep a o o a ocec aap - ec o yc aoe a pe poy o a, eo o, ae ooc cooo o ec a poa pyoo e eoc acee e oo oc paa paoo, o a epp op ce pecy. B apee-ae 1986 oa ooc coo o paoa eapyc oc a ec o pe e ac, o ec pea c pa ec ec e o eapyc o aap ( a.4-6).

Aa oo a pyo, poee Mpao, ao O, pa ec eo occe o a ocec aap a Ta.4- ae ooc cooo o (P/) eo op acee y a eocpec eo oce a ac po a AC Hacee y 27.04.86 pa 48,0 0, eepc 10,0 0, Ca opo 2,0 0, AC, c ocoae aya ac acee a pe paoya epp op.

C a 1986 oa pa ec eo occe yc aaac Bpeee opa o oo a pya acee:

1986-1987. 100 / o.

1988 o 30 / o.

1989-1990. 25 / o.

1991 o 5 / o.

1993 o 3 / o.

1995 o 2 / o.

1998 1 / o.

p o peoa aoc, o 50% o oppye eee oyee, 50% - y peee. c o ae c ye o paoo a Mpao CCCP, a a e Mpao eapyc yc aaac peee oyc e ypo (B-86, B-88) pecyace oyc e ypo (P-90, P-92, P-96) coepa paoyo poy a a C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

( a.4-7).

pa ec o pecy papao a po pa o a eapyc ocec a ac po a AC a 1990-1995., a ae a 1996-2000. Ocoo aae po pa e c coae eoac opo eoea yco ee eoc paoa, oep c paoa oy a pe.

Bep o Coe o pecy p ao:

Ta.4- Hoppyee e coepa e-137 eo op poy a a (/ ) pae epo oce aap a AC Haeoae B-88 P-90 P-92 P- poy a 1 23 4 Boa ea 18,5 18,5 18,5 18, Mooo 370 185 111 oa, 2960 592 600 apaa Ca, a, 1850 592 600 pa, a p 370 185 185 pac ee o e, ap ap ap oe, 740 592 370 opeo Oo a ee 740 185 185 py caoe 740 185 185 o Xe 370 370 185 eopoy 1 23 4 Mya, pya, 370 370 370 ca ap ocep 740 185 185 ooo- oe opac ye _ 185 185 o p cee 1480 370 - C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

p cy e 11100 3700 3700 e coe ae 1850 37 37 poe poy _ 592 370 a 1."O coao a e paa, oc paa o a ac po a AC" (22.02.1991., ooee o 11.12.1991);

2."O paoo pee epp op, oep c paoa oy a pe pey a e a ac po a AC" (12.11.1991.).

a oye ee ceye ocoe ooe:

1) yc aaae paoo pe epp op P, oep c paoa oy a pe pey a e aap a AC;

2) e o epop apae a cee paaoo o oec a aceee oo ece cc e;

3) peyca pae poeee a ppooocc ao e epop ;

4) peyca pae paoaoe cooae oc eo o o eaa epp op.

Oco pa poa acee a a p o paoya epp op c ceye:

1. a oa paa e e c eoaco o o op aa, o peye p ep o e ce.

2. Heo oo y a oooc cya opeae o ec a op a ye ec ceoo o.

3. ya o o yco poa ao ace o y e -a coec pao paooo eco oc ao c o ooao o coc o e.

Co aco aoy aoy c a pea paoya epp op P e c a o:

1. oa aya (o ye, 30- oa).

2. oa epooepeoo ocee - o oc a pe paoya e-137 oee 40 /2.

3. oa oceyeo ocee c o oc a pe epp op 15 40 /2.

4. oa c pao a oceee c oep oc o a oc 5-15 /2.

5. oa epoecoo paaooo opo c o oc a pe 1-5 /2.

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Ooaee o ce ec ye o o, o epoaa p epe o cee e a o oc a pe epp op paoya, aa c a oc 15 /2 e. Cyec ye opeeea oppe ey o oc a pe epp op paoya coppoao oo a op a eoea. Oao cec e ocoeoc e o ae pecy e ce a a aooepoc oepae c. Haceee o e paoo oeco Mo eco oac e (ocoeo eopyccoe oece) oyae a ee ooe a py a op a a ce y pee o oye, poa a epp op, ea eo a pe paoya. o oy ceac ey p epe o cee e c oo ee ooe a py a op a eoea, o ope oppy c cep o, ac o ec ec eo o paaoo o oa.

Oco oaa ee oe epp op, e yco poa pyoa e eoc acee e peye a -o o pae, e c oo ea oa oye e oee 1 /o (cep o o ec ec eo o oa). Ec oppye c oo ea oa oye o 1 o 5 / o, eo oo poeee oeca aea a epop . p oo eo ooo a pye 5 / o e eo oo o ceee.

oo o cey caaoy, ceye o e , o paaoa oc aoa pe oa, oc paa p aap a epoco AC, o ac oe o pee oc ae c coo. Heooaoc paooo eco oc ao, cooc coao-c oo eco c ya, yye p peaa a ep pe oy, o cyc c oo e ce ee pooa c pao o a ee ocec .

C oapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.




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