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ABA 3 PAOBCTBTEHOCT.

PAAOHHOE OPAEHE EOBEA.

poea paoyceoc aae epaoe eco paooo paaoo ee. oae ppo paoyceoc exao ee pey ee a eopeecoe, a paecoe aee, .. ooe papaaa eo ypae ye pea ae.

Paoyceoc - o yceoc ooecx oeo ec opyx ye. Coo aoo o cy paoopaaeoc. Aepa o c paoycooc paopeceoc.

p cpae paoyceoc pax occe eoxoo cooa aeae pep, aece oopx oo cooa o eocpeceoe eee aeoc yaex oeo peyae oye opeeex oax, o oecee oaae opae, oope ao aaoe o ca c aeoc. Haoee aco aece ep paoyceoc coyec 50 oa oye, aa e 50% oy x opao a paoe pe oce oye ( acoc o a x opao).

Pae x opao cyeceo paac o coe paoyceoc, o e oo cy, cpa e 50 (a.3 1). Cee paoyceoc co appyec peeax ooo a (yaa paoyceoc), peeax ooo opaa e a ae aeo paac o coe paoyceoc.

Ceoaeo, o pao oe ocec oye opaa eoea, eoxoo oe paoyceoc a pax ypox - eoo, aeo, opao, opaeo. Ha eoo ypoe paoyceoc ac o pa aopo:

opaa eoa ( .. apooec ec);

cocoe cce peapa H;

coepae ee aocao;

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

aoc epeo, ypyx poy paoa o (apep, aaaa, papyaa epec oopoa, cyepoccyaa, apya cyepoc paa);

ecoc oceo-occaoex poecco.

Ta. 3-1.

aao paoyceoc pax opao.

Paooc x opao 50, p Oa 1,5-2, P 8,0-20, Coaa 2,5-3, e 80- Haceoe 10- Pace 10- 8- aep 1000- Oea 2,5-6, eoe 2,5-4, Ha aeo ypoe oec pao epoe-Tpoo:

p oyc eoc po po op o po ep o oc op o po op o c e e epe po coc x ee e o.

Ceoaeo, aoee paoyce opae yy a, ee peep ao paoaxc aoepepoax eo, apep: poeopa a, oa, e ooo ea.

Haeee paoyce (aoee paopece) yy cooceapoae aoooec a, apep: ea, oca, epa. cee paa epoe-Tpoo c o. coo ceapoae e oac coo paoyceoc.

Ha opao ypoe paoyceoc ac e oo o paoyceoc ae, cocax a opa, o o eo y. Ceye paccope ece ye a oee opa cce p ee oye.

Cee. B x ocoo paoee cepaooe, oope oaa coo paoyceoc. Hapo, cepaoo (pee Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

e) c oee paopece. e p oax oye ce 0,15 p pocxo eooe oycoee ceeo. p oye oax 3,5 - 6 p oae ocoa cepoc. p o e ceye cea paaoy cepoc c ooo oee, a oopy (a ycaoeo cepeax a ox) oyee e oaae oo .

. B ax poco e coepc oy eaeex ooo (x opaoae aaaec pae cpo oce poe). Boece oopaoo oye oe 1 - 2 p a oa a ae peeoe ecoe pepaee ecpya a 1-3 oa. p ocpo oye aaoe o 2,5 - 6 p paaec cooe ecoe.

Opa eape. Haoe paoyceoc oaae o e. aee o ce paoyceoc cey ooc pa, , ce ee, eo, eyo, pa oooa , oeyoa eea, ee.

Cepeo-cocyca ccea. B cocyax oe paoyceoc oaae apy co cocyco ce, o ocec co coepae oaea. Cepe caec paopece opao, oao p oao oye oax 5-10 p oo oapy ee oapa. p oe 20 p oeaec opaee oapa.

Opa xa. e pocoo eoea - ca opa c o poepao aoc. ocec oye ex poc e cpay. p oao oye oe pac paao eo, copooac oepe eax eo, ocaee xaex ye eox aeo, po poy. o aco pye yey epa. p oopao oec aa-ye LD50 eoea cocae 8-10 p, a p paopoa eee 6- ee 30-30 p.

Opa ee. o ocaoo paopece. Oao oyee oe oax oee 30 p a 5 ee oe pec pa xpoecoo epa (o oe py aopo p poee yeo epa oyxoe opao po ooc).

Opa pe. Boo a a opae a: ocaee poecc oe cepe (p oax 3 8 p) aapaa (p oax 3 10 p). eoea aapaa oec p oye oe 6 p.

Haoee oac ec epooe oyee.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

HC. a coo ceapoaa a eoea paopecea.

eoa e aaec p oax ce 100 p.

opa ccea. Ocoo xapaepco ao a ec oocea paopeceoc.

oc, cyxo. pocx o paopece. B poepao coco ( eco opace p ae epeoo) paoyceoc x ae oaec. Haoa paoyceoc ceeo a xapaepa poaoo epoa, a a ocoeo eca poepa oceoaco xopoaco y eoea pocxo a 38-85 cy poaoo pa.

M. Bcoopaopece.

Ha oyoo ypoe paoyceoc ac o ceyx aopo:

ocoeoc eoa ( eoeeco oy 10 - 12% e oac oeo paoyceoc). Cao o c aceceo ceo cocooc a papo H, a ae co ceo ooc poecca peapa. oea paoyceoc copooae ae acecee aoea a aac-eeaa, ea cepoepa.);

ooecoe (apep, co, opoc, ycaoc, epeeoc) aoooecoe cocoe opaa (xpoece aoea, oo);

o (y oaa oe paoyceoc);

opac (aeee yce peoo opaca).

Ceye opa ae a a ocoeocx paoyceoc o ypypoo epoe pa. Oacoc ypypooo oye oycoea coo paoyceoc aoepepoax ae oa, o poec poe opoa pa, oeeec coao-coxacec ea, apyee ecoo yceoo pa, cee aaaox oooce opaa. e oy c o cpay oce poe (eoaaa ocaaa cep, opo pa, apyee poca), o oaee cpo oce oye (oooece aoea, apye oeocaa, ycea ocaoc).

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

aoee epox eo, oax y peea p ypypoo oye, ceye oe: peaay cep, aepy cxecoo ecoo pa, poea, pooa, epaoe yae e.

Xapaep paaxc oaex eo ye ace o ecx xapaepc opyeo ye (ooc, ep, xapaep oye, poopoaoc o pee) o opaca oa a oe oye. Ocoeo aa ca ypypooo pa, ooy o epepoa cce opao pocxo opeeee cpo pa, o ye opee opee.

p oye epeex e e epe accecx ea y ooca:

1. poaa, eoaaa ocaaa e oa;

2. poee opo pa;

3. apye poca ecoo pa;

4. apyee y epao epo cce.

p o , eo oc e o.

Haoee co pc ypypoo cep aaec p oye peaao epo. oyee a poax ox ae yaa, o paaoo-ypoae cya peaao e oa aac oax eee 10 pa (0,1 ) p oye o aa.

Bo eae peaaoo oye a pax, epacoax cax epeeoc aoe peeoaocece poeyp y e eopooo opaca peoeyec poo oo epe cyo oce aaa ecpya (pao 10 e).

Bpoee opo p (B P).

ae ceo cpeac ceye BP:

Hapyee cpoe oo: epeo-ooa pa, apye cpoe op epea, paceee epxeo ea y, apye cpoe yxa;

HC - aea, poea, poea;

Opa pe - pooa, aoa;

Cee - oa, yeee poca eca oa.

poe oo, y peaao oyex ox oee BP cepa pyx cocyo, ypoeao cce, pya, axoa yoa Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

pa. BP aac ocoo p oye epo ocooo opaoeea (9-60 e oce oooope). B acoee pe caec, o oyee epo ocooo opaoeea ae p ecox ooex oax a o ( opa 10 pa) ec pco pa poea poex opoo pa co copo HC.

H py e poc ecoo p .

Hapy co cee eca paepo ea oapyeo yeee acc ypex opao (ocoeo ceee oooo oa), yeee opyoc oo.

H py e e y e p o epo c c e.

Paaoe e oy oa p e ax epox eo-peeceo o pe oa o peyae e ocoecx, o ce ee epex epoo e "eo oope" - ppyx epoo. poe oo, p cox oax (1,8 5,5 p) oe acya opaee pacoo ocoo oa cee ppooa c yeee pacopa copoa oooy oy oa.

Caec, o cepea aepa yceoo pa oe aa ypypo oyee a 8-26 eex pa p oax ce 1,5 p. Haoee co pc pa yceo ocaoc aaec y ee, oyex a 8-15 eex poeea (oe aac ye p oax 0,12-0,23 p). Opeeee eeyaoo oaae IQ (intelligence quotient) y epex aoy oappoy cpo oaao cee IQ a 21-29 yo a 1 p. Bcoa epooc apye yceoo pa oeea y ee, oyex a 16 - 24 eex eca. opooa oa pa cpoa aya cpe , oyex in utero peyae aox oappoo Xpoce Haaca, a ycaoea aaoe 0,29 - 0,56 p.

poe epecex e eo, p ypypoo oye ooo pae pyo aoo, apep:

oooeca aoo. Pc pa paa ocoepo yeaec pye ypypoo oyex p oax a ay aep 0,3 p e.

aoeaeoc o pye o cpae c opoe e 3,9 paa.

Ooce pc paa a 1 p pae 3,77;

apyee ee epeeoc;

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

ooee y yo (apye ooa) opo cce (cee oooeo opocepye y oo ee).

Pea opaa a oyee. Paaoe cpo.

Ocoeoc opae opaa eo opeec y aopa: 1) paoyceoc ae, opao cce, eocpeceo oepaxc oye;

2) oo o oo ye e pacpeeee o pee.

p oye cpaa ce opa a, o ey opaa ec opaee ooo ecox pecx opao.

p ec e op - o eo e op c c e, o ope ope c ep o oe o, o oyco e e op o peeee cpo oce oye .

B acoc o pecoo opaa e 3 ocox paaox cpoa:

1. oco-ooo - paaec p oye aaoe o 1 - p, cpe pooeoc - e oee 40 cy, a ep a cya apye eooa.

2. eyoo-e - paaec p oye aaoe o 10 - 80 p, cpe pooeoc ooo 8 cy, ey ec opaee ea.

3. epepa - paaec p oye oax oee 80 - 100 p, pooeoc eee 2 cy, paac eopae ee HC.

oco-ooo cpo.

B oco oe axoc a a eo: ooe eec e pee yoae e epepeco po. B cooec c pao epoe-Tpoo epe oac coo paoyceoc, a pee e (a cee oo) yy ecoeo oee pece.

eee ceoc eo ocoo oa aaec oac oce oye oceeo ocae ya. Ocoa pa aacpoecoo oycoe ocoo oa a cax pax cax oye coco peo opoe eooo ee p pooaec ocye pex eeo a epep.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Hecoeo, ee oco oe ocyc opooecoo cocaa epepeco po (pc. 3-1). Ha xapaep ee opooecoo cocaa po, ocoo, e pe pex eo ( copoc x a poeocoo pyca). Haoee ooy ope eea c ppo (cpeee pe 120 e). x ceoc aae ooo eeo, .. ae p oo ocyc poy copoc x ae ye 100 75 50 0 4 Pc. 3-1. aa ee opooecoo cocaa epepeco po pae cpo oce oye.

( o x eo, %;

T - pe oce oye, cy;

1 - ppo;

2 poo;

3 epo;

4 eo (oee co);

5 o.) ooo 1% cy.

co payoo aae aeo cpee, .. o e opoy pooeoc . B ae x ee oo e ecoo a:

aa eeepa - xapaepyec eo opoo cp cao, po oapyac oo ope e e;

aa aopoo o a - oycoea paoee oco oe ope x oyee eo co ceo poepao cocooc, pooa eee ee eoopoe pe. oa e cepa co poepa oea (ca ce x oo oy), co payoo o cc o aoo ( yeoo) ypo;

aa occaoe - oeceaec eo oeco coox Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

eo, coxpaxc oco oe ooc coxpax poepay cocooc.

Tpoo o coe ee aa poeyooe ooee ey payoa ppoa.

o - aoee paoycee e po - y ae p eox oax e oo ecax x opaoa (oy, oc o), o epepeco po.

eyoo-e cpo.

Haoee ae ee oa oo ee aac eoo oycoe opco p, ocoy po oopo pae epaa e eo cpay oce oye.

eaoo cxoa, oo ooe opco, a ae ae aop a pooee e, opaee poeocx cocyo, apyee aaca oce epoo.

epepa cpo.

HC coco cooepepoax epoeppyx eo, oaxc coo paopeceoc, ooy p oye paex eox oep e ye. e epx eo pocxo p opox oax opa coe p. B eao cxoe ay po pae opaee poeocx cocyo c cp pae oea oa.

OCTPA EBA OEH (O).

o yeo oe eoea oa oec poe opaaeo ec opyx ye a opa. Mooopae poe ac o pa aopo: oye ecoe oee, eee ypeee (o opoppoax paoyo);

pe oye oopaoe, poopoaoe, xpoecoe;

pocpace aop paoepoe epaoepoe;

oe oaa oyeoo yaca.

Ocpa yea oe p oopao ee paoepo oye - aoee pep paaooo opae eoea.

a apa O paaec p oye oe ce 1 p. p oe eee 1 p oe oy ocpa yea paa, copooaac eoo eoee poooee e pao aoea.

Be epe ocoe op O 1. oco-ooa (oa 1-10 p);

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

2. ea (oa 10-20 p);

3. Toceeca (oa 20-80 p);

4. epepaa (oa oee 80 p).

B acoc o oo o o oco-ooa opa O opaeec o cee ec:

I ( a) - 1-2 p;

II (cpee ec) - 2-4 p;

III ( a) - 4-6 p;

IV (pae a) - 6-10 p.

B ee O e 3 epoa: 1) epo oppoa;

2) epo occaoe;

3) epo cxoo ocec.

epo oppoa oo o pae a 4 a: 1 - aa epo ocpo pea;

2 - aa oo aooy (aea);

3 aa paapa oe;

4 - aa paeo occaoe.

1. ep o oc po pe . B epe y ac oce oye oy oc ceye co: ooa, poa, oep aea, cyxoc o py, ooa o, ooopyee, caoc, Ta.3- oaae cee ec O ae epo ocpo pea.

oaae Cee ec O I( 1-2 p) II(2-4 p) III(4-6 p) IV(6-10 p) Poa epe 2 epe 1-2 , epe epe oee, oopa 0,5-1, 15-20 ce, oopa. oopa. eypo.

ape He He ae e Moe ooa o paope- Heoa Bpaea Ca, ea,e- coae oa cyaoe Teepaypa Hopa Cyepa Cyep- 38-390 C ea a Cocoe Hopa Caa epea Bpaea o pexoa epe epe epe poo. Hecoo 1 cy 2-3 cyo 2-3 cyo epo aco pea cooc (a.3-2). Haoee aocecoe poocecoe Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

aee cpe yaax pao ee ceec cpo (pe oe paeoc oo po).

p coo cee ec (III-IV) ooo pae oooooo coco c aee apepaoo ae, paopeea oep coa, cyepa eepaypa, ooc. Ha yacax o, oepxc oye oax 6-10 p, oae pexoa epe o y aapa.

ee epepeco po ceye:

epo eoo co co eo (a cece epepacpeeeoo ca epo-peeopoo xapaepa);

acoa oocea oe.

ee oco oe aoee ae a 2-3 cy: yeee oeo ca eoapoo, cee oecoo eca, ceoee oox op eo. pooeoc a - 1-3 .

2. e ( oo o oy ).

Caoyce ox yyaec, ocac co epo pea. Moe coxpac eceeca epooeca coaa, cee aea, ooc, aoc yca apepaoo ae.

Haaec aee ooc a yacax o, oyex oo oe (a. 3-3).

opae o o poc a 8-15 e. Ha opaex yacax oec oeea oeoc, paaec eca coa pacoa c apoo-c oeo. p oax oye ooo p co epac eee ee, a ae cea, oca ea eyee. p oax oye 8 p oee, a opaex yacax o oc yp e, oope eo e aa.

ee epepeco po ceye:

paea oe;

eoe. Ha 15 e ooe aop payoo c ocey aee eoo o ya;

poooe.

B oco oe paea aa, oao co 2-3 ee oc pa peeepa.

Oeaec oaee pax ca cepaoeea, oe aac aee a ecx.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Ta. 3-3.

oaae cee ec O aeo ae.

oaae Cee ec O I II III IV (1-2 p) (2-4 p) (4-6 p) (6-10 p) o, 1,60,6 0,50,3 0,20,1 0, *109/ eo, 4,03,0 2,92,0 1,90,5 0, *109/ , He Ha 12-20 Ha 10-20 cy Ha 7-10 cy pe a. paea cy poo. He o aeo a 30 15-25 8-17 6 cyo (cy.) pooeoc aeo a - 14-30 cyo. p IV cee ec a aa oe ocycoa.

3. p p oe.

O epexoe y ay oe cy o pa apayooa (yeee oeca eoo e 1*109/). Caoyce ox yxyaec, oaec eepaypa, yeaec CO, oec pea caoc, ooa o, ooopyee, apyaec co. Boooc ycyyc eyoo-ee paccpoca: ycaec poa, paaec ceae ae, paaec ooc co cc poc ee, o po oeoa oepe acc ea. Bey eco ape c 2 cpoa:

1) eoppaec poo oy, cce ooo, eyoo-e pa, o, cepe, ee;

2) eo, a a pcoeee oeo e, a aae coceo poop. Ha ccx oooax oa eo-epoece opaoa, oope ococ ocae poecca e o, coao, oao, acpoepo, epoeco ao. pooaec aee ooc, aaeec aeo ae.

B ay paapa epepeco po pocxo ceye ee (a.3-4):

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Ta. 3- oaae cee ec O ae paapa oe.

oaae Cee ec O I II III IV (1-2 p) (2-4 p) (4-6 p) (6-10 p) Tpoo, 100 - 60 50 - 30 30 * 109/ eo, 3,01,5 1,5 0,5 0,5-0,1He 0, *109/ Haao apayo- He 20-30 cy 820 cy 6 8 cy.

oa Haao poo- 25 28 cy 17 24 cy 1016 cy o 10 cy oe CO, / 10 - 25 25 - 40 40 - 80 60 - apayoo (eee 1,0*109/);

acoa oe;

ooce oo (opooec coca po pecae o o oa, payo ee ocycy);

poooe (eee 40*109/);

popeccpya ae.

B oco oe oyax pae pa peeepa, a cee pae ex ceee opae.

Cpe pooeoc a - 1,5-2 ee.

4. p eo occ oe .

Caoyce yyaec, oec ae, occaaaec co.

Teepaypa opayec. pepaaec pooooc, cea ocaea ceece e. Oao oee poe opae ocac, apep, popeccpye .

pocxo oceeoe occaoee oaaee epepeco po. Cpe pooeoc a paeo occaoe 22, ec.

B peyae aap a AC oa coeopaa opa O, aa coeae oeo ooceo paoepoo aa-oye Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

ceo ea c ea-oyee opx yaco ooo opoa aco c ao ocyee cec paoyo ( ocoo, paoaoo oa e). epcoaa AC, paoaeo a ca oe aap, yaco a ee ocec ocpaao eoe, p o ao ocpa yea oe oepe cyax. Pacpeeee o cee ec o cey: I cee - eoea, 1 cya cypyec;

ce ocpaae ;

II cee - eoe;

1 o;

III cee - 22 eoea;

7 oo;

IV cee-21 eoe;

20 oo. Ocae cya oocc eoepe. Bceo ocpo ae yepo 28 eoe ( ee 2 o oe aap eocpeceo a ca), o 209 eoe.

56 ox oeac yee oo a c ea-ye, x eoea e ee epece oo. Paaoe oo oxaa y pax ox o 1 o 100% oepxoc ea. oe, ee ooceo pae (c 5-6 cy.) oo II-III cee, opee. p o aae paac xopaoo-oceec cpo, ae oeo eeoa eocaooc eaoaeca oa. p ao eco ape 26 56 ox c ye ooa o.

10 ox a 4-8 cy pac e cpo;

ce o o epe p ee oce oye. 7 ox c O III-IV cee ec pac ocp paao epca eo, coeac c pae e opae o ea.

80 ox e eco opoapea cpo e ocpoo yeoo yoa pa o. B 6 cyax ea cxo ca c eopao eoepecce.

a oceye 10 e yepo ee 14 eoe (9 aeo c O 5 - c eoepe opa). Cpe p cep yppy: C 4, ea - 1, apea eoo - 1, yepye ex - 1, ppo ee - 1, poa o - 1, capoa - 1, eocacec cpo - 2, oa poeope - 1, ecac cya - 1.

Opaaoe epop p ee.

B e ep o oc po pe eoxoo poec ceye epop:

yaee ocpaaeo o coa opyeo ye;

ycaoee o oye (o a eco ooeco Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

oep);

opo a paoaoc ap o oe, o c oceye eaae (ec o eoxoo);

aop ao oca, c opx () opeex yaco o, a ae po po, o, aa oe opopa paoyo;

B ao ae pooc coaeca epa: aaee poopox, cepeo-cocycx ceax cpec, a ae eocaoa epa.

Xpypeca oppe ypoax coco pooc epe 48 aco, ocae xpypece eaeca - oce occaoe eooa.

B e o e pooaec coaeca epa, aaac a (A, E, C, pya B), a ae pooc poaa eox ocoe ye aae aaepax cpec.

B e p p ooe aee cxoa oe ee yxo a o, c c e ye c oa aeo a ooo eoxoo oec aceece yco: ox oea opoae oc, caee aep aa. p xoe aay epcoa aeae ac, ooee xaa oy, xpayc y xoa aay a ope, coe 1% pacopo xopaa. ooe aee paec ee o ooc pa. op c eo ocoe aaaec aooepa.

Coaco oa I (coaceo) oepe o ee paaox opae (Bao, 1989 .) peoeyec aaee oopeeo ypeo pex aoo acax opoax (o aooo, o eaocopo, o oyceecx eo c aceoo aoc). Ec e ea eee 24-48 aco, o peoeyec aa ypeo acaooo aa-oy. Ec xopaa e ypyec eee ee, ooeo aaaec aoep B. p aa pyca epeca peoeyec aaa aop. apaeo c poa pa aoo aaa poopoe peapa. Oe aa aeoppaeca epa: epeae pooapo acc, ccee ece aeoppaece cpeca, aoepa oece c ececpy cpeca.

pooc eocaoa epa.aeoppaeca epa.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Oe aa aecea epa, aa ce a apae:

epeae ooeo po;

pacaa aoeoo ocoo oa (TAM) pacaa eo eoeeco poao ee (T).

Coaco poooy ee paaox opae /aaa, 1990 ./ epe ye ooe po peoeyec oya oe 15 20 p peopae pea "pacaa po xoa".

poeee TAM oaao p paoepo oye oe ce 6 p.

oc o oe oopa o ABO-pye, peyc-aopy poa o HLA-aea. pacaaa ocoo oa yac T o. ye cpo poee TAM 3-5 cy oce oye, oee oee poeee peye poee yocypecca epa.

B e p eo occ oe aaac ocyop, a, cyop poeope ( eoe, aoaa p.).

Xpoeca yea oe (X).

Xpoeca yea oe pecae coo ec cpo, oppyc eeo, oceeo, p eo oec a opa opyeo ye, paoe cyape o oopoo pea pe peeo oyce poeccoaoo oye.

Be a apaa X:

1) c pa py ec cpoo, ooee oopoo oycoeo ece oeo oye;

2) c ec cpoo peyeceoo opae oex opao cce o ypeeo eeo oye (ece yee opae).

X, oycoea o oyee oe pac:

p paoepo ee oye y , ax poe ec aa- peeoc cceoa, paoax oe ycopee, peaopo, a pepx epoo ooo a;

p opopa paoepo pacpeexc opae ooo (apep, p, e-137, yepo-14).

a apa X paaec p oce opee oo ypo o (cyapa oa 0,7-1 , ecoc ye 1 - 5 e).

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Xapaepyec ocee pae e ooopa eee.

Ta, ee oo peep ao paoaxc aoepepoax eo (e ea, poeopa a, cepaoe e), eo coxpa oooc opooecoo occaoe. B cooceapoax cceax (epo, cepeo-cocyco, opo) poecc eooo ooe y cao, o oea a xpoecoe yeoe oece oeco yoax co.

B ee aoea e ceye epo: oec, oppoa, occaoe, cxoo ocec.

o ec ep o xapaepyec apyee epo pey pax opao cce, oc aa xapaep. ooy pae poe oe coc yoa apye opaa, eco, opa, oac ee. Ca oocc ecoa eoe, oee pao acea, eeao-cocyco eycooc.

a c oo poe, pac peyae oaa c opy ye, e oy oece o X, oao o yac cceaeco paeo ae.

ep o op po ca c opacae ecoc yeo apy aoee opee o cyapo o oye.

B ao epoe, acoc o ecoo ee, e p cee ec X. cee ec - o cyecy a pa eoo aooecoo poecca p pooaec oye ce py pya.

X o (I) cee pecae coo epo opax pea opaa. eca apa aoea caaec eeao cocycx apye, aax aceecx poe yepex ecox ee eooo cocaa epepeco po.

oe ayc a oy caoc, oey yoeoc, cee paoococooc, ooe o, yxyee aea, eccoy. Haae aceece poe coeac c coa apye eoa (peyeceo oe, oeocx, ooo oe). Heocaooc epepaoo pooopae poec yx cpoax acoc o oyca cocyo oa. co ce Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

oyco xapaep ye ooe o, oae ypo ycaec o opo ooe . c oe oyco cocyo oa oee xapaep pcyoopae ooe o, ae cae c ec ooa epepya, epeao eepayp ae.

Oeaec aoc apepaoo ae c oea o oex o yepeo oex p.

Co copo eyoo-eoo paa aac yoae apye: ceece e, ce ea eeox ye, oo yoae apye cepeopo y eya.

B epepeco po ooo pae yepeo eoe, pee poooe. co ppoo ae e eec. ee co copo po oc eco xapaep, c oea oaaee o opax p opaae ap po oce poeeoo ee.

X cpee (II) cee ec xapaepyec yyee yoax apye co copo epo, cepeo-cocyco, eapeo cce, pae co yeee poeope.

cac ooe o ooopyee. Moy oc poece ee o e pao: cyxoc o, aee ooc, ooc oe.

Haac oee paee ee co copo cepeo cocyco cce. Apepaoe aee coo caec, peyeceo a c acoecoo, o yaae a aee cocycoo oyca. Oeaec pyee oo pacpee pa cepa.

Co copo eyoo-eoo paa aac apacae ceecx e, paeoe apyee epeao eeoc eya, ea, oeyoo ee.

Oeac yoae apye co copo opx opao. Cee y op aoeo poec coo apepao oe, oc, aa, ce coepa 17-eocepoo oe. Moe aac apyee oapao ecpyaoo a y e. Bpaee coe ee aac ccee po. co eoo epepeco po Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

caec o 3,0-2,0*109/ e. eoe oc co xapaep c acoo epoee oee. Bpae oceca epcoc eeepae ee epoo. Paaec oee eee paea poooe. p cceoa yaa ocoo oa oapyaec oacecoe eo cocoe.

X o (III) cee ec xapaepyec eopa ee opae. B ooceo paopecex opaax (cea cocyo, a cepa, epa ccea) paac pocpyype cpoece ee. Ha ep a ape aoea cya e ee co copo epo cce, eoppaec cpo, yooe yeee poeope.

popeccpye yxyee oeo coco, oeaec pea caoc aa. Peo pae poece ee o, aee ooc, ooc oe. oe ayc a oy, cepeee, o oac cepa. pa cepa pacpe, o yxe. Apepaoe aee coo oeo.

B eyoo-eo pae paac apoece poecc.

Ae peo oe, o y. ee yeea, y yoax po ec cee e y.

Oeac yoe apye opo ccee, a opao aoeax, oo eee, oox eeax.

B epepeco po pocxo peoe cee oeca eoo c acoo epoee oee, ooe ooce oo p peo ae ca epoo. Peo caec oeco pooo. B oee oe cpo paaec ae. B yae ocoo oa oeaec peoe oeee eo eo eea, o o ap aeoa.

yooe yeee poeope e peoy ocae copoeoc opaa pa eox ocoe.

Tpoooe coea c e aooeco poaeoc cocyco ce apye c pae ccee po ey pa eoppaecoo cpoa.

Bocc o e ep o aaec o pepae ecoo yeoo oec p aeo ce ypoe oye o peeo oycx xapaepyec caae ecpyx Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

peoaae peapax poecco aoee paoycex ax.

B ep oe cxoo ocec aaec coeae ocaox opee oo, oee eee coepeo yoao opaa, oopa oc pcocoe xapaep.

B aece oa x cxoo X yo ya oooc pa eoo, oaecex ooopaoa, oaceco ae.

Mece yee opae.

a apa X oe pac:

p opopa paeo pacpeexc opae paoyo;

p oao ee oye, oopoe ooo p pyx ayx c coa opyx ye o a ocoee poecce yeoo ee.

ecx yex opae xapaep ceye ocoeoc:

- peyeceo ecoe opeaee ece opyx ye c peoaae px eo a o peeop pea;

- ae eoo cpoo epoa, oa oceeoe oppoae poecca peco opae poeae e o x ecx pao eo opae;

- oa paeoc pcocoex exao cece peyeceo oaoo xapaepa yeoo opae.

Ocoe aoeeece exa y ecx yex opae opeee opaee ooo ecox pecx opao. pec opa - o opa cpyypa, aaae ocoy ac o oye a c oo opeee cxo opae.

Ec ecoe yeoe opaee paoc p opopa paoyo c pae o aoe, o eca apa ac o o-xecx coc paoya, ye oaa opa, a pacpeee opae, epoa oypacaa, ecoc ye ee opaa. Paoae eeca oy oac opa eoea ao y , epe Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

eape pa, ope y eope y oy, a ec opaa c xae oyxo, oo, ao, oo.

Ocoeoc ec paoax eec, oax yp - o, o oyee pecx opao pocxo epepo eee opee oo poeya pee, oop ac o eoo epoa ee ooa opaa (T). p ocye ooo c opo e epoo ee ocoe pa opae pecoo opaa c a eoo poeyo pee. ooo, eo axoxc opae, ee ecx coo ooo eee ooo poeya pee, a oa ce eoea.

pepa paoyo c pae o aoe c cpo-90, pa-226, yo-239, oo-210, ypa.

oo-210 - aa-yae, T1./2 - 138,4 cy, T - 37 cy. Heaco o ye ocye cpo cacaec po oeppyec opaax, oax apoaa (peyeceo oyax, ee, cee e, oco oe). eca apa xapaepyec pa pae acea opaa. B aao ca aac e eeao eycooc, xapaepo cee cocycoo oyca.

opaac aoe, o poec oc, aae, cee apepaoo ae, oe coepae oe 17-eocepoo.

opaee opao poeope po eycooc oaaee epepeco po, a oceye yee eoo, a ae pacoo poco poeope. Oeaec ae opaee ee, o copooaec yeee e paepo ooee oaaee yoax e ox po. Boo ee co copo oe:

pao cee paeoc cpoece ee yoax aaax.

yo-239 - aa-yae, T1/2 24 000 e, T - 200 e.

Haaaec, ocoo, ceee (60%) ee (10-20%). p aoo ocye eoopoe oeco yo (1-10%) ooaec oo a o oya. Xapaepa oceeo paaac acea, yeee ocooooo poeope. p aoo ocye ooo pae oaooo yoo eocepoa.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Pa-226 - aa-yae, T1/2 - 1602 oa, T - 44 oa. Oaaec, a opao, ocx, aco ee, x, oco oe. Paaec ecpy oco a (paao oce), o po oeo ooc oce. B oa o epoe ooo pae oceoeo capo. Bpaeo ae oece pa a ccey poeope.

pa - ppo ypa coco cec p x ooo: ypaa- (99,3%), ypaa-235 (0,7%), ypaa-234 (0,008%). pa-238 ee T1/2 4.4* e, T - 6 cy. ecye a opa oe cee a ea ee cee a paoa ee (aa-yae).

peyeceo aaaec ocx oax. Bpae ee co copo HC (eeo popeccpye co acea).

ee epepeco po ooe pe e c: eoe poooe paac epe ecoo e. Moe opaee ee o y xpoecoo ocecoo eaa, oop poeae oee aopo, e p oca ooe, y ee apye eaeo. opaee oe oee paeo p oca pacop coee ypaa poeae o y xpoeco oceco epoa. p ocye pacopx coee ypaa ae aac ee co copo epxx xaex ye (apoec aoap).

ao X ocoaec a aeo oaoe c aaeo ooo, ce yco eo pao, oeceo xapaepce paaooo oec cecopoe eco aopaopo oceoa ooo.

p ee.

Ece eoxo ee opoo epa p X pepaee oye yeee yeo apy ocox pecx opao y pee cpec, eo ycopx eee ooo opaa oce ocao aoa ocpaaey ceye peoeoa pepaee oaa c e oeco paaox pyx ox eaopx poocex aopo, oope c po aoea. Paoaoe pyoycpoco coa oooc caa poecca eoopoo pepecca ecx coo.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

Ma cpo ocpae o pao c coa opyx ye cocae 1 o. B oex cyax occaoeo epoe p a pao o oo cooo ( eee 1-3 e) ecoo yye oyc opa a peee eco pao, ec o oye yy aeoo e px peeo oycx poeccoaoo oye.

eee ooo X epo cee ec oo coco, a opao, oeypex epop. Haaaec a pe c oae peae a oyxe ooeoe cooaopoe ae. Peoeyec eea aca acca, oepaeece poeyp. Haaac oeypee peapa:

a, aaoe. p X epo cee aco peee oeypee epa oaaec ocao. Coaece cpeca pe o oaa: p yoax apyex co copo cepeo-cocyco cce eyoo-eoo paa. Moo peoeoa caaopo-ypopoe eee.

eee ooo X opo cee oo pooc caoape eee 2-3 ece. Haaaec a pe, cooaopoe ae. pe oeypeee eee oepa. Oao p aex eex poeope p oee paeo ace o eee oaaec eocao. Heoxoo aaee aeceo epa e epea eocax ooeo po. Haaee cyopo poeope poooaao, .. p yeo oe opaa poeope pec oee peoa a ae x yoax oooce, a ooeco peeepa.

Coaece cpeca aaa o oaa. oce poee caoapoo ee oo oe axoc o cceaec pae aee. Oeypeee eee pooc ayaopx ycox. Moo peoeoa caaopo-ypopoe eee.

p X pee cee poo ce epop, peee p ee X opo cee. oo oo, eee ooo X pee cee oo apaeo a opy c eo ocoe eoppaec e. ooe ae yeec aeoy yxoy a o, eecoy coepa ooc pa o.

Haaac ao pooo cepa ec ox opoax.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

pooc aa aeoppaeca epa. Coaece cpeca pe o cooecy oaa.

p ocye paoax eec opa eee epop opae a e py:

1. opoa epa cpeca, pecy ooe ooa ycop eo eee.

2. aoeeeca coaeca epa, apaea a opaa eeoc pecx opao cce.

epo pye epop oocc:

poeyp o exaecoy yae ooa:

- poae eya ea;

- aaee acopeo;

- ooe .

Meo oooo paae - eye o ooe a ooa a ap-24, e-137, p. oeco oo opa oc x cyax oo acao yeeo oopeeo c peee cpec, oax ype.

peee cpec, ycopx eee ooo eoo oypeoo aee oecoopaoa:

- p ocye opa pa-226, cpo-89, cpo-90 yp cepoc ap acopap;

- p ocye yo-239, aep-241 ypeo 5% pacop eaa ypeo 5% pacop yoa;

- p ocye oo-210 ypeo 5-10% pacop TA;

- aee paoaoo oa pe eo ca aao e oo aco oa a yp.

epop opo py oo oec peocaee ooecoo oo pecoy opay coae yco eo oaoo yopoa. Ca oocc: p opae opao eyoo-eoo paa - aaee ae e;

p opae - coae pea opoao eo apy;

epa, apaea a opaa peyopx poecco (a, oeypeee eee). B c c e, o opaax, oepxc oye, paac paee peapae poecc, ceye ea aae cypyx cpec, .. ycaec oacoc aooeco apaeoc peapax poecco.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.

B ocao op ocox cpec aoeeeco coaeco epa cooecye poy oo eco pae.

Coapo A.H. p. Paaoa ea.




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